Abstract

In this paper, the sensitivity characteristics of Fabry-Perot (F-P) hydrostatic pressure sensor based on two different hollow-core (HC) microstructured optical fibers are experimentally and theoretically investigated. The sensors are fabricated by simply splicing a length of HC fiber to singlemode fibers. Hydrostatic pressure is measured by monitoring the wavelength shifts of the interferometric fringes as a result of the two reflection beams at the splicing points. The measured pressure sensitivities of F-P sensors fabricated on the simplified HC microstructured fiber and hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber (HC-PBGF) are -17.3 and -23.4 pm/MPa, respectively. Theoretical investigation is then carried out based on the analysis of elastic properties for the individual fibers. The calculated result suggests that the pressure sensitivities are dominantly determined by the induced changes in cavity length. In comparison, the contribution of mode-index change is slight. The mechanisms behind the mode-index changes for the two fibers are clarified by analyzing the deformation of the fiber structure under pressure. The holey microstructure is highly deformable compared to the solid fiber, which provide another dimension for the implementation of tunable photonic devices.

© 2013 IEEE

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2013 (1)

2012 (5)

D. J. J. Hu, Y. Wang, J. L. Lim, T. Zhang, K. B. Milenko, Z. Chen, M. Jiang, G. Wang, F. Luan, P. P. Shum, Q. Sun, H. Wei, W. Tong, T. R. Wolinski, "Novel miniaturized Fabry-Perot refractometer based on a simplified hollow-core fiber with a hollow silica sphere tip," IEEE Sensors J. 12, 1239-1245 (2012).

S. H. Aref, M. I. Zibaii, M. Kheiri, H. Porbeyram, H. Latifi, F. M. Araújo, L. A. Ferreira, J. L. Santos, J. Kobelke, K. Schuster, O. Frazão, "Pressure and temperature characterization of two interferometric configurations based on suspended-core fibers," Opt. Commun. 285, 269-273 (2012).

R. E. P. de Oliveira, C. J. S. de Matos, G. E. Nunes, I. H. Bechtold, "Visible transmission windows in infrared hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber: Characterization and response to pressure," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 29, 977-983 (2012).

Y. Zhao, R. Lv, Y. Ying, Q. Wang, "Hollow-core photonic crystal fiber Fabry-Perot sensor for magnetic field measurement based on magnetic fluid," Opt. Laser Technol. 44, 899-902 (2012).

D. H. Wang, S. J. Wang, P. G. Jia, "In-line silica capillary tube all-silica fiber-optic Fabry-Perot interferometric sensor for detecting high intensity focused ultrasound signals," Opt. Lett. 37, 2046-2048 (2012).

2011 (2)

Z. Wu, Z. Wang, Y. Liu, T. Han, S. Li, H. Wei, "Mechanism and characteristics of long period fiber gratings in simplified hollow-core photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Exp. 19, 17344-17349 (2011).

C. Wu, H. Y. Fu, K. K. Qureshi, B. O. Guan, H. Y. Tam, "High-pressure and high-temperature characteristics of a Fabry-Perot interferometer based on photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 36, 412-414 (2011).

2010 (6)

M. Pang, H. Xuan, J. Ju, W. Jin, "Influence of strain and pressure to the effective refractive index of the fundamental mode of hollow-core photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Exp. 18, 14041-14055 (2010).

C. Wu, B. O. Guan, Z. Wang, X. Feng, "Characterization of pressure response of Bragg gratings in grapefruit microstructured fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 1392-1397 (2010).

S. Février, B. Beaudou, P. Viale, "Understanding origin of loss in large pitch hollow-core photonic crystal fibers and their design simplification," Opt. Exp. 18, 5142-5150 (2010).

F. Gérôme, R. Jamier, J. Auguste, G. Humbert, J. Blondy, "Simplified hollow-core photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 35, 1157-1159 (2010).

W. Jin, H. F. Xuan, H. L. Ho, "Sensing with hollow-core photonic bandgap fibers," Meas. Sci. Technol. 21, (2010) Article Number: 094014.

