Abstract

We experimentally demonstrated a seamlessly integrated fiber-wireless system that delivers 30.67-Gb/s polarization division multiplexing-multiple input multiple output-orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (PDM-MIMO-OFDM) signal through 40-km fiber and 5-m wireless transmission over free-space at 100 GHz adopting heterodyne coherent detection. De-multiplexing is realized by channel estimation based on a pair of time-interleaved training sequences (TSs). The bit-error ratio (BER) for the 30.67-Gb/s PDM-MIMO-OFDM signal is less than the pre-forward-error-correction (pre-FEC) threshold of 3.8 × 10<sup>-3</sup> when the optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR) is larger than 19.3 dB after both 40-km single-mode fiber-28 (SMF-28) transmission and 5-m wireless delivery at 100 GHz. We also find that the BER performance is sensitive to the multipath effects induced by the transmission distance difference in the wireless link.

© 2013 IEEE

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  1. J. Zhang, "Nonlinear compensation and crosstalk suppression for 4 × 160.8 Gb/s WDM PDM-QPSK signal with heterodyne detection," Opt. Exp. 21, 9230-9237 (2013).
  2. J. Yu, "Optical millimeter wave generation or up-conversion using external modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265-267 (2006).
  3. X. Li, "Heterodyne coherent detection of WDM PDM-QPSK signals with spectral efficiency of 4 b/s/Hz," Opt. Exp. 21, 8808-8814 (2013).
  4. J. Yu, Z. Jia, T. Wang, G. K. Chang, "A novel radio-over-fiber configuration using optical phase modulator to generate an optical mm-wave and centralized lightwave for uplink connection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 140-142 (2007).
  5. J. Yu, Z. Jia, T. Wang, G. K. Chang, "Centralized lightwave radio-over-fiber system with photonic frequency quadrupling for high-frequency millimeter-wave generation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1499-1501 (2007).
  6. J. Yu, "Demonstration of a novel wdm passive optical network architecture to provide triple play services with source-free optical network units," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 571-573 (2007).
  7. Z. Jia, J. Yu, G. K. Chang, "A full-duplex radio-over-fiber system based on optical carrier suppression and reuse," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1726-1728 (2006).
  8. X. Pang, "100 Gbit/s hybrid optical fiber-wireless link in the W-band (75–110 Ghz)," Opt. Exp. 19, 24944-24949 (2011).
  9. X. Li, "Fiber wireless transmission system of 108-Gb/s data over 80-km fiber and 2 × 2MIMO wireless links at 100 GHz W-band frequency," Opt. Lett. 37, 5106-5108 (2012).
  10. X. Li, "Seamless integration of 57.2-Gb/s signal wireline transmission and 100-GHz wireless delivery," Opt. Exp. 20, 24394-24369 (2012).
  11. X. Li, "Demonstration of ultra-high bit rate fiber wireless transmission system of 108-Gb/s data over 80-km fiber and 2 × 2MIMO wireless links at 100 GHz W-band frequency," Proc. OFC/NFOEC'13 (2013).
  12. X. Li, "Investigation of the interference in the MIMO wireless transmission at W-band for an optical wireless integration system," Opt. Lett. 38, 742-744 (2013).
  13. L. Deng, "Fiber wireless transmission of 8.3-Gb/s/ch QPSK-OFDM signals in 75–110-GHz band," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 383-385 (2011).
  14. F. Li, "Reducing the peak-to-average power ratio with companding transform coding in 60 GHz OFDM-ROF systems," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 4, 202-209 (2012).
  15. J. Yu, "Centralized lightwave WDM-PON employing 16-QAM intensity modulated OFDM downstream and OOK modulated upstream signals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1545-1547 (2008).
  16. D. Qian, "11.5 Gb/s OFDM Transmission Over 640 km SSMF Using Directly Modulated Laser," Proc. ECOC (2008).
  17. W. R. Peng, "Spectrally efficient direct detected OFDM transmission employing an iterative estimation and cancellation technique," Opt. Exp. 17, 9099-9111 (2009).
  18. Y. Gao, "Direct-detection optical OFDM transmission system with pre-emphasis technique," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 2138-2145 (2011).
  19. Z. Cao, "Direct-detection optical OFDM transmission system without frequency guard band," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 736-738 (2010).
  20. X. Wang, "SSBI mitigation at 60 GHz OFDM-ROF system based on optimization of training sequence," Opt. Exp. 19, 8839-8846 (2011).
  21. F. Li, "Optimization of pilot interval design in direct-detected optical OFDM system," Opt. Commun. 285, 3075-3081 (2012).
  22. T. Gui, "Auto bias control technique for optical OFDM transmitter with bias dithering," Opt. Exp. 21, 5833-5841 (2013).
  23. C. Lin, "2 × 2MIMO radio-over-fiber system at 60 GHz employing frequency domain equalization," Opt. Exp. 20, 562-567 (2012).
  24. X. Zhou, J. Yu, "Multi-level, multi-dimensional coding for high-speed and high-spectral-efficiency optical transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3641-3653 (2009).
  25. J. Yu, X. Zhou, M.-F. Huang, "High-speed PDM-RZ-8QAM DWDM transmission (160 × 114 Gb/s)114over 640 km of standard single-mode fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1299-1301 (2009).
  26. J. Yu, X. Zhou, S. Gupta, Y.-K. Huang, M.-F. Huang, "A novel scheme to generate 112.8-Gb/s PM-RZ-64QAM optical signal," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 115-117 (2010).
  27. J. Yu, X. Zhou, "Ultra-high-capacity DWDM transmission system for 100 G and beyond," IEEE Commun. Mag. 48, 56-64 (2010).
  28. Q. Yang, "Demonstration of frequency-domain averaging based channel estimation for 40 Gb/s CO-OFDM with high PMD," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1544-1546 (2009).
  29. X. Ling, "Intra-symbol frequency-domain averaging based channel estimation for coherent optical OFDM," Opt. Exp. 16, 21944-21957 (2008).

