Abstract

We propose the coupled ring resonator based on one-dimensional photonic crystal (1-D PC) nanocavity. The proposed structure is composed by introducing 1-D PC nanocavity into the CROW based on ring resonator, and we expect that it can achieve small group velocity. We investigate the transmission characteristics of the proposed structure by using 2-D scalar finite element method (FEM) for periodic waveguide analysis. We obtained the group velocity <i>v<sub>g</sub></i> = 0.033<i>c</i> with <i>c</i> being light velocity in vacuum because of combining 1-D PC nanocavity and CROW based on ring resonator. Moreover, we consider reduction of footprint of the proposed structure for photonic integration.

© 2013 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. T. F. Krauss, "Slow light in photonic crystal waveguides," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 40, 2666-2670 (2007).
  2. T. Baba, "Slow light in photonic crystals," Nat. Photon. 2, 465-473 (2008).
  3. M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, I. Yokohama, "Extremely large group-velocity dispersion of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902-1-253902-4 (2001).
  4. D. Mori, T. Baba, "Wideband and low dispersion slow light by chirped photonic crystal coupled waveguide," Opt. Exp. 13, 9398-9408 (2005).
  5. T. Kawasaki, D. Mori, T. Baba, "Experimental observation of slow light in photonic crystal coupled waveguides," Opt. Exp. 15, 10274-10281 (2007).
  6. A. Y. Petrov, M. Eich, "Zero dispersion at small group velocities in photonic crystal waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4866-4868 (2004).
  7. J. Li, T. P. White, L. O'Faolain, A. Gomez-Iglesias, T. F. Krauss, "Systematic design of flat band slow light in photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Exp. 16, 6227-6232 (2008).
  8. S. A. Schulz, L. O. Faolain, D. M. Beggs, T. P. White, A. Melloni, T. F. Krauss, "Dispersion engineered slow light in photonic crystals: A comparison," J. Opt. 12, 1-10 (2010).
  9. A. Yariv, Y. Xu, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, "Coupled-resonator optical waveguide: A proposal and analysis," Opt. Lett. 24, 711-713 (1999).
  10. M. Bayindit, B. Temelkuran, E. Ozbay, "Propagation of photons by hopping: A waveguiding mechanism through localized coupled cavities in three-dimensional photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B 61, R11855-R11857 (2000).
  11. N. Matsuda, T. Kato, K. Harada, H. Takesue, E. Kuramochi, H. Taniyama, M. Notomi, "Slow light enhanced optical nonlinearity in a silicon photonic crystal coupled-resonator optical waveguide," Opt. Exp. 19, 19861-19874 (2011).
  12. F. Xia, L. Sekaric, Y. Vlasov, "Ultracompact optical buffers on a silicon chip," Nat. Photon. 1, 65-71 (2007).
  13. A. Martinez, J. Garcia, P. Sanchis, F. C. Soto, J. Blasco, J. Marti, "Intrinsic losses of coupled-cavity waveguides in planar-photonic crystals," Opt. Lett. 32, 635-637 (2007).
  14. Y. Kawaguchi, N. Kono, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, "Loss reduction mechanism for coupled cavity waveguides in one-dimensional photonic crystals," J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 3461-3467 (2008).
  15. Y. Kawaguchi, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, "Analysis of leakage losses in one-dimensional photonic crystal coupled resonator optical waveguide using 3-D finite element method," J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 2977-2983 (2010).
  16. Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature 425, 944-947 (2003).
  17. Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, S. Noda, "Fine-tuned high-Q photonic-crystal nanocavity," Opt. Exp. 13, 1202-1214 (2005).
  18. B. S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, Y. Akahane, "Ultra-high-Q photonic double-hetero structure nanocavity," Nat. Mater. 4, 207-210 (2005).
  19. M. Notomi, E. Kuramochi, T. Tanabe, "Large-scale arrays of ultrahigh-Q coupled nanocavities," Nat. Photon. 2, 741-747 (2008).
  20. E. Kuramochi, H. Taniyama, T. Tanabe, K. Kawasaki, Y. G. Roh, M. Notomi, "Ultrahigh-Q one-dimensional photonic crystal nanocavities with modulated mode-gap barriers on SiO2 claddings and on air claddings," Opt. Exp. 18, 15859-15869 (2010).
  21. M. Notomi, E. Kuramochi, H. Taniyama, "Ultrahigh-Q nanocavity with 1D photonic gap," Opt. Exp. 16, 11095-11102 (2008).
  22. Y. Kawaguchi, S. Makino, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, "Structural dependence of group velocity and leakage loss in 1-D photonic crystal coupled resonator optical waveguide with modulated mode-gap," IEEE Photon. J. 4, 300-309 (2012).
  23. D. Goldring, U. Levy, D. Mendlovic, "Highly dispersive micro-ring resonator based on one dimensional photonic crystal waveguide design and analysis," Opt. Exp. 15, 3156-3168 (2007).
  24. Y. Zhang, C. Hamsen, J. T. Choy, Y. Huang, J.-H. Ryou, R. D. Dupuis, M. Loncar, "Photonic crystal disk lasers," Opt. Lett. 36, 2704-2706 (2011).
  25. K. C. Huang, E. Lidorikis, S. Jiang, J. D. Joannopoulos, K. A. Nelson, "Nature of lossy bloch states in polaritonic photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B 69, 195111-1-195111-10 (2004).

