Abstract

In this work we carry out a comprehensive experimental study on hybrid optical amplification topologies (based on first order Raman and Erbium doped fiber amplifiers) for repeaterless transmission of 112 Gb/s dual polarization-quadrature phase shift keying (DP-QPSK) enabling a 4.48 Tb/s (40 $\,\times\,$ 112 Gb/s) transmission over 302 km of standard single mode fiber with coherent detection. Hybrid optical amplification was employed for signal boosting and pre-amplification and repeaterless transmission is assured without the use of neither in-line amplification nor remote optical amplifiers. The goal was to achieve the highest bandwidth-distance product for repeaterless DWDM transmission systems over legacy fiber without any in-line amplification technology. The achieved result is a significant milestone, when compared to recent state-of-the-art investigations.

© 2013 IEEE

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  1. M. Du, "Unrepeatered transmission of 107 Gb/s RZ-DQPSK over 300 km NZDSF with bi-directional Raman amplification," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2008).
  2. D. Hardy, Networks: Internet, Telephony, Multimedia: Convergences and Complementarities (Springer, 2002) pp. 125-180.
  3. S. Bhandare, "Optical coherent receiver with a switchable electrical dispersion compensator for 10 Gb/s DPSK transmission up to 300 km of SSMF in metro optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 47-58 (2010).
  4. D. Chang, "8 $\,\times\,$ 120 Gb/s unrepeatered transmission over 444 km (76.6 dB) using distributed Raman amplification and ROPA without discrete amplification," Opt. Exp. 19, (2011).
  5. D. Mongardien, "2.6 Tb/s (26 $\,\times\,$ 100 Gb/s) unrepeatered transmission over 401 km using PDM-QPSK with a coherent receiver," Proc. ECOC (2009).
  6. O. Bertran-Pardo, "Transmission of 2.6 Tb/s using 100-Gb/s PDM-QPSK paired with a coherent receiver over a 401-km unrepeatered link," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1767-1769 (2009).
  7. H. Bissessur, "4 $\,\times\,$ 100 Gb/s unrepeatered transmission over 462 km using coherent PDM-QPSK format and real-time processing," Proc. ECOC (2011).
  8. S. J. Savory, "Digital filters for coherent optical receivers," Opt. Exp. 16, (2008).
  9. D. van der Borne, Robust Optical Transmission Systems: Modulation and Equalization Ph.D. dissertation Technische Universiteit EindhovenEindhovenNetherlands (2008).
  10. D.-I. Chang, "Realtime processed 12 $\,\times\,$ 120 Gb/s unrepeatered transmission over 383.5 km PSC fiber and 342.7 km SMF without ROPA," Proc. Photonics Conf. (IPC), 2012 IEEE (2012) pp. 856,857.
  11. D.-I. Chang, "8 $\,\times\,$ 120 Gb/s transmission over a cascade of two spans with a total loss in excess of 120 dB," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2013).
  12. B. Zhu, "Unrepeatered transmission of 3.2-Tb/s (32 $\,\times\,$ 120-Gb/s) over 445-km fiber link with Aeff Managed Span," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2013).
  13. V. B. Ribeiro, "Enhanced digital polarization demultiplexation via CMA step size adaptation for PM-QPSK coherent receivers," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2012) pp. 1-3.
  14. H. Griesser, "Nonlinear tolerance of 112-Gb/s DP-QPSK in a live field upgrade trial over a 848 km 10 G DWDM link," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2011).
  15. M. S. Alfiad, "111-Gb/s POLMUX-RZ-DQPSK transmission over 1140 km of SSMF with 10.7-Gb/s NRZ-OOK neighbors," Proc. ECOC (2008).
  16. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic Press, 2007).
  17. E. Mateo, "Impact of XPM and FWM on the digital implementation of impairment compensation for WDM transmission using backward propagation," Opt. Exp. 16, 16124-16137 (2008).
  18. M. W. Maeda, "The effect of four-wave mixing in fibers on optical frequency-division multiplexed systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 8, 1402,1408 (1990).
  19. J. C. R. F. Oliveira, "Crosstalk penalties analysis in mixed line transmission rates (10 G-OOK/40 G-DQPSK/112 G-DP-QPSK/224 G-DP-16-QAM) optical flexible grid networks," Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 55, 1098-2760 (2013).
  20. J. Renaudier, "Nonlinear tolerance of ultra-densely spaced 100 Gb/s coherent PDM-QPSK channels," Proc. Opt. Communication (ECOC), 2010 36th Eur. Conf. Exhibition (2010) pp. 1-3.
  21. A. J. Stark, "Scaling 112 Gb/s optical networks with the nonlinear threshold metric," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 1291-1298 (2012).
  22. E. Ip, J. M. Kahn, "Compensation of dispersion and nonlinear impairments using digital backpropagation," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 3416-3425 (2008).
  23. M. S. Alfiad, "Maximum-likelihood sequence estimation for optical phase-shift keyed modulation formats," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 4583-4594 (2009).

2013 (1)

J. C. R. F. Oliveira, "Crosstalk penalties analysis in mixed line transmission rates (10 G-OOK/40 G-DQPSK/112 G-DP-QPSK/224 G-DP-16-QAM) optical flexible grid networks," Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 55, 1098-2760 (2013).

2012 (1)

A. J. Stark, "Scaling 112 Gb/s optical networks with the nonlinear threshold metric," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 1291-1298 (2012).

