Abstract

Optical carrier suppression (OCS) has been considered one of the most promising modulation schemes used in radio-over-fiber femto-cell systems to generate millimeter-wave (mmwave) in V-band (60 GHz) or E-band (71 to 93 GHz) for its low bandwidth requirement, simplicity, robustness, and optical-to-radio conversion efficiency. A novel mmwave generation scheme based on a superheterodyne OCS structure is introduced to overcome the limitations of the conventional homodyne OCS scheme, including vector-signaling, uplink optical-millimeter conversion, and inter-radio-frequency band interferences. The transmission performance and characteristics of conventional and newly-introduced mmwave generation schemes are investigated thoroughly in this research to fulfill the requirements of various applications.

© 2013 IEEE

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  1. K. Tsagkaris, K. Vysokinos, N. Pleros, N. D. Tselikas, "Seamless communication in picocellurar 60 GHz radio-over-fiber networks ," Proc. IEEE/LEOS Summer Topical Meeting (2009) pp. 59-60.
  2. Y. Hsueh, M. Huang, M. Jiang, Y. Shao, K. Kim, G. Chang, "A novel wireless over fiber access architecture employing moving chain cells and RoF technique for broadband wireless applications on the train environment," presented at Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo. Los AngelesCA USA (2011, Paper OWT3).
  3. Z. Jia, J. Yu, G. Ellinas, G. Chang, "Key enabling technologies for optical-wireless networks: optical millimeter-wave generation wavelength reuse, and architecture," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3452-3471 (2007).
  4. J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. Chang, T. Wang, "Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265-267 (2006).
  5. A. Chowdhury, H. Chien, G. Chang, "Demonstration of simultaneous all-optical up-conversion of gigabit wireless services at 60-GHz and 64-GHz in converged optical wireless system carried by single wavelength lightwave," presented at Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo. San DiegoCAUSA (2011, Paper OWQ5).
  6. Z. Jia, J. Yu, G. Chang, "A full-duplex radio-over-fiber system based on optical carrier suppression and reuse," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1726-1728 (2006).
  7. Y. Hsueh, Z. Jia, H. Chien, J. Yu, G. Chang, "A novel bidirectional 60-GHz radio-over-fiber scheme with multiband signal generation using a single intensity modulator ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1338-1340 (2009).
  8. L. Chen, X. Lei, S. Wen, J. Yu, "A novel radio over fiber system with DWDM mm-wave generation and wavelength reuse for upstream data connection," OSA Opt. Exp. 15, 5893-5897 (2007).
  9. M. Hong, Y. Won, S. Han, "Gigabit radio-over-fiber link for converged baseband and millimeter-wave band signal transmission using cascaded injection-locked Fabry-Perot laser diodes," OSA Opt. Exp. 17, 7844-7852 (2009).
  10. C. Lim, K. Lee, A. Nimalathas, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, "Impact of chromatic dispersion on 60 GHz radio-over-fiber transmission," Proc. IEEE 21st Annu. Meeting Lasers Electro-Optics Soc. (2008) pp. 89-90.
  11. J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, X. Xin, J. Zeng, L. Chen, "Fiber dispersion influence on transmission of the optical millimeter-waves generated using LN-MZM intensity modulation," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3244-3256 (2007).
  12. K. Wang, X. Zheng, H. Zhang, Y. Guo, "A radio-over-fiber downstream link employing carrier-suppressed modulation scheme to regenerate and transmit vector signals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1365-1367 (2007).
  13. C. Liu, H. Chien, S. Fan, J. Yu, G. Chang, "Enhanced vector signal transmission over double-sideband carrier-suppressed optical millimeter-waves through a small LO feedthrough," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 173-175 (2012 ).
  14. M. H. Raza, S. Zaidi, M. Ramzan, K. Zaidi, M. Raja, "Novel scheme for remote LO delivery and wavelength reuse for bidirectional radio-over-fiber architecture," Proc. Int. Symp. High Capacity Opt. Netw. Enabling Technol. (2008) pp. 91-96.
  15. T. Ismail, C. P. Liu, J. E. Mitchell, A. J. Seeds, X. Qian, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, "Transmission of 37.6-GHz QPSK wireless data over 12.8-km fiber with remote Millimeter-wave local oscillator delivery using a bi-directional SOA in a full-duplex system with 2.2-km CWDM fiber ring architecture ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1989-1991 (2005).
  16. S. Fan, C. Liu, Y. Hsueh, M. Zhu, T. Wang, G. Chang, "Full-duplex 60 GHz vector-signal radio-over-fiber system using heterodyne optical-carrier suppression," presented at Opt. Fiber Commun, Conf. Expo. Los AngelesCAUSA (2012, Paper JW2A.84).

2009

Y. Hsueh, Z. Jia, H. Chien, J. Yu, G. Chang, "A novel bidirectional 60-GHz radio-over-fiber scheme with multiband signal generation using a single intensity modulator ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1338-1340 (2009).

M. Hong, Y. Won, S. Han, "Gigabit radio-over-fiber link for converged baseband and millimeter-wave band signal transmission using cascaded injection-locked Fabry-Perot laser diodes," OSA Opt. Exp. 17, 7844-7852 (2009).

