Abstract

Next generation radar system desires frequency agile low phase noise local oscillator signal. A rapidly tunable multiloop optical frequency locked loop (OFLL) can provide such functionality. The OFLL employs a pair of electro-optic tunable microchip lasers that are heterodyned to produce a frequency agile microwave modulated optical subcarrier. A feedback through a multiloop fiber optic based microwave frequency discriminator assures low phase noise operation. This paper concerns design and optimization of stable, low phase noise OFLLs. This paper features a parametric study, followed by proof-of-concept experiments. Phase noise of −120 dBc/Hz at 10 KHz offset is achieved experimentally and conditions for obtaining a phase noise in excess of −130 dBc/Hz are discussed.

© 2013 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. X. S. Yao, L. Maleki, " Optoelectronic oscillator for photonic systems," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1141-1149 (1996).
  2. D. Eliyahu, D. Seidel, L. Maleki, "Phase noise of a high performance OEO and an ultra low noise floor cross-correlation microwave photonic homodyne system," Proc. IEEE Int. Freq. Control Symp. (2008) pp. 811-814.
  3. X. S. Yao, L. Maleki, " Multiloop optoelectronic oscillator," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36 , 79-84 (2000).
  4. T. Banky, B. Horvath, T. Berceli, "Calculations for the measure of the achievable phase noise reduction by the utilization of optimized multiloop opto-electronic oscillators ," Proc. Eur. Microw. Conf. (2005) pp. 4-6.
  5. T. Bánky, B. Horváth, T. Berceli, "Optimum configuration of multiloop optoelectronic oscillators," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 23 , 1371-1380 (2006).
  6. L. N. Langley, M. D. Elkin, C. Edge, M. J. Wale, U. Gliese, X. Huang, A. J. Seeds, "Packaged semiconductor laser optical phase-locked loop (OPLL) for photonic generation, processing and transmission of microwave signals," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47, 1257-1264 (1999).
  7. N. Satyan, W. Liang, A. Kewitsch, G. Rakuljic, A. Yariv, " Coherent power combination of semiconductor lasers using optical phase-lock loops," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 15, 240 -247 (2009).
  8. U. Gliese, T. Nielsen, M. Bruun, E. Lintz Christensen, K. Stubkjaer, S. Lindgren, B. Broberg, "A wideband heterodyne optical phase locked loop for generation of 3–18 GHz microwave carriers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 936-938 (1992).
  9. R. T. Ramos, A. J. Seeds, "Delay, linewidth and bandwidth limitations in optical phase-locked loop design," Electron. Lett. 26, 389 -391 (1990).
  10. U. Gliese, E. Christensen, K. Stubkjaer, "Laser linewidth requirements and improvements for coherent optical beam forming networks in satellites," J. Lightw. Technol. 9, 779-790 (1991).
  11. Y. Li, S. Goldwasser, P. Herczfeld, "Optically generated dynamically tunable, low noise millimeter wave signals using microchip solid state lasers," Proc. IEEE MTT-S Int. Microw. Symp. Dig. (2003) pp. 1391-1394.
  12. Y. Li, “Optically generation of rapidly tunable millimeter wave subcarriers using microchip lasers,” Ph.D. dissertation, ECE. Dept., Drexel Univ., Philadelphia, PA, USA, 2003..
  13. G. Pillet, L. Morvan, M. Brunel, F. Bretenaker, D. Dolfi, M. Vallet, J.-P. Huignard, A. Le Floch, "Dual-frequency laser at 1.5 μm for optical distribution and generation of high-purity microwave signals," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2764-2773 ( 2008).
  14. G. Pillet, L. Morvan, D. Dolfi, J. Schiellein, T. Merlet, " Stabilization of new generation solid-state dual-frequency laser at 1.5 μm for optical distribution of high purity microwave signals," Proc. 2010 IEEE Top. Meeting Microw. Photon. (2010) pp. 163-166 .
  15. Y. Li, A. Vieira, S. Goldwasser, P. Herczfeld, "Rapidly tunable millimeter-wave optical transmitter for lidar-radar ," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 49, 2048-2054 (2001 ).
  16. M. Csörnyei, T. Berceli, PR. Herczfeld, "Noise suppression of Nd:YVO4 solid-state lasers for telecommunication applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2983-2988 (2003).
  17. L. Ponnampalam, R. J. Steed, M. J. Fice, C. C. Renaud, D. C. Rogers, D. G. Moodie, G. D. Maxwell, I. F. Lealman, M. J. Robertson, L. Pavlovic, L. Naglic, M. Vidmar, A. J. Seeds, "A compact tunable coherent terahertz source based on an hybrid integrated optical phase-lock loop ," Proc. IEEE Top. Meeting Microw. Photon. (2010) pp. 151-154.
  18. S. Ristic, A. Bhardwaj, M. J. Rodwell, L. A. Coldren, L. A. Johansson, "An optical phase-locked loop photonic integrated circuit," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 526-538 (2010).

2010

S. Ristic, A. Bhardwaj, M. J. Rodwell, L. A. Coldren, L. A. Johansson, "An optical phase-locked loop photonic integrated circuit," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 526-538 (2010).

2009

N. Satyan, W. Liang, A. Kewitsch, G. Rakuljic, A. Yariv, " Coherent power combination of semiconductor lasers using optical phase-lock loops," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 15, 240 -247 (2009).

2006

T. Bánky, B. Horváth, T. Berceli, "Optimum configuration of multiloop optoelectronic oscillators," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 23 , 1371-1380 (2006).

2003

M. Csörnyei, T. Berceli, PR. Herczfeld, "Noise suppression of Nd:YVO4 solid-state lasers for telecommunication applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2983-2988 (2003).