2012 (1)

Y. Kawaguchi, S. Makino, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, "Structural dependence of group velocity and leakage loss in 1-D photonic crystal coupled resonator optical waveguide with modulated mode-gap," IEEE Photon. J. 4, 300-309 (2012).

2011 (2)

N. Matsuda, T. Kato, K. Harada, H. Takesue, E. Kuramochi, H. Taniyama, M. Notomi, "Slow light enhanced optical nonlinearity in a silicon photonic crystal coupled-resonator optical waveguide," Opt. Exp. 19, 19861-19874 (2011).

Y. Zhang, C. Hamsen, J. T. Choy, Y. Huang, J.-H. Ryou, R. D. Dupuis, M. Loncar, "Photonic crystal disk lasers," Opt. Lett. 36, 2704-2706 (2011).

2010 (3)

Y. Kawaguchi, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, "Analysis of leakage losses in one-dimensional photonic crystal coupled resonator optical waveguide using 3-D finite element method," J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 2977-2983 (2010).

E. Kuramochi, H. Taniyama, T. Tanabe, K. Kawasaki, Y. G. Roh, M. Notomi, "Ultrahigh-Q one-dimensional photonic crystal nanocavities with modulated mode-gap barriers on SiO2 claddings and on air claddings," Opt. Exp. 18, 15859-15869 (2010).

S. A. Schulz, L. O. Faolain, D. M. Beggs, T. P. White, A. Melloni, T. F. Krauss, "Dispersion engineered slow light in photonic crystals: A comparison," J. Opt. 12, 1-10 (2010).

2008 (5)

T. Baba, "Slow light in photonic crystals," Nat. Photon. 2, 465-473 (2008).

M. Notomi, E. Kuramochi, H. Taniyama, "Ultrahigh-Q nanocavity with 1D photonic gap," Opt. Exp. 16, 11095-11102 (2008).

J. Li, T. P. White, L. O'Faolain, A. Gomez-Iglesias, T. F. Krauss, "Systematic design of flat band slow light in photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Exp. 16, 6227-6232 (2008).

M. Notomi, E. Kuramochi, T. Tanabe, "Large-scale arrays of ultrahigh-Q coupled nanocavities," Nat. Photon. 2, 741-747 (2008).

Y. Kawaguchi, N. Kono, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, "Loss reduction mechanism for coupled cavity waveguides in one-dimensional photonic crystals," J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 3461-3467 (2008).

2007 (5)

A. Martinez, J. Garcia, P. Sanchis, F. C. Soto, J. Blasco, J. Marti, "Intrinsic losses of coupled-cavity waveguides in planar-photonic crystals," Opt. Lett. 32, 635-637 (2007).

F. Xia, L. Sekaric, Y. Vlasov, "Ultracompact optical buffers on a silicon chip," Nat. Photon. 1, 65-71 (2007).

D. Goldring, U. Levy, D. Mendlovic, "Highly dispersive micro-ring resonator based on one dimensional photonic crystal waveguide design and analysis," Opt. Exp. 15, 3156-3168 (2007).

T. F. Krauss, "Slow light in photonic crystal waveguides," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 40, 2666-2670 (2007).

T. Kawasaki, D. Mori, T. Baba, "Experimental observation of slow light in photonic crystal coupled waveguides," Opt. Exp. 15, 10274-10281 (2007).

2005 (3)

D. Mori, T. Baba, "Wideband and low dispersion slow light by chirped photonic crystal coupled waveguide," Opt. Exp. 13, 9398-9408 (2005).

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, S. Noda, "Fine-tuned high-Q photonic-crystal nanocavity," Opt. Exp. 13, 1202-1214 (2005).

B. S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, Y. Akahane, "Ultra-high-Q photonic double-hetero structure nanocavity," Nat. Mater. 4, 207-210 (2005).

