Abstract

We propose and experiment a novel asynchronous 10G-passive optical network (PON) system based on optical code division multiplexing (OCDM), where a set of cascaded multiport encoder/decoders (E/Ds) are used in the remote node to suppress multiple access interference (MAI) noise. We demonstrate that the proposed configuration drastically suppresses both MAI and coherent beat noises in a fully asynchronous 160 Gb/s (10 Gb/s × 16 optical network units) PON. We also demonstrate the transmission of an OCDM signal with spectral efficiency 12.5 GHz/code, over a 50-km link without dispersion compensation.

© 2013 IEEE

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  1. O. Kipouridis, C. M. Machuca, A. Autenrieth, K. Grobe, "Cost assessment of next-generation passive optical networks on real-street scenario," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. / Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf., 2012 (2012) pp. 1 -3.
  2. IEEE Std 802.3av. [Online]. Available: http://www.ieee802.org/3/av/.
  3. 10-Gigabit-Capable Passive Optical Networks (XG-PON): Reach Extension, ITU-T G.987.4, Jul. 2012..
  4. J. Kani, F. Bourgart, A. Cui, A. Rafel, S. Rodrigues, " Next-generation PON—Part I: Technology roadmap and general requirements," IEEE Commun. Mag. 47, 43-49 (2009).
  5. Y. Luo, X. Zhou, F. Effenberger, X. Yan, G. Peng, Y. Qian, Y. Ma, "Time- and wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network (TWDM-PON) for next-generation PON stage (NG-PON2)," IEEE/OSA J. Lightw. Technol. 31, 587-593 (2013).
  6. P. Ossieur, C. Antony, A. M. Clarke, A. Naughton, H.-G. Krimmel, Y. Chang, C. Ford, A. Borghesani, D. G. Moodie, A. Poustie, R. Wyatt, B. Harmon, I. Lealman, G. Maxwell, D. Rogers, D. W. Smith, D. Nesset, R. P. Davey, P. D. Townsend, "A 135-km 8192-split carrier distributed DWDM-TDMA PON with 2 × 32 × 10 Gb/s capacity," IEEE/OSA J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 463-474 (2012).
  7. X. Wang, K. Kitayama, "Analysis of beat noise in coherent and incoherent time-spreading OCDMA," IEEE/OSA J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2226-2235 (2004).
  8. N. Kataoka, N. Wada, X. Wang, G. Cincotti, T. Miyazaki, K.-i. Kitayama, "8 × 8 Full-duplex demonstration of asynchronous, 10 Gbps, DPSK-OCDMA system using apodized SSFBG and multi-port en/decoder," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (2009) pp. 1 -2.
  9. X. Wang, N. Wada, N. Kataoka, T. Miyazaki, G. Cincotti, K.-i. Kitayama, "100 km field trial of 1.24 Tbit/s, spectral efficient, asynchronous 5 WDMX25 DPSK-OCDMA using one set of 50×50 ports large scale en/decoder ," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. / Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. ( 2007).
  10. N. Kataoka, N. Wada, X. Wang, G. Cincotti, A. Sakamoto, Y. Terada, T. Miyazaki, K. Kitayama, "Field trial of duplex, 10 Gbps x 8-user DPSK-OCDMA system using a single 16 × 16 multi-port encoder/decoder and 16-level phase-shifted SSFBG encoder/decoders," IEEE/OSA J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 299-305 (2009).
  11. N. Kataoka, N. Wada, G. Cincotti, K. Kitayama, "2.56 Tbps (40-Gbps× 8-wavelengths 4-OC × 2-POL) asynchronous WDM-OCDMA-PON using a multi-port encoder/decoder," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (2011) pp. 1-3.
  12. S. Yoshima, N. Nakagawa, N. Suzuki, M. Noda, M. Nogami, J. Nakagawa, K.-I. Kitayama, "Demonstration of burst transmission of multiple capacity 10G-PON over OCDMA uplink using hybrid SSFBG encoder/multi-port decoder and 10 Gbps burst-mode receiver," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. / Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (2009) pp. 1-3.
  13. T. B. Osadola, S. K. Idris, I. Glesk, W. C. Kwong, "Network scaling using OCDMA over OTDM," IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 24, 395-397 (2012).
  14. Y. Okamura, O. Iijima, S. Shimizu, N. Wada, M. Hanawa, "Simultaneous detection of 10-Gbit/s QPSK × 2-ch. Fourier-encoded synchronous OCDM signals with digital coherent receiver ," Opt. Exp. 21, 3298-3307 (2013).
  15. G. Cincotti, N. Wada, K. Kitayama, "Characterization of a full encoder/decoder in the AWG configuration for code-based photonic routers—Part I: Modeling and design ," IEEE/OSA J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 103-112 (2006).
  16. G. Manzacca, A. M. Vegni, X. Wang, N. Wada, G. Cincotti, K. Kitayama, "Performance analysis of a multiport encoder/decoder in OCDMA scenario," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 13 , 1415-1421 (2007).
  17. S. Shimizu, G. Cincotti, N. Wada, "Demonstration of 8 × 12.5 Gbit/s all-optical OFDM system with an arrayed waveguide grating and waveform reshaping," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (2012).
  18. B. Dai, S. Shimizu, X. Wang, N. Wada, "Full-asynchronous gigabit-symmetric DPSK downstream and OOK upstream OCDMA-PON with source-free ONUs employing all-optical self-clocked time gate," Opt. Exp. 20, B21-B31 (2012).
  19. G. Cincotti, N. Kataoka, N. Wada, X. Wang, T. Miyazaki, K. Kitayama, "Demonstration of asynchronous, 10 Gbps OCDMA PON system with colorless and sourceless ONUs," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (2009).
  20. S. Yoshima, Y. Tanaka, N. Kataoka, N. Wada, J. Nakagawa, K. Kitayama, "Full-duplex 10G-TDM-OCDMA-PON system using only a pair of en/decoder," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. (2010, Paper Tu.3.B.6).
  21. N. Kataoka, N. Wada, X. Wang, G. Cincotti, K. Kitayama, " Demonstration of 10 Gbps, 4-user, OCDMA transmission over 59 km single mode fiber without inline dispersion compensation," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. / Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (2010, Paper OThW1).
  22. T. Kodama, N. Wada, X. Wang, G. Cincotti, K. Kitayama, "Noise suppression using optimum filtering of OCs generated by a multiport encoder/decoder," Opt. Exp. 20, 10320-10329 (2012).
  23. J. Zyskind, A. Srivastava, Optical Amplified WDM Networks (Academic, 2010).
  24. V. J. Hernandez, W. Cong, J. Hu, C. Yang, N. K. Fontaine, R. P. Scott, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, J. P. Heritage, S. J. B. Yoo, "A 320-Gb/s capacity (32-user×10 Gb/s) SPECTS O-CDMA network testbed with enhanced spectral efficiency through forward error correction," IEEE/OSA J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 79-86 (2007).
  25. N. Wada, G. Cincotti, S. Yoshima, N. Kataoka, K. Kitayama, "Characterization of a full encoder/decoder in the AWG configuration for code-based photonic routers. Part II: Experiment and application," IEEE/OSA J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 113-121 (2006).
  26. J.-Y. Kim, S.-R. Moon, S.-H. Yoo, C-H. Lee, "DWDM-PON at 25 GHz channel spacing based on ASE injection seeding ," Opt. Exp. 20, B45-B51 (2012).
  27. J.-Y. Kim, S.-G. Mun, J.-H. Moon, H.-K. Lee, C.-H. Lee, "A high capacity and long reach DWDM-PON using triple-contact F-P LDs," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. / Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (2010, Paper JThA31).

