Abstract

A method for automatically suppressing the polarization fluctuation in a resonator fiber optic gyro by adopting a resonator with twin 90° polarization-axis rotated splices is proposed and demonstrated experimentally. The scheme ensures that the input electric field excites only the desired eigenstate of polarization in the resonator by automatically setting the length difference of the fiber segments between the two 90° polarization-axis rotated splicing points at one half of the beat length of the polarization maintaining fiber. The feasibility of the proposed scheme is shown by simulation using a mathematical model based on the Jones transfer matrix. It is also demonstrated experimentally that the bias stability is enhanced when the feedback scheme is adopted.

© 2012 IEEE

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  2. K. Hotate, Fiber-Optic Gyros (Artech House, 1997) pp. 167-206.
  3. A. Ohno, A. Kurokawa, T. Kumagai, S. Nakamura, K. Hotate, "Applications and technical progress of fiber optic gyros in Japan," 19th Int. Conf. Opt. Fiber Sens. CancunMexico (2006) Paper MA4.
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  5. N. J. Frigo, "Compensation of linear sources of non-reciprocity in Sagnac interferometers," Proc. SPIE 0412, 268-271 (1983).
  6. F. Mohr, "Thermooptically induced bias drift in fiber optical Sagnac interferometers," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 27-41 (1996).
  7. K. Bohm, P. Marten, K. Petermann, E. Weidel, R. Ulrich, "Low-drift fibre gyro using a superluminescent diode," Electron. Lett. 17, 352-353 (1981).
  8. W. Burns, C. Chen, R. Moeller, "Fiber-optic gyroscopes with broad-band sources," J. Lightw. Technol. 1, 98-105 (1983).
  9. M. J. F. Digonnet, S. W. Lloyd, S. Fan, "Coherent backscattering noise in a photonic-bandgap fiber optic gyroscope," 20th Int. Conf. Opt. Fiber Sens. EdinburghU.K. (2009) Paper 750302.
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  11. R. E. Meyer, S. Ezekiel, D. W. Stowe, V. J. Tekippe, "Passive fiber-optic ring resonator for rotation sensing," Opt. Lett. 8, 644-646 (1983).
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  13. M. Digonnet, S. Blin, H. K. Kim, V. Dangui, G. Kino, "Sensitivity and stability of an air-core fibre-optic gyroscope," Meas. Sci. Technol. 18, 3089-3097 (2007).
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  15. S. Blin, H. K. Kim, M. J. F. Digonnet, G. S. Kino, "Reduced thermal sensitivity of a fiber-optic gyroscope using an air-core photonic-bandgap fiber," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 861-865 (2007).
  16. M. A. Terrel, M. J. F. Digonnet, S. Fan, "Resonant fiber optic gyroscope using an air-core fiber," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 931-937 (2012).
  17. K. Iwatsuki, K. Hotate, M. Higashiguchi, "Eigenstate of polarization in a fiber ring resonator and its effect in an optical passive ring-resonator gyro," Appl. Opt. 25, 2606-2612 (1986).
  18. G. A. Sanders, R. B. Smith, G. F. Rouse, "Novel polarization-rotating fiber resonator for rotation sensing applications," Proc. SPIE 1169, 373-381 (1989).
  19. L. K. Strandjord, G. A. Sanders, "Resonator fiber optic gyro employing a polarization-rotating resonator," Proc. SPIE 1585, 163-172 (1991).
  20. K. Takiguchi, K. Hotate, "Bias of an optical passive ring-resonator gyro caused by the misalignment of the polarization axis in the polarization-maintaining fiber resonator," J. Lightw. Technol. 10, 514-522 (1992).
  21. Z. Ioannidis, R. Kadiwar, I. Giles, "Anisotropic polarization maintaining optical fiber ring resonators," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 377-384 (1996).
  22. K. Hotate, H. Nissaka, "Analysis of a method to reduce polarization fluctuation-induced bias drift in resonator fiber-optic gyros," IEICE Tech. Rep. Microw. 101, 13-18 (2001) (in Japanese).
  23. X. Wang, Z. He, K. Hotate, "Polarization-noise suppression by twice 90° polarization-axis rotated splicing in resonator fiber optic gyroscope," Conf. Lasers Electro-Opt. Int. Quantum Electron. Conf. BaltimoreMD (2009) Paper CMG1.
  24. X. Wang, Z. He, K. Hotate, "Reduction of polarization-fluctuation induced drift in resonator fiber optic gyro by a resonator with twin 90° polarization-axis rotated splices," Opt. Exp. 18, 1677-1683 (2010).
  25. X. Wang, Z. He, K. Hotate, "Analysis of polarization-fluctuation induced bias error in resonator fiber optic gyro with twin 90° polarization-axis rotated splices," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50, 072501-072504 (2011).
  26. K. Hotate, M. Harumoto, "Resonator fiber optic gyro using digital serrodyne modulation," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 466-473 (1997).
  27. K. Hotate, G. Hayashi, "Resonator fiber optic gyro using digital serrodyne modulation -method to reduce the noise induced by the backscattering and closed-loop operation using digital signal processing," 13th Int. Conf. Opt. Fiber Sens. KyongjuKorea (1999) Paper Tu-4-1.
  28. X. Wang, Z. He, K. Hotate, "Resonator fiber optic gyro with bipolar digital serrodyne scheme using an FPGA-based digital processor," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50, 042501-042506 (2011).
  29. K. Takiguchi, K. Hotate, "Partially digital-feedback scheme and evaluation of optical Kerr-effect induced bias in optical passive ring-resonator gyro," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 679-681 (1991).

