Abstract

Flexible polymer waveguide with a Bragg reflection grating is incorporated to form an external cavity laser with a wide tuning range, and it is evaluated as a tunable light source for wavelength division multiplexing optical communication systems. The highly elastic property of polymer materials makes them suitable for producing a tunable Bragg reflector controlled by an imposed strain. The flexible tunable Bragg reflector is installed on a compact moving stage 6 connected to a piezoelectric motor. By applying a total strain of 60680 με (6.07%), wavelength tuning of 82 nm is achieved with a side-mode suppression ratio of 43 dB and a linewidth less than 0.1 nm. The tunable laser controlled by a microactuator exhibits long-term stability with a wavelength fluctuation of less than 0.1 nm. In the optical transmission experiment, various wavelengths are used to transmit the 2.5 Gb/s signal over 50 km, excellent performance was observed with a power penalty of 1 dB compared to the DFB laser.

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  1. J. Buus, E. J. Murphy, "Tunable lasers in optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 5-11 (2004).
  2. L. A. Coldren, G. A. Fish, Y. Akulova, J. S. Barton, L. Johansson, C. W. Coldren, "Tunable semiconductor lasers: A tutorial," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 193-202 (2004).
  3. C.-H. Lee, W. V. Sorin, B. Y. Kim, "Fiber to the home using a PON infrastructure," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4568-4583 (2006).
  4. K.-H. Yoon, S.-H. Oh, K.-S. Kim, O.-K. Kwon, D.-K. Oh, Y.-O. Noh, H.-J. Lee, "2.5-Gb/s hybridly integrated tunable external cavity laser using a superluminescent diode and a polymer Bragg reflectior," Opt. Exp. 18, 5556-5561 (2010).
  5. Y. A. Akulova, G. A. Fish, P.-C. Koh, C. L. Schow, P. Kozodoy, A. P. Dahl, S. Nakagawa, M. C. Larson, M. P. Mack, T. A. Strand, C. W. Coldren, E. Hegblom, S. K. Penniman, T. Wipiejewski, L. A. Coldren, "Widely tunable electroabsorption-modulated sampled-grating DBR laser transmitter," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 8, 1349-1357 (2002).
  6. H. Ishii, K. Kasaya, H. Oohashi, "Spectral linewidth reduction in widely wavelength tunable DFB laser array," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 15, 514-520 (2009).
  7. J. Berger, D. Anthon, S. Dutta, F. Ilkov, I.-F. Wu, "Tunable MEMS devices for reconfigurable optical networks," Proc. Tech. Dig. Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. (2003).
  8. Y.-O. Noh, H.-J. Lee, J.-J. Ju, M.-S. Kim, S.-H. Oh, M.-C. Oh, "Continuously tunable compact lasers based on thermo-optic polymer waveguides with Bragg gratings," Opt. Exp. 16, 18194-18201 (2008).
  9. P. Del Carro, A. Camposeo, R. Stabile, E. Mele, L. Persano, R. Cingolani, D. Pisignano, "Near-infrared imprinted distributed feedback lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 201105 (2006).
  10. B. Wenger, N. Tetreault, M. E. Welland, R. H. Friend, "Mechanically tunable conjugated polymer distributed feedback lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 193303 (2010).
  11. K.-J. Kim, J.-W. Kim, M.-C. Oh, Y.-O. Noh, H.-J. Lee, "Flexible polymer waveguide tunable lasers," Opt. Exp. 18, 8392-8399 (2010).
  12. S. Döring, M. Kollosche, T. Rabe, J. Stumpe, G. Kofod, "Electrically tunable polymer DFB laser," Adv. Mater. 23, 4265-4269 (2011).
  13. M.-C. Oh, M.-H. Lee, J.-H. Ahn, H.-J. Lee, S.-G. Han, "Polymeric wavelength filters with polymer gratings," Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1559-1561 (1998).
  14. L. Eldada, S. Yin, C. Poga, C. Glass, R. Blomquist, R. A. Norwood, "Integrated multichannel OADM's using polymer Bragg grating MZI's," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1416-1418 (1998).
  15. K.-J. Kim, M.-C. Oh, "Flexible Bragg reflection waveguide devices fabricated by post-lift-off process," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 288-290 (2008).

2011 (1)

S. Döring, M. Kollosche, T. Rabe, J. Stumpe, G. Kofod, "Electrically tunable polymer DFB laser," Adv. Mater. 23, 4265-4269 (2011).

2010 (3)

K.-H. Yoon, S.-H. Oh, K.-S. Kim, O.-K. Kwon, D.-K. Oh, Y.-O. Noh, H.-J. Lee, "2.5-Gb/s hybridly integrated tunable external cavity laser using a superluminescent diode and a polymer Bragg reflectior," Opt. Exp. 18, 5556-5561 (2010).

B. Wenger, N. Tetreault, M. E. Welland, R. H. Friend, "Mechanically tunable conjugated polymer distributed feedback lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 193303 (2010).

K.-J. Kim, J.-W. Kim, M.-C. Oh, Y.-O. Noh, H.-J. Lee, "Flexible polymer waveguide tunable lasers," Opt. Exp. 18, 8392-8399 (2010).

2009 (1)

H. Ishii, K. Kasaya, H. Oohashi, "Spectral linewidth reduction in widely wavelength tunable DFB laser array," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 15, 514-520 (2009).

