Abstract

A directly modulated and coherently injection-locked WRC-FPLD transmitter is preliminarily employed to perform the 16-QAM-OFDM data transmission by using an OFDM subcarrier amplitude pre-leveling technique. The maxiμm transmission bit-rate of 20-Gbit/s is reported by fusing the OFDM subcarrier pre-leveling with the coherent injection-locking techniques in such a directly modulated WRC-FPLD. Without pre-leveling the OFDM subcarrier, the coherently injection-locked L-band WRC-FPLD suppresses its mode-partition noise to improve the EVM of the 16-QAM-OFDM data only from 13.52% to 10.2%. The OFDM subcarrier pre-leveling effectively compensate the finite bandwidth and unflattened modulating response of the injection-locked WRC-FPLD to improve the transmission EVM and SNR performances. The received constellation plot reveals that the EVM and SNR of the back-to-back transmitted 16-QAM-OFDM data are significantly improved to 5.58% and 17 dB, respectively. With the use of both injection-locking and pre-leveling techniques, the directly 16-QAM-OFDM modulated WRC-FPLD transmitter can reach the FEC limited BER of 3.8 × 10<sup>-3</sup> at a receiving power sensitivity of -10 dBm. The OFDM subcarrier pre-leveling technique helps the WRC-FPLD to reduce the overall BER of 16-QAM-OFDM data by one order of magnitude, providing a miniμm BER of 4.5 × 10<sup>-5</sup> at a receiving power of -2 dBm.

© 2013 IEEE

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2013 (1)

Y.-C. Chi, Y.-C. Li, G.-R. Lin, "Specific jacket SMA connected TO-can package FPLD transmitter with direct modulation bandwidth beyond 6 GHz for 256-QAM single or μlti-subcarrier OOFDM up to 15Gbit/s," J. Lightw. Technol. 31, 28-35 (2013).

2011 (7)

G.-R. Lin, Y.-H. Lin, C.-J. Lin, Y.-C. Chi, G.-C. Lin, "Reusing a data-erased ASE carrier in a weak-resonant-cavity laser diode for noise-suppressed error-free transmission," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47, 676-685 (2011).

T. T. Shih, P. H. Tseng, Y. Y. Lai, W. H. Cheng, "Compact TO-CAN header with bandwidth excess 40 GHz," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 2538-2544 (2011).

Y.-H. Lin, C.-J. Lin, G.-C. Lin, G.-R. Lin, "Saturated signal-to-noise ratio of up-stream WRC-FPLD transmitter injection-locked by down-stream data-erased ASE carrier," Opt. Exp. 19, 4067-4075 (2011).

E. Hugues-Salas, R. P. Giddings, X. Q. Jin, J. L. Wei, X. Zheng, Y. Hong, C. Shu, M. J. Tang, "Real-time experimental demonstration of low-cost VCSEL intensity-modulated 11.25 Gb/s optical OFDM signal transmission over 25 km PON systems," Opt. Exp. 19, 2979-2988 (2011).

C. H. Yeh, C. W. Chow, Y. F. Wu, F. Y. Shih, S. Chi, "Using Fabry-Perot laser diode and reflective semiconductor optical amplifier for long reach WDM-PON system," Opt. Comμm. 284, 5148-5152 (2011).

H.-C. Peng, H.-S. Su, 1, H.-H. Lu, C.-Y. Li, P.-C. Peng, S.-H. Wu, C.-H. Chang, "Hybrid CATV/16-QAM OFDM in-building networks over SMF and GI-POF transport," Opt. Exp. 19, 9575-9581 (2011).

C.-C. Wei, "Small-signal analysis of OOFDM signal transmission with directly modulated laser and direct detection," Opt. Lett. 36, 151-153 (2011).

2010 (4)

R. P. Giddings, E. Hugues-Salas, X. Q. Jin, J. L. Wei, J. M. Tang, "Experimental demonstration of real-time optical OFDM transmission at 7.5 Gb/s Over 25-km SSMF using a 1-GHz RSOA," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 745-747 (2010).

