Abstract

This paper proposes and experimentally demonstrates a fully-distributed All-Optical TOKEN (AO-TOKEN) contention resolution technique for AWGR-based optical interconnects. The AO-TOKEN technique is implemented by exploiting the saturation effect in SOAs placed at the AWGR outputs. A polarization-diversity scheme allows the data and control planes to share the same physical link. The AO-TOKEN is more scalable than alternative electrical/optical solutions since it eliminates the need for a centralized electrical control plane. Our experimental results show that the technique can work over a wavelength-range of ≈23 nm using off-the-shelf components. We also successfully demonstrate all-optical contention resolution, packet transmission, and switching with error-free operation at 10 Gb/s.

© 2012 IEEE

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  10. Y. Yong-Kee, "High-speed optical switch fabrics with large port count," Opt. Exp. 17, 10990-10997 (2009).
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2012 (3)

R. Proietti, "All-optical physical layer NACK in AWGR-based optical interconnects," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24410-412 (2012).

N. Calabretta, "FPGA-based label processor for low latency and large port count optical packet switches," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 3173-3181 (2012).

Y. Runxiang, "Rapid high-precision in situ wavelength calibration for tunable lasers using an athermal AWG and a PD array," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 70-72 (2012).

2011 (1)

X. Ye, "Buffering and flow control in optical switches for high performance computing," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 3, A59-A72 (2011).

2010 (1)

N. Farrington, "Helios: A hybrid electrical/optical switch architecture for modular data centers," J. SIGCOMM Comput. Commun. Rev. 40, 339-350 (2010).

2009 (2)

L. A. Barroso, U. Hölzle, "The data center as a computer: An introduction to the design of warehouse-scale machines," Synthesis Lectures on Computer Architecture 4, 1-108 (2009).

Y. Yong-Kee, "High-speed optical switch fabrics with large port count," Opt. Exp. 17, 10990-10997 (2009).

2008 (3)

M. Al-Fares, A. Loukissas, A. Vahdat, "A scalable, commodity data center network architecture," SIGCOMM Comput. Commun. Rev. 38, 63-74 (2008).

O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, "The data vortex optical packet switched interconnection network," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, (2008).

I.-S. Joe, O. Solgaard, "Scalable optical switches with large port count based on a waveguide grating router and passive couplers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 508-510 (2008).

2007 (1)

F. Abel, "Design issues in next-generation merchant switch fabrics," IEEE-ACM Transactions on Networking 15, 1603-1615 (2007).

2004 (2)

R. Hemenway, "Optical-packet-switched interconnect for supercomputer applications," J. Opt. Netw. (2004).

L. A. Coldren, "Tunable semiconductor lasers: A tutorial," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 193-202 (2004).

2001 (2)

C. K. Chan, K. L. Sherman, M. Zirngibl, "A fast 100-channel wavelength-tunable transmitter for optical packet switching," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 729-731 (2001).

Y. Hida, "400-channel arrayed-waveguide grating with 25 GHz spacing using 1.5%-Δ waveguides on 6-inch Si wafer," Electron. Lett. 37, 576-577 (2001).

1997 (2)

K. Okamoto, "32×32 arrayed-waveguide grating multiplexer with uniform loss and cyclic frequency characteristics," Electron. Lett. 33, 1865-1866 (1997).

L. Buckman, L. Chen, K. Lau, "Crosstalk penalty in all-optical distributed switching networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 250-252 (1997).

1996 (1)

T. Durhuus, "All-optical wavelength conversion by semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 942-954 (1996).

1995 (1)

A. Mecozzi, "Four-wave mixing in traveling-wave semiconductor amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 689-699 (1995).

1965 (1)

E. Dijxstra, "Solution of a problem in concurrent programming control," Commun. ACM 8, 569 (1965).

IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (1)

X. Ye, "Buffering and flow control in optical switches for high performance computing," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 3, A59-A72 (2011).

