Abstract

We present a detailed study on waveguide design principle and propagation features of a channel Bragg-surface plasmon-coupled-waveguide (BSPCW). After proposing a convenient design route, we analyze the mechanism of coupling between bandgap-guided modes and surface plasmon polariton modes with respect to change in waveguide parameters such as type of metal, metal thickness and number of unit cells. In order to understand the physical mechanism behind the mode-coupling, we observe the redistribution of modal power of the BSPCW as wavelength changes. The interesting dispersion characteristics exhibited by the BSPCW supermodes opens a novel route to realize accurate sensors and efficient dispersion compensating modules in signal processing. Therefore, this comprehensive study could serve as a tool to optimize the performance of devices dictated by the application requirements in sensor technology and optical communications. The performance of the device in terms of sensing application is also being discussed.

© 2013 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. J. Homola, S. S. Yee, G. Gauglitz, "Surface plasmon resonance sensors: Review," Sens. Actuators B 54, 3-15 (1999) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0925400598003219 [Online]. Available:.
  2. A. K. Sharma, R. Jha, B. D. Gupta, "Fiber-Optic sensors based on surface plasmon resonance: A comprehensive review," IEEE Sens. J. 7 , 1118-1129 (2007) http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/Xplore/defdeny.jsp? url=http%3A%2F%2Fieeexplore .ieee.org%2Fstamp%2Fstamp.jsp%3Ftp%3D% 26arnumber%3D4260987%26userType%3Dinst&denyReason= -134&arnumber=4260987&productsMat-ched= null&userType=inst [Online]. Available:.
  3. E. Ozbay, "Plasmonics: Merging photonics and electronics at nanoscale dimensions ," Science 311, 189-193 (2006).
  4. E. Kretschmann, H. Raether, "Radiative decay of non-radiative surface plasmons excited by light," Z. Naturforsch. 23A, 2135 (1968).
  5. J. Dostalek, J. Ctyroky, J. Himola, E. Brynda, M. Skalsky, P. Nekvindova, J. Spirkova, J. Skvor, J. Schrofel, "Surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on integrated optical waveguide," Sens. Actuators B 76, 8-12 (2001) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0925400501005597 [Online]. Available: .
  6. R. Yang, R. A. Wahsheh, Z. Lu, M. A. G. Abushagur, "Efficient light coupling between dielectric slot waveguide and plasmonic slot waveguide," Opt. Lett. 35, 649-651 (2010) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-35–5–649 [Online]. Available:.
  7. V. N. Konopsky, E. V. Alieva, "Long-range plasmons in lossy metal films on photonic crystal surfaces," Opt. Lett. 34, 479-481 (2009) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-34–4–479 [Online]. Available:.
  8. B. Gauvreau, A. Hassani, M. F. Fehri, A. Kabashin, M. Skorobogatiy, " Photonic band gap fiber based surface plasmon resonance sensors," Opt. Exp. 15, 11413-11426 (2007) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15–18–11413 [Online]. Available:.
  9. T. Srivastava, R. Das, R. Jha, "Design considerations and propagation characteristics of channel Bragg-plasmon-coupled-waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 213104-213106 (2010) http://apl.aip.org/resource/1/applab/v97/i21/p213104_s1?view=fulltext [Online]. Available:.
  10. T. Srivastava, R. Das, R. Jha, "Highly accurate and sensitive surface plasmon resonance sensor based on channel photonic crystal waveguides," Sens. Actuators B 157, 246-252 (2011) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S092540051100253X [Online]. Available: .
  11. B. Gauvreau, A. Hassani, M. F. Fehri, A. Kabashin, M. Skorobogatiy, " Photonic band gap fiber based surface plasmon resonance sensors," Opt. Exp. 15, 11413-11426 (2007) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-18-11413 [Online]. Available:.
  12. E. K. Akowuah, T. Gorman, S. Haxha, "Design and optimization of a novel surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on otto configuration," Opt. Exp. 17, 23511-23521 (2009) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/fulltext.cfm?uri=oe-17–26–23511&id=192717 [Online]. Available:.
  13. N. Zhang, R. Schweiss, Y. Zong, W. Knoll, "Electrochemical surface plasmon spectroscopy-recent developments," Electrochim. Acta. 52, 2869 -2875 (2007) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0013468606011522 [Online]. Available:.
  14. M. Piliarik, J. Homola, " Surface plasmonresonance(SPR) sensors: Approaching their limits," Opt. Exp. 17, 16505-16517 (2009) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/fulltext.cfm?uri=oe-17–19–16505&id=185678 [Online]. Available:.