2011 (1)

D. Chang, "8 $\,\times\,$ 120 Gb/s unrepeatered transmission over 444 km (76.6 dB) using distributed Raman amplification and ROPA without discrete amplification," Opt. Exp. 19, (2011).

2010 (1)

S. Bhandare, "Optical coherent receiver with a switchable electrical dispersion compensator for 10 Gb/s DPSK transmission up to 300 km of SSMF in metro optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 47-58 (2010).

2009 (2)

M. S. Alfiad, "Maximum-likelihood sequence estimation for optical phase-shift keyed modulation formats," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 4583-4594 (2009).

O. Bertran-Pardo, "Transmission of 2.6 Tb/s using 100-Gb/s PDM-QPSK paired with a coherent receiver over a 401-km unrepeatered link," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1767-1769 (2009).

2008 (3)

S. J. Savory, "Digital filters for coherent optical receivers," Opt. Exp. 16, (2008).

E. Mateo, "Impact of XPM and FWM on the digital implementation of impairment compensation for WDM transmission using backward propagation," Opt. Exp. 16, 16124-16137 (2008).

E. Ip, J. M. Kahn, "Compensation of dispersion and nonlinear impairments using digital backpropagation," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 3416-3425 (2008).

1990 (1)

M. W. Maeda, "The effect of four-wave mixing in fibers on optical frequency-division multiplexed systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 8, 1402,1408 (1990).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

O. Bertran-Pardo, "Transmission of 2.6 Tb/s using 100-Gb/s PDM-QPSK paired with a coherent receiver over a 401-km unrepeatered link," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1767-1769 (2009).

J. Lightw. Technol. (5)

M. W. Maeda, "The effect of four-wave mixing in fibers on optical frequency-division multiplexed systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 8, 1402,1408 (1990).

S. Bhandare, "Optical coherent receiver with a switchable electrical dispersion compensator for 10 Gb/s DPSK transmission up to 300 km of SSMF in metro optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 47-58 (2010).

A. J. Stark, "Scaling 112 Gb/s optical networks with the nonlinear threshold metric," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 1291-1298 (2012).

E. Ip, J. M. Kahn, "Compensation of dispersion and nonlinear impairments using digital backpropagation," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 3416-3425 (2008).

M. S. Alfiad, "Maximum-likelihood sequence estimation for optical phase-shift keyed modulation formats," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 4583-4594 (2009).

Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. (1)

J. C. R. F. Oliveira, "Crosstalk penalties analysis in mixed line transmission rates (10 G-OOK/40 G-DQPSK/112 G-DP-QPSK/224 G-DP-16-QAM) optical flexible grid networks," Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 55, 1098-2760 (2013).

Opt. Exp. (3)

D. Chang, "8 $\,\times\,$ 120 Gb/s unrepeatered transmission over 444 km (76.6 dB) using distributed Raman amplification and ROPA without discrete amplification," Opt. Exp. 19, (2011).

S. J. Savory, "Digital filters for coherent optical receivers," Opt. Exp. 16, (2008).

E. Mateo, "Impact of XPM and FWM on the digital implementation of impairment compensation for WDM transmission using backward propagation," Opt. Exp. 16, 16124-16137 (2008).

Other (13)

D. van der Borne, Robust Optical Transmission Systems: Modulation and Equalization Ph.D. dissertation Technische Universiteit EindhovenEindhovenNetherlands (2008).

D.-I. Chang, "Realtime processed 12 $\,\times\,$ 120 Gb/s unrepeatered transmission over 383.5 km PSC fiber and 342.7 km SMF without ROPA," Proc. Photonics Conf. (IPC), 2012 IEEE (2012) pp. 856,857.

D.-I. Chang, "8 $\,\times\,$ 120 Gb/s transmission over a cascade of two spans with a total loss in excess of 120 dB," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2013).

B. Zhu, "Unrepeatered transmission of 3.2-Tb/s (32 $\,\times\,$ 120-Gb/s) over 445-km fiber link with Aeff Managed Span," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2013).

V. B. Ribeiro, "Enhanced digital polarization demultiplexation via CMA step size adaptation for PM-QPSK coherent receivers," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2012) pp. 1-3.

H. Griesser, "Nonlinear tolerance of 112-Gb/s DP-QPSK in a live field upgrade trial over a 848 km 10 G DWDM link," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2011).

M. S. Alfiad, "111-Gb/s POLMUX-RZ-DQPSK transmission over 1140 km of SSMF with 10.7-Gb/s NRZ-OOK neighbors," Proc. ECOC (2008).

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic Press, 2007).

D. Mongardien, "2.6 Tb/s (26 $\,\times\,$ 100 Gb/s) unrepeatered transmission over 401 km using PDM-QPSK with a coherent receiver," Proc. ECOC (2009).

M. Du, "Unrepeatered transmission of 107 Gb/s RZ-DQPSK over 300 km NZDSF with bi-directional Raman amplification," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2008).

D. Hardy, Networks: Internet, Telephony, Multimedia: Convergences and Complementarities (Springer, 2002) pp. 125-180.

J. Renaudier, "Nonlinear tolerance of ultra-densely spaced 100 Gb/s coherent PDM-QPSK channels," Proc. Opt. Communication (ECOC), 2010 36th Eur. Conf. Exhibition (2010) pp. 1-3.

H. Bissessur, "4 $\,\times\,$ 100 Gb/s unrepeatered transmission over 462 km using coherent PDM-QPSK format and real-time processing," Proc. ECOC (2011).

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