Abstract

We present a compact monolithic all-phosphate glass fiber laser with up to 550 mW of output power operating on a single longitudinal mode. We measured a linewidth of less than 60 kHz and relaxation oscillation peak amplitudes below ${-}100$ dB/Hz without active RIN-supression. The laser cavity has been formed by inscribing fiber Bragg gratings (FBG) directly into heavily Er<sup>3+</sup>Yb<sup>3+</sup> doped phosphate glass fiber using femtosecond laser pulses and a phasemask. The compact form factor and higher output power combined with the low noise and narrow line width characteristic make this laser an ideal candidate for ranging, interferometry and sensing applications.

© 2012 IEEE

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  4. A. Polynkin, P. Polynkin, M. Mansuripur, N. Peyghambarian, "Single-frequency fiber ring laser with 1 W output power at 1.5 μm," Opt. Exp. 13, 3179-3186 (2005).
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  6. X. Zhang, N. H. Zhu, L. Xie, B. X. Feng, "A stabilized and tunable single-frequency erbium-doped fiber ring laser employing external injection locking," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 1027-1033 (2007).
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  8. C. Spiegelberg, J. Geng, Y. Hu, Y. Kaneda, S. Jiang, N. Peyghambarian, "Low-noise narrow-linewidth fiber laser at 1550 nm," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 57-62 (2004).
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2010 (1)

S. H. Xu, Z. M. Yang, T. Liu, W. N. Zhang, Z. M. Feng, Q. Y. Zhang, Z. H. Jiang, "An efficient compact 300 mW narrow-linewidth single frequency fiber laser at 1.5 μm," Opt. Exp. 22, 1249-1254 (2010).

2007 (3)

X. Zhang, N. H. Zhu, L. Xie, B. X. Feng, "A stabilized and tunable single-frequency erbium-doped fiber ring laser employing external injection locking," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 1027-1033 (2007).

D. Grobnic, S. J. Mihailov, R. B. Walker, C. W. Smelser, C. Lafond, A. Croteau, "Bragg gratings made with a femtosecond laser in heavily doped ErYb phosphate glass fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 943-945 (2007).

J. Thomas, E. Wikszak, T. Clausnitzer, U. Fuchs, U. Zeitner, S. Nolte, A. Tünnermann, "Inscription of fiber Bragg gratings with femtosecond pulses using a phase mask scanning technique," Appl. Phys. A 86, 153-157 (2007).

2006 (4)

S. Suzuki, A. Schülzgen, S. Sabet, J. V. Moloney, N. Peyghambarian, "Photosensitivity of Ge-doped phosphate glass to 244 nm irradiation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, (2006) Art. ID 171913.

J. Albert, A. Schülzgen, V. L. Temyanko, S. Honkanen, N. Peyghambarian, "Strong Bragg gratings in phosphate glass single mode fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, (2006) Art .ID 101127.

A. Schülzgen, L. Li, V. L. Temyanko, S. Suzuki, J. V. Moloney, N. Peyghambarian, "Single-frequency fiber oscillator with watt-level output power using photonic crystal phosphate glass fiber," Opt. Exp. 14, 7087-7092 (2006).

L. Li, A. Schülzgen, V. L. Temyanko, M. M. Morrell, S. Sabet, H. Li, J. V. Moloney, N. Peyghambarian, "Ultracompact cladding-pumped 35-mm-short fiber laser with 4.7-W singlemode output power," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, (2006) Art. ID 161106.

2005 (4)

F. Brunet, Y. Taillon, P. Galarneau, S. LaRochelle, "A simple model describing both self-mode locking and sustained self-pulsing in ytterbium-doped ring fiber lasers," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2131-2138 (2005).

K. Seneschal, F. Smektala, B. Bureau, M. Le Floch, S. Jiang, T. Luo, J. Lucas, N. Peyghambarian, "Properties and structure of high erbium doped phosphate glass for short optical fibers amplifiers," Mater. Res. Bull. 40, 1433-1442 (2005).

A. Polynkin, P. Polynkin, M. Mansuripur, N. Peyghambarian, "Single-frequency fiber ring laser with 1 W output power at 1.5 μm," Opt. Exp. 13, 3179-3186 (2005).

