Abstract

We propose and demonstrate a novel colorless optical transmitter based on all-optical wavelength conversion using a reflective semiconductor optical amplifier (RSOA) for upstream transmission in wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical networks. The proposed colorless optical transmitter for the optical network unit is composed of an electro-absorption modulated laser (EML), an optical coupler, and an RSOA. Through cross-gain modulation in the RSOA, the upstream data from the EML pump light are imposed onto a continuous-wave probe light provided from the central office (CO). An optical delay interferometer at the CO tailors the chirp of the upstream signal to improve the bandwidth of the system and dispersion tolerance. The proposed upstream optical transmitter is based on the fast gain recovery of the RSOA governed by carrier-carrier scattering and carrier-phonon interactions. Thus, it can potentially operate at > 10 Gb/s. Two separate wavelength bands are allocated, one for the pump signals and the other for the probe signals. Therefore, the proposed transmitter operates in a colorless manner since the EML can have any arbitrary wavelength within the pump band. We demonstrate the transmission of a 10.7-Gb/s upstream signal generated by the proposed scheme in a single-fiber loopback-configured network. The conditions for colorless operation of the proposed transmitter are investigated through experiment.

© 2013 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. U. Hilbk, T. Hermes, J. Saniter, F.-J. Westphal, "High capacity WDM overlay on a passive optical network," Electron. Lett. 32, 2162-2163 (1996).
  2. E. Wong, K. L. Lee, T. B. Anderson, "Directly modulated self-seeding reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers as colorless transmitters in wavelength division multiplexed passive optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 67-74 (2007).
  3. Z. Al-Qazwini, H. Kim, "Symmetric 10-Gb/s WDM-PON using directly modulated lasers for downlink and RSOAs for uplink," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 1891-1899 (2012).
  4. H. D. Kim, S.-G. Kang, C.-H. Lee, "A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1067-1069 (2000).
  5. P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, R. Moore, "Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs," Electron. Lett. 37, 1181-1182 (2001).
  6. Y. Takushima, K. Y. Cho, Y. C. Chung, "Design issues in RSOA-based WDM PON," Proc. Photonics Global (2008) pp. C-34-C-37.
  7. G. Valicourt, D. Make, C. Fortin, A. Enard, F. V. Dijk, R. Brenot, "10 Gbit/s modulation of reflective SOA without any electronic processing," Proc. OFC (2011).
  8. M. Omella, V. Polo, J. Lazaro, B. Schrenk, J. Prat, "10 Gb/s RSOA transmission by direct duobinary modulation," Proc. ECOC (2008).
  9. T. Duong, N. Genay, P. Chanclou, B. Charbonnier, A. Pizziant, R. Brenot, "Experimental demonstration of 10 Gbit/s upstream transmission by remote modulation of 1 GHz RSOA using adaptively modulated optical OFDM for WDM-PON single fiber architecture," Proc. ECOC (2008).
  10. J. Wei, E. Hugues-Salas, R. Giddings, X. Jin, X. Zheng, S. Mansoor, J. Tang, "Wavelength reused bidirectional transmission of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals in WDM-PONs incorporating SOA and RSOA intensity modulators," Opt. Exp. 18, 9791-9808 (2010).
  11. K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, Y. C. Chung, "Enhanced chromatic dispersion tolerance of 11-Gb/s RSOA-based WDM PON using 4-ary PAM signal," Electron. Lett. 46, 1510-1512 (2010).
  12. K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, Y. C. Chung, "10-Gb/s operation of RSOA for WDM PON," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1533-1535 (2008).
  13. A. Agata, Y. Horiuchi, "RSOA-based 10 G WDM PON using FEC and MLSE equalizers," Proc. OFC (2010).
  14. Q. Guo, A. V. Tran, C.-J. Chae, "10-Gb/s WDM-PON based on low-bandwidth RSOA using partial response equalization," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1442-1444 (2011).