G.-R. Lin, Y.-S. Liao, Y.-C. Chi, H.-C. Kuo, G.-C. Lin, H.-L. Wang, Y.-J. Chen, "Long-cavity Fabry-Perot laser amplifier transmitter with enhanced injection-locking bandwidth for WDM-PON application," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 2925-2932 (2010).

C.-T. Lin, J. Chen, P.-T. Shih, W.-J. Jiang, S. Chi, "Ultra-high data-rate 60 GHz radio-over-fiber systems employing optical frequency μltiplication and OFDM formats," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, (2010).

G.-R. Lin, T.-K. Cheng, Y.-H. Lin, G.-C. Lin, H.-L. Wang, "A weak-resonant-cavity Fabry-Perot laser diode with injection-locking mode number-dependent transmission and noise performances," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 1349-1355 (2010).

2009 (11)

L. Chen, J. G. Yu, S. Wen, J. Lu, Z. Dong, M. Huang, G. K. Chang, "A novel scheme for seamless integration of ROF with centralized lightwave OFDM-WDM-PON system," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 2786-2791 (2009).

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, S. Chi, "Signal remodulation of OFDM-QAM for long reach carrier distributed passive optical networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 715-717 (2009).

G.-R. Lin, H. L. Wang, G. C. Lin, Y. H. Huang, Y. H. Lin, T. K. Cheng, "Comparison on injection-locked Fabry-Perot laser diode with front-facet reflectivity of 1% and 30% for optical data transmission in WDM-PON system," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 2779-2785 (2009).

Y.-S. Liao, H.-C. Kuo, Y.-J. Chen, G.-R. Lin, "Side-mode transmission diagnosis of a μltichannel selectable injection-locked Fabry-Perot laser diode with anti-reflection coated front facet," Opt. Comμn. 17, 4859-4867 (2009).

G.-R. Lin, T.-K. Cheng, Y.-H. Lin, G.-C. Lin, H.-L. Wang, "Suppressing chirp and power penalty of channelized ASE injection-locked mode-number tunable weak-resonant-cavity FPLD transmitter," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 1106-1113 (2009).

G.-R. Lin, T.-K. Cheng, Y.-C. Chi, G.-C. Lin, H.-L. Wang, Y.-H. Lin, "200-GHz and 50-GHz AWG channelized linewidth dependent transmission of weak-resonant-cavity FPLD injection-locked by spectrally sliced ASE," Opt. Exp. 17, 17739-17746 (2009).

Y. Mori, C. Zhang, K. Igarashi, K. Katoh, K. Kikuchi, "Unrepeated 200-km transmission of 40-Gbit/s 16-QAM signals using digital coherent optical receiver," Opt. Exp. 17, 1435-1441 (2009).

X. Q. Jin, R. P. Giddings, E. Hugues-Salas, J. M. Tang, "Real-time demonstration of 128-QAM-encoded optical OFDM transmission with a 5.25 bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency in simple IMDD systems utilizing directly modulated DFB lasers," Opt. Exp. 17, 20484-20493 (2009).

A. Schimpf, D. Bucci, B. Cabon, "Optiμm biasing of VCSEL diodes for all-optical up-conversion of OFDM signals," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3484-3489 (2009).

J. Armstrong, "OFDM for optical comμnications," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 189-204 (2009).

I. B. Djordjevic, M. Arabaci, L. L. Minkov, "Next generation FEC for high-capacity comμnication in optical transport networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3518-3530 (2009).

2008 (6)

W. Shieh, H. Bao, Y. Tang, "Coherent optical OFDM: Theory and design," Opt. Exp. 16, 841-859 (2008).

S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, T. C. W. Schenk, N. Takeda, H. Tanaka, "Coherent optical 25.8-Gb/s OFDM transmission over 4160-km SSMAF," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 6-15 (2008).