  15. B. R. West, A. S. Helmy, "Properties of the quarter-wave Bragg reflection waveguide: Theory," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 23, 1207- 1220 (2006) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-23–6–1207 [Online]. Available:.
  16. B. R. West, A. S. Helmy, "Dispersion tailoring of quarter wave Bragg reflection waveguide," Opt. Exp. 14, 4073-4086 (2006) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/fulltext.cfm?uri=oe-14–9–4073&id=89613 [Online]. Available:.
  17. G. Ghosh, M. Endo, T. Iwasaki, "Temperature dependent sellmeier coefficients and chromatic dispersions for some optical fiber glasses," IEEE, J. Lightw. Technol. 12, 1338-1342 (1994) http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/ freeabs_all.jsp?arnumber=317500&abstractAccess= no&userType=inst [Online]. Available:.
  18. J. R. DeVore, "Refractive indices of rutile and sphalerite," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 41, 416 -417 (1951) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josa/abstract.cfm?URI=josa-41–6–416 [Online]. Available:.
  19. E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, 1985).
  20. A. Kumar, T. Srivastava, "Modeling of nanoscale rectangular hole in a real metal," Opt. Lett. 33, 333-335 (2008) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/fulltext.cfm?uri=ol-33–4–333&id=154108 [Online]. Available:.
  21. A. Ghatak, K. Thyagarajan, M. R. Shenoy, "Numerical analysis of planar optical waveguides using matrix approach," IEEE: J. Lightw. Technol 5, 660-667 (1987) http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/articleDetails. jsp?tp=&arnumber=1075553& queryText%3D%5B21%5D+A.+Ghatak%2C+ K.+Thyagarajan+and+M.+R.+Shenoy%2C+% E2%80%9CNumerical+analysis+of+ planar+optical+waveguides+using+ matrix+approach [Online]. Available:.
  22. A. Yariv, "Coupled- mode theory for guided -wave optics," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-9, 919-933 (1973) http://authors.library.caltech.edu/9798/1/YARieeejqe73a.pdf [Online]. Available:.
  23. J. M. Pitarke, V. M. Silkin, E. V. Chulkov, P. M. Echnique, "Theory of surface plasmons and surface-plasmon polaritons ," Rep. Prog. Phys. 70, 1-87 (2006) http://iopscience.iop.org/0034–4885/70/1/R01/pdf/0034- 4885_70_1_R01.pdf [Online] Available:.
  24. T. Srivastava, R. Jha, R. Das, "High performance bimetallic SPR sensor based on periodic-multilayer-waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1448-1450 (2011) http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/ xpl/freeabs_all.jsp?arnumber=5960767& abstractAccess=no&userType= [Online]. Avail-able at.
  25. M. A. Ordal, L. L. Long, R. J. Bell, S. E. Bell, R. R. Bell, R. W. Alexander, J. Ward, C. A. Ward, "Optical properties of metals Al, Co, Cu, Au, Fe, Pb, Ni, Pd, Pt, Ag, Ti, and W in the infrared and far-infrared," Appl. Opt. 11, 1099-1119 (1983) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?id=26571 [Online]. Available: .
  26. C. W. Lin, K. P. Chen, C. N. Hsiao, S. Lin, C. K. Lee, "Design and fabrication of an alternating dielectric multi-layer device for surface plasmon resonance sensor," Sens. Actuators B 113, 169-176 (2006) http://ac.els-cdn.com/S0925400505002273/1 -s2.0-S0925400505002273-main.pdf?_tid= e8719166–08a2–11e3– 892 c00000aab0f27&acdnat= 1376898332_75e29ff9a467cd4531da35d14624 71e2 [Online]. Available:.
  27. A. K. Sharma, G. J. Mohr, "Theoretical understanding of an alternating dielectric multilayer-based fiber optic SPR sensor and its application to gas sensing," New J. Phys. 10, 023039 (2008) http://iopscience.iop.org/1367–2630/10/2/023039/pdf/1367–2630_10_2_023039.pdf [Online]. Available:.
  28. P. Wang, G. Brambilla, M. Ding, Y. Semenova, Q. Wu, G. Farrell, "High-sensitivity, evanescent field refractometric sensor based on a tapered, multimode fiber interference," Opt. Lett. 36 , 2233-2235 (2011 ) http://www. opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?uri=ol-36–12–2233 [Online]. Available:.
  29. N. Lou, R. Jha, J. L. Dominguez, V. Finazi, J. Villatoro, G. Badenes, V. Pruneri, "Embedded optical micro-nano-fiber for stable devices," Opt. Lett. 35, 571-573 (2010) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-35–4–571 [Online]. Available:.
  30. R. S. Chand, B. D. Gupta, "Surface plasmon resonance based fiber-optic sensor for detection of pesticide," Sens. Actuators B 123, 661 -666 (2007) http://www.sciencedirect. com/science?_ob=ArticleListURL&_method=list&_ArticleListID=-34 4907913&_sort=r&_st=13&view=c&_acct=C000126936&_version= 1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=11073030&md5=4bb9fad3d7eb16db5e186 a826c00e76b&searchtype=a [Online]. Available:.

