Abstract

We theoretically and experimentally analyze the benefit of hetero-structured cladding in Solid-Core Photonic BandGap fibers so as to increase the loss ratio between high order modes and fundamental mode. This property is applied to the realization of 19-cells core fibers practically single-mode around 1050 nm. When designed to operate in the 4th BandGap, a new design is proposed which permits to obtain mode field diameter of 44 μm whereas, for operation in the 3rd BandGap, a mode field diameter of 33 μm is obtained with 20 cm bending radius. The impact of the shape of hetero-structure on single-mode behavior is discussed.

© 2012 IEEE

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  1. J. M. Fini, "Bend-resistant design of conventional and microstructure fibers with very large mode area," Opt. Exp. 14, 69-81 (2006).
  2. L. Dong, J. Li, X. Peng, "Bend-resistant fundamental mode operation in ytterbium-doped leakage channel fibers with effective areas up to 3160 μm2," Opt. Exp. 14, 11 512-11 519 (2006).
  3. A. Galvanauskas, M. C. Swan, C.-H. Liu, "Effectively single-mode large core passive and active fibers with chirally coupled-core structures," Proc. Conf. Lasers Electro-Optics/Quantum Electron. Laser Sci. Conf. Photonic Applicat. Syst. Technol. (2008).
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  13. H. Liu, A. Wang, L. Jiang, L. Bigot, G. Bouwmans, Z. Zhang, "Sub-30-fs pulse generation from dispersion-managed Yb:Fiber ring laser incorporating solid-core photonic bandgap fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 500-502 (2012).
  14. O. N. Egorova, D. A. Gaponov, N. A. Harchenko, A. F. Kosolapov, S. A. Letunov, A. D. Pryamikov, S. L. Semjonov, E. M. Dianov, V. F. Khopin, M. Y. Salganskii, A. N. Guryanov, D. V. Kuksenkov, "All-solid photonic bandgap fiber with large mode area and high order modes suppression," Proc. Conf. Lasers Electro-Optics/Quantum Electron. Laser Sci. Conf. Photon. Applicat. Syst. Technol. (2008).
  15. M. Kashiwagi, K. Saitoh, K. Takenaga, S. Tanigawa, S. Matsuo, M. Fujimaki, "Low bending loss and effectively single-mode all-solid photonic bandgap fiber with an effective area of 650 μm2," Opt. Lett. 37, 1292-1294 (2012).
  16. T. Murao, K. Saitoh, T. Taru, T. Nagashima, K. Maeda, T. Sasaki, M. Koshiba, "Bend-insensitive and effectively single-moded all-solid photonic bandgap fibers with heterostructured cladding," Proc. Opt. Commun., 2009. ECOC '09. 35th Eur. Conf. (2009) pp. 1-2.
  17. K. Saitoh, N. J. Florous, T. Murao, M. Koshiba, "Design of photonic band gap fibers with suppressed higher-order modes: Towards the development of effectively single mode large hollow-core fiber platforms," Opt. Exp. 14, 7342-7352 (2006).
  18. K. Otsuka, "Self-induced phase turbulence and chaotic itinerancy in coupled laser systems," Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 329-332 (1990).
  19. V. Pureur, J. C. Knight, B. T. Kuhlmey, "Higher order guided mode propagation in solid-core photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Exp. 18, 8906 (2010).
  20. A. Bétourné, G. Bouwmans, Y. Quiquempois, M. Perrin, M. Douay, "Improvements of solid-core photonic bandgap fibers by means of interstitial air holes," Opt. Lett. 32, 1719-1721 (2007).
  21. T. A. Birks, F. Luan, G. J. Pearce, A. Wang, J. C. Knight, D. M. Bird, "Bend loss in all-solid bandgap fibres," Opt. Exp. 14, 5688-5698 (2006).
  22. A. Bétourné, V. Pureur, G. Bouwmans, Y. Quiquempois, L. Bigot, M. Perrin, M. Douay, "Solid photonic bandgap fiber assisted by an extra air-clad structure for low-loss operation around 1.5 μm," Opt. Exp. 15, 316-324 (2007).