T. Ke, T. Zhu, Y. J. Rao, M. Deng, "Accelerometer based on all-fiber Fabry-Perot interferometer formed by hollow-core photonic crystal fiber," Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 52, 2531-2535 (2010).

2009 (4)

Y. J. Rao, W. Wang, T. Zhu, D. Duan, "In-line fiber-optic Fabry-Perot ultrasound sensor formed by hollow-core photonic-crystal fiber," Proc. IEEE Sensors 858-860 (2009) Article Number: 5398249.

Y. J. Rao, M. Deng, T. Zhu, H. Li, "In-line Fabry-Perot etalons based on hollow-core photonic bandgap fibers for high-temperature applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 4360-4365 (2009).

R. E. P. de Oliveira, C. J. S. de Matos, J. G. Hayashi, C. M. B. Cordeiro, "Pressure sensing based on nonconventional air-guiding transmission windows in hollow-core photonic crystal fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1605-1609 (2009).

M. Pang, W. Jin, "Detection of acoustic pressure with hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber," Opt. Exp. 17, 11088-11097 (2009).

2008 (2)

Q. Shi, F. Y. Lv, Z. Wang, L. Jin, J. J. Hu, Z. Y. Liu, G. Y. Kai, X. Y. Dong, "Environmentally stable Fabry-Perot-type strain sensor based on hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 237-239 (2008).

Y. P. Wang, W. Jin, J. Ju, H. F. Xuan, H. L. Ho, L. M. Xiao, D. N. Wang, "Long period gratings in air-core photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Exp. 16, 2784-2790 (2008).

2007 (1)

M. Digonnet, S. Blin, H. K. Kim, V. Dangui, G. Kino, "Sensitivity and stability of an air-core fibre-optic gyroscope," Meas. Sci. Technol. 18, 3089-3097 (2007).

2006 (1)

2005 (2)

G. Statkiewicz, T. Martynkien, W. Urbanczyk, "Measurements of birefringence and its sensitivity to hydrostatic pressure and elongation in photonic hollow core fiber with residual core ellipticity," Opt. Commun. 255, 175-183 (2005).

V. Dangui, H. Kim, M. Digonnet, G. Kino, "Phase sensitivity to temperature of the fundamental mode in air-guiding photonic-bandgap fibers," Opt. Exp. 13, 6669-6684 (2005).

2003 (1)

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Müller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, K. W. Koch, "Low-loss hollow-core silica/air photonic bandgap fibre," Nature 424, 657-659 (2003).

1993 (1)

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

Q. Shi, F. Y. Lv, Z. Wang, L. Jin, J. J. Hu, Z. Y. Liu, G. Y. Kai, X. Y. Dong, "Environmentally stable Fabry-Perot-type strain sensor based on hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 237-239 (2008).

IEEE Sensors J. (1)

D. J. J. Hu, Y. Wang, J. L. Lim, T. Zhang, K. B. Milenko, Z. Chen, M. Jiang, G. Wang, F. Luan, P. P. Shum, Q. Sun, H. Wei, W. Tong, T. R. Wolinski, "Novel miniaturized Fabry-Perot refractometer based on a simplified hollow-core fiber with a hollow silica sphere tip," IEEE Sensors J. 12, 1239-1245 (2012).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

Y. J. Rao, M. Deng, T. Zhu, H. Li, "In-line Fabry-Perot etalons based on hollow-core photonic bandgap fibers for high-temperature applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 4360-4365 (2009).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

C. Wu, B. O. Guan, Z. Wang, X. Feng, "Characterization of pressure response of Bragg gratings in grapefruit microstructured fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 1392-1397 (2010).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

R. E. P. de Oliveira, C. J. S. de Matos, J. G. Hayashi, C. M. B. Cordeiro, "Pressure sensing based on nonconventional air-guiding transmission windows in hollow-core photonic crystal fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1605-1609 (2009).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B (1)

R. E. P. de Oliveira, C. J. S. de Matos, G. E. Nunes, I. H. Bechtold, "Visible transmission windows in infrared hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber: Characterization and response to pressure," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 29, 977-983 (2012).

