Abstract

With the advance of phase modulated optical systems all-optical regeneration of Phase-Shift Keying (PSK) signals has become a key functionality for future high-speed optical networks. This paper presents a phase-sensitive optical phase regenerator for Binary Phase-Shift Keying (BPSK) signals based on direct second-order nonlinear effects in Periodically Poled Lithium Niobate (PPLN) waveguides. Analytically and through simulations, the proposed set-up is found to require lower input power for efficient operation than more complex current solutions exploiting cascaded second-order nonlinear effects, while showing lower residual noise and the prospect of efficient intensity regeneration through saturation.

© 2013 IEEE

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  1. D. Wolfson, A. Kloch, T. Fjelde, C. Janz, B. Dagens, M. Renaud, "40-Gb/s all-optical wavelength conversion, regeneration, demultiplexing in an SOA-based all-active Mach-Zehnder interferometer," Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 332-334 (2000).
  2. F. Parmigiani, L. Provost, P. Petropoulos, D. Richardson, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, A. D. Ellis, I. Tomkos, "Progress in multichannel all-optical regeneration based on fiber technology," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 18, 689-700 (2012).
  3. F. Parmigiani, R. Slavík, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O'Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, D. Richardson, "All-optical phase regeneration of 40 Gbit/s DPSK signals in a black-box phase sensitive amplifier," Proc. OFC (2010) pp. 1-3.
  4. K. Croussore, G. Li, "Phase and amplitude regeneration of differential phase-shift keyed signals using phase-sensitive amplification," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 14, 648-658 (2008).
  5. A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, "RZ-DPSK signal regeneration based on dual-pump phase-sensitive amplification in fibers," Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2144-2146 (2006).
  6. P. Andrekson, C. Lundström, Z. Tong, "Phase-sensitive fiber-optic parametric amplifiers and their applications," Proc. ECOC (2010) pp. 1-6.
  7. T. Umeki, H. Takenouchi, A. Masaki, "First demonstration of in-line phase sensitive amplifier based on PPLN waveguide," Proc. ECOC (2012) pp. 1-3.
  8. B. J. Puttnam, D. Mazroa, S. Shinada, N. Wada, "Experimental investigation of phase squeezing in a non-degenerate PSA based on a PPLN waveguide," Proc. ECOC (2011).
  9. B. J. Puttnam, D. Mazroa, S. Shinada, N. Wada, "Phase-squeezing properties of non-degenerate PSAs using PPLN waveguides," Opt. Exp. 19, B131-B139 (2011).
  10. T. Umeki, O. Tadanaga, A. Takada, M. Asobe, "Phase sensitive degenerate parametric amplification using highly efficient ppln ridge waveguides," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2011) pp. 1-3.
  11. A. Szabo, B. Puttnam, D. Mazroa, S. Shinada, N. Wada, "Investigation of an all-optical black-box PPLN-PPLN BPSK phase regenerator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 2087-2089 (2012).
  12. R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, S. Ibrahim, R. Phelan, J. O'Carroll, B. Kelly, J. O'Gorman, A. D. Ellis, "Generation of frequency symmetric signals from a BPSK input for phase sensitive amplification," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2010) pp. 1-3.
  13. H. Hu, H. Suche, R. Ludwig, B. Huettl, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Nouroozi, W. Sohler, C. Schubert, "Polarization insensitive all-optical wavelength conversion of 320 Gb/s RZ-DQPSK data signals," Proc. OFC (2009) pp. 1-3.
  14. J. Wang, J. Sun, X. Zhang, D. Huang, M. M. Fejer, "Ultrafast all-optical three-input boolean XOR operation for differential phase-shift keying signals using periodically poled lithium niobate," Opt. Lett. 33, 1419-1421 (2008).
  15. K. J. Lee, F. Parmigiani, S. Liu, J. Kakande, P. Petropoulos, K. Gallo, D. Richardson, "Phase sensitive amplification based on quadratic cascading in a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide," Opt. Exp. 17, 20 393-20 400 (2009).
  16. A. Murakami, K. Kawashima, K. Atsuki, "Cavity resonance shift and bandwidth enhancement in semiconductor lasers with strong light injection," J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1196-1204 (2003).
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2012 (2)

F. Parmigiani, L. Provost, P. Petropoulos, D. Richardson, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, A. D. Ellis, I. Tomkos, "Progress in multichannel all-optical regeneration based on fiber technology," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 18, 689-700 (2012).

A. Szabo, B. Puttnam, D. Mazroa, S. Shinada, N. Wada, "Investigation of an all-optical black-box PPLN-PPLN BPSK phase regenerator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 2087-2089 (2012).

2011 (1)

B. J. Puttnam, D. Mazroa, S. Shinada, N. Wada, "Phase-squeezing properties of non-degenerate PSAs using PPLN waveguides," Opt. Exp. 19, B131-B139 (2011).

