Abstract

Optical WDM metro-ring networks have been considered to be promising solutions for wireless backhaul. In this paper, we propose an integrated traffic control scheme (ITCS), which facilitates circuit emulation service (CES) for wireless backhaul over a previously proposed experimental optical packet-switched WDM metro-ring network, HOPSMAN. The ITCS seamlessly integrates variable-bit-rate (VBR) CES wireless with connection-less best-effort data, satisfying stringent QoS requirements and retaining maximal network throughput. The ITCS ensures efficient setup of CES connections by employing a simple mean-rate-based distributed admission control followed by a novel slot-marking reservation. The total connection setup delay is comprised of the setup queueing delay and slot-marking delay. While the slot-marking delay is nearly a ring time, the mean setup queueing delay is formally computed through an accurate approximation based on an M/G/$m$ queueing analysis. We show simulation results to demonstrate that the ITCS accommodates remarkably high CES traffic loads while satisfying a wide range of delay requirements for wireless backhaul. Taking the background best-effort traffic into account, ITCS achieves exceedingly low delay, jitter, and delay bound for CES under various traffic loads and burstiness.

© 2013 IEEE

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  1. L. Wang, M. Hamdi, R. Manivasakan, D. Tsang, "Multimedia-MAC protocol: Its performance analysis and applications for WDM networks," IEEE Trans. Commun. 54, 518-531 (2006 ).
  2. K. Bengi, H. Van As, " Efficient QoS support in a slotted multihop WDM metro ring," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 20, 216-227 (2002).
  3. H. Leligou, J. Angelopoulos, C. Linardakis, A. Stavdas, "A MAC protocol for efficient multiplexing QoS-sensitive and best-effort traffic in dynamically configurable WDM rings," J. Comput. Netw. 44, 305-317 (2004).
  4. O. Tipmongkolsilp, S. Zaghloul, A. Jukan, "The evolution of cellular backhaul technologies: Current issues and future trends," IEEE Commun. Surveys Tutorials 13, 97-113 (2011).
  5. M. Cao, X. Wang, S. Kim, M. Madihian, "Multi-Hop wireless backhaul networks: A cross-layer design paradigm," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 25, 738-748 (2007).
  6. N. Ghazisaidi, M. Maier, C. Assi, "Fiber-Wireless (FiWi) access networks: A survey," IEEE Commun. Mag. 47, 160-167 (2009).
  7. A. Hekkala, M. Lasanen, I. Harjula, L. Vieira, N. Gomes, A. Nkansah, S. Bittner, F. Diehm, V. Kotzsch, "Analysis of and compensation for non-ideal Rof links in DAS ," IEEE Wireless Commun. 17, 52-59 (2010).
  8. W. Shaw, S. Wong, N. Cheng, K. Balasubramanian, X. Zhu, M. Maier, G. Kazovsky, "Hybrid architecture and integrated routing in a scalable optical-wireless access network," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3443-3451 (2007).
  9. M. Milosavljevic, M. Thakur, P. Kourtessis, J. Mitchell, J. Senior, "Demonstration of wireless backhauling over long-reach PONs," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 811-817 (2012).
  10. M. Yuang, I. Chao, B. Lo, P. Tien, J. Chen, C. Wei, Y. Lin, S. Lee, C. Chien, "HOPSMAN: An experimental testbed system for a 10-Gb/s optical packet-switched WDM metro ring network," IEEE Commun. Mag. 46 , 158-166 (2008).
  11. M. Yuang, I. Chao, B. Lo, "HOPSMAN: An experimental optical packet-switched metro WDM ring network with high-performance medium access control," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 2, 91-101 (2010).
  12. V. Nguyen, T. Atmaca, " Metropolitan optical packet bus-based networks: Packet bursting and emulation of TDM services," Computer Comm. 33, S110-S121 (2010).
  13. Z. Ghebretensaé, J. Harmatos, K. Gustafsson, "Mobile broadband backhaul network migration from TDM to carrier ethernet," IEEE Commun. Mag. 48, 102-109 (2010).
  14. Y. Takahashi, "An approximation formula for the mean waiting time of an M/G/c queue ," J. Oper. Res. Soc. Japan 20, 150-163 (1977).
  15. C. Wang, R. Wolff, " The M/G/c queue in light traffic," Queueing Syst. 29, 17-34 ( 1998).
  16. C. Wang, R. Wolff, " Systems with multiple servers under heavy-tailed workloads," Perf. Eval. 62, 456-474 (2005).
  17. O. Boxma, J. Cohen, N. Huffels, "Approximations of the mean waiting time in an M/G/s queueing system," Oper. Res. 27, 1115-1127 (1979 ).
  18. J. De Smit, "A numerical solution for the multi-server queue with hyper-exponential service times," Oper. Res. Lett. 2, 217-224 (1983).
  19. F. Barceló, J. Paradells, "The M/H2/s queue in mobile communications: Approximation of the mean waiting time," IEE 14th U.K. Teletraffic Symp. presented at the LondonU.K. (1997).
  20. S. Giordano, J.-Y. Le Boundec, P. Oechslin, S. Robert, "VBR over VBR: The homogeneous, loss-free case," Proc. IEEE INFOCOM (1997) pp. 168-176.
  21. R. Cooper, S. Niu, " Benes's formula for M/G/1-FIFO ‘Explained’ by preemptive-resume LIFO," J. Appl. Probability 23, 550-554 (1986).
  22. F. Kelly, "The departure process from a queueing system," Math. Proc. Cambridge Philosophical Soc. 80, 283-285 (1976).
  23. R. Cooper, Introduction to Queueing Theory (CEE Press, 1990).
  24. W. Fischer, K. Meier-Hellstern, "The Markov-modulated poisson process (MMPP) cookbook," Perf. Eval. 18, 149-171 (1993).