2011 (2)

T. Srivastava, R. Das, R. Jha, "Highly accurate and sensitive surface plasmon resonance sensor based on channel photonic crystal waveguides," Sens. Actuators B 157, 246-252 (2011) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S092540051100253X [Online]. Available: .

T. Srivastava, R. Jha, R. Das, "High performance bimetallic SPR sensor based on periodic-multilayer-waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1448-1450 (2011) http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/ xpl/freeabs_all.jsp?arnumber=5960767& abstractAccess=no&userType= [Online]. Avail-able at.

2011 (2)

P. Wang, G. Brambilla, M. Ding, Y. Semenova, Q. Wu, G. Farrell, "High-sensitivity, evanescent field refractometric sensor based on a tapered, multimode fiber interference," Opt. Lett. 36 , 2233-2235 (2011 ) http://www. opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?uri=ol-36–12–2233 [Online]. Available:.

2010 (3)

2009 (3)

E. K. Akowuah, T. Gorman, S. Haxha, "Design and optimization of a novel surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on otto configuration," Opt. Exp. 17, 23511-23521 (2009) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/fulltext.cfm?uri=oe-17–26–23511&id=192717 [Online]. Available:.

V. N. Konopsky, E. V. Alieva, "Long-range plasmons in lossy metal films on photonic crystal surfaces," Opt. Lett. 34, 479-481 (2009) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-34–4–479 [Online]. Available:.

M. Piliarik, J. Homola, " Surface plasmonresonance(SPR) sensors: Approaching their limits," Opt. Exp. 17, 16505-16517 (2009) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/fulltext.cfm?uri=oe-17–19–16505&id=185678 [Online]. Available:.

2008 (2)

A. Kumar, T. Srivastava, "Modeling of nanoscale rectangular hole in a real metal," Opt. Lett. 33, 333-335 (2008) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/fulltext.cfm?uri=ol-33–4–333&id=154108 [Online]. Available:.

A. K. Sharma, G. J. Mohr, "Theoretical understanding of an alternating dielectric multilayer-based fiber optic SPR sensor and its application to gas sensing," New J. Phys. 10, 023039 (2008) http://iopscience.iop.org/1367–2630/10/2/023039/pdf/1367–2630_10_2_023039.pdf [Online]. Available:.

2007 (5)

A. K. Sharma, R. Jha, B. D. Gupta, "Fiber-Optic sensors based on surface plasmon resonance: A comprehensive review," IEEE Sens. J. 7 , 1118-1129 (2007) http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/Xplore/defdeny.jsp? url=http%3A%2F%2Fieeexplore .ieee.org%2Fstamp%2Fstamp.jsp%3Ftp%3D% 26arnumber%3D4260987%26userType%3Dinst&denyReason= -134&arnumber=4260987&productsMat-ched= null&userType=inst [Online]. Available:.

R. S. Chand, B. D. Gupta, "Surface plasmon resonance based fiber-optic sensor for detection of pesticide," Sens. Actuators B 123, 661 -666 (2007) http://www.sciencedirect. com/science?_ob=ArticleListURL&_method=list&_ArticleListID=-34 4907913&_sort=r&_st=13&view=c&_acct=C000126936&_version= 1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=11073030&md5=4bb9fad3d7eb16db5e186 a826c00e76b&searchtype=a [Online]. Available:.

