Abstract

An analytical model of star couplers in arrayed waveguide gratings (AWG) is derived. By retaining the real 1-D mode shapes, the model is able to calculate the star coupler response to fundamental modes, as well as higher order modes. This is desirable for modeling passband flattened AWGs. The model can calculate the response of an AWG very fast, because no numerical root finding or integral calculation is involved. This allows it to be used in circuit level simulations.

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  1. M. Smit, C. Van Dam, "PHASAR-based WDM-devices: Principles, design and applications," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron. 2, 236-250 (1996).
  2. C. Dragone, "Efficient ${N} \times {N}$ star couplers using Fourier optics," J. Lightw. Technology 7, 479-489 (1989).
  3. C. Dragone, "An ${N} \times {N}$ optical multiplexer using a planar arrangement of two star couplers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 812-815 (1991).
  4. A. Melloni, A. Canciamilla, G. Morea, F. Morichetti, A. Samarelli, and M. Sorel. (2010) “Design kits and circuit simulation in integrated optics,” in Integrated Photonics Research, Silicon and Nanophotonics. Washington, DC, USA: Optical Society of America, Paper JTuB24, [Online]. Available: http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=IPRSN-2010-JTuB24.
  5. P. Munoz, D. Pastor, J. Capmany, "Modeling and design of arrayed waveguide gratings," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 661-674 (2002).
  6. A. Klekamp, R. Munzner, "Calculation of imaging errors of AWG," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1978-1986 (2003).
  7. J. Soole, M. Amersfoort, H. Leblanc, N. Andreadakis, A. Rajhel, C. Caneau, R. Bhat, M. Koza, C. Youtsey, I. Adesida, "Use of multimode interference couplers to broaden the passband of wavelength-dispersive integrated WDM filters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1340-1342 (1996).
  8. R. G. Hunsperger, Integrated Optics, Theory and Technology (Springer-Verlag , 2009).
  9. C. Doerr, M. Shirasaki, C. Joyner, "Chromatic focal plane displacement in the parabolic chirped waveguide grating router," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 625-627 (1997).
  10. J. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics ( Roberts and Company Publishers, 2005).
  11. Phoenix Software B.V., Enschede, The Netherlands. (2012). OptoDesigner v4.2.0, [Online]. Available: http://www.phoenixbv.com.
  12. C. Vassallo. (1996, Apr.). Limitations of the wide-angle beam propagation method in nonuniform systems. J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A [Online]. 13(4), pp. 761–770. Available: http://josaa.osa.org/abstract.cfm?URI=josaa-13-4-761.
  13. M. Amersfoort, C. de Boer, F. van Ham, M. Smit, P. Demeester, J. van der Tol, A. Kuntze, "Phased-array wavelength demultiplexer with flattened wavelength response," Electron. Lett. 30, 300-302 (1994 ).
  14. K. Okamoto, A. Sugita, "Flat spectral response arrayed-waveguide grating multiplexer with parabolic waveguide horns ," Electron. Lett. 32, (1996).
  15. P. Munoz, D. Pastor, and J. Capmany. (2001, Sep.). Analysis and design of arrayed waveguide gratings with MMI couplers. Opt. Express [Online]. 9(7), pp. 328–338. Available: http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-9-7-328.

2003 (1)

A. Klekamp, R. Munzner, "Calculation of imaging errors of AWG," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1978-1986 (2003).

2002 (1)

P. Munoz, D. Pastor, J. Capmany, "Modeling and design of arrayed waveguide gratings," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 661-674 (2002).

1997 (1)

C. Doerr, M. Shirasaki, C. Joyner, "Chromatic focal plane displacement in the parabolic chirped waveguide grating router," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 625-627 (1997).

1996 (3)

K. Okamoto, A. Sugita, "Flat spectral response arrayed-waveguide grating multiplexer with parabolic waveguide horns ," Electron. Lett. 32, (1996).

J. Soole, M. Amersfoort, H. Leblanc, N. Andreadakis, A. Rajhel, C. Caneau, R. Bhat, M. Koza, C. Youtsey, I. Adesida, "Use of multimode interference couplers to broaden the passband of wavelength-dispersive integrated WDM filters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1340-1342 (1996).

M. Smit, C. Van Dam, "PHASAR-based WDM-devices: Principles, design and applications," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron. 2, 236-250 (1996).

1991 (1)

C. Dragone, "An ${N} \times {N}$ optical multiplexer using a planar arrangement of two star couplers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 812-815 (1991).

1989 (1)

C. Dragone, "Efficient ${N} \times {N}$ star couplers using Fourier optics," J. Lightw. Technology 7, 479-489 (1989).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

C. Dragone, "An ${N} \times {N}$ optical multiplexer using a planar arrangement of two star couplers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 812-815 (1991).

Electron. Lett. (2)

M. Amersfoort, C. de Boer, F. van Ham, M. Smit, P. Demeester, J. van der Tol, A. Kuntze, "Phased-array wavelength demultiplexer with flattened wavelength response," Electron. Lett. 30, 300-302 (1994 ).

K. Okamoto, A. Sugita, "Flat spectral response arrayed-waveguide grating multiplexer with parabolic waveguide horns ," Electron. Lett. 32, (1996).

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron. (1)

M. Smit, C. Van Dam, "PHASAR-based WDM-devices: Principles, design and applications," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. Electron. 2, 236-250 (1996).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

C. Doerr, M. Shirasaki, C. Joyner, "Chromatic focal plane displacement in the parabolic chirped waveguide grating router," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 625-627 (1997).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J. Soole, M. Amersfoort, H. Leblanc, N. Andreadakis, A. Rajhel, C. Caneau, R. Bhat, M. Koza, C. Youtsey, I. Adesida, "Use of multimode interference couplers to broaden the passband of wavelength-dispersive integrated WDM filters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1340-1342 (1996).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

A. Klekamp, R. Munzner, "Calculation of imaging errors of AWG," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1978-1986 (2003).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

P. Munoz, D. Pastor, J. Capmany, "Modeling and design of arrayed waveguide gratings," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 661-674 (2002).

J. Lightw. Technology (1)

C. Dragone, "Efficient ${N} \times {N}$ star couplers using Fourier optics," J. Lightw. Technology 7, 479-489 (1989).

Other (6)

A. Melloni, A. Canciamilla, G. Morea, F. Morichetti, A. Samarelli, and M. Sorel. (2010) “Design kits and circuit simulation in integrated optics,” in Integrated Photonics Research, Silicon and Nanophotonics. Washington, DC, USA: Optical Society of America, Paper JTuB24, [Online]. Available: http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=IPRSN-2010-JTuB24.

R. G. Hunsperger, Integrated Optics, Theory and Technology (Springer-Verlag , 2009).

J. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics ( Roberts and Company Publishers, 2005).

Phoenix Software B.V., Enschede, The Netherlands. (2012). OptoDesigner v4.2.0, [Online]. Available: http://www.phoenixbv.com.

C. Vassallo. (1996, Apr.). Limitations of the wide-angle beam propagation method in nonuniform systems. J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A [Online]. 13(4), pp. 761–770. Available: http://josaa.osa.org/abstract.cfm?URI=josaa-13-4-761.

P. Munoz, D. Pastor, and J. Capmany. (2001, Sep.). Analysis and design of arrayed waveguide gratings with MMI couplers. Opt. Express [Online]. 9(7), pp. 328–338. Available: http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-9-7-328.

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