  15. I. Papagiannakis, M. Omella, D. Klonidis, A. Birbas, J. Kikidis, I. Tomkos, J. Prat, "Investigation of 10-Gb/s RSOA-based upstream transmission in WDM-PONs utilizing optical filtering and electronic equalization," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 2168-2170 (2008).
  16. H. Kim, "10-Gb/s operation of RSOA using a delay interferometer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett 22, 1379-1381 (2010).
  17. B. Glance, J. M. Wiesenfeld, U. Koren, A. H. Gnauck, H. M. Presby, A. Jourdan, "High performance optical wavelength shifter," Electron. Lett. 28, 1714-1715 (1992).
  18. T. Durhuus, C. Joergensen, B. Mikkelsen, R. J. S. Pedersen, K. E. Stubkjaer, "All optical wavelength conversion by SOA's in a Mach-Zehnder configuration," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 53-55 (1994).
  19. T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, "All-optical wavelength conversion by semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 942-954 (1996).
  20. H. Kim, "Transmission of 10-Gb/s directly modulated RSOA signals in single-fiber loopback WDM PONs," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 965-967 (2011).
  21. http://www.gemfire.com/Main/Products/prodpdfs.html.
  22. S. Chandrasekhar, C. R. Doerr, L. L. Buhl, "Flexible waveband optical networking without guard bands using novel 8-skip-0 banding filters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 579-581 (2005).
  23. U. Koren, B. I. Miller, M. G. Young, M. Chien, G. Raybon, T. Brenner, R. Ben-Michael, K. Dreyer, R. J. Capik, "A polarization insensitive optical amplifier with integrated electroabsorption modulators," Electron. Lett. 32, 111-113 (1996).
  24. H. Dorren, D. Lenstra, Y. Liu, M. Hill, G.-D. Khoe, "Nonlinear polarization rotation in semiconductor optical amplifiers: Theory and application to all-optical flip-flop memories," IEEE J. Quantum Electron 39, 141-148 (2003).
  25. H. Kim, "A dual-detector optical receiver for WDM PON utilizing directly modulated RSOAs and delay interferometer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1733-1735 (2011).
  26. K. E. Zoiros, Z. V. Rizou, M. J. Connelly, "On the compensation of chirp induced from semiconductor optical amplifier on RZ data using optical delay interferometer," Opt. Comm. 284, 3539-3547 (2011).
  27. Y. Lin, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, S. Zhang, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, H. Dorren, "Error-free all-optical wavelength conversion at 160 Gb/s using a semiconductor optical amplifier and an optical bandpass filter," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 230-236 (2006).
  28. J. Mark, J. Mork, "Subpicosecond gain dynamics in InGaAsP optical amplifiers: Experiment and theory," Appl. Phy. Lett. 61, 2281-2283 (1992).
  29. L.-Q. Guo, M. J. Connelly, "A novel approach to all-optical wavelength conversion by utilizing a reflective semiconductor optical amplifier in a co-propagation scheme," Opt. Commun. 281, 4470-4473 (2008).
  30. L.-Q. Guo, M. J. Connelly, "Signal-induced birefringence and dichroism in a tensile-strained bulk semiconductor optical amplifier and its application to wavelength conversion," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 4037-4045 (2005).
  31. J. M. Wiesenfeld, "Gain dynamics and associated nonlinearities in semiconductor optical amplifiers," Int. J. High Speed Electron. 7, 179-222 (1996).
  32. K.-I. Chung, T.-Y. Kim, S.-K. Han, "Analysis of all optical cascaded XGM wavelength converter using CW-holding beam," Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 937-950 (2002).
  33. J. H. Jang, S. K. Shin, H. Kim, K. S. Lee, K. J. Park, Y. C. Chung, "A cold-start WDM system using a synchronized etalon filter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 383-385 (1997).
  34. G. Berrettini, G. Meloni, L. Giorgi, F. Ponzini, F. Cavaliere, P. Ghiggino, L. Poti, A. Bogoni, "Colorless WDM-PON architecture for Rayleigh backscattering and path-loss degradation mitigation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 453-455 (2009).

2012 (1)

Z. Al-Qazwini, H. Kim, "Symmetric 10-Gb/s WDM-PON using directly modulated lasers for downlink and RSOAs for uplink," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 1891-1899 (2012).