Commun. ACM (1)

E. Dijxstra, "Solution of a problem in concurrent programming control," Commun. ACM 8, 569 (1965).

Electron. Lett. (2)

K. Okamoto, "32×32 arrayed-waveguide grating multiplexer with uniform loss and cyclic frequency characteristics," Electron. Lett. 33, 1865-1866 (1997).

Y. Hida, "400-channel arrayed-waveguide grating with 25 GHz spacing using 1.5%-Δ waveguides on 6-inch Si wafer," Electron. Lett. 37, 576-577 (2001).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Mecozzi, "Four-wave mixing in traveling-wave semiconductor amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 689-699 (1995).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

R. Proietti, "Scalable and distributed contention resolution in AWGR-based data center switches using RSOA-based optical mutual exclusion," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. .

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

R. Proietti, "All-optical physical layer NACK in AWGR-based optical interconnects," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24410-412 (2012).

I.-S. Joe, O. Solgaard, "Scalable optical switches with large port count based on a waveguide grating router and passive couplers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 508-510 (2008).

Y. Runxiang, "Rapid high-precision in situ wavelength calibration for tunable lasers using an athermal AWG and a PD array," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 70-72 (2012).

C. K. Chan, K. L. Sherman, M. Zirngibl, "A fast 100-channel wavelength-tunable transmitter for optical packet switching," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 729-731 (2001).

L. Buckman, L. Chen, K. Lau, "Crosstalk penalty in all-optical distributed switching networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 250-252 (1997).

IEEE-ACM Transactions on Networking (1)

F. Abel, "Design issues in next-generation merchant switch fabrics," IEEE-ACM Transactions on Networking 15, 1603-1615 (2007).

J. Lightw. Technol. (4)

O. Liboiron-Ladouceur, "The data vortex optical packet switched interconnection network," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, (2008).

N. Calabretta, "FPGA-based label processor for low latency and large port count optical packet switches," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 3173-3181 (2012).

L. A. Coldren, "Tunable semiconductor lasers: A tutorial," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 193-202 (2004).

T. Durhuus, "All-optical wavelength conversion by semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 942-954 (1996).

J. Opt. Netw. (1)

R. Hemenway, "Optical-packet-switched interconnect for supercomputer applications," J. Opt. Netw. (2004).

J. SIGCOMM Comput. Commun. Rev. (1)

N. Farrington, "Helios: A hybrid electrical/optical switch architecture for modular data centers," J. SIGCOMM Comput. Commun. Rev. 40, 339-350 (2010).

Opt. Exp. (1)

Y. Yong-Kee, "High-speed optical switch fabrics with large port count," Opt. Exp. 17, 10990-10997 (2009).

SIGCOMM Comput. Commun. Rev. (1)

M. Al-Fares, A. Loukissas, A. Vahdat, "A scalable, commodity data center network architecture," SIGCOMM Comput. Commun. Rev. 38, 63-74 (2008).

Synthesis Lectures on Computer Architecture (1)

L. A. Barroso, U. Hölzle, "The data center as a computer: An introduction to the design of warehouse-scale machines," Synthesis Lectures on Computer Architecture 4, 1-108 (2009).

Other (7)

T. Benson, "Understanding data center traffic characteristics," ACM SIGCOMM Computer Commun. Rev. (2010) pp. 92-99.

X. Ye, "DOS—A scalable optical switch for data centers," Proc. ACM/IEEE Symposium on Architectures for Networking and Communications Systems (ANCS) (2010) pp. 1-12.

R. Proietti, "All-optical token technique for contention resolution in AWGR-based optical interconnects," Proc. OSA Tech. Dig. .

M. J. Connelly, Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers (Springer, 2002).

R. Proietti, "Performance of AWGR-based optical interconnects with contention resolution based on all-optical NACKs," Proc. OFC (2012).

H. C. Shim, Reflective semiconductor optical amplifier U.S. 8149503 (2012).

H. Kim, S. Chandrasekhar, "Dependence of coherent crosstalk penalty on the OSNR of the signal," Proc. OFC (2000).

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