C.-T. Lin, Y.-M. Lin, J. Chen, S.-P. Dai1, P.-T. Shih, P.-C. Peng, S. Chi, "Optical direct-detection OFDM signal generation for radio-over-fiber link using frequency doubling scheme with carrier suppression," Opt. Exp. 16, 6056-6063 (2008).

Q. Yang, W. Shieh, Y. Ma, "Bit and power loading for coherent optical OFDM," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1305-1307 (2008).

K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, Y. C. Chung, "10-Gb/s operation of RSOA for WDM PON," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1533-1535 (2008).

J. Yu, M.-F. Huang, D. Qian, L. Chen, G.-K. Chang, "Centralized lightwave WDM-PON employing 16-QAM intensity modulated OFDM downstream and ook modulated upstream signals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1545-1547 (2008).

2007 (3)

Z. Xu, Y.-J. Wen, W.-D. Zhong, C.-J. Chae, X.-F. Cheng, Y. Wang, C. Lu, J. Shankar, "High-speed WDMPON using CW injection-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diodes," Opt. Exp. 15, 2953-2962 (2007).

Z. Xu, Y. J. Wen, W.-D. Zhong, C.-J. Chae, X.-F. Cheng, Y. Wang, C. Lu, J. Shankar, "High-speed WDM-PON using CW injection-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diodes," Opt. Exp. 15, 2953-2962 (2007).

A. J. Lowery, "Fiber nonlinearity pre- and post-compensation for long-haul optical links using OFDM," Opt. Exp. 15, 12965-12970 (2007).

2006 (4)

W. Shieh, C. Athaudage, "Coherent optical orthogonal frequency division μltiplexing," Electron. Lett. 42, 587-589 (2006).

J. M. Tang, P. M. Lane, K. A. Shore, "High-speed transmission of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals over μltimode fibers using directly modulated DFBs," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 429-441 (2006).

J. M. Tang, K. Alan, "30-Gb/s signal transmission over 40-km directly modulated DFB-laser-based single-mode-fiber links without optical amplification and dispersion compensation," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2318-2326 (2006).

O. Akanbi, J. Yu, G.-K. Chang, "A new scheme for bidirectional WDM-PON using upstream and downstream channels generated by optical carrier suppression and separation technique," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 340-342 (2006).

2005 (1)

A. Banerjee, Y. Park, F. Clarke, H. Song, S. Yang, G. Kramer, K. Kim, B. μkherjee, "Wavelength-division-μltiplexed passive optical network (WDM-PON) technologies for broadband access: A review [Invited]," J. Opt. Comμn. Netw. 4, 737-758 (2005).

2004 (2)

Y.-C. Chang, Y.-H. Lin, J.-H. Chen, G.-R. Lin, "All-optical NRZ-to-PRZ format transformer with an injection-locked Fabry-Perot laser diode at unlasing condition," Opt. Exp. 12, 4449-4456 (2004).

G.-R. Lin, Y.-H. Lin, Y.-C. Chang, "Theory and experiments of a mode-beating noise-suppressed and μtually injection-locked Fabry-Perot laser diode and erbium-doped fiber amplifier link," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1014-1022 (2004).

2003 (1)

H. Ochiai, "Performance analysis of peak power and band-limited OFDM system with linear scaling," IEEE Trans. Wireless Comμn. 2, 1055-1065 (2003).

Electron. Lett. (1)

W. Shieh, C. Athaudage, "Coherent optical orthogonal frequency division μltiplexing," Electron. Lett. 42, 587-589 (2006).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

G.-R. Lin, Y.-H. Lin, C.-J. Lin, Y.-C. Chi, G.-C. Lin, "Reusing a data-erased ASE carrier in a weak-resonant-cavity laser diode for noise-suppressed error-free transmission," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47, 676-685 (2011).

G.-R. Lin, T.-K. Cheng, Y.-H. Lin, G.-C. Lin, H.-L. Wang, "Suppressing chirp and power penalty of channelized ASE injection-locked mode-number tunable weak-resonant-cavity FPLD transmitter," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 1106-1113 (2009).