2012 (1)

M. A. Terrel, M. J. F. Digonnet, S. Fan, "Resonant fiber optic gyroscope using an air-core fiber," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 931-937 (2012).

2011 (2)

X. Wang, Z. He, K. Hotate, "Analysis of polarization-fluctuation induced bias error in resonator fiber optic gyro with twin 90° polarization-axis rotated splices," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50, 072501-072504 (2011).

X. Wang, Z. He, K. Hotate, "Resonator fiber optic gyro with bipolar digital serrodyne scheme using an FPGA-based digital processor," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50, 042501-042506 (2011).

2010 (1)

X. Wang, Z. He, K. Hotate, "Reduction of polarization-fluctuation induced drift in resonator fiber optic gyro by a resonator with twin 90° polarization-axis rotated splices," Opt. Exp. 18, 1677-1683 (2010).

2009 (1)

2007 (2)

S. Blin, H. K. Kim, M. J. F. Digonnet, G. S. Kino, "Reduced thermal sensitivity of a fiber-optic gyroscope using an air-core photonic-bandgap fiber," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 861-865 (2007).

M. Digonnet, S. Blin, H. K. Kim, V. Dangui, G. Kino, "Sensitivity and stability of an air-core fibre-optic gyroscope," Meas. Sci. Technol. 18, 3089-3097 (2007).

2006 (1)

H. K. Kim, M. Digonnet, G. S. Kino, "Air-core photonic-bandgap fiber-optic gyroscope," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3169-3174 (2006).

2001 (1)

K. Hotate, H. Nissaka, "Analysis of a method to reduce polarization fluctuation-induced bias drift in resonator fiber-optic gyros," IEICE Tech. Rep. Microw. 101, 13-18 (2001) (in Japanese).

2000 (1)

K. Hotate, Y. Kikuchi, "Analysis of thermooptically induced bias drift in resonator fiber optic gyro," Proc. SPIE 4204, 81-88 (2000).

1997 (1)

K. Hotate, M. Harumoto, "Resonator fiber optic gyro using digital serrodyne modulation," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 466-473 (1997).

1996 (2)

Z. Ioannidis, R. Kadiwar, I. Giles, "Anisotropic polarization maintaining optical fiber ring resonators," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 377-384 (1996).

F. Mohr, "Thermooptically induced bias drift in fiber optical Sagnac interferometers," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 27-41 (1996).

1992 (1)

K. Takiguchi, K. Hotate, "Bias of an optical passive ring-resonator gyro caused by the misalignment of the polarization axis in the polarization-maintaining fiber resonator," J. Lightw. Technol. 10, 514-522 (1992).

1991 (2)

L. K. Strandjord, G. A. Sanders, "Resonator fiber optic gyro employing a polarization-rotating resonator," Proc. SPIE 1585, 163-172 (1991).

K. Takiguchi, K. Hotate, "Partially digital-feedback scheme and evaluation of optical Kerr-effect induced bias in optical passive ring-resonator gyro," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 679-681 (1991).

1989 (1)

G. A. Sanders, R. B. Smith, G. F. Rouse, "Novel polarization-rotating fiber resonator for rotation sensing applications," Proc. SPIE 1169, 373-381 (1989).

1986 (1)

1983 (3)

N. J. Frigo, "Compensation of linear sources of non-reciprocity in Sagnac interferometers," Proc. SPIE 0412, 268-271 (1983).

R. E. Meyer, S. Ezekiel, D. W. Stowe, V. J. Tekippe, "Passive fiber-optic ring resonator for rotation sensing," Opt. Lett. 8, 644-646 (1983).

W. Burns, C. Chen, R. Moeller, "Fiber-optic gyroscopes with broad-band sources," J. Lightw. Technol. 1, 98-105 (1983).

1981 (1)

K. Bohm, P. Marten, K. Petermann, E. Weidel, R. Ulrich, "Low-drift fibre gyro using a superluminescent diode," Electron. Lett. 17, 352-353 (1981).

