Abstract

In order to explain the contradictory results on the temperature dependence of the radiation-induced attenuation (RIA) in optical fiber, the temperature dependence of color center absorption was proposed as a complementary explanation. The temperature tests were conducted on the four prototype optical fibers after irradiation. During the temperature tests the RIA in the fibers at the near infrared (NIR) wavelengths was measured continuously. The temperature dependence of color center absorption was verified. The competition between the thermally color center annealing and the temperature-dependent absorption of color center was observed. The test results show that the temperature dependent absorption of the color center at NIR wavelengths is an important factor influencing the temperature dependence of RIA besides the thermally driven color center generation, conversion and annealing process.

© 2012 IEEE

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  4. J. Jin, X. Wang, N. Song, C. Zhang, "Effect of 60Co-gamma radiation on the random walk error of interferometric fiber optic gyroscope," Sci. China Tech. Sci. 53, 3056-3060 (2010).
  5. J. Jin, X. Wang, S. Lin, N. Song, "Effect of radiation-induced mean wavelength shift in optical fibers on the scale factor of an interferometric fiber optic gyroscope at a wavelength of 1300 nm," Chin. Phys. B 21, 94220-094220 (2012).
  6. E. Regnier, I. Flammer, S. Girard, F. Gooijer, F. Achten, G. Kuyt, "Low-dose radiation-induced attenuation at infrared wavelengths for P-doped, Ge-doped and pure silica-core optical fibres," IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 54, 1115-1119 (2007).
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  15. X. Glavas, L. Lembo, W. Haraki, S. Claxton, "Radiation test results of polarization maintaining fiber at 1.55 μm over a wide temperature range," Proc. SPIE 3440, 120-130 (1998).
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  17. M. Kyoto, Y. Chigusa, M. Ooe, M. Watanabe, T. Matubara, T. Yamamoto, S. Okamoto, "Gamma-ray irradiation effect on loss increase of single mode optical fibers, (I): Loss increase behavior and kinetic study," J. Nucl. Sci. Technol. 26, 507-515 (1989).
  18. D. L. Griscom, "Trapped-electron centers in pure and doped glassy silica: A review and synthesis," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357, 1945-1962 (2011).
  19. S. Girard, Y. Ouerdane, G. Origlio, C. Marcandella, A. Boukenter, N. Richard, J. Baggio, P. Paillet, M. Cannas, J. Bisutti, J. P. Meunier, R. Boscaino, "Radiation effects on silica-based preforms and optical fibers—I: Experimental study with canonical samples," IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 55, 3473-3482 (2008).
  20. L. Skuja, "Optically active oxygen-deficiency-related centers in amorphous silicon dioxide," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 239, 16-48 (1998).
  21. B. Henderson, G. F. Imbusch, Optical Spectroscopy of Inorganic Solids (Oxford Univ., 1989).
  22. J. G. Sole, L. E. Bausa, D. Jaque, An Introduction to the Optical Spectroscopy of Inorganic Solids (Wiley, 2005).
  23. R. Fang, Solid State Spectroscopy (Univ. Science and Technology of China, 2001) pp. 127-132.
  24. S. Girard, A. Boukenter, Y. Ouerdane, J.-P. Meunier, J. Keurinck, "Properties of phosphorus-related defects induced by γ-rays and pulsed X-ray irradiation in germanosilicate optical fibers," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 322, 78-83 (2003).

2012 (1)

J. Jin, X. Wang, S. Lin, N. Song, "Effect of radiation-induced mean wavelength shift in optical fibers on the scale factor of an interferometric fiber optic gyroscope at a wavelength of 1300 nm," Chin. Phys. B 21, 94220-094220 (2012).

2011 (1)

D. L. Griscom, "Trapped-electron centers in pure and doped glassy silica: A review and synthesis," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357, 1945-1962 (2011).

2010 (2)

J. Xu, S. H. Zhao, R. Hou, S. S. Yang, T. P. Zhang, Y. H. Ni, J. L. Wu, Y. J. Li, "Gamma-ray radiation-induced damage to silicon single-mode fiber," Optik 121, 1998-2000 (2010).

J. Jin, X. Wang, N. Song, C. Zhang, "Effect of 60Co-gamma radiation on the random walk error of interferometric fiber optic gyroscope," Sci. China Tech. Sci. 53, 3056-3060 (2010).

2008 (2)

T. Wijnands, L. K. De Jonge, J. Kuhnhenn, S. K. Hoeffgen, U. Weinand, "Optical absorption in commercial single mode optical fibers in a high energy physics radiation field," IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 55, 2216-2222 (2008).