G.-R. Lin, Y.-H. Lin, Y.-C. Chang, "Theory and experiments of a mode-beating noise-suppressed and μtually injection-locked Fabry-Perot laser diode and erbium-doped fiber amplifier link," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1014-1022 (2004).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (6)

O. Akanbi, J. Yu, G.-K. Chang, "A new scheme for bidirectional WDM-PON using upstream and downstream channels generated by optical carrier suppression and separation technique," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 340-342 (2006).

J. Yu, M.-F. Huang, D. Qian, L. Chen, G.-K. Chang, "Centralized lightwave WDM-PON employing 16-QAM intensity modulated OFDM downstream and ook modulated upstream signals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1545-1547 (2008).

K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, Y. C. Chung, "10-Gb/s operation of RSOA for WDM PON," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1533-1535 (2008).

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, S. Chi, "Signal remodulation of OFDM-QAM for long reach carrier distributed passive optical networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 715-717 (2009).

Q. Yang, W. Shieh, Y. Ma, "Bit and power loading for coherent optical OFDM," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1305-1307 (2008).

R. P. Giddings, E. Hugues-Salas, X. Q. Jin, J. L. Wei, J. M. Tang, "Experimental demonstration of real-time optical OFDM transmission at 7.5 Gb/s Over 25-km SSMF using a 1-GHz RSOA," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 745-747 (2010).

IEEE Trans. Wireless Comµn. (1)

H. Ochiai, "Performance analysis of peak power and band-limited OFDM system with linear scaling," IEEE Trans. Wireless Comμn. 2, 1055-1065 (2003).

J. Lightw. Technol. (13)

G.-R. Lin, T.-K. Cheng, Y.-H. Lin, G.-C. Lin, H.-L. Wang, "A weak-resonant-cavity Fabry-Perot laser diode with injection-locking mode number-dependent transmission and noise performances," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 1349-1355 (2010).

G.-R. Lin, H. L. Wang, G. C. Lin, Y. H. Huang, Y. H. Lin, T. K. Cheng, "Comparison on injection-locked Fabry-Perot laser diode with front-facet reflectivity of 1% and 30% for optical data transmission in WDM-PON system," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 2779-2785 (2009).

L. Chen, J. G. Yu, S. Wen, J. Lu, Z. Dong, M. Huang, G. K. Chang, "A novel scheme for seamless integration of ROF with centralized lightwave OFDM-WDM-PON system," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 2786-2791 (2009).

G.-R. Lin, Y.-S. Liao, Y.-C. Chi, H.-C. Kuo, G.-C. Lin, H.-L. Wang, Y.-J. Chen, "Long-cavity Fabry-Perot laser amplifier transmitter with enhanced injection-locking bandwidth for WDM-PON application," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 2925-2932 (2010).

T. T. Shih, P. H. Tseng, Y. Y. Lai, W. H. Cheng, "Compact TO-CAN header with bandwidth excess 40 GHz," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 2538-2544 (2011).

Y.-C. Chi, Y.-C. Li, G.-R. Lin, "Specific jacket SMA connected TO-can package FPLD transmitter with direct modulation bandwidth beyond 6 GHz for 256-QAM single or μlti-subcarrier OOFDM up to 15Gbit/s," J. Lightw. Technol. 31, 28-35 (2013).

A. Schimpf, D. Bucci, B. Cabon, "Optiμm biasing of VCSEL diodes for all-optical up-conversion of OFDM signals," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3484-3489 (2009).

J. M. Tang, K. Alan, "30-Gb/s signal transmission over 40-km directly modulated DFB-laser-based single-mode-fiber links without optical amplification and dispersion compensation," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2318-2326 (2006).

C.-T. Lin, J. Chen, P.-T. Shih, W.-J. Jiang, S. Chi, "Ultra-high data-rate 60 GHz radio-over-fiber systems employing optical frequency μltiplication and OFDM formats," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, (2010).