2013 (4)

T. Gui, "Auto bias control technique for optical OFDM transmitter with bias dithering," Opt. Exp. 21, 5833-5841 (2013).

X. Li, "Heterodyne coherent detection of WDM PDM-QPSK signals with spectral efficiency of 4 b/s/Hz," Opt. Exp. 21, 8808-8814 (2013).

J. Zhang, "Nonlinear compensation and crosstalk suppression for 4 × 160.8 Gb/s WDM PDM-QPSK signal with heterodyne detection," Opt. Exp. 21, 9230-9237 (2013).

X. Li, "Investigation of the interference in the MIMO wireless transmission at W-band for an optical wireless integration system," Opt. Lett. 38, 742-744 (2013).

2012 (5)

X. Li, "Seamless integration of 57.2-Gb/s signal wireline transmission and 100-GHz wireless delivery," Opt. Exp. 20, 24394-24369 (2012).

X. Li, "Fiber wireless transmission system of 108-Gb/s data over 80-km fiber and 2 × 2MIMO wireless links at 100 GHz W-band frequency," Opt. Lett. 37, 5106-5108 (2012).

C. Lin, "2 × 2MIMO radio-over-fiber system at 60 GHz employing frequency domain equalization," Opt. Exp. 20, 562-567 (2012).

F. Li, "Reducing the peak-to-average power ratio with companding transform coding in 60 GHz OFDM-ROF systems," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 4, 202-209 (2012).

F. Li, "Optimization of pilot interval design in direct-detected optical OFDM system," Opt. Commun. 285, 3075-3081 (2012).

2011 (4)

X. Wang, "SSBI mitigation at 60 GHz OFDM-ROF system based on optimization of training sequence," Opt. Exp. 19, 8839-8846 (2011).

Y. Gao, "Direct-detection optical OFDM transmission system with pre-emphasis technique," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 2138-2145 (2011).

L. Deng, "Fiber wireless transmission of 8.3-Gb/s/ch QPSK-OFDM signals in 75–110-GHz band," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 383-385 (2011).

X. Pang, "100 Gbit/s hybrid optical fiber-wireless link in the W-band (75–110 Ghz)," Opt. Exp. 19, 24944-24949 (2011).

2010 (3)

Z. Cao, "Direct-detection optical OFDM transmission system without frequency guard band," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 736-738 (2010).

J. Yu, X. Zhou, S. Gupta, Y.-K. Huang, M.-F. Huang, "A novel scheme to generate 112.8-Gb/s PM-RZ-64QAM optical signal," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 115-117 (2010).

J. Yu, X. Zhou, "Ultra-high-capacity DWDM transmission system for 100 G and beyond," IEEE Commun. Mag. 48, 56-64 (2010).

2009 (4)

Q. Yang, "Demonstration of frequency-domain averaging based channel estimation for 40 Gb/s CO-OFDM with high PMD," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1544-1546 (2009).

X. Zhou, J. Yu, "Multi-level, multi-dimensional coding for high-speed and high-spectral-efficiency optical transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3641-3653 (2009).

J. Yu, X. Zhou, M.-F. Huang, "High-speed PDM-RZ-8QAM DWDM transmission (160 × 114 Gb/s)114over 640 km of standard single-mode fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1299-1301 (2009).

W. R. Peng, "Spectrally efficient direct detected OFDM transmission employing an iterative estimation and cancellation technique," Opt. Exp. 17, 9099-9111 (2009).

2008 (2)

J. Yu, "Centralized lightwave WDM-PON employing 16-QAM intensity modulated OFDM downstream and OOK modulated upstream signals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1545-1547 (2008).

X. Ling, "Intra-symbol frequency-domain averaging based channel estimation for coherent optical OFDM," Opt. Exp. 16, 21944-21957 (2008).

2007 (3)

J. Yu, Z. Jia, T. Wang, G. K. Chang, "A novel radio-over-fiber configuration using optical phase modulator to generate an optical mm-wave and centralized lightwave for uplink connection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 140-142 (2007).

J. Yu, Z. Jia, T. Wang, G. K. Chang, "Centralized lightwave radio-over-fiber system with photonic frequency quadrupling for high-frequency millimeter-wave generation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1499-1501 (2007).