2007

J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, X. Xin, J. Zeng, L. Chen, "Fiber dispersion influence on transmission of the optical millimeter-waves generated using LN-MZM intensity modulation," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3244-3256 (2007).

K. Wang, X. Zheng, H. Zhang, Y. Guo, "A radio-over-fiber downstream link employing carrier-suppressed modulation scheme to regenerate and transmit vector signals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1365-1367 (2007).

L. Chen, X. Lei, S. Wen, J. Yu, "A novel radio over fiber system with DWDM mm-wave generation and wavelength reuse for upstream data connection," OSA Opt. Exp. 15, 5893-5897 (2007).

Z. Jia, J. Yu, G. Ellinas, G. Chang, "Key enabling technologies for optical-wireless networks: optical millimeter-wave generation wavelength reuse, and architecture," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3452-3471 (2007).

2006

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. Chang, T. Wang, "Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265-267 (2006).

Z. Jia, J. Yu, G. Chang, "A full-duplex radio-over-fiber system based on optical carrier suppression and reuse," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1726-1728 (2006).

2005

T. Ismail, C. P. Liu, J. E. Mitchell, A. J. Seeds, X. Qian, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, "Transmission of 37.6-GHz QPSK wireless data over 12.8-km fiber with remote Millimeter-wave local oscillator delivery using a bi-directional SOA in a full-duplex system with 2.2-km CWDM fiber ring architecture ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1989-1991 (2005).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

Z. Jia, J. Yu, G. Chang, "A full-duplex radio-over-fiber system based on optical carrier suppression and reuse," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1726-1728 (2006).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

Y. Hsueh, Z. Jia, H. Chien, J. Yu, G. Chang, "A novel bidirectional 60-GHz radio-over-fiber scheme with multiband signal generation using a single intensity modulator ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1338-1340 (2009).

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. Chang, T. Wang, "Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265-267 (2006).

K. Wang, X. Zheng, H. Zhang, Y. Guo, "A radio-over-fiber downstream link employing carrier-suppressed modulation scheme to regenerate and transmit vector signals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1365-1367 (2007).

C. Liu, H. Chien, S. Fan, J. Yu, G. Chang, "Enhanced vector signal transmission over double-sideband carrier-suppressed optical millimeter-waves through a small LO feedthrough," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 173-175 (2012 ).

T. Ismail, C. P. Liu, J. E. Mitchell, A. J. Seeds, X. Qian, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, "Transmission of 37.6-GHz QPSK wireless data over 12.8-km fiber with remote Millimeter-wave local oscillator delivery using a bi-directional SOA in a full-duplex system with 2.2-km CWDM fiber ring architecture ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1989-1991 (2005).

J. Lightw. Technol.

J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, X. Xin, J. Zeng, L. Chen, "Fiber dispersion influence on transmission of the optical millimeter-waves generated using LN-MZM intensity modulation," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3244-3256 (2007).

J. Lightw. Technol.

Z. Jia, J. Yu, G. Ellinas, G. Chang, "Key enabling technologies for optical-wireless networks: optical millimeter-wave generation wavelength reuse, and architecture," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3452-3471 (2007).

OSA Opt. Exp.

L. Chen, X. Lei, S. Wen, J. Yu, "A novel radio over fiber system with DWDM mm-wave generation and wavelength reuse for upstream data connection," OSA Opt. Exp. 15, 5893-5897 (2007).

M. Hong, Y. Won, S. Han, "Gigabit radio-over-fiber link for converged baseband and millimeter-wave band signal transmission using cascaded injection-locked Fabry-Perot laser diodes," OSA Opt. Exp. 17, 7844-7852 (2009).

Other

C. Lim, K. Lee, A. Nimalathas, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, "Impact of chromatic dispersion on 60 GHz radio-over-fiber transmission," Proc. IEEE 21st Annu. Meeting Lasers Electro-Optics Soc. (2008) pp. 89-90.

A. Chowdhury, H. Chien, G. Chang, "Demonstration of simultaneous all-optical up-conversion of gigabit wireless services at 60-GHz and 64-GHz in converged optical wireless system carried by single wavelength lightwave," presented at Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo. San DiegoCAUSA (2011, Paper OWQ5).

K. Tsagkaris, K. Vysokinos, N. Pleros, N. D. Tselikas, "Seamless communication in picocellurar 60 GHz radio-over-fiber networks ," Proc. IEEE/LEOS Summer Topical Meeting (2009) pp. 59-60.

Y. Hsueh, M. Huang, M. Jiang, Y. Shao, K. Kim, G. Chang, "A novel wireless over fiber access architecture employing moving chain cells and RoF technique for broadband wireless applications on the train environment," presented at Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. Expo. Los AngelesCA USA (2011, Paper OWT3).

M. H. Raza, S. Zaidi, M. Ramzan, K. Zaidi, M. Raja, "Novel scheme for remote LO delivery and wavelength reuse for bidirectional radio-over-fiber architecture," Proc. Int. Symp. High Capacity Opt. Netw. Enabling Technol. (2008) pp. 91-96.

S. Fan, C. Liu, Y. Hsueh, M. Zhu, T. Wang, G. Chang, "Full-duplex 60 GHz vector-signal radio-over-fiber system using heterodyne optical-carrier suppression," presented at Opt. Fiber Commun, Conf. Expo. Los AngelesCAUSA (2012, Paper JW2A.84).

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