B. Gauvreau, A. Hassani, M. F. Fehri, A. Kabashin, M. Skorobogatiy, " Photonic band gap fiber based surface plasmon resonance sensors," Opt. Exp. 15, 11413-11426 (2007) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15–18–11413 [Online]. Available:.

B. Gauvreau, A. Hassani, M. F. Fehri, A. Kabashin, M. Skorobogatiy, " Photonic band gap fiber based surface plasmon resonance sensors," Opt. Exp. 15, 11413-11426 (2007) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-18-11413 [Online]. Available:.

N. Zhang, R. Schweiss, Y. Zong, W. Knoll, "Electrochemical surface plasmon spectroscopy-recent developments," Electrochim. Acta. 52, 2869 -2875 (2007) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0013468606011522 [Online]. Available:.

2006 (5)

J. M. Pitarke, V. M. Silkin, E. V. Chulkov, P. M. Echnique, "Theory of surface plasmons and surface-plasmon polaritons ," Rep. Prog. Phys. 70, 1-87 (2006) http://iopscience.iop.org/0034–4885/70/1/R01/pdf/0034- 4885_70_1_R01.pdf [Online] Available:.

B. R. West, A. S. Helmy, "Properties of the quarter-wave Bragg reflection waveguide: Theory," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 23, 1207- 1220 (2006) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-23–6–1207 [Online]. Available:.

B. R. West, A. S. Helmy, "Dispersion tailoring of quarter wave Bragg reflection waveguide," Opt. Exp. 14, 4073-4086 (2006) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/fulltext.cfm?uri=oe-14–9–4073&id=89613 [Online]. Available:.

E. Ozbay, "Plasmonics: Merging photonics and electronics at nanoscale dimensions ," Science 311, 189-193 (2006).

C. W. Lin, K. P. Chen, C. N. Hsiao, S. Lin, C. K. Lee, "Design and fabrication of an alternating dielectric multi-layer device for surface plasmon resonance sensor," Sens. Actuators B 113, 169-176 (2006) http://ac.els-cdn.com/S0925400505002273/1 -s2.0-S0925400505002273-main.pdf?_tid= e8719166–08a2–11e3– 892 c00000aab0f27&acdnat= 1376898332_75e29ff9a467cd4531da35d14624 71e2 [Online]. Available:.

2001 (1)

J. Dostalek, J. Ctyroky, J. Himola, E. Brynda, M. Skalsky, P. Nekvindova, J. Spirkova, J. Skvor, J. Schrofel, "Surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on integrated optical waveguide," Sens. Actuators B 76, 8-12 (2001) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0925400501005597 [Online]. Available: .

1999 (1)

J. Homola, S. S. Yee, G. Gauglitz, "Surface plasmon resonance sensors: Review," Sens. Actuators B 54, 3-15 (1999) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0925400598003219 [Online]. Available:.

1994 (1)

G. Ghosh, M. Endo, T. Iwasaki, "Temperature dependent sellmeier coefficients and chromatic dispersions for some optical fiber glasses," IEEE, J. Lightw. Technol. 12, 1338-1342 (1994) http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/ freeabs_all.jsp?arnumber=317500&abstractAccess= no&userType=inst [Online]. Available:.

1987 (1)

A. Ghatak, K. Thyagarajan, M. R. Shenoy, "Numerical analysis of planar optical waveguides using matrix approach," IEEE: J. Lightw. Technol 5, 660-667 (1987) http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/articleDetails. jsp?tp=&arnumber=1075553& queryText%3D%5B21%5D+A.+Ghatak%2C+ K.+Thyagarajan+and+M.+R.+Shenoy%2C+% E2%80%9CNumerical+analysis+of+ planar+optical+waveguides+using+ matrix+approach [Online]. Available:.

1983 (1)

M. A. Ordal, L. L. Long, R. J. Bell, S. E. Bell, R. R. Bell, R. W. Alexander, J. Ward, C. A. Ward, "Optical properties of metals Al, Co, Cu, Au, Fe, Pb, Ni, Pd, Pt, Ag, Ti, and W in the infrared and far-infrared," Appl. Opt. 11, 1099-1119 (1983) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?id=26571 [Online]. Available: .

1973 (1)

A. Yariv, "Coupled- mode theory for guided -wave optics," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-9, 919-933 (1973) http://authors.library.caltech.edu/9798/1/YARieeejqe73a.pdf [Online]. Available:.

1968 (1)

E. Kretschmann, H. Raether, "Radiative decay of non-radiative surface plasmons excited by light," Z. Naturforsch. 23A, 2135 (1968).

