Abstract

A hybrid binary phase shift keying-modified multi-pulse pulse position modulation (hybrid BPSK-modified MPPM) scheme is proposed as a new modulation technique to improve the performance of both conventional binary phase shift keying (BPSK) and multi-pulse pulse position modulation (MPPM) techniques in optical fiber communications systems. In conventional BPSK scheme, a consecutive stream of low power BPSK symbols are transmitted. However, in the proposed scheme, a less number of high power BPSK symbols are transmitted in a hybrid frame and their positions are exploited to transmit more bits. That is, the transmitted information is carried in both the positions and phases of the transmitted pulses. The transmission characteristics, transmitter and receiver block diagram, bandwidth-utilization, and optimum decoding process for the proposed scheme are all studied in this paper. Several performance measures are also derived and compared to those of conventional schemes in optical fiber channels. Our results reveal that, under an average power constraint, the proposed hybrid BPSK-modified MPPM scheme achieves much lower levels of bit-error rates and symbol-error rates than those of ordinary BPSK and ordinary MPPM schemes, respectively, for both moderate or high signal-to-noise ratios. In addition, the proposed modulation scheme achieves much higher bandwidth-utilization efficiencies than those of ordinary schemes.

© 2013 IEEE

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  1. K.-P. Ho, Phase-Modulated Optical Communication Systems (Springer-Verlag , 2005).
  2. D. Slepian, "Permutation modulation," Proc. IEEE 53, 228-236 (1965).
  3. H. Sugiyama, K. Nosu, "MPPM: A method for improving the band–utilization efficiency in optical PPM," J. Lightw. Technol. 7, 465 -471 (1989).
  4. J. Singh, V. K. Jain, "Performance analysis of BPPM and M-ary PPM optical communication systems in atmospheric turbulence ," IETE Tech. Rev. 25, 146-153 (2008).
  5. M. Karlsson, E. Agrell, "Multilevel pulse-position modulation for optical power-efficient communication," Opt. Exp. 19, B799-B804 (2011).
  6. G. E. Atkin, K. S. Fung, "Performance analysis of coded optical PPM system using direct and coherent detection ," IEEE Proc. I: Commun., Speech Vis. 137, 226-232 (1990 ).
  7. M. M. Fernández and V. A. Vilnrotter. “Performance analysis and preliminary experimental verification of a coherent optical receiver for PPM signals in the presence of atmospheric turbulence,” Pasadena, CA, USA: Jet Propuls. Lab., Nat. Aeron. Space Administ., Tech. Rep., Mar. 2004.
  8. V. A. Vilnrotter, C. Lau, "Quantum detection and channel capacity for communications applications ," Proc. SPIE 4635, 103-115 (2002).
  9. M. Faridzadeh, A. Gholami, Z. Ghassemlooy, S. Rajbhandari, "Hybrid PPM-BPSK subcarrier intensity modulation for free space optical communications," Proc. 16th Eur. Conf. Netw. Opt. Commun. (2011) pp. 36-39 .
  10. X. Liu, T. H. Wood, R. W. Tkach, S. Chandrasekhar, "Demonstration of record sensitivity in an optically pre-amplified receiver by combining PDM-QPSK and M-ary pulse-position modulation," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 406- 413 (2012).
  11. M. Sjödin, T. A. Eriksson, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, "Long-haul transmission of PM-2PPM-QPSK at 42.8 Gbit/s," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. 2013 (2013) pp. 1-3.
  12. X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, T. H. Wood, R. W. Tkach, P. J. Winzer, E. C. Burrows, A. R. Chraplyvy, "M-ary pulse-position modulation and frequency-shift keying with additional polarization/phase modulation for high-sensitivity optical transmission," Opt. Exp. B868-B881 (2011).
  13. J. Hamkins, B. Moision, "Multipulse PPM on memoryless channels," Proc. Int. Symp. Inf. Theory (2004) pp. 336.
  14. S. Liu, F. R. Kschischang, "Coding for MPPM-like systems," presented at the 25th Bienn. Symp. Commun. KingstonONCanada (May 12–14, 2010).
  15. M. Simon, V. Vilnrotter, "Performance analysis and tradeoff for dual-pulse PPM on optical communications channels with direct detection," IEEE Trans. Commun. 52, 1969-1979 (2004).
  16. N. Aoki, T. Ohtsuki, I. Sasase, "Performance analysis of multi-pulse pulse position modulation using avalanche photodiode in optical intersatellite links," IEICE Trans. Commun. E79-B, 52 -56 (1996).
  17. M. Martinelli, R. A. Chipman, "Endless polarization control algorithm using adjustable linear retarders with fixed axes," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2089-2096 (2003).
  18. J. G. Proakis, Digital Communications (McGraw-Hill , 2001).
  19. A. M. Rocha, P. Antunes, F. Domingues, M. Facao, P. S. Andre, "Detection of fiber fuse effect using FBG sensors," IEEE Sens. J. 11, 1390-1394 (2011).
  20. S. Benedetto, E. Biglieri, Principles of Digital Transmission: With Wireless Applications (Kluwer, 2002).
  21. X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, A. Leven, Opt.Fiber Telecommun. V B, Systems and Networks ( Academic, 2008).