T. Qiu, A. Schülzgen, L. Li, A. Polynkin, V. L. Temyanko, J. V. Moloney, N. Peyghambarian, "Generation of watt-level single-longitudinal-mode output from cladding-pumped short fiber lasers," Opt. Lett. 30, 2748-2750 (2005).

2004 (5)

T. Qiu, L. Li, A. Schülzgen, V. L. Temyanko, T. Luo, S. Jiang, A. Mafi, J. V. Moloney, N. Peyghambarian, "Generation of 9.3-W multimode and 4-W single-mode output from 7-cm short fiber lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2592-2594 (2004).

L. Li, M. M. Morrell, T. Qiu, V. L. Temyanko, A. Schülzgen, A. Mafi, D. Kouznetsov, J. V. Moloney, T. Luo, S. Jiang, N. Peyghambarian, "Short cladding-pumped Er/Yb phosphate fiber laser with 1.5 W output power," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2721-2723 (2004).

C. Spiegelberg, J. Geng, Y. Hu, Y. Kaneda, S. Jiang, N. Peyghambarian, "Low-noise narrow-linewidth fiber laser at 1550 nm," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 57-62 (2004).

S. J. Mihailov, C. W. Smelser, D. Grobnic, R. B. Walker, P. Lu, H. Ding, J. Unruh, "Bragg gratings written in all-SiO2 and Ge-doped core fibers with 800-nm femtosecond radiation and a phase mask," J. Lightw. Tech. 22, 943-945 (2004).

S. Pissadakis, A. Ikiades, P. Hua, A. K. Sheridan, J. S. Wilkinson, "Photosensitivity of ion-exchanged Er-doped phosphate glass using 248 nm excimer laser radiation," Opt. Exp. 12, 3131-3136 (2004).

1995 (1)

M. Sejka, P. Varming, J. Hubner, M. Kristensen, "Distributed feedback Er3+-doped fibre laser," Electron. Lett. 31, 1445-1446 (1995).

1991 (2)

G. A. Ball, W. W. Morey, W. H. Glenn, "Standing wave monomode erbium fiber laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 613-615 (1991).

S. P. Smith, F. Zarinetchi, S. Ezekiel, "Narrow-linewidth stimulated Brillouin fiber laser and applications," Opt. Lett. 16, 393-395 (1991).

1990 (1)

K. Iwatsuki, H. Okamura, M. Saruwatari, "Wavelength-tunable single-frequency and single-polarisation Er-doped fibre ring-laser with 1.4 kHz linewidth," Electron. Lett. 26, 2033-2034 (1990).

1971 (1)

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. A (1)

J. Thomas, E. Wikszak, T. Clausnitzer, U. Fuchs, U. Zeitner, S. Nolte, A. Tünnermann, "Inscription of fiber Bragg gratings with femtosecond pulses using a phase mask scanning technique," Appl. Phys. A 86, 153-157 (2007).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

L. Li, A. Schülzgen, V. L. Temyanko, M. M. Morrell, S. Sabet, H. Li, J. V. Moloney, N. Peyghambarian, "Ultracompact cladding-pumped 35-mm-short fiber laser with 4.7-W singlemode output power," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, (2006) Art. ID 161106.

S. Suzuki, A. Schülzgen, S. Sabet, J. V. Moloney, N. Peyghambarian, "Photosensitivity of Ge-doped phosphate glass to 244 nm irradiation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, (2006) Art. ID 171913.

J. Albert, A. Schülzgen, V. L. Temyanko, S. Honkanen, N. Peyghambarian, "Strong Bragg gratings in phosphate glass single mode fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, (2006) Art .ID 101127.

L. Li, M. M. Morrell, T. Qiu, V. L. Temyanko, A. Schülzgen, A. Mafi, D. Kouznetsov, J. V. Moloney, T. Luo, S. Jiang, N. Peyghambarian, "Short cladding-pumped Er/Yb phosphate fiber laser with 1.5 W output power," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2721-2723 (2004).

Electron. Lett. (2)

M. Sejka, P. Varming, J. Hubner, M. Kristensen, "Distributed feedback Er3+-doped fibre laser," Electron. Lett. 31, 1445-1446 (1995).