1951 (1)

J. R. DeVore, "Refractive indices of rutile and sphalerite," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 41, 416 -417 (1951) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josa/abstract.cfm?URI=josa-41–6–416 [Online]. Available:.

Opt. Lett. (1)

V. N. Konopsky, E. V. Alieva, "Long-range plasmons in lossy metal films on photonic crystal surfaces," Opt. Lett. 34, 479-481 (2009) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?URI=ol-34–4–479 [Online]. Available:.

Appl. Opt. (1)

M. A. Ordal, L. L. Long, R. J. Bell, S. E. Bell, R. R. Bell, R. W. Alexander, J. Ward, C. A. Ward, "Optical properties of metals Al, Co, Cu, Au, Fe, Pb, Ni, Pd, Pt, Ag, Ti, and W in the infrared and far-infrared," Appl. Opt. 11, 1099-1119 (1983) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ao/abstract.cfm?id=26571 [Online]. Available: .

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

T. Srivastava, R. Das, R. Jha, "Design considerations and propagation characteristics of channel Bragg-plasmon-coupled-waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 213104-213106 (2010) http://apl.aip.org/resource/1/applab/v97/i21/p213104_s1?view=fulltext [Online]. Available:.

Electrochim. Acta. (1)

N. Zhang, R. Schweiss, Y. Zong, W. Knoll, "Electrochemical surface plasmon spectroscopy-recent developments," Electrochim. Acta. 52, 2869 -2875 (2007) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0013468606011522 [Online]. Available:.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Yariv, "Coupled- mode theory for guided -wave optics," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-9, 919-933 (1973) http://authors.library.caltech.edu/9798/1/YARieeejqe73a.pdf [Online]. Available:.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

T. Srivastava, R. Jha, R. Das, "High performance bimetallic SPR sensor based on periodic-multilayer-waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1448-1450 (2011) http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/ xpl/freeabs_all.jsp?arnumber=5960767& abstractAccess=no&userType= [Online]. Avail-able at.

IEEE Sens. J. (1)

A. K. Sharma, R. Jha, B. D. Gupta, "Fiber-Optic sensors based on surface plasmon resonance: A comprehensive review," IEEE Sens. J. 7 , 1118-1129 (2007) http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/Xplore/defdeny.jsp? url=http%3A%2F%2Fieeexplore .ieee.org%2Fstamp%2Fstamp.jsp%3Ftp%3D% 26arnumber%3D4260987%26userType%3Dinst&denyReason= -134&arnumber=4260987&productsMat-ched= null&userType=inst [Online]. Available:.

IEEE, J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

G. Ghosh, M. Endo, T. Iwasaki, "Temperature dependent sellmeier coefficients and chromatic dispersions for some optical fiber glasses," IEEE, J. Lightw. Technol. 12, 1338-1342 (1994) http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/ freeabs_all.jsp?arnumber=317500&abstractAccess= no&userType=inst [Online]. Available:.

IEEE: J. Lightw. Technol (1)

A. Ghatak, K. Thyagarajan, M. R. Shenoy, "Numerical analysis of planar optical waveguides using matrix approach," IEEE: J. Lightw. Technol 5, 660-667 (1987) http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/articleDetails. jsp?tp=&arnumber=1075553& queryText%3D%5B21%5D+A.+Ghatak%2C+ K.+Thyagarajan+and+M.+R.+Shenoy%2C+% E2%80%9CNumerical+analysis+of+ planar+optical+waveguides+using+ matrix+approach [Online]. Available:.

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. (1)

J. R. DeVore, "Refractive indices of rutile and sphalerite," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 41, 416 -417 (1951) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josa/abstract.cfm?URI=josa-41–6–416 [Online]. Available:.

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B (1)

B. R. West, A. S. Helmy, "Properties of the quarter-wave Bragg reflection waveguide: Theory," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 23, 1207- 1220 (2006) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/josab/abstract.cfm?URI=josab-23–6–1207 [Online]. Available:.

New J. Phys. (1)

A. K. Sharma, G. J. Mohr, "Theoretical understanding of an alternating dielectric multilayer-based fiber optic SPR sensor and its application to gas sensing," New J. Phys. 10, 023039 (2008) http://iopscience.iop.org/1367–2630/10/2/023039/pdf/1367–2630_10_2_023039.pdf [Online]. Available:.

