Abstract

The generation and accumulation of random jitter (RJ) in channels using multimode fibers (MMF) and vertical cavity surface emitting lasers (VCSEL) is investigated. A novel theoretical model that accommodates mode partition noise (MPN) and modal-chromatic dispersion interaction (MCDI) for the length dependence of RJ in VCSEL-MMF channels is developed. The proposed model requires a few channel parameters such as length, MPN coefficient, spectral width of the source, and a new parameter for describing the modal-chromatic interaction. Simulation predictions are verified by experiments.

© 2013 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. IEEE 40/100 GEthernet Standard Task Force IEEE 802.3.bm http://www.ieee802.org/3/bm/index.html.
  2. Fibre Channel 32 Gbps, Physical Interface ${-}$ 6 Fiber Channel Committee of INCITS, ANSI. http://www.t10.org/t11/doc12.htm.
  3. J. A. Buck, Fundamentals of Optical Fibers (Wiley, 1995).
  4. D. Derickson, M. Muller, Digital Communication Test and Measurement (Prentice-Hall, 2008).
  5. K. S. Oh, X. Yuan, High-Speed Signaling: Jitter Modeling, Analysis, and Budgeting (Prentice-Hall, 2012).
  6. F. Rao, S. Hindi, "Frequency domain analysis of jitter amplification in clock channels," IEEE Conf. Electrical Performance of Electronic Packaging and Systems (2012).
  7. J. Petrilla, "Extending the 10 G link model," IEEE 802.3ba (2008) http://www.ieee802.org/3/ba/public/nov08/petrilla_02_1108.pdf.
  8. J. Petrilla, "10 GE link model extensions," IEEE 802.3 bm (2012) http://www.ieee802.org/3/bm/public/sep12/petrilla_01a_0912_optx.pdf.
  9. K. Ogawa, "Analysis of mode partition noise in laser transmission systems," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 849-855 (1982).
  10. K. Ogawa, R. S. Vodhanel, "Measurements of mode partition noise of laser diodes," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1090-1093 (1982).
  11. G. P. Agrawal, "Dispersion penalty for 1.3- $\mu$ m lightwave systems with multimode semiconductor lasers," J. Lightw. Technol. 6, 620-625 (1988).
  12. P. Pepeljugoski, "Dynamic behavior of mode partition noise in multimode fiber links," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, (2012).
  13. J. M. Castro, R. Pimpinella, B. Kose, B. Lane, "The interaction of modal and chromatic dispersion in VCSEL based multimode fiber channel links and its effect on mode partition noise," Proc. 61st IWCS (2012).
  14. J. M. Castro, R. Pimpinella, B. Kose, B. Lane, "Investigation of the interaction of modal and chromatic dispersion in VCSEL-MMF channels," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 2532-2541 (2012).
  15. A. Gholami, D. Molin, P. Sillard, "Compensation of chromatic dispersion by modal dispersion in MMF- and VCSEL-based gigabit ethernet transmissions," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 645-647 (2009).
  16. H. Li, K. Iga, Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Laser Devices (Springer, 2003).
  17. H. Martinsson, J. Bengtsson, M. Ghisoni, A. Larsson, "Monolithic integration of vertically surface-emitting laser and diffractive optical elements for advanced beam shaping," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 503-505 (1999).
  18. A. Sengupta, "Measurements of VCSEL mode delays and implications for system performance," 802.3 Plen. Session (2012) http://www.ieee802.org/3/100GNGOPTX/ public/jul12/sengupta_01_0712_optx.pdf.
  19. J. Goodman, Statistical Optics (Wiley, 1985).
  20. R. Pimpinella, "Measurement and estimation of the mode partition coefficient k," IEEE 802.3 bm (2012) http://www.ieee802.org/3/bm/public/nov12/pimpinella_01_1112_optx.pdf.
  21. J. M. Castro, R. Pimpinella, B. Kose, B. Lane, “Estimation of Mode Partition Noise Coefficient,” (2012) T11.2 PI-6 http://www.t11.org/ftp/t11/pub/fc/pi-6/12-461v0.pdf.
  22. D. Cunningham, “Modifications to the mode partition noise penalty calculation for equalised 32 GFC links,” Fibre Channel 32 Gbps, Physical Interface -6, Fiber Channel Committee of INCITS, ANSI. http://www.t11.org/ftp/t11/pub/fc/pi-6/12-042v0.pdf.
  23. J. M. Castro, “The Interaction of Modal and Chromatic Dispersion in VCSEL Based MMF Systems,” T11.2 PI-6 (2012) http://www.t11.org/ftp/t11/pub/fc/pi-6/12-131v0.pdf.
  24. G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optics Communication Systems (Wiley, 2002).

2012 (2)

P. Pepeljugoski, "Dynamic behavior of mode partition noise in multimode fiber links," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, (2012).

J. M. Castro, R. Pimpinella, B. Kose, B. Lane, "Investigation of the interaction of modal and chromatic dispersion in VCSEL-MMF channels," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 2532-2541 (2012).