2012 (1)

M. Milosavljevic, M. Thakur, P. Kourtessis, J. Mitchell, J. Senior, "Demonstration of wireless backhauling over long-reach PONs," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 811-817 (2012).

2011 (1)

O. Tipmongkolsilp, S. Zaghloul, A. Jukan, "The evolution of cellular backhaul technologies: Current issues and future trends," IEEE Commun. Surveys Tutorials 13, 97-113 (2011).

2010 (4)

A. Hekkala, M. Lasanen, I. Harjula, L. Vieira, N. Gomes, A. Nkansah, S. Bittner, F. Diehm, V. Kotzsch, "Analysis of and compensation for non-ideal Rof links in DAS ," IEEE Wireless Commun. 17, 52-59 (2010).

M. Yuang, I. Chao, B. Lo, "HOPSMAN: An experimental optical packet-switched metro WDM ring network with high-performance medium access control," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 2, 91-101 (2010).

V. Nguyen, T. Atmaca, " Metropolitan optical packet bus-based networks: Packet bursting and emulation of TDM services," Computer Comm. 33, S110-S121 (2010).

Z. Ghebretensaé, J. Harmatos, K. Gustafsson, "Mobile broadband backhaul network migration from TDM to carrier ethernet," IEEE Commun. Mag. 48, 102-109 (2010).

2009 (1)

N. Ghazisaidi, M. Maier, C. Assi, "Fiber-Wireless (FiWi) access networks: A survey," IEEE Commun. Mag. 47, 160-167 (2009).

2008 (1)

M. Yuang, I. Chao, B. Lo, P. Tien, J. Chen, C. Wei, Y. Lin, S. Lee, C. Chien, "HOPSMAN: An experimental testbed system for a 10-Gb/s optical packet-switched WDM metro ring network," IEEE Commun. Mag. 46 , 158-166 (2008).

2007 (2)

W. Shaw, S. Wong, N. Cheng, K. Balasubramanian, X. Zhu, M. Maier, G. Kazovsky, "Hybrid architecture and integrated routing in a scalable optical-wireless access network," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3443-3451 (2007).

M. Cao, X. Wang, S. Kim, M. Madihian, "Multi-Hop wireless backhaul networks: A cross-layer design paradigm," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 25, 738-748 (2007).

2005 (1)

C. Wang, R. Wolff, " Systems with multiple servers under heavy-tailed workloads," Perf. Eval. 62, 456-474 (2005).

2004 (1)

H. Leligou, J. Angelopoulos, C. Linardakis, A. Stavdas, "A MAC protocol for efficient multiplexing QoS-sensitive and best-effort traffic in dynamically configurable WDM rings," J. Comput. Netw. 44, 305-317 (2004).

2002 (1)

K. Bengi, H. Van As, " Efficient QoS support in a slotted multihop WDM metro ring," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 20, 216-227 (2002).

1993 (1)

W. Fischer, K. Meier-Hellstern, "The Markov-modulated poisson process (MMPP) cookbook," Perf. Eval. 18, 149-171 (1993).

1986 (1)

R. Cooper, S. Niu, " Benes's formula for M/G/1-FIFO ‘Explained’ by preemptive-resume LIFO," J. Appl. Probability 23, 550-554 (1986).

1983 (1)

J. De Smit, "A numerical solution for the multi-server queue with hyper-exponential service times," Oper. Res. Lett. 2, 217-224 (1983).

1977 (1)

Y. Takahashi, "An approximation formula for the mean waiting time of an M/G/c queue ," J. Oper. Res. Soc. Japan 20, 150-163 (1977).

1976 (1)

F. Kelly, "The departure process from a queueing system," Math. Proc. Cambridge Philosophical Soc. 80, 283-285 (1976).

IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (1)

M. Yuang, I. Chao, B. Lo, "HOPSMAN: An experimental optical packet-switched metro WDM ring network with high-performance medium access control," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 2, 91-101 (2010).

