Abstract

Based on the fiber macrobending and the refractive index matching technologies, a novel scheme of nonintrusive light injection, namely, the light signal is injected into the fiber core from the fiber cladding without any destruction, is proposed in plastic optical fibers (POFs). Using the ray-tracing method, a 3-D theoretical model is established to characterize the performance of the light injection. The influences of the fiber bending radius, the light source placement, and the surrounding medium refractive index on the light injection efficiency are investigated and assessed. Meanwhile, correlative experiments have also been conducted to contrast theoretical simulations. The experiment results fit theoretical ones well. This nonintrusive light injection technology in POFs might have many potential applications such as the optical signal uploading and downloading, the optical coupling, and the local area networks.

© 2012 IEEE

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2011 (1)

L. Bilro, N. J. Alberto, L. M. Sá, J. L. Pinto, R. Nogueira, "Analytical analysis of side-polished plastic optical fiber as curvature and refractive index sensor," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 864-870 (2011).

2010 (1)

K. Peters, "Polymer optical fiber sensors—A review," Smart Mater. Struct. 20, 013002-1-013002-17 (2010).

2008 (1)

L. Maggi, G. Delrosso, "A novel method to couple light into an optical fiber avoiding fiber optic connectors," Proc. SPIE 6992, 699218-1-699218-9 (2008).

2007 (2)

R. T. Schermer, J. H. Cole, "Improved bend loss formula verified for optical fiber by simulation and experiment," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 899-909 (2007).

F. Jiménez, J. Arrue, G. Aldabaldetreku, G. Durana, J. Zubia, O. Ziemann, C. A. Bunge, "Analysis of a plastic optical fiber-based displacement sensor," Appl. Opt. 46, 6256-6262 (2007).

2006 (2)

M. S. Kovačević, D. Nikezić, "Influence of bending on power distribution in step-index plastic optical fibers and the calculation of bending loss," Appl. Opt. 45, 6675-6681 (2006).

J. Mateo, M. A. Losada, I. Garcés, J. Zubia, "Global characterization of optical power propagation in step-index plastic optical fibers," Opt. Exp. 14, 9028-9035 (2006).

2005 (3)

2004 (1)

A. Djordjevich, S. Savović, "Numerical solution of the power flow equation in step-index plastic optical fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 21, 1437-1442 (2004).

2003 (3)

G. Durana, J. Zubia, J. Arrue, G. Aldabaldetreku, J. Mateo, "Dependence of bending losses on cladding thickness in plastic optical fibers," Appl. Opt. 42, 997-1002 (2003).

C. P. Achenbach, J. H. Cobb, "Computational studies of light acceptance and propagation in straight and curved multimodal active fibres," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 5, 239-249 (2003).

I. T. Monroy, H. P. A. V. Boom, A. M. J. Koonen, G. D. Khoe, Y. Watanabe, Y. Koike, T. Ishigure, "Data transmission over polymer optical fibers," Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 159-171 (2003).

2002 (2)

M. A. Losada, I. Garcés, J. Mateo, I. Salinas, J. Lou, J. Zubía, "Mode coupling contribution to radiation losses in curvatures for high and low numerical aperture plastic optical fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 1160-1164 (2002).

K. S. C. Kuang, W. J. Cantwell, P. J. Scully, "An evaluation of a novel plastic optical fibre sensor for axial strain and bend measurements," Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 1523-1534 (2002).

2001 (1)

J. Zubia, J. Arrue, "Plastic optical fibers: An introduction to their technological processes and applications," Opt. Fiber Technol. 7, 101-140 (2001).

1998 (2)

C. Koeppen, R. F. Shi, W. D. Chen, A. F. Garito, "Properties of plastic optical fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 15, 727-739 (1998).

J. Arrue, J. Zubia, G. Fuster, D. Kalymnios, "Light power behaviour when bending plastic optical fibres," IEE Proc. Optoelectron. 145, 313-318 (1998).

1996 (1)

J. Arrue, J. Zubia, "Analysis of the decrease in attenuation achieved by properly bending plastic optical fibres," IEE Proc. Optoelectron. 143, 135-138 (1996).

1991 (2)

A. H. Badar, T. S. M. Maclean, "Transition and pure bending losses in multimode and single-mode bent optical fibres," IEE Proc. J. 138, 261-268 (1991).