2004 (2)

A. Y. Petrov, M. Eich, "Zero dispersion at small group velocities in photonic crystal waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4866-4868 (2004).

K. C. Huang, E. Lidorikis, S. Jiang, J. D. Joannopoulos, K. A. Nelson, "Nature of lossy bloch states in polaritonic photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B 69, 195111-1-195111-10 (2004).

2003 (1)

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature 425, 944-947 (2003).

2001 (1)

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, I. Yokohama, "Extremely large group-velocity dispersion of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902-1-253902-4 (2001).

2000 (1)

M. Bayindit, B. Temelkuran, E. Ozbay, "Propagation of photons by hopping: A waveguiding mechanism through localized coupled cavities in three-dimensional photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B 61, R11855-R11857 (2000).

1999 (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Y. Petrov, M. Eich, "Zero dispersion at small group velocities in photonic crystal waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4866-4868 (2004).

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

Y. Kawaguchi, S. Makino, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, "Structural dependence of group velocity and leakage loss in 1-D photonic crystal coupled resonator optical waveguide with modulated mode-gap," IEEE Photon. J. 4, 300-309 (2012).

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

J. Opt. (1)

S. A. Schulz, L. O. Faolain, D. M. Beggs, T. P. White, A. Melloni, T. F. Krauss, "Dispersion engineered slow light in photonic crystals: A comparison," J. Opt. 12, 1-10 (2010).

J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. (1)

T. F. Krauss, "Slow light in photonic crystal waveguides," J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 40, 2666-2670 (2007).

Nat. Mater. (1)

B. S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, Y. Akahane, "Ultra-high-Q photonic double-hetero structure nanocavity," Nat. Mater. 4, 207-210 (2005).

Nat. Photon. (3)

M. Notomi, E. Kuramochi, T. Tanabe, "Large-scale arrays of ultrahigh-Q coupled nanocavities," Nat. Photon. 2, 741-747 (2008).

F. Xia, L. Sekaric, Y. Vlasov, "Ultracompact optical buffers on a silicon chip," Nat. Photon. 1, 65-71 (2007).

T. Baba, "Slow light in photonic crystals," Nat. Photon. 2, 465-473 (2008).

Nature (1)

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature 425, 944-947 (2003).

Opt. Exp. (8)

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, S. Noda, "Fine-tuned high-Q photonic-crystal nanocavity," Opt. Exp. 13, 1202-1214 (2005).

J. Li, T. P. White, L. O'Faolain, A. Gomez-Iglesias, T. F. Krauss, "Systematic design of flat band slow light in photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Exp. 16, 6227-6232 (2008).

D. Mori, T. Baba, "Wideband and low dispersion slow light by chirped photonic crystal coupled waveguide," Opt. Exp. 13, 9398-9408 (2005).

T. Kawasaki, D. Mori, T. Baba, "Experimental observation of slow light in photonic crystal coupled waveguides," Opt. Exp. 15, 10274-10281 (2007).

D. Goldring, U. Levy, D. Mendlovic, "Highly dispersive micro-ring resonator based on one dimensional photonic crystal waveguide design and analysis," Opt. Exp. 15, 3156-3168 (2007).

E. Kuramochi, H. Taniyama, T. Tanabe, K. Kawasaki, Y. G. Roh, M. Notomi, "Ultrahigh-Q one-dimensional photonic crystal nanocavities with modulated mode-gap barriers on SiO2 claddings and on air claddings," Opt. Exp. 18, 15859-15869 (2010).

M. Notomi, E. Kuramochi, H. Taniyama, "Ultrahigh-Q nanocavity with 1D photonic gap," Opt. Exp. 16, 11095-11102 (2008).

N. Matsuda, T. Kato, K. Harada, H. Takesue, E. Kuramochi, H. Taniyama, M. Notomi, "Slow light enhanced optical nonlinearity in a silicon photonic crystal coupled-resonator optical waveguide," Opt. Exp. 19, 19861-19874 (2011).

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. B (2)

M. Bayindit, B. Temelkuran, E. Ozbay, "Propagation of photons by hopping: A waveguiding mechanism through localized coupled cavities in three-dimensional photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B 61, R11855-R11857 (2000).

K. C. Huang, E. Lidorikis, S. Jiang, J. D. Joannopoulos, K. A. Nelson, "Nature of lossy bloch states in polaritonic photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. B 69, 195111-1-195111-10 (2004).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, I. Yokohama, "Extremely large group-velocity dispersion of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902-1-253902-4 (2001).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.