Abstract

In this paper, we obtain an analytical formulation to describe the penalty of the main important sources of impairment into the final performance in directly modulated/detected OOFDM systems. These equations aim to give a comprehensive description of deliberate clipping process at the OFDM transmitter, laser direct modulation, the impact of the channel impulse response length and the nonlinearity introduced by the laser, and the interplay between laser chirp and chromatic dispersion. Jointly, the provided expressions allow us, firstly, to analyze and understand the performance obtained in an OOFDM system in short-medium optical haul links, and, second, to optimize important transceiver parameters such as the clipping level, length of the cyclic pre/postfix, and laser modulation index.

© 2013 IEEE

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  1. A. R. Bahai, B. R. Saltzberg, Multi-Carrier Digital Communications: Theory and Applications of OFDM (Kluwer, 1999).
  2. R. van Nee, R. Prasad, OFDM for Wireless Multimedia Communications (Artech House, 2000).
  3. W. Shieh, I. Djordjevic, OFDM for Optical Communications (Elsevier, 2010).
  4. J. Armstrong, "OFDM for optical communications," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 189 -204 (2009).
  5. J. Yu, Z. Jia, M.-F. Huang, M. Haris, P. N. Ji, T. Wang, G.-K. Chang, "Applications of 40-Gb/s chirp-managed laser in access and metro networks ," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 253-265 (2009).
  6. E. Vanin, "Performance evaluation of intensity modulated optical OFDM system with digital baseband distortion," Opt. Exp. 19, 4280-4293 (2011).
  7. R. P. Giddings, E. H. Salas, J. M. Tang, " Experimental demonstration of record high 19.125  Gb/s real-time end-to-end dual-band optical OFDM transmission over 25km SMF in a simple EML-based IMDD system," Opt. Exp. 20 , 20666-20679 (2012).
  8. D. J. F. Barros, J. M. Kahn, "Optimized dispersion compensation using orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing ," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2889-2898 (2008).
  9. E. Peral, "Large-signal theory of the effect of dispersive propagation on the intensity modulation response of semiconductor lasers," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 84-89 (2000).
  10. C. Sánchez, B. Ortega, J. L. Wei, J. M. Tang, J. Capmany, "Analytical formulation of directly modulated OOFDM signals transmitted over an IM/DD dispersive link," Opt. Exp. 21, 7651-7666 (2013).
  11. H. E. Rowe, "Memoryless nonlinearities with Gaussian input: Elementary results," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 61, 1519-1525 (1982).
  12. R. Gross and D. Veeneman, “SNR and spectral properties for a clipped DMT ADSL signal,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Comm., May 1994, vol. 2, no. 843–847..
  13. M. Abramowitz, I. A. Stegun, Handbook of Mathematical Functions (Dover, 1972).
  14. A. R. S. Bahai, M. Singh, A. J. Goldsmith, B. R. Saltzberg, "A new approach for evaluating clipping distortion in multicarrier systems," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 20, 1037-1046 (2002).
  15. W. Henkel, G. Taubock, P. Odling, P. O. Borjesson, N. Petersson, "The cyclic prefix of OFDM/DMT—An analysis," Proc. IEEE Semin. Broadband Commun. () pp. 22-1-22-3.
  16. G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems (Wiley, 2002).
  17. J. G. Proakis, Digital Communications (McGraw-Hill, 1989).
  18. P. K. Vitthaladevuni, M-S. Alouini, J. C. Kieffer, "Exact BER computation for cross QAM constellations," IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun. 4, 3039-3050 (2005).
  19. E. Giacoumidis, J. L. Wei, X. Q. Jin, J. M. Tang, "Improved transmission performance of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals over directly modulated DFB laser-based IMDD links using adaptive cyclic prefix ," Opt. Exp. 16, 9480-9494 (2008).
  20. A. V. Oppenheim, R. W. Schafer, Discrete-Time Signal Processing (Prentice–Hall, 1999).

2013 (1)

C. Sánchez, B. Ortega, J. L. Wei, J. M. Tang, J. Capmany, "Analytical formulation of directly modulated OOFDM signals transmitted over an IM/DD dispersive link," Opt. Exp. 21, 7651-7666 (2013).

2012 (1)

R. P. Giddings, E. H. Salas, J. M. Tang, " Experimental demonstration of record high 19.125  Gb/s real-time end-to-end dual-band optical OFDM transmission over 25km SMF in a simple EML-based IMDD system," Opt. Exp. 20 , 20666-20679 (2012).

2011 (1)

E. Vanin, "Performance evaluation of intensity modulated optical OFDM system with digital baseband distortion," Opt. Exp. 19, 4280-4293 (2011).