M. Kagami, Y. Sakai, H. Okada, "Variable-ratio tap for plastic optical fiber," Appl. Opt. 30, 645-649 (1991).

1990 (1)

M. Y. Loke, J. N. McMullin, "Simulation and measurement of radiation loss at multimode fiber macrobends," J. Lightw. Technol. 8, 1250-1256 (1990).

1988 (1)

M. Kagami, Y. Sakai, H. Okada, T. Ito, "Plastic optical fiber tap," Opt. Eng. 27, 978-984 (1988).

1976 (1)

D. Marcuse, "Curvature loss formula for optical fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 66, 216-220 (1976).

1972 (1)

D. Gloge, "Optical power flow in multimode fibers," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 51, 1767-1783 (1972).

1971 (1)

Appl. Opt. (6)

Bell Syst. Tech. J. (1)

D. Gloge, "Optical power flow in multimode fibers," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 51, 1767-1783 (1972).

IEE Proc. J. (1)

A. H. Badar, T. S. M. Maclean, "Transition and pure bending losses in multimode and single-mode bent optical fibres," IEE Proc. J. 138, 261-268 (1991).

IEE Proc. Optoelectron. (2)

J. Arrue, J. Zubia, "Analysis of the decrease in attenuation achieved by properly bending plastic optical fibres," IEE Proc. Optoelectron. 143, 135-138 (1996).

J. Arrue, J. Zubia, G. Fuster, D. Kalymnios, "Light power behaviour when bending plastic optical fibres," IEE Proc. Optoelectron. 145, 313-318 (1998).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. T. Schermer, J. H. Cole, "Improved bend loss formula verified for optical fiber by simulation and experiment," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 43, 899-909 (2007).

J. Lightw. Technol. (3)

L. Bilro, N. J. Alberto, L. M. Sá, J. L. Pinto, R. Nogueira, "Analytical analysis of side-polished plastic optical fiber as curvature and refractive index sensor," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 864-870 (2011).

M. A. Losada, I. Garcés, J. Mateo, I. Salinas, J. Lou, J. Zubía, "Mode coupling contribution to radiation losses in curvatures for high and low numerical aperture plastic optical fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 1160-1164 (2002).

M. Y. Loke, J. N. McMullin, "Simulation and measurement of radiation loss at multimode fiber macrobends," J. Lightw. Technol. 8, 1250-1256 (1990).

J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

C. P. Achenbach, J. H. Cobb, "Computational studies of light acceptance and propagation in straight and curved multimodal active fibres," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 5, 239-249 (2003).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. (1)

D. Marcuse, "Curvature loss formula for optical fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 66, 216-220 (1976).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B (2)

A. Djordjevich, S. Savović, "Numerical solution of the power flow equation in step-index plastic optical fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 21, 1437-1442 (2004).

C. Koeppen, R. F. Shi, W. D. Chen, A. F. Garito, "Properties of plastic optical fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 15, 727-739 (1998).

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

K. S. C. Kuang, W. J. Cantwell, P. J. Scully, "An evaluation of a novel plastic optical fibre sensor for axial strain and bend measurements," Meas. Sci. Technol. 13, 1523-1534 (2002).

Opt. Eng. (1)

M. Kagami, Y. Sakai, H. Okada, T. Ito, "Plastic optical fiber tap," Opt. Eng. 27, 978-984 (1988).

Opt. Exp. (1)

J. Mateo, M. A. Losada, I. Garcés, J. Zubia, "Global characterization of optical power propagation in step-index plastic optical fibers," Opt. Exp. 14, 9028-9035 (2006).

Opt. Fiber Technol. (2)

J. Zubia, J. Arrue, "Plastic optical fibers: An introduction to their technological processes and applications," Opt. Fiber Technol. 7, 101-140 (2001).

I. T. Monroy, H. P. A. V. Boom, A. M. J. Koonen, G. D. Khoe, Y. Watanabe, Y. Koike, T. Ishigure, "Data transmission over polymer optical fibers," Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 159-171 (2003).

Opt. Lett. (2)

Proc. SPIE (1)

L. Maggi, G. Delrosso, "A novel method to couple light into an optical fiber avoiding fiber optic connectors," Proc. SPIE 6992, 699218-1-699218-9 (2008).

Smart Mater. Struct. (1)

K. Peters, "Polymer optical fiber sensors—A review," Smart Mater. Struct. 20, 013002-1-013002-17 (2010).

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