2008 (2)

Y.-O. Noh, H.-J. Lee, J.-J. Ju, M.-S. Kim, S.-H. Oh, M.-C. Oh, "Continuously tunable compact lasers based on thermo-optic polymer waveguides with Bragg gratings," Opt. Exp. 16, 18194-18201 (2008).

K.-J. Kim, M.-C. Oh, "Flexible Bragg reflection waveguide devices fabricated by post-lift-off process," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 288-290 (2008).

2006 (2)

C.-H. Lee, W. V. Sorin, B. Y. Kim, "Fiber to the home using a PON infrastructure," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4568-4583 (2006).

P. Del Carro, A. Camposeo, R. Stabile, E. Mele, L. Persano, R. Cingolani, D. Pisignano, "Near-infrared imprinted distributed feedback lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 201105 (2006).

2004 (2)

J. Buus, E. J. Murphy, "Tunable lasers in optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 5-11 (2004).

L. A. Coldren, G. A. Fish, Y. Akulova, J. S. Barton, L. Johansson, C. W. Coldren, "Tunable semiconductor lasers: A tutorial," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 193-202 (2004).

2002 (1)

Y. A. Akulova, G. A. Fish, P.-C. Koh, C. L. Schow, P. Kozodoy, A. P. Dahl, S. Nakagawa, M. C. Larson, M. P. Mack, T. A. Strand, C. W. Coldren, E. Hegblom, S. K. Penniman, T. Wipiejewski, L. A. Coldren, "Widely tunable electroabsorption-modulated sampled-grating DBR laser transmitter," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 8, 1349-1357 (2002).

1998 (2)

M.-C. Oh, M.-H. Lee, J.-H. Ahn, H.-J. Lee, S.-G. Han, "Polymeric wavelength filters with polymer gratings," Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1559-1561 (1998).

L. Eldada, S. Yin, C. Poga, C. Glass, R. Blomquist, R. A. Norwood, "Integrated multichannel OADM's using polymer Bragg grating MZI's," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1416-1418 (1998).

Adv. Mater. (1)

S. Döring, M. Kollosche, T. Rabe, J. Stumpe, G. Kofod, "Electrically tunable polymer DFB laser," Adv. Mater. 23, 4265-4269 (2011).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

B. Wenger, N. Tetreault, M. E. Welland, R. H. Friend, "Mechanically tunable conjugated polymer distributed feedback lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 193303 (2010).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

M.-C. Oh, M.-H. Lee, J.-H. Ahn, H.-J. Lee, S.-G. Han, "Polymeric wavelength filters with polymer gratings," Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1559-1561 (1998).

P. Del Carro, A. Camposeo, R. Stabile, E. Mele, L. Persano, R. Cingolani, D. Pisignano, "Near-infrared imprinted distributed feedback lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 201105 (2006).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (2)

Y. A. Akulova, G. A. Fish, P.-C. Koh, C. L. Schow, P. Kozodoy, A. P. Dahl, S. Nakagawa, M. C. Larson, M. P. Mack, T. A. Strand, C. W. Coldren, E. Hegblom, S. K. Penniman, T. Wipiejewski, L. A. Coldren, "Widely tunable electroabsorption-modulated sampled-grating DBR laser transmitter," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 8, 1349-1357 (2002).

H. Ishii, K. Kasaya, H. Oohashi, "Spectral linewidth reduction in widely wavelength tunable DFB laser array," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 15, 514-520 (2009).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

L. Eldada, S. Yin, C. Poga, C. Glass, R. Blomquist, R. A. Norwood, "Integrated multichannel OADM's using polymer Bragg grating MZI's," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1416-1418 (1998).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

K.-J. Kim, M.-C. Oh, "Flexible Bragg reflection waveguide devices fabricated by post-lift-off process," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 288-290 (2008).

J. Lightw. Technol. (3)

J. Buus, E. J. Murphy, "Tunable lasers in optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 5-11 (2004).

L. A. Coldren, G. A. Fish, Y. Akulova, J. S. Barton, L. Johansson, C. W. Coldren, "Tunable semiconductor lasers: A tutorial," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 193-202 (2004).

C.-H. Lee, W. V. Sorin, B. Y. Kim, "Fiber to the home using a PON infrastructure," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4568-4583 (2006).

Opt. Exp. (1)

Y.-O. Noh, H.-J. Lee, J.-J. Ju, M.-S. Kim, S.-H. Oh, M.-C. Oh, "Continuously tunable compact lasers based on thermo-optic polymer waveguides with Bragg gratings," Opt. Exp. 16, 18194-18201 (2008).

Opt. Exp. (2)

K.-H. Yoon, S.-H. Oh, K.-S. Kim, O.-K. Kwon, D.-K. Oh, Y.-O. Noh, H.-J. Lee, "2.5-Gb/s hybridly integrated tunable external cavity laser using a superluminescent diode and a polymer Bragg reflectior," Opt. Exp. 18, 5556-5561 (2010).

K.-J. Kim, J.-W. Kim, M.-C. Oh, Y.-O. Noh, H.-J. Lee, "Flexible polymer waveguide tunable lasers," Opt. Exp. 18, 8392-8399 (2010).

Other (1)

J. Berger, D. Anthon, S. Dutta, F. Ilkov, I.-F. Wu, "Tunable MEMS devices for reconfigurable optical networks," Proc. Tech. Dig. Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. (2003).

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