1980 (1)

Appl. Opt. (2)

Electron. Lett. (1)

K. Bohm, P. Marten, K. Petermann, E. Weidel, R. Ulrich, "Low-drift fibre gyro using a superluminescent diode," Electron. Lett. 17, 352-353 (1981).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

K. Takiguchi, K. Hotate, "Partially digital-feedback scheme and evaluation of optical Kerr-effect induced bias in optical passive ring-resonator gyro," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 679-681 (1991).

IEICE Tech. Rep. Microw. (1)

K. Hotate, H. Nissaka, "Analysis of a method to reduce polarization fluctuation-induced bias drift in resonator fiber-optic gyros," IEICE Tech. Rep. Microw. 101, 13-18 (2001) (in Japanese).

J. Lightw. Technol. (8)

K. Hotate, M. Harumoto, "Resonator fiber optic gyro using digital serrodyne modulation," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 466-473 (1997).

W. Burns, C. Chen, R. Moeller, "Fiber-optic gyroscopes with broad-band sources," J. Lightw. Technol. 1, 98-105 (1983).

F. Mohr, "Thermooptically induced bias drift in fiber optical Sagnac interferometers," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 27-41 (1996).

K. Takiguchi, K. Hotate, "Bias of an optical passive ring-resonator gyro caused by the misalignment of the polarization axis in the polarization-maintaining fiber resonator," J. Lightw. Technol. 10, 514-522 (1992).

Z. Ioannidis, R. Kadiwar, I. Giles, "Anisotropic polarization maintaining optical fiber ring resonators," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 377-384 (1996).

H. K. Kim, M. Digonnet, G. S. Kino, "Air-core photonic-bandgap fiber-optic gyroscope," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3169-3174 (2006).

S. Blin, H. K. Kim, M. J. F. Digonnet, G. S. Kino, "Reduced thermal sensitivity of a fiber-optic gyroscope using an air-core photonic-bandgap fiber," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 861-865 (2007).

M. A. Terrel, M. J. F. Digonnet, S. Fan, "Resonant fiber optic gyroscope using an air-core fiber," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 931-937 (2012).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (2)

X. Wang, Z. He, K. Hotate, "Analysis of polarization-fluctuation induced bias error in resonator fiber optic gyro with twin 90° polarization-axis rotated splices," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50, 072501-072504 (2011).

X. Wang, Z. He, K. Hotate, "Resonator fiber optic gyro with bipolar digital serrodyne scheme using an FPGA-based digital processor," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50, 042501-042506 (2011).

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

M. Digonnet, S. Blin, H. K. Kim, V. Dangui, G. Kino, "Sensitivity and stability of an air-core fibre-optic gyroscope," Meas. Sci. Technol. 18, 3089-3097 (2007).

Opt. Exp. (1)

X. Wang, Z. He, K. Hotate, "Reduction of polarization-fluctuation induced drift in resonator fiber optic gyro by a resonator with twin 90° polarization-axis rotated splices," Opt. Exp. 18, 1677-1683 (2010).

Opt. Lett. (2)

Proc. SPIE (4)

G. A. Sanders, R. B. Smith, G. F. Rouse, "Novel polarization-rotating fiber resonator for rotation sensing applications," Proc. SPIE 1169, 373-381 (1989).

L. K. Strandjord, G. A. Sanders, "Resonator fiber optic gyro employing a polarization-rotating resonator," Proc. SPIE 1585, 163-172 (1991).

K. Hotate, Y. Kikuchi, "Analysis of thermooptically induced bias drift in resonator fiber optic gyro," Proc. SPIE 4204, 81-88 (2000).

N. J. Frigo, "Compensation of linear sources of non-reciprocity in Sagnac interferometers," Proc. SPIE 0412, 268-271 (1983).

Other (6)

H. Lefevre, The Fiber-Optic Gyro (Artech House, 1993).

K. Hotate, Fiber-Optic Gyros (Artech House, 1997) pp. 167-206.

A. Ohno, A. Kurokawa, T. Kumagai, S. Nakamura, K. Hotate, "Applications and technical progress of fiber optic gyros in Japan," 19th Int. Conf. Opt. Fiber Sens. CancunMexico (2006) Paper MA4.

M. J. F. Digonnet, S. W. Lloyd, S. Fan, "Coherent backscattering noise in a photonic-bandgap fiber optic gyroscope," 20th Int. Conf. Opt. Fiber Sens. EdinburghU.K. (2009) Paper 750302.

X. Wang, Z. He, K. Hotate, "Polarization-noise suppression by twice 90° polarization-axis rotated splicing in resonator fiber optic gyroscope," Conf. Lasers Electro-Opt. Int. Quantum Electron. Conf. BaltimoreMD (2009) Paper CMG1.

K. Hotate, G. Hayashi, "Resonator fiber optic gyro using digital serrodyne modulation -method to reduce the noise induced by the backscattering and closed-loop operation using digital signal processing," 13th Int. Conf. Opt. Fiber Sens. KyongjuKorea (1999) Paper Tu-4-1.

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