2011 (4)

Q. Guo, A. V. Tran, C.-J. Chae, "10-Gb/s WDM-PON based on low-bandwidth RSOA using partial response equalization," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1442-1444 (2011).

H. Kim, "Transmission of 10-Gb/s directly modulated RSOA signals in single-fiber loopback WDM PONs," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 965-967 (2011).

H. Kim, "A dual-detector optical receiver for WDM PON utilizing directly modulated RSOAs and delay interferometer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1733-1735 (2011).

K. E. Zoiros, Z. V. Rizou, M. J. Connelly, "On the compensation of chirp induced from semiconductor optical amplifier on RZ data using optical delay interferometer," Opt. Comm. 284, 3539-3547 (2011).

2010 (3)

H. Kim, "10-Gb/s operation of RSOA using a delay interferometer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett 22, 1379-1381 (2010).

J. Wei, E. Hugues-Salas, R. Giddings, X. Jin, X. Zheng, S. Mansoor, J. Tang, "Wavelength reused bidirectional transmission of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals in WDM-PONs incorporating SOA and RSOA intensity modulators," Opt. Exp. 18, 9791-9808 (2010).

K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, Y. C. Chung, "Enhanced chromatic dispersion tolerance of 11-Gb/s RSOA-based WDM PON using 4-ary PAM signal," Electron. Lett. 46, 1510-1512 (2010).

2009 (1)

G. Berrettini, G. Meloni, L. Giorgi, F. Ponzini, F. Cavaliere, P. Ghiggino, L. Poti, A. Bogoni, "Colorless WDM-PON architecture for Rayleigh backscattering and path-loss degradation mitigation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 453-455 (2009).

2008 (3)

L.-Q. Guo, M. J. Connelly, "A novel approach to all-optical wavelength conversion by utilizing a reflective semiconductor optical amplifier in a co-propagation scheme," Opt. Commun. 281, 4470-4473 (2008).

K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, Y. C. Chung, "10-Gb/s operation of RSOA for WDM PON," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1533-1535 (2008).

I. Papagiannakis, M. Omella, D. Klonidis, A. Birbas, J. Kikidis, I. Tomkos, J. Prat, "Investigation of 10-Gb/s RSOA-based upstream transmission in WDM-PONs utilizing optical filtering and electronic equalization," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 2168-2170 (2008).

2007 (1)

E. Wong, K. L. Lee, T. B. Anderson, "Directly modulated self-seeding reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers as colorless transmitters in wavelength division multiplexed passive optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 67-74 (2007).

2006 (1)

Y. Lin, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, S. Zhang, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, H. Dorren, "Error-free all-optical wavelength conversion at 160 Gb/s using a semiconductor optical amplifier and an optical bandpass filter," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 230-236 (2006).

2005 (2)

L.-Q. Guo, M. J. Connelly, "Signal-induced birefringence and dichroism in a tensile-strained bulk semiconductor optical amplifier and its application to wavelength conversion," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 4037-4045 (2005).

S. Chandrasekhar, C. R. Doerr, L. L. Buhl, "Flexible waveband optical networking without guard bands using novel 8-skip-0 banding filters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 579-581 (2005).

2003 (1)

H. Dorren, D. Lenstra, Y. Liu, M. Hill, G.-D. Khoe, "Nonlinear polarization rotation in semiconductor optical amplifiers: Theory and application to all-optical flip-flop memories," IEEE J. Quantum Electron 39, 141-148 (2003).

2002 (1)

K.-I. Chung, T.-Y. Kim, S.-K. Han, "Analysis of all optical cascaded XGM wavelength converter using CW-holding beam," Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 937-950 (2002).

2001 (1)

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, R. Moore, "Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs," Electron. Lett. 37, 1181-1182 (2001).

2000 (1)

H. D. Kim, S.-G. Kang, C.-H. Lee, "A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1067-1069 (2000).

1997 (1)

J. H. Jang, S. K. Shin, H. Kim, K. S. Lee, K. J. Park, Y. C. Chung, "A cold-start WDM system using a synchronized etalon filter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 383-385 (1997).