J. Armstrong, "OFDM for optical comμnications," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 189-204 (2009).

S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, T. C. W. Schenk, N. Takeda, H. Tanaka, "Coherent optical 25.8-Gb/s OFDM transmission over 4160-km SSMAF," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 6-15 (2008).

J. M. Tang, P. M. Lane, K. A. Shore, "High-speed transmission of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals over μltimode fibers using directly modulated DFBs," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 429-441 (2006).

I. B. Djordjevic, M. Arabaci, L. L. Minkov, "Next generation FEC for high-capacity comμnication in optical transport networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3518-3530 (2009).

J. Opt. Comµn. Netw. (1)

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Y.-S. Liao, H.-C. Kuo, Y.-J. Chen, G.-R. Lin, "Side-mode transmission diagnosis of a μltichannel selectable injection-locked Fabry-Perot laser diode with anti-reflection coated front facet," Opt. Comμn. 17, 4859-4867 (2009).

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Y.-H. Lin, C.-J. Lin, G.-C. Lin, G.-R. Lin, "Saturated signal-to-noise ratio of up-stream WRC-FPLD transmitter injection-locked by down-stream data-erased ASE carrier," Opt. Exp. 19, 4067-4075 (2011).

Z. Xu, Y. J. Wen, W.-D. Zhong, C.-J. Chae, X.-F. Cheng, Y. Wang, C. Lu, J. Shankar, "High-speed WDM-PON using CW injection-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diodes," Opt. Exp. 15, 2953-2962 (2007).

Z. Xu, Y.-J. Wen, W.-D. Zhong, C.-J. Chae, X.-F. Cheng, Y. Wang, C. Lu, J. Shankar, "High-speed WDMPON using CW injection-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diodes," Opt. Exp. 15, 2953-2962 (2007).

Y. Mori, C. Zhang, K. Igarashi, K. Katoh, K. Kikuchi, "Unrepeated 200-km transmission of 40-Gbit/s 16-QAM signals using digital coherent optical receiver," Opt. Exp. 17, 1435-1441 (2009).

H.-C. Peng, H.-S. Su, 1, H.-H. Lu, C.-Y. Li, P.-C. Peng, S.-H. Wu, C.-H. Chang, "Hybrid CATV/16-QAM OFDM in-building networks over SMF and GI-POF transport," Opt. Exp. 19, 9575-9581 (2011).

C.-T. Lin, Y.-M. Lin, J. Chen, S.-P. Dai1, P.-T. Shih, P.-C. Peng, S. Chi, "Optical direct-detection OFDM signal generation for radio-over-fiber link using frequency doubling scheme with carrier suppression," Opt. Exp. 16, 6056-6063 (2008).

X. Q. Jin, R. P. Giddings, E. Hugues-Salas, J. M. Tang, "Real-time demonstration of 128-QAM-encoded optical OFDM transmission with a 5.25 bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency in simple IMDD systems utilizing directly modulated DFB lasers," Opt. Exp. 17, 20484-20493 (2009).

E. Hugues-Salas, R. P. Giddings, X. Q. Jin, J. L. Wei, X. Zheng, Y. Hong, C. Shu, M. J. Tang, "Real-time experimental demonstration of low-cost VCSEL intensity-modulated 11.25 Gb/s optical OFDM signal transmission over 25 km PON systems," Opt. Exp. 19, 2979-2988 (2011).

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Other (4)

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T. Duong, N. Genay, P. Chanclou, B. Charbonnier, A. Pizzinat, R. Brenot, "Experimental demonstration of 10 Gbit/s upstream transmission by remote modulation of 1 GHz RSOA using adaptively modulated optical OFDM for WDM-PON single fiber architecture," Proc. 34th ECOC (2008) pp. 39-49.

A. Ng'oma, C.-T. Lin, L.-Y. Wang He, W.-J. Jiang, F. Annunziata, J. Chen, P.-T. Shih, J. George, M. Sauer, S. Chi, "31 Gbps RoF system employing adaptive bit-loading OFDM modulation at 60 GHz," Proc. OFC (2011).

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