2012 (1)

X. Liu, T. H. Wood, R. W. Tkach, S. Chandrasekhar, "Demonstration of record sensitivity in an optically pre-amplified receiver by combining PDM-QPSK and M-ary pulse-position modulation," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 406- 413 (2012).

2011 (3)

X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, T. H. Wood, R. W. Tkach, P. J. Winzer, E. C. Burrows, A. R. Chraplyvy, "M-ary pulse-position modulation and frequency-shift keying with additional polarization/phase modulation for high-sensitivity optical transmission," Opt. Exp. B868-B881 (2011).

M. Karlsson, E. Agrell, "Multilevel pulse-position modulation for optical power-efficient communication," Opt. Exp. 19, B799-B804 (2011).

A. M. Rocha, P. Antunes, F. Domingues, M. Facao, P. S. Andre, "Detection of fiber fuse effect using FBG sensors," IEEE Sens. J. 11, 1390-1394 (2011).

2008 (1)

J. Singh, V. K. Jain, "Performance analysis of BPPM and M-ary PPM optical communication systems in atmospheric turbulence ," IETE Tech. Rev. 25, 146-153 (2008).

2004 (1)

M. Simon, V. Vilnrotter, "Performance analysis and tradeoff for dual-pulse PPM on optical communications channels with direct detection," IEEE Trans. Commun. 52, 1969-1979 (2004).

2003 (1)

M. Martinelli, R. A. Chipman, "Endless polarization control algorithm using adjustable linear retarders with fixed axes," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2089-2096 (2003).

2002 (1)

V. A. Vilnrotter, C. Lau, "Quantum detection and channel capacity for communications applications ," Proc. SPIE 4635, 103-115 (2002).

1996 (1)

N. Aoki, T. Ohtsuki, I. Sasase, "Performance analysis of multi-pulse pulse position modulation using avalanche photodiode in optical intersatellite links," IEICE Trans. Commun. E79-B, 52 -56 (1996).

1990 ()

G. E. Atkin, K. S. Fung, "Performance analysis of coded optical PPM system using direct and coherent detection ," IEEE Proc. I: Commun., Speech Vis. 137, 226-232 (1990 ).

1989 (1)

H. Sugiyama, K. Nosu, "MPPM: A method for improving the band–utilization efficiency in optical PPM," J. Lightw. Technol. 7, 465 -471 (1989).

1965 (1)

D. Slepian, "Permutation modulation," Proc. IEEE 53, 228-236 (1965).

Proc. IEEE (1)

D. Slepian, "Permutation modulation," Proc. IEEE 53, 228-236 (1965).

IEEE Proc. I: Commun., Speech Vis. (1)

G. E. Atkin, K. S. Fung, "Performance analysis of coded optical PPM system using direct and coherent detection ," IEEE Proc. I: Commun., Speech Vis. 137, 226-232 (1990 ).

