Abstract

A low-loss and compact optical delay element is devised to be integrated into existing White cell-based true-time delay systems. The delay element is based on a μltiple-bounce cell that consists of simple optical components, which was initially described by Claude Robert for spectroscopy. We hereby provide a comprehensive analysis of the Robert cell and propose that it can be modified in a number of ways to produce discrete and variable time delays up to hundreds of ns. The Robert cell show appealing traits compared to traditional optical delay devices because it relies on reflections within a system of mirrors to produce time delays, and this mechanism reduces the physical size and optical losses compared to traditional approaches for long delays. We also illustrate how modified Robert cells can be designed such that they can be compatibly combined with White cell-based true-time delay systems.

© 2012 IEEE

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References

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2011 (1)

B. L. Anderson, J. G. Ho, W. D. Cowan, O. Blum-Spahn, A. Y. Yi, D. J. Rowe, M. R. Flannery, D. L. McCray, P. Chen, D. J. Rabb, "Hardware demonstration of extremely compact optical true time delay device for wideband electronically steered antennas," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 1343-1353 (2011).

2007 (2)

2006 (1)

B. L. Anderson, D. J. Rabb, C. M. Warnky, F. M. Abou-Galala, "Binary optical true time delay based on the white cell: Design and demonstration," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 1886-1895 (2006).

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

1997 (1)

1965 (1)

1964 (1)

1942 (1)

J. White, "Long optical paths of large aperture," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 32, 285-288 (1942).

Appl. Opt. (7)

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

B. L. Anderson, J. G. Ho, W. D. Cowan, O. Blum-Spahn, A. Y. Yi, D. J. Rowe, M. R. Flannery, D. L. McCray, P. Chen, D. J. Rabb, "Hardware demonstration of extremely compact optical true time delay device for wideband electronically steered antennas," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 1343-1353 (2011).

B. L. Anderson, D. J. Rabb, C. M. Warnky, F. M. Abou-Galala, "Binary optical true time delay based on the white cell: Design and demonstration," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 1886-1895 (2006).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. (1)

J. White, "Long optical paths of large aperture," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 32, 285-288 (1942).

Other (1)

H. Zμda, E. N. Toughlian, The Artech House Optoelectronics Library (Artech House, 1994).

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