Abstract

An experimental study of the dynamics of a quantum-dash Fabry-Pérot passively mode-locked laser diode is presented. Firstly, the switching on and off characteristic times of the mode-locking mechanism with pulsed biasing current are assessed. Secondly, the locking and unlocking characteristic times to the injection of a 10-Gbps pseudo-random binary sequence of nonreturn-to-zero data are determined. The dynamics is analysed through the instantaneous frequency of the ~40 GHz beat-tone signal measured at the output of the laser under investigation, which after a frequency down-conversion stage, is recorded by a real-time oscilloscope. Experimental results indicate that a time of 5 ns characterizes the establishment of the passive mode-locking mechanism for a pulsed biasing current. A time of 20 ns has been measured for the synchronization of the quantum-dash laser diode to the injected 10 Gbps data sequence. In addition, the mode-locked laser diode de-synchronizes and switches to the free-running condition in also 20 ns after a holding time of ~100 ns.

© 2012 IEEE

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2012 (1)

R. Rosales, S. C. Murdoch, R. T. Watts, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, F. Lelarge, A. Accard, L. P. Barry, A. Ramdane, "High performance mode locking characteristics of single section quantum dash lasers," Opt. Exp. 20, 8649-8657 (2012).

2011 (3)

2010 (1)

2009 (2)

G.-H. Duan, A. Shen, A. Akraut, F. Van Dijk, F. Lelarge, F. Pommereau, O. LeGouzegou, J.-G. Provost, H. Gariah, F. Blache, F. Mallecot, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, A. Ramdane, "High performance InP-based quantum dash semiconductor mode-locked lasers for optical communications," Bell Labs Tech. J. 14, 63-84 (2009).

S. Latkowski, R. Maldonado-Basilio, P. Landais, "Sub-picosecond pulse generation by 40-GHz passively mode-locked quantum-dash 1-mm-long Fabry–Perot laser diode," Opt. Exp. 17, 19166-19172 (2009).

2007 (4)

J. Renaudier, G.-H. Duan, P. Landais, P. Gallion, "Phase correlation and linewidth reduction of 40 GHz self-pulsation in distributed Bragg reflector semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 147-156 (2007).

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. van Dijk, D. Make, O. Le Gouezigou, J.-G. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, F. Pommereau, G.-H. Duan, "Recent advances on InAs/InP quantum dash based semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 13, 111-124 (2007).

M. Presi, N. Calabretta, G. Contestabile, E. Ciaramella, "Wide dynamic range all-optical clock and data recovery from preamble-free NRZ-DPSK packets," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 372-374 (2007).

V. Roncin, A. O'Hare, S. Lobo, E. Jacquette, L. Bramarie, P. Rochard, Q.-T. Le, M. Gay, J.-C. Simon, A. Shen, J. Renaudier, F. Lelarge, G.-H. Duan, "Multi-data-rate system performance of a 40-GHz all-optical clock recovery based on a quantum-dot Fabry-Pérot laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1409-1411 (2007).

2006 (1)

E. Kehayas, D. Tsiokos, P. Bakopoulos, D. apostolopoulos, D. Pentrantonakis, L. Stampoulidis, A. Poustie, R. McDougall, G. Maxwell, Y. Liu, S. Zhang, H. J. S. Dorren, J. Seoane, P. Van Holm-Nielsen, P. Jeppesen, H. Avramopoulos, "40-Gb/s all-optical processing systems using hybrid photonic integration technologies," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4903-4911 (2006).

2005 (1)

E. Kehayas, L. Stampoulidis, H. Avramopoulos, Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, H. J. S. Dorren, "40 Gb/s all-optical packed clock recovery with ultrafast lock-in time and low inter-packet guardbands," Opt. Exp. 13, 475-480 (2005).