2012

H. Liu, A. Wang, L. Jiang, L. Bigot, G. Bouwmans, Z. Zhang, "Sub-30-fs pulse generation from dispersion-managed Yb:Fiber ring laser incorporating solid-core photonic bandgap fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 500-502 (2012).

M. Kashiwagi, K. Saitoh, K. Takenaga, S. Tanigawa, S. Matsuo, M. Fujimaki, "Low bending loss and effectively single-mode all-solid photonic bandgap fiber with an effective area of 650 μm2," Opt. Lett. 37, 1292-1294 (2012).

2011

S. S. Aleshkina, M. E. Likhachev, A. D. Pryamikov, D. A. Gaponov, A. N. Denisov, M. M. Bubnov, M. Y. Salganskii, A. Y. Laptev, A. N. Guryanov, Y. A. Uspenskii, N. L. Popov, S. Février, "Very-large-mode-area photonic bandgap Bragg fiber polarizing in a wide spectral range," Opt. Lett. 36, 3566-3568 (2011).

T. Eidam, J. Rothhardt, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, S. Hadrich, H. Carstens, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, A. Tunnermann, "Fiber chirped-pulse amplification system emitting 3.8 GW peak power," Opt. Exp. 19, 255-260 (2011).

2010

V. Pureur, J. C. Knight, B. T. Kuhlmey, "Higher order guided mode propagation in solid-core photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Exp. 18, 8906 (2010).

2009

A. Shirakawa, H. Maruyama, K. Ueda, C. B. Olausson, J. K. Lyngsø, J. Broeng, "High-power Yb-doped photonic bandgap fiber amplifier at 1150–1200 nm," Opt. Exp. 17, 447 (2009).

A. Bétourné, A. Kudlinski, G. Bouwmans, O. Vanvincq, A. Mussot, Y. Quiquempois, "Control of supercontinuum generation and soliton self-frequency shift in solid-core photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Lett. 34, 3083-3085 (2009).

2008

V. Pureur, L. Bigot, G. Bouwmans, Y. Quiquempois, M. Douay, Y. Jaouen, "Ytterbium-doped solid core photonic bandgap fiber for laser operation around 980 nm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 061 113-061 113–3 (2008).

2007

A. Bétourné, G. Bouwmans, Y. Quiquempois, M. Perrin, M. Douay, "Improvements of solid-core photonic bandgap fibers by means of interstitial air holes," Opt. Lett. 32, 1719-1721 (2007).

A. Bétourné, V. Pureur, G. Bouwmans, Y. Quiquempois, L. Bigot, M. Perrin, M. Douay, "Solid photonic bandgap fiber assisted by an extra air-clad structure for low-loss operation around 1.5 μm," Opt. Exp. 15, 316-324 (2007).

2006

T. A. Birks, F. Luan, G. J. Pearce, A. Wang, J. C. Knight, D. M. Bird, "Bend loss in all-solid bandgap fibres," Opt. Exp. 14, 5688-5698 (2006).

K. Saitoh, N. J. Florous, T. Murao, M. Koshiba, "Design of photonic band gap fibers with suppressed higher-order modes: Towards the development of effectively single mode large hollow-core fiber platforms," Opt. Exp. 14, 7342-7352 (2006).

J. M. Fini, "Bend-resistant design of conventional and microstructure fibers with very large mode area," Opt. Exp. 14, 69-81 (2006).

L. Dong, J. Li, X. Peng, "Bend-resistant fundamental mode operation in ytterbium-doped leakage channel fibers with effective areas up to 3160 μm2," Opt. Exp. 14, 11 512-11 519 (2006).

2005

G. Bouwmans, L. Bigot, Y. Quiquempois, F. Lopez, L. Provino, M. Douay, "Fabrication and characterization of an all-solid 2D photonic bandgap fiber with a low-loss region (< 20dB/km) around 1550 nm," Opt. Exp. 13, 8452 (2005).

2002

1998

J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russell, "Photonic band gap guidance in optical fibers," Sci. 282, 1476-1478 (1998).

1997

1990

K. Otsuka, "Self-induced phase turbulence and chaotic itinerancy in coupled laser systems," Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 329-332 (1990).