S. Girard, Y. Ouerdane, G. Origlio, C. Marcandella, A. Boukenter, N. Richard, J. Baggio, P. Paillet, M. Cannas, J. Bisutti, J. P. Meunier, R. Boscaino, "Radiation effects on silica-based preforms and optical fibers—I: Experimental study with canonical samples," IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 55, 3473-3482 (2008).

2007 (1)

E. Regnier, I. Flammer, S. Girard, F. Gooijer, F. Achten, G. Kuyt, "Low-dose radiation-induced attenuation at infrared wavelengths for P-doped, Ge-doped and pure silica-core optical fibres," IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 54, 1115-1119 (2007).

2004 (1)

S. Girard, J. Keurinck, Y. Ouerdane, J.-P. Meunier, A. Boukenter, "γ-rays and pulsed X-ray radiation responses of Germanosilicate single-mode optical fiber: Influence of cladding codopants," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 1915-1922 (2004).

2003 (1)

S. Girard, A. Boukenter, Y. Ouerdane, J.-P. Meunier, J. Keurinck, "Properties of phosphorus-related defects induced by γ-rays and pulsed X-ray irradiation in germanosilicate optical fibers," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 322, 78-83 (2003).

2001 (2)

P. Borgermans, B. Brichard, F. Berghmans, M. Decréton, K. M. Golant, A. L. Thomashuk, I. V. Nikolin, "Dosimetry with optical fibres: Results for pure silica, phosphorous and erbium doped samples," Proc. SPIE 4204, 151-159 (2001).

R. G. Ahrens, J. J. Jaques, M. J. LuValle, D. J. DiGiovanni, R. S. Windeler, "Radiation effects on optical fibers and amplifers," Proc. SPIE 4285, 217-225 (2001).

2000 (1)

A. L. Tomashuk, K. M. Golant, E. M. Dianov, O. I. Medvedkov, O. A. Plaksin, V. A. Stepanov, P. A. Stepanov, P. V. Demenkov, V. M. Chernov, S. N. Klyamkin, "Radiation-induced absorption and luminescence in specially hardened large-core silica optical fibers," IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 47, 693-698 (2000).

1998 (2)

L. Skuja, "Optically active oxygen-deficiency-related centers in amorphous silicon dioxide," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 239, 16-48 (1998).

X. Glavas, L. Lembo, W. Haraki, S. Claxton, "Radiation test results of polarization maintaining fiber at 1.55 μm over a wide temperature range," Proc. SPIE 3440, 120-130 (1998).

1997 (1)

D. L. Griscom, "Radiation hardening of pure-silica-core optical fibers: Reduction of induced absorption bands associated with self-trapped holes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 175-177 (1997).

1992 (1)

E. J. Friebele, M. E. Gingerich, D. L. Griscom, "Survivability of optical fibers in space," Proc. SPIE 1791, 177-188 (1992).

1989 (2)

M. Kyoto, Y. Chigusa, M. Ooe, M. Watanabe, T. Matubara, T. Yamamoto, S. Okamoto, "Gamma-ray irradiation effect on loss increase of single mode optical fibers, (I): Loss increase behavior and kinetic study," J. Nucl. Sci. Technol. 26, 507-515 (1989).

Y. Morita, W. Kawakami, "Dose rate effect on radiation induced attenuation of pure silica core optical fibers," IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 36, 584-592 (1989).

1984 (1)

E. J. Friebele, C. G. Askins, M. E. Gingerich, K. J. Long, "Optical fiber waveguides in radiation environments, II," Nucl Instrum Meth B 1, 355-369 (1984).

1983 (1)

D. L. Griscom, E. J. Friebele, K. J. Long, J. W. Fleming, "Fundamental defects centers in glass: Electron spin resonance and optical absorption studies of irradiated phosphorusdoped silica glass and optical fibers," J. Appl. Phys. 54, 3743-3762 (1983).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

D. L. Griscom, "Radiation hardening of pure-silica-core optical fibers: Reduction of induced absorption bands associated with self-trapped holes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 175-177 (1997).

Chin. Phys. B (1)

J. Jin, X. Wang, S. Lin, N. Song, "Effect of radiation-induced mean wavelength shift in optical fibers on the scale factor of an interferometric fiber optic gyroscope at a wavelength of 1300 nm," Chin. Phys. B 21, 94220-094220 (2012).

IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. (5)

E. Regnier, I. Flammer, S. Girard, F. Gooijer, F. Achten, G. Kuyt, "Low-dose radiation-induced attenuation at infrared wavelengths for P-doped, Ge-doped and pure silica-core optical fibres," IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 54, 1115-1119 (2007).

A. L. Tomashuk, K. M. Golant, E. M. Dianov, O. I. Medvedkov, O. A. Plaksin, V. A. Stepanov, P. A. Stepanov, P. V. Demenkov, V. M. Chernov, S. N. Klyamkin, "Radiation-induced absorption and luminescence in specially hardened large-core silica optical fibers," IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 47, 693-698 (2000).