2013 (2)

Y. Luo, X. Zhou, F. Effenberger, X. Yan, G. Peng, Y. Qian, Y. Ma, "Time- and wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network (TWDM-PON) for next-generation PON stage (NG-PON2)," IEEE/OSA J. Lightw. Technol. 31, 587-593 (2013).

Y. Okamura, O. Iijima, S. Shimizu, N. Wada, M. Hanawa, "Simultaneous detection of 10-Gbit/s QPSK × 2-ch. Fourier-encoded synchronous OCDM signals with digital coherent receiver ," Opt. Exp. 21, 3298-3307 (2013).

2012 (5)

T. B. Osadola, S. K. Idris, I. Glesk, W. C. Kwong, "Network scaling using OCDMA over OTDM," IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 24, 395-397 (2012).

P. Ossieur, C. Antony, A. M. Clarke, A. Naughton, H.-G. Krimmel, Y. Chang, C. Ford, A. Borghesani, D. G. Moodie, A. Poustie, R. Wyatt, B. Harmon, I. Lealman, G. Maxwell, D. Rogers, D. W. Smith, D. Nesset, R. P. Davey, P. D. Townsend, "A 135-km 8192-split carrier distributed DWDM-TDMA PON with 2 × 32 × 10 Gb/s capacity," IEEE/OSA J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 463-474 (2012).

B. Dai, S. Shimizu, X. Wang, N. Wada, "Full-asynchronous gigabit-symmetric DPSK downstream and OOK upstream OCDMA-PON with source-free ONUs employing all-optical self-clocked time gate," Opt. Exp. 20, B21-B31 (2012).