Bell Labs Tech. J. (1)

G.-H. Duan, A. Shen, A. Akraut, F. Van Dijk, F. Lelarge, F. Pommereau, O. LeGouzegou, J.-G. Provost, H. Gariah, F. Blache, F. Mallecot, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, A. Ramdane, "High performance InP-based quantum dash semiconductor mode-locked lasers for optical communications," Bell Labs Tech. J. 14, 63-84 (2009).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Renaudier, G.-H. Duan, P. Landais, P. Gallion, "Phase correlation and linewidth reduction of 40 GHz self-pulsation in distributed Bragg reflector semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 147-156 (2007).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, J. Renaudier, R. Brenot, A. Accard, F. van Dijk, D. Make, O. Le Gouezigou, J.-G. Provost, F. Poingt, J. Landreau, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, B. Rousseau, F. Pommereau, G.-H. Duan, "Recent advances on InAs/InP quantum dash based semiconductor lasers and optical amplifiers operating at 1.55 μm," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 13, 111-124 (2007).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

M. Presi, N. Calabretta, G. Contestabile, E. Ciaramella, "Wide dynamic range all-optical clock and data recovery from preamble-free NRZ-DPSK packets," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 372-374 (2007).

V. Roncin, A. O'Hare, S. Lobo, E. Jacquette, L. Bramarie, P. Rochard, Q.-T. Le, M. Gay, J.-C. Simon, A. Shen, J. Renaudier, F. Lelarge, G.-H. Duan, "Multi-data-rate system performance of a 40-GHz all-optical clock recovery based on a quantum-dot Fabry-Pérot laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1409-1411 (2007).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

E. Kehayas, D. Tsiokos, P. Bakopoulos, D. apostolopoulos, D. Pentrantonakis, L. Stampoulidis, A. Poustie, R. McDougall, G. Maxwell, Y. Liu, S. Zhang, H. J. S. Dorren, J. Seoane, P. Van Holm-Nielsen, P. Jeppesen, H. Avramopoulos, "40-Gb/s all-optical processing systems using hybrid photonic integration technologies," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4903-4911 (2006).

X. Tang, S. H. Chung, A. S. Karar, J. C. Cartledge, A. Shen, G.-H. Duan, "Spectral filtering characteristics of a quantum-dash Fabry-Pérot laser and its implications on 40 Gb/s XPM based optical retiming performance," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 31-36 (2011).

Opt. Exp. (3)

R. Rosales, S. C. Murdoch, R. T. Watts, K. Merghem, A. Martinez, F. Lelarge, A. Accard, L. P. Barry, A. Ramdane, "High performance mode locking characteristics of single section quantum dash lasers," Opt. Exp. 20, 8649-8657 (2012).

S. Latkowski, R. Maldonado-Basilio, P. Landais, "Sub-picosecond pulse generation by 40-GHz passively mode-locked quantum-dash 1-mm-long Fabry–Perot laser diode," Opt. Exp. 17, 19166-19172 (2009).

E. Kehayas, L. Stampoulidis, H. Avramopoulos, Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, H. J. S. Dorren, "40 Gb/s all-optical packed clock recovery with ultrafast lock-in time and low inter-packet guardbands," Opt. Exp. 13, 475-480 (2005).

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (5)

R. Maldonado-Basilio, J. Parra-Cetina, S. Latkowski, P. Landais, N. Calabretta, "Mode-locking dynamics in a quantum-dash Fabry-Pérot laser diode for packet based clock recovery applications," Proc. OFC (2012).

S. Bauer, C. Bornholdt, O. Brox, D. Hoffmann, M. Mohrle, G. Sahin, B. Sartorious, S. Schelhase, B. Lavigne, D. Chiaroni, "Ultrafast locking optical clock for IP packet switching applications," Proc. Opt. Fiber Conf. (2000).

E. Tangdiongga, H. C. Hansen Mulvad, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, A. M. J. Koonen, H. J. S. Dorren, "SOA-based clock recovery and demultiplexing in a lab trial of 640-Gb/s OTDM transmission over 50-km fibre link," Proc. ECOC (2007).

M. Costa e Silva, A. Lagrost, L. Bramerie, M. Gay, P. Besnard, M. Joindot, J. C. Simon, A. Shen, G. H. Duan, "Up to 425 GHz all optical frequency down-conversion clock recovery based on quantum dash Fabry-Perot mode-locked laser," Proc. OFC (2010).

J. Renaudier, B. Lavigne, M. Jourdran, P. Gallion, F. Lelarge, B. Dagens, A. Accard, O. Legouezigou, G.-H. Duan, "First demonstration of all-optical clock recovery at 40 GHz with standard-compliant jitter characteristics based on a quantum-dots self-pulsating semiconductor laser," Proc. ECOC (2005).

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