1996 (4)

J. M. Wiesenfeld, "Gain dynamics and associated nonlinearities in semiconductor optical amplifiers," Int. J. High Speed Electron. 7, 179-222 (1996).

U. Hilbk, T. Hermes, J. Saniter, F.-J. Westphal, "High capacity WDM overlay on a passive optical network," Electron. Lett. 32, 2162-2163 (1996).

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, "All-optical wavelength conversion by semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 942-954 (1996).

U. Koren, B. I. Miller, M. G. Young, M. Chien, G. Raybon, T. Brenner, R. Ben-Michael, K. Dreyer, R. J. Capik, "A polarization insensitive optical amplifier with integrated electroabsorption modulators," Electron. Lett. 32, 111-113 (1996).

1994 (1)

T. Durhuus, C. Joergensen, B. Mikkelsen, R. J. S. Pedersen, K. E. Stubkjaer, "All optical wavelength conversion by SOA's in a Mach-Zehnder configuration," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 53-55 (1994).

1992 (2)

B. Glance, J. M. Wiesenfeld, U. Koren, A. H. Gnauck, H. M. Presby, A. Jourdan, "High performance optical wavelength shifter," Electron. Lett. 28, 1714-1715 (1992).

J. Mark, J. Mork, "Subpicosecond gain dynamics in InGaAsP optical amplifiers: Experiment and theory," Appl. Phy. Lett. 61, 2281-2283 (1992).

Appl. Phy. Lett. (1)

J. Mark, J. Mork, "Subpicosecond gain dynamics in InGaAsP optical amplifiers: Experiment and theory," Appl. Phy. Lett. 61, 2281-2283 (1992).

Electron. Lett. (1)

U. Koren, B. I. Miller, M. G. Young, M. Chien, G. Raybon, T. Brenner, R. Ben-Michael, K. Dreyer, R. J. Capik, "A polarization insensitive optical amplifier with integrated electroabsorption modulators," Electron. Lett. 32, 111-113 (1996).

Electron. Lett. (4)

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, R. Moore, "Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs," Electron. Lett. 37, 1181-1182 (2001).

U. Hilbk, T. Hermes, J. Saniter, F.-J. Westphal, "High capacity WDM overlay on a passive optical network," Electron. Lett. 32, 2162-2163 (1996).

K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, Y. C. Chung, "Enhanced chromatic dispersion tolerance of 11-Gb/s RSOA-based WDM PON using 4-ary PAM signal," Electron. Lett. 46, 1510-1512 (2010).

B. Glance, J. M. Wiesenfeld, U. Koren, A. H. Gnauck, H. M. Presby, A. Jourdan, "High performance optical wavelength shifter," Electron. Lett. 28, 1714-1715 (1992).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

T. Durhuus, C. Joergensen, B. Mikkelsen, R. J. S. Pedersen, K. E. Stubkjaer, "All optical wavelength conversion by SOA's in a Mach-Zehnder configuration," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 53-55 (1994).

Q. Guo, A. V. Tran, C.-J. Chae, "10-Gb/s WDM-PON based on low-bandwidth RSOA using partial response equalization," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1442-1444 (2011).

H. D. Kim, S.-G. Kang, C.-H. Lee, "A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1067-1069 (2000).

G. Berrettini, G. Meloni, L. Giorgi, F. Ponzini, F. Cavaliere, P. Ghiggino, L. Poti, A. Bogoni, "Colorless WDM-PON architecture for Rayleigh backscattering and path-loss degradation mitigation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 453-455 (2009).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron (1)

H. Dorren, D. Lenstra, Y. Liu, M. Hill, G.-D. Khoe, "Nonlinear polarization rotation in semiconductor optical amplifiers: Theory and application to all-optical flip-flop memories," IEEE J. Quantum Electron 39, 141-148 (2003).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett (1)

H. Kim, "10-Gb/s operation of RSOA using a delay interferometer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett 22, 1379-1381 (2010).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (6)

S. Chandrasekhar, C. R. Doerr, L. L. Buhl, "Flexible waveband optical networking without guard bands using novel 8-skip-0 banding filters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 579-581 (2005).