Meas. Sci. Technol. (2)

W. Jin, H. F. Xuan, H. L. Ho, "Sensing with hollow-core photonic bandgap fibers," Meas. Sci. Technol. 21, (2010) Article Number: 094014.

M. Digonnet, S. Blin, H. K. Kim, V. Dangui, G. Kino, "Sensitivity and stability of an air-core fibre-optic gyroscope," Meas. Sci. Technol. 18, 3089-3097 (2007).

Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. (1)

T. Ke, T. Zhu, Y. J. Rao, M. Deng, "Accelerometer based on all-fiber Fabry-Perot interferometer formed by hollow-core photonic crystal fiber," Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 52, 2531-2535 (2010).

Nature (1)

C. M. Smith, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, D. Müller, J. A. West, N. F. Borrelli, D. C. Allan, K. W. Koch, "Low-loss hollow-core silica/air photonic bandgap fibre," Nature 424, 657-659 (2003).

Opt. Commun. (1)

G. Statkiewicz, T. Martynkien, W. Urbanczyk, "Measurements of birefringence and its sensitivity to hydrostatic pressure and elongation in photonic hollow core fiber with residual core ellipticity," Opt. Commun. 255, 175-183 (2005).

Opt. Exp. (2)

Y. P. Wang, W. Jin, J. Ju, H. F. Xuan, H. L. Ho, L. M. Xiao, D. N. Wang, "Long period gratings in air-core photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Exp. 16, 2784-2790 (2008).

V. Dangui, H. Kim, M. Digonnet, G. Kino, "Phase sensitivity to temperature of the fundamental mode in air-guiding photonic-bandgap fibers," Opt. Exp. 13, 6669-6684 (2005).

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

Y. Zhao, R. Lv, Y. Ying, Q. Wang, "Hollow-core photonic crystal fiber Fabry-Perot sensor for magnetic field measurement based on magnetic fluid," Opt. Laser Technol. 44, 899-902 (2012).

Opt. Lett. (1)

D. H. Wang, S. J. Wang, P. G. Jia, "In-line silica capillary tube all-silica fiber-optic Fabry-Perot interferometric sensor for detecting high intensity focused ultrasound signals," Opt. Lett. 37, 2046-2048 (2012).

Opt. Commun. (1)

S. H. Aref, M. I. Zibaii, M. Kheiri, H. Porbeyram, H. Latifi, F. M. Araújo, L. A. Ferreira, J. L. Santos, J. Kobelke, K. Schuster, O. Frazão, "Pressure and temperature characterization of two interferometric configurations based on suspended-core fibers," Opt. Commun. 285, 269-273 (2012).

Opt. Exp. (4)

M. Pang, W. Jin, "Detection of acoustic pressure with hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber," Opt. Exp. 17, 11088-11097 (2009).

M. Pang, H. Xuan, J. Ju, W. Jin, "Influence of strain and pressure to the effective refractive index of the fundamental mode of hollow-core photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Exp. 18, 14041-14055 (2010).

Z. Wu, Z. Wang, Y. Liu, T. Han, S. Li, H. Wei, "Mechanism and characteristics of long period fiber gratings in simplified hollow-core photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Exp. 19, 17344-17349 (2011).

S. Février, B. Beaudou, P. Viale, "Understanding origin of loss in large pitch hollow-core photonic crystal fibers and their design simplification," Opt. Exp. 18, 5142-5150 (2010).

Opt. Lett. (5)

Proc. IEEE Sensors (1)

Y. J. Rao, W. Wang, T. Zhu, D. Duan, "In-line fiber-optic Fabry-Perot ultrasound sensor formed by hollow-core photonic-crystal fiber," Proc. IEEE Sensors 858-860 (2009) Article Number: 5398249.

Other (1)

W. D. Pilkey, Peterson's Stress Concentraton Factors (Wiley, 1999).

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