T. Kodama, N. Wada, X. Wang, G. Cincotti, K. Kitayama, "Noise suppression using optimum filtering of OCs generated by a multiport encoder/decoder," Opt. Exp. 20, 10320-10329 (2012).

J.-Y. Kim, S.-R. Moon, S.-H. Yoo, C-H. Lee, "DWDM-PON at 25 GHz channel spacing based on ASE injection seeding ," Opt. Exp. 20, B45-B51 (2012).

2009 (2)

J. Kani, F. Bourgart, A. Cui, A. Rafel, S. Rodrigues, " Next-generation PON—Part I: Technology roadmap and general requirements," IEEE Commun. Mag. 47, 43-49 (2009).

N. Kataoka, N. Wada, X. Wang, G. Cincotti, A. Sakamoto, Y. Terada, T. Miyazaki, K. Kitayama, "Field trial of duplex, 10 Gbps x 8-user DPSK-OCDMA system using a single 16 × 16 multi-port encoder/decoder and 16-level phase-shifted SSFBG encoder/decoders," IEEE/OSA J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 299-305 (2009).

2007 (2)

G. Manzacca, A. M. Vegni, X. Wang, N. Wada, G. Cincotti, K. Kitayama, "Performance analysis of a multiport encoder/decoder in OCDMA scenario," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 13 , 1415-1421 (2007).

V. J. Hernandez, W. Cong, J. Hu, C. Yang, N. K. Fontaine, R. P. Scott, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, J. P. Heritage, S. J. B. Yoo, "A 320-Gb/s capacity (32-user×10 Gb/s) SPECTS O-CDMA network testbed with enhanced spectral efficiency through forward error correction," IEEE/OSA J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 79-86 (2007).

2006 (2)

N. Wada, G. Cincotti, S. Yoshima, N. Kataoka, K. Kitayama, "Characterization of a full encoder/decoder in the AWG configuration for code-based photonic routers. Part II: Experiment and application," IEEE/OSA J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 113-121 (2006).

G. Cincotti, N. Wada, K. Kitayama, "Characterization of a full encoder/decoder in the AWG configuration for code-based photonic routers—Part I: Modeling and design ," IEEE/OSA J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 103-112 (2006).

2004 (1)

X. Wang, K. Kitayama, "Analysis of beat noise in coherent and incoherent time-spreading OCDMA," IEEE/OSA J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2226-2235 (2004).

Opt. Exp. (1)

T. Kodama, N. Wada, X. Wang, G. Cincotti, K. Kitayama, "Noise suppression using optimum filtering of OCs generated by a multiport encoder/decoder," Opt. Exp. 20, 10320-10329 (2012).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

J. Kani, F. Bourgart, A. Cui, A. Rafel, S. Rodrigues, " Next-generation PON—Part I: Technology roadmap and general requirements," IEEE Commun. Mag. 47, 43-49 (2009).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

G. Manzacca, A. M. Vegni, X. Wang, N. Wada, G. Cincotti, K. Kitayama, "Performance analysis of a multiport encoder/decoder in OCDMA scenario," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 13 , 1415-1421 (2007).

IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. (1)

T. B. Osadola, S. K. Idris, I. Glesk, W. C. Kwong, "Network scaling using OCDMA over OTDM," IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 24, 395-397 (2012).

IEEE/OSA J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

P. Ossieur, C. Antony, A. M. Clarke, A. Naughton, H.-G. Krimmel, Y. Chang, C. Ford, A. Borghesani, D. G. Moodie, A. Poustie, R. Wyatt, B. Harmon, I. Lealman, G. Maxwell, D. Rogers, D. W. Smith, D. Nesset, R. P. Davey, P. D. Townsend, "A 135-km 8192-split carrier distributed DWDM-TDMA PON with 2 × 32 × 10 Gb/s capacity," IEEE/OSA J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 463-474 (2012).

IEEE/OSA J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

V. J. Hernandez, W. Cong, J. Hu, C. Yang, N. K. Fontaine, R. P. Scott, Z. Ding, B. H. Kolner, J. P. Heritage, S. J. B. Yoo, "A 320-Gb/s capacity (32-user×10 Gb/s) SPECTS O-CDMA network testbed with enhanced spectral efficiency through forward error correction," IEEE/OSA J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 79-86 (2007).

IEEE/OSA J. Lightw. Technol. (5)

N. Wada, G. Cincotti, S. Yoshima, N. Kataoka, K. Kitayama, "Characterization of a full encoder/decoder in the AWG configuration for code-based photonic routers. Part II: Experiment and application," IEEE/OSA J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 113-121 (2006).

G. Cincotti, N. Wada, K. Kitayama, "Characterization of a full encoder/decoder in the AWG configuration for code-based photonic routers—Part I: Modeling and design ," IEEE/OSA J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 103-112 (2006).