Appl. Phys. Lett.

V. Pureur, L. Bigot, G. Bouwmans, Y. Quiquempois, M. Douay, Y. Jaouen, "Ytterbium-doped solid core photonic bandgap fiber for laser operation around 980 nm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 061 113-061 113–3 (2008).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

H. Liu, A. Wang, L. Jiang, L. Bigot, G. Bouwmans, Z. Zhang, "Sub-30-fs pulse generation from dispersion-managed Yb:Fiber ring laser incorporating solid-core photonic bandgap fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 500-502 (2012).

Opt. Exp.

A. Shirakawa, H. Maruyama, K. Ueda, C. B. Olausson, J. K. Lyngsø, J. Broeng, "High-power Yb-doped photonic bandgap fiber amplifier at 1150–1200 nm," Opt. Exp. 17, 447 (2009).

J. M. Fini, "Bend-resistant design of conventional and microstructure fibers with very large mode area," Opt. Exp. 14, 69-81 (2006).

L. Dong, J. Li, X. Peng, "Bend-resistant fundamental mode operation in ytterbium-doped leakage channel fibers with effective areas up to 3160 μm2," Opt. Exp. 14, 11 512-11 519 (2006).

T. Eidam, J. Rothhardt, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, S. Hadrich, H. Carstens, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, A. Tunnermann, "Fiber chirped-pulse amplification system emitting 3.8 GW peak power," Opt. Exp. 19, 255-260 (2011).

V. Pureur, J. C. Knight, B. T. Kuhlmey, "Higher order guided mode propagation in solid-core photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Exp. 18, 8906 (2010).

T. A. Birks, F. Luan, G. J. Pearce, A. Wang, J. C. Knight, D. M. Bird, "Bend loss in all-solid bandgap fibres," Opt. Exp. 14, 5688-5698 (2006).

A. Bétourné, V. Pureur, G. Bouwmans, Y. Quiquempois, L. Bigot, M. Perrin, M. Douay, "Solid photonic bandgap fiber assisted by an extra air-clad structure for low-loss operation around 1.5 μm," Opt. Exp. 15, 316-324 (2007).

K. Saitoh, N. J. Florous, T. Murao, M. Koshiba, "Design of photonic band gap fibers with suppressed higher-order modes: Towards the development of effectively single mode large hollow-core fiber platforms," Opt. Exp. 14, 7342-7352 (2006).

G. Bouwmans, L. Bigot, Y. Quiquempois, F. Lopez, L. Provino, M. Douay, "Fabrication and characterization of an all-solid 2D photonic bandgap fiber with a low-loss region (< 20dB/km) around 1550 nm," Opt. Exp. 13, 8452 (2005).

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

K. Otsuka, "Self-induced phase turbulence and chaotic itinerancy in coupled laser systems," Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 329-332 (1990).

Sci.

J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russell, "Photonic band gap guidance in optical fibers," Sci. 282, 1476-1478 (1998).

Other

A. Galvanauskas, M. C. Swan, C.-H. Liu, "Effectively single-mode large core passive and active fibers with chirally coupled-core structures," Proc. Conf. Lasers Electro-Optics/Quantum Electron. Laser Sci. Conf. Photonic Applicat. Syst. Technol. (2008).

O. N. Egorova, D. A. Gaponov, N. A. Harchenko, A. F. Kosolapov, S. A. Letunov, A. D. Pryamikov, S. L. Semjonov, E. M. Dianov, V. F. Khopin, M. Y. Salganskii, A. N. Guryanov, D. V. Kuksenkov, "All-solid photonic bandgap fiber with large mode area and high order modes suppression," Proc. Conf. Lasers Electro-Optics/Quantum Electron. Laser Sci. Conf. Photon. Applicat. Syst. Technol. (2008).

T. Murao, K. Saitoh, T. Taru, T. Nagashima, K. Maeda, T. Sasaki, M. Koshiba, "Bend-insensitive and effectively single-moded all-solid photonic bandgap fibers with heterostructured cladding," Proc. Opt. Commun., 2009. ECOC '09. 35th Eur. Conf. (2009) pp. 1-2.

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