Opt. Exp. (4)

B. R. West, A. S. Helmy, "Dispersion tailoring of quarter wave Bragg reflection waveguide," Opt. Exp. 14, 4073-4086 (2006) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/fulltext.cfm?uri=oe-14–9–4073&id=89613 [Online]. Available:.

M. Piliarik, J. Homola, " Surface plasmonresonance(SPR) sensors: Approaching their limits," Opt. Exp. 17, 16505-16517 (2009) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/fulltext.cfm?uri=oe-17–19–16505&id=185678 [Online]. Available:.

B. Gauvreau, A. Hassani, M. F. Fehri, A. Kabashin, M. Skorobogatiy, " Photonic band gap fiber based surface plasmon resonance sensors," Opt. Exp. 15, 11413-11426 (2007) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15-18-11413 [Online]. Available:.

Opt. Exp. (1)

E. K. Akowuah, T. Gorman, S. Haxha, "Design and optimization of a novel surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on otto configuration," Opt. Exp. 17, 23511-23521 (2009) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/fulltext.cfm?uri=oe-17–26–23511&id=192717 [Online]. Available:.

Opt. Exp. (4)

B. Gauvreau, A. Hassani, M. F. Fehri, A. Kabashin, M. Skorobogatiy, " Photonic band gap fiber based surface plasmon resonance sensors," Opt. Exp. 15, 11413-11426 (2007) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-15–18–11413 [Online]. Available:.

Opt. Lett. (3)

P. Wang, G. Brambilla, M. Ding, Y. Semenova, Q. Wu, G. Farrell, "High-sensitivity, evanescent field refractometric sensor based on a tapered, multimode fiber interference," Opt. Lett. 36 , 2233-2235 (2011 ) http://www. opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?uri=ol-36–12–2233 [Online]. Available:.

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Rep. Prog. Phys. (1)

J. M. Pitarke, V. M. Silkin, E. V. Chulkov, P. M. Echnique, "Theory of surface plasmons and surface-plasmon polaritons ," Rep. Prog. Phys. 70, 1-87 (2006) http://iopscience.iop.org/0034–4885/70/1/R01/pdf/0034- 4885_70_1_R01.pdf [Online] Available:.

Science (1)

E. Ozbay, "Plasmonics: Merging photonics and electronics at nanoscale dimensions ," Science 311, 189-193 (2006).

Sens. Actuators B (5)

J. Dostalek, J. Ctyroky, J. Himola, E. Brynda, M. Skalsky, P. Nekvindova, J. Spirkova, J. Skvor, J. Schrofel, "Surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on integrated optical waveguide," Sens. Actuators B 76, 8-12 (2001) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0925400501005597 [Online]. Available: .

R. S. Chand, B. D. Gupta, "Surface plasmon resonance based fiber-optic sensor for detection of pesticide," Sens. Actuators B 123, 661 -666 (2007) http://www.sciencedirect. com/science?_ob=ArticleListURL&_method=list&_ArticleListID=-34 4907913&_sort=r&_st=13&view=c&_acct=C000126936&_version= 1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=11073030&md5=4bb9fad3d7eb16db5e186 a826c00e76b&searchtype=a [Online]. Available:.

J. Homola, S. S. Yee, G. Gauglitz, "Surface plasmon resonance sensors: Review," Sens. Actuators B 54, 3-15 (1999) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0925400598003219 [Online]. Available:.

C. W. Lin, K. P. Chen, C. N. Hsiao, S. Lin, C. K. Lee, "Design and fabrication of an alternating dielectric multi-layer device for surface plasmon resonance sensor," Sens. Actuators B 113, 169-176 (2006) http://ac.els-cdn.com/S0925400505002273/1 -s2.0-S0925400505002273-main.pdf?_tid= e8719166–08a2–11e3– 892 c00000aab0f27&acdnat= 1376898332_75e29ff9a467cd4531da35d14624 71e2 [Online]. Available:.

T. Srivastava, R. Das, R. Jha, "Highly accurate and sensitive surface plasmon resonance sensor based on channel photonic crystal waveguides," Sens. Actuators B 157, 246-252 (2011) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S092540051100253X [Online]. Available: .

Z. Naturforsch. (1)

E. Kretschmann, H. Raether, "Radiative decay of non-radiative surface plasmons excited by light," Z. Naturforsch. 23A, 2135 (1968).

Other (1)

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, 1985).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.