K. Iwatsuki, H. Okamura, M. Saruwatari, "Wavelength-tunable single-frequency and single-polarisation Er-doped fibre ring-laser with 1.4 kHz linewidth," Electron. Lett. 26, 2033-2034 (1990).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

G. A. Ball, W. W. Morey, W. H. Glenn, "Standing wave monomode erbium fiber laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 613-615 (1991).

T. Qiu, L. Li, A. Schülzgen, V. L. Temyanko, T. Luo, S. Jiang, A. Mafi, J. V. Moloney, N. Peyghambarian, "Generation of 9.3-W multimode and 4-W single-mode output from 7-cm short fiber lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2592-2594 (2004).

D. Grobnic, S. J. Mihailov, R. B. Walker, C. W. Smelser, C. Lafond, A. Croteau, "Bragg gratings made with a femtosecond laser in heavily doped ErYb phosphate glass fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 943-945 (2007).

J. Lightw. Tech. (1)

S. J. Mihailov, C. W. Smelser, D. Grobnic, R. B. Walker, P. Lu, H. Ding, J. Unruh, "Bragg gratings written in all-SiO2 and Ge-doped core fibers with 800-nm femtosecond radiation and a phase mask," J. Lightw. Tech. 22, 943-945 (2004).

J. Lightw. Technol. (3)

X. Zhang, N. H. Zhu, L. Xie, B. X. Feng, "A stabilized and tunable single-frequency erbium-doped fiber ring laser employing external injection locking," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 1027-1033 (2007).

C. Spiegelberg, J. Geng, Y. Hu, Y. Kaneda, S. Jiang, N. Peyghambarian, "Low-noise narrow-linewidth fiber laser at 1550 nm," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 57-62 (2004).

F. Brunet, Y. Taillon, P. Galarneau, S. LaRochelle, "A simple model describing both self-mode locking and sustained self-pulsing in ytterbium-doped ring fiber lasers," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2131-2138 (2005).

Mater. Res. Bull. (1)

K. Seneschal, F. Smektala, B. Bureau, M. Le Floch, S. Jiang, T. Luo, J. Lucas, N. Peyghambarian, "Properties and structure of high erbium doped phosphate glass for short optical fibers amplifiers," Mater. Res. Bull. 40, 1433-1442 (2005).

Opt. Exp. (4)

A. Polynkin, P. Polynkin, M. Mansuripur, N. Peyghambarian, "Single-frequency fiber ring laser with 1 W output power at 1.5 μm," Opt. Exp. 13, 3179-3186 (2005).

S. H. Xu, Z. M. Yang, T. Liu, W. N. Zhang, Z. M. Feng, Q. Y. Zhang, Z. H. Jiang, "An efficient compact 300 mW narrow-linewidth single frequency fiber laser at 1.5 μm," Opt. Exp. 22, 1249-1254 (2010).

S. Pissadakis, A. Ikiades, P. Hua, A. K. Sheridan, J. S. Wilkinson, "Photosensitivity of ion-exchanged Er-doped phosphate glass using 248 nm excimer laser radiation," Opt. Exp. 12, 3131-3136 (2004).

A. Schülzgen, L. Li, V. L. Temyanko, S. Suzuki, J. V. Moloney, N. Peyghambarian, "Single-frequency fiber oscillator with watt-level output power using photonic crystal phosphate glass fiber," Opt. Exp. 14, 7087-7092 (2006).

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (6)

J. D. Myers, R. Wu, T. L. Chen, M. Myers, C. R. Hardy, J. K. Driver, "Phosphate glass fiber laser materials and architectures," Proc. Annu. Solid State and Diode Laser Technol. Rev. (2003).

R. M. Rogojan, A. Schülzgen, N. Peyghambarian, A. Laronche, J. Albert, "Bragg gratings, photosensitivity, and poling in glass waveguides," OSA Tech. Dig. (2007).

L. Xiong, P. Hofmann, A. Schülzgen, N. Peyghambarian, J. Albert, "A short dual-wavelength DBR phosphate fiber laser," Proc. CLEO: Laser Applications to Photonic Applications (2011).

P. Hofmann, A. Pirson-Chavez, A. Schülzgen, L. Xiong, A. Laronche, J. Albert, N. Peyghambarian, "Low noise single frequency all-phosphate fiber laser," Proc. SPIE (2011).

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, 1986).

D. Derickson, Fiber Optic Test and Measurement (Hewlett-Packard Professional Books, 1998).

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