2009 (1)

K. J. Lee, F. Parmigiani, S. Liu, J. Kakande, P. Petropoulos, K. Gallo, D. Richardson, "Phase sensitive amplification based on quadratic cascading in a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide," Opt. Exp. 17, 20 393-20 400 (2009).

2008 (2)

K. Croussore, G. Li, "Phase and amplitude regeneration of differential phase-shift keyed signals using phase-sensitive amplification," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 14, 648-658 (2008).

J. Wang, J. Sun, X. Zhang, D. Huang, M. M. Fejer, "Ultrafast all-optical three-input boolean XOR operation for differential phase-shift keying signals using periodically poled lithium niobate," Opt. Lett. 33, 1419-1421 (2008).

2006 (1)

A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, "RZ-DPSK signal regeneration based on dual-pump phase-sensitive amplification in fibers," Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2144-2146 (2006).

2003 (1)

A. Murakami, K. Kawashima, K. Atsuki, "Cavity resonance shift and bandwidth enhancement in semiconductor lasers with strong light injection," J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1196-1204 (2003).

2000 (1)

D. Wolfson, A. Kloch, T. Fjelde, C. Janz, B. Dagens, M. Renaud, "40-Gb/s all-optical wavelength conversion, regeneration, demultiplexing in an SOA-based all-active Mach-Zehnder interferometer," Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 332-334 (2000).

1990 (1)

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

F. Parmigiani, L. Provost, P. Petropoulos, D. Richardson, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, A. D. Ellis, I. Tomkos, "Progress in multichannel all-optical regeneration based on fiber technology," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 18, 689-700 (2012).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

K. Croussore, G. Li, "Phase and amplitude regeneration of differential phase-shift keyed signals using phase-sensitive amplification," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 14, 648-658 (2008).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

A. Szabo, B. Puttnam, D. Mazroa, S. Shinada, N. Wada, "Investigation of an all-optical black-box PPLN-PPLN BPSK phase regenerator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 2087-2089 (2012).

J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Murakami, K. Kawashima, K. Atsuki, "Cavity resonance shift and bandwidth enhancement in semiconductor lasers with strong light injection," J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1196-1204 (2003).

Opt. Exp. (1)

K. J. Lee, F. Parmigiani, S. Liu, J. Kakande, P. Petropoulos, K. Gallo, D. Richardson, "Phase sensitive amplification based on quadratic cascading in a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide," Opt. Exp. 17, 20 393-20 400 (2009).

Opt. Exp. (1)

B. J. Puttnam, D. Mazroa, S. Shinada, N. Wada, "Phase-squeezing properties of non-degenerate PSAs using PPLN waveguides," Opt. Exp. 19, B131-B139 (2011).

Opt. Lett. (2)

Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

D. Wolfson, A. Kloch, T. Fjelde, C. Janz, B. Dagens, M. Renaud, "40-Gb/s all-optical wavelength conversion, regeneration, demultiplexing in an SOA-based all-active Mach-Zehnder interferometer," Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 332-334 (2000).

A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, "RZ-DPSK signal regeneration based on dual-pump phase-sensitive amplification in fibers," Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2144-2146 (2006).

Other (7)

P. Andrekson, C. Lundström, Z. Tong, "Phase-sensitive fiber-optic parametric amplifiers and their applications," Proc. ECOC (2010) pp. 1-6.

T. Umeki, H. Takenouchi, A. Masaki, "First demonstration of in-line phase sensitive amplifier based on PPLN waveguide," Proc. ECOC (2012) pp. 1-3.

B. J. Puttnam, D. Mazroa, S. Shinada, N. Wada, "Experimental investigation of phase squeezing in a non-degenerate PSA based on a PPLN waveguide," Proc. ECOC (2011).

T. Umeki, O. Tadanaga, A. Takada, M. Asobe, "Phase sensitive degenerate parametric amplification using highly efficient ppln ridge waveguides," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2011) pp. 1-3.

F. Parmigiani, R. Slavík, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O'Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, D. Richardson, "All-optical phase regeneration of 40 Gbit/s DPSK signals in a black-box phase sensitive amplifier," Proc. OFC (2010) pp. 1-3.

R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, S. Ibrahim, R. Phelan, J. O'Carroll, B. Kelly, J. O'Gorman, A. D. Ellis, "Generation of frequency symmetric signals from a BPSK input for phase sensitive amplification," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2010) pp. 1-3.

H. Hu, H. Suche, R. Ludwig, B. Huettl, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Nouroozi, W. Sohler, C. Schubert, "Polarization insensitive all-optical wavelength conversion of 320 Gb/s RZ-DQPSK data signals," Proc. OFC (2009) pp. 1-3.

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