2009 (2)

J. Armstrong, "OFDM for optical communications," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 189 -204 (2009).

J. Yu, Z. Jia, M.-F. Huang, M. Haris, P. N. Ji, T. Wang, G.-K. Chang, "Applications of 40-Gb/s chirp-managed laser in access and metro networks ," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 253-265 (2009).

2008 (2)

D. J. F. Barros, J. M. Kahn, "Optimized dispersion compensation using orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing ," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2889-2898 (2008).

E. Giacoumidis, J. L. Wei, X. Q. Jin, J. M. Tang, "Improved transmission performance of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals over directly modulated DFB laser-based IMDD links using adaptive cyclic prefix ," Opt. Exp. 16, 9480-9494 (2008).

2005 (1)

P. K. Vitthaladevuni, M-S. Alouini, J. C. Kieffer, "Exact BER computation for cross QAM constellations," IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun. 4, 3039-3050 (2005).

2002 (1)

A. R. S. Bahai, M. Singh, A. J. Goldsmith, B. R. Saltzberg, "A new approach for evaluating clipping distortion in multicarrier systems," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 20, 1037-1046 (2002).

2000 (1)

E. Peral, "Large-signal theory of the effect of dispersive propagation on the intensity modulation response of semiconductor lasers," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 84-89 (2000).

1982 (1)

H. E. Rowe, "Memoryless nonlinearities with Gaussian input: Elementary results," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 61, 1519-1525 (1982).

Bell Syst. Tech. J. (1)

H. E. Rowe, "Memoryless nonlinearities with Gaussian input: Elementary results," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 61, 1519-1525 (1982).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

A. R. S. Bahai, M. Singh, A. J. Goldsmith, B. R. Saltzberg, "A new approach for evaluating clipping distortion in multicarrier systems," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 20, 1037-1046 (2002).

IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun. (1)

P. K. Vitthaladevuni, M-S. Alouini, J. C. Kieffer, "Exact BER computation for cross QAM constellations," IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun. 4, 3039-3050 (2005).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

E. Peral, "Large-signal theory of the effect of dispersive propagation on the intensity modulation response of semiconductor lasers," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 84-89 (2000).

J. Lightw. Technol. (3)

J. Armstrong, "OFDM for optical communications," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 189 -204 (2009).

J. Yu, Z. Jia, M.-F. Huang, M. Haris, P. N. Ji, T. Wang, G.-K. Chang, "Applications of 40-Gb/s chirp-managed laser in access and metro networks ," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 253-265 (2009).

D. J. F. Barros, J. M. Kahn, "Optimized dispersion compensation using orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing ," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2889-2898 (2008).

Opt. Exp. (4)

E. Vanin, "Performance evaluation of intensity modulated optical OFDM system with digital baseband distortion," Opt. Exp. 19, 4280-4293 (2011).

R. P. Giddings, E. H. Salas, J. M. Tang, " Experimental demonstration of record high 19.125  Gb/s real-time end-to-end dual-band optical OFDM transmission over 25km SMF in a simple EML-based IMDD system," Opt. Exp. 20 , 20666-20679 (2012).

C. Sánchez, B. Ortega, J. L. Wei, J. M. Tang, J. Capmany, "Analytical formulation of directly modulated OOFDM signals transmitted over an IM/DD dispersive link," Opt. Exp. 21, 7651-7666 (2013).

E. Giacoumidis, J. L. Wei, X. Q. Jin, J. M. Tang, "Improved transmission performance of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals over directly modulated DFB laser-based IMDD links using adaptive cyclic prefix ," Opt. Exp. 16, 9480-9494 (2008).

Other (9)

A. V. Oppenheim, R. W. Schafer, Discrete-Time Signal Processing (Prentice–Hall, 1999).

R. Gross and D. Veeneman, “SNR and spectral properties for a clipped DMT ADSL signal,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Comm., May 1994, vol. 2, no. 843–847..

M. Abramowitz, I. A. Stegun, Handbook of Mathematical Functions (Dover, 1972).

W. Henkel, G. Taubock, P. Odling, P. O. Borjesson, N. Petersson, "The cyclic prefix of OFDM/DMT—An analysis," Proc. IEEE Semin. Broadband Commun. () pp. 22-1-22-3.

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems (Wiley, 2002).

J. G. Proakis, Digital Communications (McGraw-Hill, 1989).

A. R. Bahai, B. R. Saltzberg, Multi-Carrier Digital Communications: Theory and Applications of OFDM (Kluwer, 1999).

R. van Nee, R. Prasad, OFDM for Wireless Multimedia Communications (Artech House, 2000).

W. Shieh, I. Djordjevic, OFDM for Optical Communications (Elsevier, 2010).

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