J. Appl. Probability (1)

R. Cooper, S. Niu, " Benes's formula for M/G/1-FIFO ‘Explained’ by preemptive-resume LIFO," J. Appl. Probability 23, 550-554 (1986).

Computer Comm. (1)

V. Nguyen, T. Atmaca, " Metropolitan optical packet bus-based networks: Packet bursting and emulation of TDM services," Computer Comm. 33, S110-S121 (2010).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (3)

Z. Ghebretensaé, J. Harmatos, K. Gustafsson, "Mobile broadband backhaul network migration from TDM to carrier ethernet," IEEE Commun. Mag. 48, 102-109 (2010).

N. Ghazisaidi, M. Maier, C. Assi, "Fiber-Wireless (FiWi) access networks: A survey," IEEE Commun. Mag. 47, 160-167 (2009).

M. Yuang, I. Chao, B. Lo, P. Tien, J. Chen, C. Wei, Y. Lin, S. Lee, C. Chien, "HOPSMAN: An experimental testbed system for a 10-Gb/s optical packet-switched WDM metro ring network," IEEE Commun. Mag. 46 , 158-166 (2008).

IEEE Commun. Surveys Tutorials (1)

O. Tipmongkolsilp, S. Zaghloul, A. Jukan, "The evolution of cellular backhaul technologies: Current issues and future trends," IEEE Commun. Surveys Tutorials 13, 97-113 (2011).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

K. Bengi, H. Van As, " Efficient QoS support in a slotted multihop WDM metro ring," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 20, 216-227 (2002).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

M. Cao, X. Wang, S. Kim, M. Madihian, "Multi-Hop wireless backhaul networks: A cross-layer design paradigm," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 25, 738-748 (2007).

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

L. Wang, M. Hamdi, R. Manivasakan, D. Tsang, "Multimedia-MAC protocol: Its performance analysis and applications for WDM networks," IEEE Trans. Commun. 54, 518-531 (2006 ).

IEEE Wireless Commun. (1)

A. Hekkala, M. Lasanen, I. Harjula, L. Vieira, N. Gomes, A. Nkansah, S. Bittner, F. Diehm, V. Kotzsch, "Analysis of and compensation for non-ideal Rof links in DAS ," IEEE Wireless Commun. 17, 52-59 (2010).

J. Comput. Netw. (1)

H. Leligou, J. Angelopoulos, C. Linardakis, A. Stavdas, "A MAC protocol for efficient multiplexing QoS-sensitive and best-effort traffic in dynamically configurable WDM rings," J. Comput. Netw. 44, 305-317 (2004).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

M. Milosavljevic, M. Thakur, P. Kourtessis, J. Mitchell, J. Senior, "Demonstration of wireless backhauling over long-reach PONs," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 811-817 (2012).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

W. Shaw, S. Wong, N. Cheng, K. Balasubramanian, X. Zhu, M. Maier, G. Kazovsky, "Hybrid architecture and integrated routing in a scalable optical-wireless access network," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3443-3451 (2007).

J. Oper. Res. Soc. Japan (1)

Y. Takahashi, "An approximation formula for the mean waiting time of an M/G/c queue ," J. Oper. Res. Soc. Japan 20, 150-163 (1977).

Math. Proc. Cambridge Philosophical Soc. (1)

F. Kelly, "The departure process from a queueing system," Math. Proc. Cambridge Philosophical Soc. 80, 283-285 (1976).

Oper. Res. (1)

O. Boxma, J. Cohen, N. Huffels, "Approximations of the mean waiting time in an M/G/s queueing system," Oper. Res. 27, 1115-1127 (1979 ).

Oper. Res. Lett. (1)

J. De Smit, "A numerical solution for the multi-server queue with hyper-exponential service times," Oper. Res. Lett. 2, 217-224 (1983).

Perf. Eval. (1)

W. Fischer, K. Meier-Hellstern, "The Markov-modulated poisson process (MMPP) cookbook," Perf. Eval. 18, 149-171 (1993).

Perf. Eval. (1)

C. Wang, R. Wolff, " Systems with multiple servers under heavy-tailed workloads," Perf. Eval. 62, 456-474 (2005).

Queueing Syst. (1)

C. Wang, R. Wolff, " The M/G/c queue in light traffic," Queueing Syst. 29, 17-34 ( 1998).

Other (3)

F. Barceló, J. Paradells, "The M/H2/s queue in mobile communications: Approximation of the mean waiting time," IEE 14th U.K. Teletraffic Symp. presented at the LondonU.K. (1997).

S. Giordano, J.-Y. Le Boundec, P. Oechslin, S. Robert, "VBR over VBR: The homogeneous, loss-free case," Proc. IEEE INFOCOM (1997) pp. 168-176.

R. Cooper, Introduction to Queueing Theory (CEE Press, 1990).

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