2001

Y. Li, A. Vieira, S. Goldwasser, P. Herczfeld, "Rapidly tunable millimeter-wave optical transmitter for lidar-radar ," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 49, 2048-2054 (2001 ).

2000

X. S. Yao, L. Maleki, " Multiloop optoelectronic oscillator," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36 , 79-84 (2000).

1999

L. N. Langley, M. D. Elkin, C. Edge, M. J. Wale, U. Gliese, X. Huang, A. J. Seeds, "Packaged semiconductor laser optical phase-locked loop (OPLL) for photonic generation, processing and transmission of microwave signals," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47, 1257-1264 (1999).

1996

X. S. Yao, L. Maleki, " Optoelectronic oscillator for photonic systems," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1141-1149 (1996).

1992

U. Gliese, T. Nielsen, M. Bruun, E. Lintz Christensen, K. Stubkjaer, S. Lindgren, B. Broberg, "A wideband heterodyne optical phase locked loop for generation of 3–18 GHz microwave carriers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 936-938 (1992).

1991

U. Gliese, E. Christensen, K. Stubkjaer, "Laser linewidth requirements and improvements for coherent optical beam forming networks in satellites," J. Lightw. Technol. 9, 779-790 (1991).

1990

R. T. Ramos, A. J. Seeds, "Delay, linewidth and bandwidth limitations in optical phase-locked loop design," Electron. Lett. 26, 389 -391 (1990).

Electron. Lett.

R. T. Ramos, A. J. Seeds, "Delay, linewidth and bandwidth limitations in optical phase-locked loop design," Electron. Lett. 26, 389 -391 (1990).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

X. S. Yao, L. Maleki, " Optoelectronic oscillator for photonic systems," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1141-1149 (1996).

X. S. Yao, L. Maleki, " Multiloop optoelectronic oscillator," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36 , 79-84 (2000).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron.

N. Satyan, W. Liang, A. Kewitsch, G. Rakuljic, A. Yariv, " Coherent power combination of semiconductor lasers using optical phase-lock loops," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 15, 240 -247 (2009).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

U. Gliese, T. Nielsen, M. Bruun, E. Lintz Christensen, K. Stubkjaer, S. Lindgren, B. Broberg, "A wideband heterodyne optical phase locked loop for generation of 3–18 GHz microwave carriers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 936-938 (1992).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.

L. N. Langley, M. D. Elkin, C. Edge, M. J. Wale, U. Gliese, X. Huang, A. J. Seeds, "Packaged semiconductor laser optical phase-locked loop (OPLL) for photonic generation, processing and transmission of microwave signals," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47, 1257-1264 (1999).

Y. Li, A. Vieira, S. Goldwasser, P. Herczfeld, "Rapidly tunable millimeter-wave optical transmitter for lidar-radar ," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 49, 2048-2054 (2001 ).

J. Lightw. Technol.

M. Csörnyei, T. Berceli, PR. Herczfeld, "Noise suppression of Nd:YVO4 solid-state lasers for telecommunication applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2983-2988 (2003).

J. Lightw. Technol.

G. Pillet, L. Morvan, M. Brunel, F. Bretenaker, D. Dolfi, M. Vallet, J.-P. Huignard, A. Le Floch, "Dual-frequency laser at 1.5 μm for optical distribution and generation of high-purity microwave signals," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2764-2773 ( 2008).

U. Gliese, E. Christensen, K. Stubkjaer, "Laser linewidth requirements and improvements for coherent optical beam forming networks in satellites," J. Lightw. Technol. 9, 779-790 (1991).

S. Ristic, A. Bhardwaj, M. J. Rodwell, L. A. Coldren, L. A. Johansson, "An optical phase-locked loop photonic integrated circuit," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 526-538 (2010).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B

T. Bánky, B. Horváth, T. Berceli, "Optimum configuration of multiloop optoelectronic oscillators," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 23 , 1371-1380 (2006).

Other

T. Banky, B. Horvath, T. Berceli, "Calculations for the measure of the achievable phase noise reduction by the utilization of optimized multiloop opto-electronic oscillators ," Proc. Eur. Microw. Conf. (2005) pp. 4-6.

D. Eliyahu, D. Seidel, L. Maleki, "Phase noise of a high performance OEO and an ultra low noise floor cross-correlation microwave photonic homodyne system," Proc. IEEE Int. Freq. Control Symp. (2008) pp. 811-814.

Y. Li, S. Goldwasser, P. Herczfeld, "Optically generated dynamically tunable, low noise millimeter wave signals using microchip solid state lasers," Proc. IEEE MTT-S Int. Microw. Symp. Dig. (2003) pp. 1391-1394.

Y. Li, “Optically generation of rapidly tunable millimeter wave subcarriers using microchip lasers,” Ph.D. dissertation, ECE. Dept., Drexel Univ., Philadelphia, PA, USA, 2003..

G. Pillet, L. Morvan, D. Dolfi, J. Schiellein, T. Merlet, " Stabilization of new generation solid-state dual-frequency laser at 1.5 μm for optical distribution of high purity microwave signals," Proc. 2010 IEEE Top. Meeting Microw. Photon. (2010) pp. 163-166 .

L. Ponnampalam, R. J. Steed, M. J. Fice, C. C. Renaud, D. C. Rogers, D. G. Moodie, G. D. Maxwell, I. F. Lealman, M. J. Robertson, L. Pavlovic, L. Naglic, M. Vidmar, A. J. Seeds, "A compact tunable coherent terahertz source based on an hybrid integrated optical phase-lock loop ," Proc. IEEE Top. Meeting Microw. Photon. (2010) pp. 151-154.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.