2009 (1)

A. Gholami, D. Molin, P. Sillard, "Compensation of chromatic dispersion by modal dispersion in MMF- and VCSEL-based gigabit ethernet transmissions," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 645-647 (2009).

1999 (1)

H. Martinsson, J. Bengtsson, M. Ghisoni, A. Larsson, "Monolithic integration of vertically surface-emitting laser and diffractive optical elements for advanced beam shaping," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 503-505 (1999).

1988 (1)

G. P. Agrawal, "Dispersion penalty for 1.3- $\mu$ m lightwave systems with multimode semiconductor lasers," J. Lightw. Technol. 6, 620-625 (1988).

1982 (2)

K. Ogawa, "Analysis of mode partition noise in laser transmission systems," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 849-855 (1982).

K. Ogawa, R. S. Vodhanel, "Measurements of mode partition noise of laser diodes," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1090-1093 (1982).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

K. Ogawa, "Analysis of mode partition noise in laser transmission systems," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 849-855 (1982).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

K. Ogawa, R. S. Vodhanel, "Measurements of mode partition noise of laser diodes," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1090-1093 (1982).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

A. Gholami, D. Molin, P. Sillard, "Compensation of chromatic dispersion by modal dispersion in MMF- and VCSEL-based gigabit ethernet transmissions," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 645-647 (2009).

H. Martinsson, J. Bengtsson, M. Ghisoni, A. Larsson, "Monolithic integration of vertically surface-emitting laser and diffractive optical elements for advanced beam shaping," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 503-505 (1999).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

G. P. Agrawal, "Dispersion penalty for 1.3- $\mu$ m lightwave systems with multimode semiconductor lasers," J. Lightw. Technol. 6, 620-625 (1988).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

P. Pepeljugoski, "Dynamic behavior of mode partition noise in multimode fiber links," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, (2012).

J. M. Castro, R. Pimpinella, B. Kose, B. Lane, "Investigation of the interaction of modal and chromatic dispersion in VCSEL-MMF channels," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 2532-2541 (2012).

Other (17)

H. Li, K. Iga, Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Laser Devices (Springer, 2003).

J. M. Castro, R. Pimpinella, B. Kose, B. Lane, "The interaction of modal and chromatic dispersion in VCSEL based multimode fiber channel links and its effect on mode partition noise," Proc. 61st IWCS (2012).

A. Sengupta, "Measurements of VCSEL mode delays and implications for system performance," 802.3 Plen. Session (2012) http://www.ieee802.org/3/100GNGOPTX/ public/jul12/sengupta_01_0712_optx.pdf.

J. Goodman, Statistical Optics (Wiley, 1985).

R. Pimpinella, "Measurement and estimation of the mode partition coefficient k," IEEE 802.3 bm (2012) http://www.ieee802.org/3/bm/public/nov12/pimpinella_01_1112_optx.pdf.

J. M. Castro, R. Pimpinella, B. Kose, B. Lane, “Estimation of Mode Partition Noise Coefficient,” (2012) T11.2 PI-6 http://www.t11.org/ftp/t11/pub/fc/pi-6/12-461v0.pdf.

D. Cunningham, “Modifications to the mode partition noise penalty calculation for equalised 32 GFC links,” Fibre Channel 32 Gbps, Physical Interface -6, Fiber Channel Committee of INCITS, ANSI. http://www.t11.org/ftp/t11/pub/fc/pi-6/12-042v0.pdf.

J. M. Castro, “The Interaction of Modal and Chromatic Dispersion in VCSEL Based MMF Systems,” T11.2 PI-6 (2012) http://www.t11.org/ftp/t11/pub/fc/pi-6/12-131v0.pdf.

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optics Communication Systems (Wiley, 2002).

IEEE 40/100 GEthernet Standard Task Force IEEE 802.3.bm http://www.ieee802.org/3/bm/index.html.

Fibre Channel 32 Gbps, Physical Interface ${-}$ 6 Fiber Channel Committee of INCITS, ANSI. http://www.t10.org/t11/doc12.htm.

J. A. Buck, Fundamentals of Optical Fibers (Wiley, 1995).

D. Derickson, M. Muller, Digital Communication Test and Measurement (Prentice-Hall, 2008).

K. S. Oh, X. Yuan, High-Speed Signaling: Jitter Modeling, Analysis, and Budgeting (Prentice-Hall, 2012).

F. Rao, S. Hindi, "Frequency domain analysis of jitter amplification in clock channels," IEEE Conf. Electrical Performance of Electronic Packaging and Systems (2012).

J. Petrilla, "Extending the 10 G link model," IEEE 802.3ba (2008) http://www.ieee802.org/3/ba/public/nov08/petrilla_02_1108.pdf.

J. Petrilla, "10 GE link model extensions," IEEE 802.3 bm (2012) http://www.ieee802.org/3/bm/public/sep12/petrilla_01a_0912_optx.pdf.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.