IEEE Sens. J. (1)

A. M. Rocha, P. Antunes, F. Domingues, M. Facao, P. S. Andre, "Detection of fiber fuse effect using FBG sensors," IEEE Sens. J. 11, 1390-1394 (2011).

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

M. Simon, V. Vilnrotter, "Performance analysis and tradeoff for dual-pulse PPM on optical communications channels with direct detection," IEEE Trans. Commun. 52, 1969-1979 (2004).

IEICE Trans. Commun. (1)

N. Aoki, T. Ohtsuki, I. Sasase, "Performance analysis of multi-pulse pulse position modulation using avalanche photodiode in optical intersatellite links," IEICE Trans. Commun. E79-B, 52 -56 (1996).

IETE Tech. Rev. (1)

J. Singh, V. K. Jain, "Performance analysis of BPPM and M-ary PPM optical communication systems in atmospheric turbulence ," IETE Tech. Rev. 25, 146-153 (2008).

J. Lightw. Technol. (3)

H. Sugiyama, K. Nosu, "MPPM: A method for improving the band–utilization efficiency in optical PPM," J. Lightw. Technol. 7, 465 -471 (1989).

M. Martinelli, R. A. Chipman, "Endless polarization control algorithm using adjustable linear retarders with fixed axes," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2089-2096 (2003).

X. Liu, T. H. Wood, R. W. Tkach, S. Chandrasekhar, "Demonstration of record sensitivity in an optically pre-amplified receiver by combining PDM-QPSK and M-ary pulse-position modulation," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 406- 413 (2012).

Opt. Exp. (2)

X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, T. H. Wood, R. W. Tkach, P. J. Winzer, E. C. Burrows, A. R. Chraplyvy, "M-ary pulse-position modulation and frequency-shift keying with additional polarization/phase modulation for high-sensitivity optical transmission," Opt. Exp. B868-B881 (2011).

M. Karlsson, E. Agrell, "Multilevel pulse-position modulation for optical power-efficient communication," Opt. Exp. 19, B799-B804 (2011).

Proc. SPIE (1)

V. A. Vilnrotter, C. Lau, "Quantum detection and channel capacity for communications applications ," Proc. SPIE 4635, 103-115 (2002).

Other (9)

M. Faridzadeh, A. Gholami, Z. Ghassemlooy, S. Rajbhandari, "Hybrid PPM-BPSK subcarrier intensity modulation for free space optical communications," Proc. 16th Eur. Conf. Netw. Opt. Commun. (2011) pp. 36-39 .

M. M. Fernández and V. A. Vilnrotter. “Performance analysis and preliminary experimental verification of a coherent optical receiver for PPM signals in the presence of atmospheric turbulence,” Pasadena, CA, USA: Jet Propuls. Lab., Nat. Aeron. Space Administ., Tech. Rep., Mar. 2004.

J. Hamkins, B. Moision, "Multipulse PPM on memoryless channels," Proc. Int. Symp. Inf. Theory (2004) pp. 336.

S. Liu, F. R. Kschischang, "Coding for MPPM-like systems," presented at the 25th Bienn. Symp. Commun. KingstonONCanada (May 12–14, 2010).

M. Sjödin, T. A. Eriksson, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, "Long-haul transmission of PM-2PPM-QPSK at 42.8 Gbit/s," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. 2013 (2013) pp. 1-3.

J. G. Proakis, Digital Communications (McGraw-Hill , 2001).

S. Benedetto, E. Biglieri, Principles of Digital Transmission: With Wireless Applications (Kluwer, 2002).

X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, A. Leven, Opt.Fiber Telecommun. V B, Systems and Networks ( Academic, 2008).

K.-P. Ho, Phase-Modulated Optical Communication Systems (Springer-Verlag , 2005).

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