J. Yu, "Demonstration of a novel wdm passive optical network architecture to provide triple play services with source-free optical network units," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 571-573 (2007).

2006 (2)

Z. Jia, J. Yu, G. K. Chang, "A full-duplex radio-over-fiber system based on optical carrier suppression and reuse," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1726-1728 (2006).

J. Yu, "Optical millimeter wave generation or up-conversion using external modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265-267 (2006).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

J. Yu, X. Zhou, "Ultra-high-capacity DWDM transmission system for 100 G and beyond," IEEE Commun. Mag. 48, 56-64 (2010).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (11)

Q. Yang, "Demonstration of frequency-domain averaging based channel estimation for 40 Gb/s CO-OFDM with high PMD," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1544-1546 (2009).

J. Yu, X. Zhou, M.-F. Huang, "High-speed PDM-RZ-8QAM DWDM transmission (160 × 114 Gb/s)114over 640 km of standard single-mode fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1299-1301 (2009).

J. Yu, X. Zhou, S. Gupta, Y.-K. Huang, M.-F. Huang, "A novel scheme to generate 112.8-Gb/s PM-RZ-64QAM optical signal," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 115-117 (2010).

Z. Cao, "Direct-detection optical OFDM transmission system without frequency guard band," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 736-738 (2010).

J. Yu, Z. Jia, T. Wang, G. K. Chang, "A novel radio-over-fiber configuration using optical phase modulator to generate an optical mm-wave and centralized lightwave for uplink connection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 140-142 (2007).

J. Yu, Z. Jia, T. Wang, G. K. Chang, "Centralized lightwave radio-over-fiber system with photonic frequency quadrupling for high-frequency millimeter-wave generation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1499-1501 (2007).

J. Yu, "Demonstration of a novel wdm passive optical network architecture to provide triple play services with source-free optical network units," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 571-573 (2007).

Z. Jia, J. Yu, G. K. Chang, "A full-duplex radio-over-fiber system based on optical carrier suppression and reuse," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1726-1728 (2006).

J. Yu, "Optical millimeter wave generation or up-conversion using external modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265-267 (2006).

L. Deng, "Fiber wireless transmission of 8.3-Gb/s/ch QPSK-OFDM signals in 75–110-GHz band," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 383-385 (2011).

J. Yu, "Centralized lightwave WDM-PON employing 16-QAM intensity modulated OFDM downstream and OOK modulated upstream signals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1545-1547 (2008).

IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (1)

F. Li, "Reducing the peak-to-average power ratio with companding transform coding in 60 GHz OFDM-ROF systems," IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 4, 202-209 (2012).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

Y. Gao, "Direct-detection optical OFDM transmission system with pre-emphasis technique," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 2138-2145 (2011).

X. Zhou, J. Yu, "Multi-level, multi-dimensional coding for high-speed and high-spectral-efficiency optical transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3641-3653 (2009).

Opt. Commun. (1)

F. Li, "Optimization of pilot interval design in direct-detected optical OFDM system," Opt. Commun. 285, 3075-3081 (2012).

Opt. Exp. (9)

T. Gui, "Auto bias control technique for optical OFDM transmitter with bias dithering," Opt. Exp. 21, 5833-5841 (2013).

C. Lin, "2 × 2MIMO radio-over-fiber system at 60 GHz employing frequency domain equalization," Opt. Exp. 20, 562-567 (2012).

X. Wang, "SSBI mitigation at 60 GHz OFDM-ROF system based on optimization of training sequence," Opt. Exp. 19, 8839-8846 (2011).

X. Ling, "Intra-symbol frequency-domain averaging based channel estimation for coherent optical OFDM," Opt. Exp. 16, 21944-21957 (2008).

W. R. Peng, "Spectrally efficient direct detected OFDM transmission employing an iterative estimation and cancellation technique," Opt. Exp. 17, 9099-9111 (2009).

J. Zhang, "Nonlinear compensation and crosstalk suppression for 4 × 160.8 Gb/s WDM PDM-QPSK signal with heterodyne detection," Opt. Exp. 21, 9230-9237 (2013).

X. Li, "Heterodyne coherent detection of WDM PDM-QPSK signals with spectral efficiency of 4 b/s/Hz," Opt. Exp. 21, 8808-8814 (2013).

X. Li, "Seamless integration of 57.2-Gb/s signal wireline transmission and 100-GHz wireless delivery," Opt. Exp. 20, 24394-24369 (2012).

X. Pang, "100 Gbit/s hybrid optical fiber-wireless link in the W-band (75–110 Ghz)," Opt. Exp. 19, 24944-24949 (2011).

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (2)

D. Qian, "11.5 Gb/s OFDM Transmission Over 640 km SSMF Using Directly Modulated Laser," Proc. ECOC (2008).

X. Li, "Demonstration of ultra-high bit rate fiber wireless transmission system of 108-Gb/s data over 80-km fiber and 2 × 2MIMO wireless links at 100 GHz W-band frequency," Proc. OFC/NFOEC'13 (2013).

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