X. Wang, K. Kitayama, "Analysis of beat noise in coherent and incoherent time-spreading OCDMA," IEEE/OSA J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2226-2235 (2004).

Y. Luo, X. Zhou, F. Effenberger, X. Yan, G. Peng, Y. Qian, Y. Ma, "Time- and wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network (TWDM-PON) for next-generation PON stage (NG-PON2)," IEEE/OSA J. Lightw. Technol. 31, 587-593 (2013).

N. Kataoka, N. Wada, X. Wang, G. Cincotti, A. Sakamoto, Y. Terada, T. Miyazaki, K. Kitayama, "Field trial of duplex, 10 Gbps x 8-user DPSK-OCDMA system using a single 16 × 16 multi-port encoder/decoder and 16-level phase-shifted SSFBG encoder/decoders," IEEE/OSA J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 299-305 (2009).

Opt. Exp. (3)

Y. Okamura, O. Iijima, S. Shimizu, N. Wada, M. Hanawa, "Simultaneous detection of 10-Gbit/s QPSK × 2-ch. Fourier-encoded synchronous OCDM signals with digital coherent receiver ," Opt. Exp. 21, 3298-3307 (2013).

B. Dai, S. Shimizu, X. Wang, N. Wada, "Full-asynchronous gigabit-symmetric DPSK downstream and OOK upstream OCDMA-PON with source-free ONUs employing all-optical self-clocked time gate," Opt. Exp. 20, B21-B31 (2012).

J.-Y. Kim, S.-R. Moon, S.-H. Yoo, C-H. Lee, "DWDM-PON at 25 GHz channel spacing based on ASE injection seeding ," Opt. Exp. 20, B45-B51 (2012).

Other (13)

J.-Y. Kim, S.-G. Mun, J.-H. Moon, H.-K. Lee, C.-H. Lee, "A high capacity and long reach DWDM-PON using triple-contact F-P LDs," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. / Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (2010, Paper JThA31).

S. Shimizu, G. Cincotti, N. Wada, "Demonstration of 8 × 12.5 Gbit/s all-optical OFDM system with an arrayed waveguide grating and waveform reshaping," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (2012).

J. Zyskind, A. Srivastava, Optical Amplified WDM Networks (Academic, 2010).

G. Cincotti, N. Kataoka, N. Wada, X. Wang, T. Miyazaki, K. Kitayama, "Demonstration of asynchronous, 10 Gbps OCDMA PON system with colorless and sourceless ONUs," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (2009).

S. Yoshima, Y. Tanaka, N. Kataoka, N. Wada, J. Nakagawa, K. Kitayama, "Full-duplex 10G-TDM-OCDMA-PON system using only a pair of en/decoder," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. (2010, Paper Tu.3.B.6).

N. Kataoka, N. Wada, X. Wang, G. Cincotti, K. Kitayama, " Demonstration of 10 Gbps, 4-user, OCDMA transmission over 59 km single mode fiber without inline dispersion compensation," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. / Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (2010, Paper OThW1).

N. Kataoka, N. Wada, G. Cincotti, K. Kitayama, "2.56 Tbps (40-Gbps× 8-wavelengths 4-OC × 2-POL) asynchronous WDM-OCDMA-PON using a multi-port encoder/decoder," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (2011) pp. 1-3.

S. Yoshima, N. Nakagawa, N. Suzuki, M. Noda, M. Nogami, J. Nakagawa, K.-I. Kitayama, "Demonstration of burst transmission of multiple capacity 10G-PON over OCDMA uplink using hybrid SSFBG encoder/multi-port decoder and 10 Gbps burst-mode receiver," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. / Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (2009) pp. 1-3.

O. Kipouridis, C. M. Machuca, A. Autenrieth, K. Grobe, "Cost assessment of next-generation passive optical networks on real-street scenario," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. / Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf., 2012 (2012) pp. 1 -3.

IEEE Std 802.3av. [Online]. Available: http://www.ieee802.org/3/av/.

10-Gigabit-Capable Passive Optical Networks (XG-PON): Reach Extension, ITU-T G.987.4, Jul. 2012..

N. Kataoka, N. Wada, X. Wang, G. Cincotti, T. Miyazaki, K.-i. Kitayama, "8 × 8 Full-duplex demonstration of asynchronous, 10 Gbps, DPSK-OCDMA system using apodized SSFBG and multi-port en/decoder," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (2009) pp. 1 -2.

X. Wang, N. Wada, N. Kataoka, T. Miyazaki, G. Cincotti, K.-i. Kitayama, "100 km field trial of 1.24 Tbit/s, spectral efficient, asynchronous 5 WDMX25 DPSK-OCDMA using one set of 50×50 ports large scale en/decoder ," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. / Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. ( 2007).

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