T. Wijnands, L. K. De Jonge, J. Kuhnhenn, S. K. Hoeffgen, U. Weinand, "Optical absorption in commercial single mode optical fibers in a high energy physics radiation field," IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 55, 2216-2222 (2008).

Y. Morita, W. Kawakami, "Dose rate effect on radiation induced attenuation of pure silica core optical fibers," IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 36, 584-592 (1989).

S. Girard, Y. Ouerdane, G. Origlio, C. Marcandella, A. Boukenter, N. Richard, J. Baggio, P. Paillet, M. Cannas, J. Bisutti, J. P. Meunier, R. Boscaino, "Radiation effects on silica-based preforms and optical fibers—I: Experimental study with canonical samples," IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 55, 3473-3482 (2008).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

D. L. Griscom, E. J. Friebele, K. J. Long, J. W. Fleming, "Fundamental defects centers in glass: Electron spin resonance and optical absorption studies of irradiated phosphorusdoped silica glass and optical fibers," J. Appl. Phys. 54, 3743-3762 (1983).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

S. Girard, J. Keurinck, Y. Ouerdane, J.-P. Meunier, A. Boukenter, "γ-rays and pulsed X-ray radiation responses of Germanosilicate single-mode optical fiber: Influence of cladding codopants," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 1915-1922 (2004).

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (3)

D. L. Griscom, "Trapped-electron centers in pure and doped glassy silica: A review and synthesis," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357, 1945-1962 (2011).

L. Skuja, "Optically active oxygen-deficiency-related centers in amorphous silicon dioxide," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 239, 16-48 (1998).

S. Girard, A. Boukenter, Y. Ouerdane, J.-P. Meunier, J. Keurinck, "Properties of phosphorus-related defects induced by γ-rays and pulsed X-ray irradiation in germanosilicate optical fibers," J. Non-Cryst. Solids 322, 78-83 (2003).

J. Nucl. Sci. Technol. (1)

M. Kyoto, Y. Chigusa, M. Ooe, M. Watanabe, T. Matubara, T. Yamamoto, S. Okamoto, "Gamma-ray irradiation effect on loss increase of single mode optical fibers, (I): Loss increase behavior and kinetic study," J. Nucl. Sci. Technol. 26, 507-515 (1989).

Nucl Instrum Meth B (1)

E. J. Friebele, C. G. Askins, M. E. Gingerich, K. J. Long, "Optical fiber waveguides in radiation environments, II," Nucl Instrum Meth B 1, 355-369 (1984).

Optik (1)

J. Xu, S. H. Zhao, R. Hou, S. S. Yang, T. P. Zhang, Y. H. Ni, J. L. Wu, Y. J. Li, "Gamma-ray radiation-induced damage to silicon single-mode fiber," Optik 121, 1998-2000 (2010).

Proc. SPIE (4)

X. Glavas, L. Lembo, W. Haraki, S. Claxton, "Radiation test results of polarization maintaining fiber at 1.55 μm over a wide temperature range," Proc. SPIE 3440, 120-130 (1998).

P. Borgermans, B. Brichard, F. Berghmans, M. Decréton, K. M. Golant, A. L. Thomashuk, I. V. Nikolin, "Dosimetry with optical fibres: Results for pure silica, phosphorous and erbium doped samples," Proc. SPIE 4204, 151-159 (2001).

E. J. Friebele, M. E. Gingerich, D. L. Griscom, "Survivability of optical fibers in space," Proc. SPIE 1791, 177-188 (1992).

R. G. Ahrens, J. J. Jaques, M. J. LuValle, D. J. DiGiovanni, R. S. Windeler, "Radiation effects on optical fibers and amplifers," Proc. SPIE 4285, 217-225 (2001).

Sci. China Tech. Sci. (1)

J. Jin, X. Wang, N. Song, C. Zhang, "Effect of 60Co-gamma radiation on the random walk error of interferometric fiber optic gyroscope," Sci. China Tech. Sci. 53, 3056-3060 (2010).

Other (4)

B. Brichard, S. V. Ierschot, C. Hendrickx, "On the use of photobleaching and thermal annealing to recover the optical transmission in irradiated pure silica fibres," Proc. 9th Eur. Conf. Radiation and Its Effects on Compon. Syst. (2007) pp. 1-4.

B. Henderson, G. F. Imbusch, Optical Spectroscopy of Inorganic Solids (Oxford Univ., 1989).

J. G. Sole, L. E. Bausa, D. Jaque, An Introduction to the Optical Spectroscopy of Inorganic Solids (Wiley, 2005).

R. Fang, Solid State Spectroscopy (Univ. Science and Technology of China, 2001) pp. 127-132.

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