H. Kim, "A dual-detector optical receiver for WDM PON utilizing directly modulated RSOAs and delay interferometer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1733-1735 (2011).

J. H. Jang, S. K. Shin, H. Kim, K. S. Lee, K. J. Park, Y. C. Chung, "A cold-start WDM system using a synchronized etalon filter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 383-385 (1997).

I. Papagiannakis, M. Omella, D. Klonidis, A. Birbas, J. Kikidis, I. Tomkos, J. Prat, "Investigation of 10-Gb/s RSOA-based upstream transmission in WDM-PONs utilizing optical filtering and electronic equalization," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 2168-2170 (2008).

K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, Y. C. Chung, "10-Gb/s operation of RSOA for WDM PON," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1533-1535 (2008).

H. Kim, "Transmission of 10-Gb/s directly modulated RSOA signals in single-fiber loopback WDM PONs," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 965-967 (2011).

Int. J. High Speed Electron. (1)

J. M. Wiesenfeld, "Gain dynamics and associated nonlinearities in semiconductor optical amplifiers," Int. J. High Speed Electron. 7, 179-222 (1996).

J. Lightw. Technol. (3)

L.-Q. Guo, M. J. Connelly, "Signal-induced birefringence and dichroism in a tensile-strained bulk semiconductor optical amplifier and its application to wavelength conversion," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 4037-4045 (2005).

E. Wong, K. L. Lee, T. B. Anderson, "Directly modulated self-seeding reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers as colorless transmitters in wavelength division multiplexed passive optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 67-74 (2007).

Z. Al-Qazwini, H. Kim, "Symmetric 10-Gb/s WDM-PON using directly modulated lasers for downlink and RSOAs for uplink," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 1891-1899 (2012).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, "All-optical wavelength conversion by semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 942-954 (1996).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

Y. Lin, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, S. Zhang, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, H. Dorren, "Error-free all-optical wavelength conversion at 160 Gb/s using a semiconductor optical amplifier and an optical bandpass filter," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 230-236 (2006).

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

K.-I. Chung, T.-Y. Kim, S.-K. Han, "Analysis of all optical cascaded XGM wavelength converter using CW-holding beam," Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 937-950 (2002).

Opt. Comm. (1)

K. E. Zoiros, Z. V. Rizou, M. J. Connelly, "On the compensation of chirp induced from semiconductor optical amplifier on RZ data using optical delay interferometer," Opt. Comm. 284, 3539-3547 (2011).

Opt. Commun. (1)

L.-Q. Guo, M. J. Connelly, "A novel approach to all-optical wavelength conversion by utilizing a reflective semiconductor optical amplifier in a co-propagation scheme," Opt. Commun. 281, 4470-4473 (2008).

Opt. Exp. (1)

J. Wei, E. Hugues-Salas, R. Giddings, X. Jin, X. Zheng, S. Mansoor, J. Tang, "Wavelength reused bidirectional transmission of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals in WDM-PONs incorporating SOA and RSOA intensity modulators," Opt. Exp. 18, 9791-9808 (2010).

Other (6)

Y. Takushima, K. Y. Cho, Y. C. Chung, "Design issues in RSOA-based WDM PON," Proc. Photonics Global (2008) pp. C-34-C-37.

G. Valicourt, D. Make, C. Fortin, A. Enard, F. V. Dijk, R. Brenot, "10 Gbit/s modulation of reflective SOA without any electronic processing," Proc. OFC (2011).

M. Omella, V. Polo, J. Lazaro, B. Schrenk, J. Prat, "10 Gb/s RSOA transmission by direct duobinary modulation," Proc. ECOC (2008).

T. Duong, N. Genay, P. Chanclou, B. Charbonnier, A. Pizziant, R. Brenot, "Experimental demonstration of 10 Gbit/s upstream transmission by remote modulation of 1 GHz RSOA using adaptively modulated optical OFDM for WDM-PON single fiber architecture," Proc. ECOC (2008).

http://www.gemfire.com/Main/Products/prodpdfs.html.

A. Agata, Y. Horiuchi, "RSOA-based 10 G WDM PON using FEC and MLSE equalizers," Proc. OFC (2010).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.