Abstract

This paper addresses the systematic approach to optimize series inductance in the inductively peaked pin photodiode for high speed operation beyond 100 Gb/s. For this end, peak distortion analysis is introduced in addition to group delay dispersion technique. Through analytical analysis and comprehensive numerical simulations, inductance values are calculated to optimize vertical eye-opening and signal-to-noise ratio. For verification, an optical waveguide integrated pin photodiode with optimized inductance is fabricated and measured. Using the optical pulse measurement setup, its pulse response is measured, and a full-width at half maximum of 7.34 ps is obtained. The fabricated module is tested using 107 Gb/s return-to-zero signal and shows excellent eye-opening.

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  1. P. Pepeljugoski, F. Doany, D. Kuchta, L. Schares, C. Schow, M. Ritter, J. Kash, "Data center and high performance computing interconnects for 100 Gb/s and beyond," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2007).
  2. R. Rabinovich, "40 Gb/s and 100 Gb/s ethernet short-reach optical and copper host board channel design," IEEE Commun. Mag. 50, 129-133 (2012).
  3. L. Huff, "State of the short-reach optics market," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2011) (2011).
  4. A. Vahdat, H. Liu, X. Zhao, C. Johnson, "The emerging optical data center," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2011).
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  9. Y.-G. Wey, K. Giboney, J. Bowers, M. Rodwell, P. Silvestre, P. Thiagarajan, G. Robinson, "110-GHz GaInAs/InP double heterostructure p-i-n photodetectors," J. Lightw. Technol. 13, 1490-1499 (1995).
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  15. J. G. Proakis, Digital Communications (McGraw-Hill, 1995).
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  19. J. S. Walling, S. Shekhar, D. J. Allstot, "Wideband CMOS amplifier design: Time-domain considerations," IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. I, Reg. Papers 55, 1781-1793 (2008).
  20. J. Youn, H. Kang, M. Lee, K. Park, W. Choi, "High-speed CMOS integrated optical receiver with an avalanche photodetector," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1553-1556 (2009).
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  22. A. Muranyi, "Statistical eye analysis implemented in VHDL-AMS," Proc. 2007 IEEE Int. Behavioral Modeling Simulation Conf. (2007) pp. 64-66.
  23. B. Casper, Peak Distortion ISI Analysis Circuits Research Lab, Intel Corporation (2003) http://download.intel.com/education/highered/signal/ELCT865/Class2_15_16_Peak_Distortion_Analysis.ppt.
  24. H.-G. Bach, Monolithically Integrated Optoelectronic Subassembly U.S. Patent 2009/0202197 A1 (2009).
  25. A. Beling, "InP-based 1.55 μm waveguide-integrated photodetectors for high-speed applications," Proc. SPIE's Int. Symp. Integrated Optoelectronic Devices 2006 (2006) pp. 156-167.
  26. J. Berger, A. Le, A. Wietfeld, S. Ferber, L. Gruener-Nielsen, B. Schmauss, H. G. Weber, "160 Gbit/s transmission over dispersion managed fibre set," Proc. ECOC (2003) pp. 56-57.

2012

R. Rabinovich, "40 Gb/s and 100 Gb/s ethernet short-reach optical and copper host board channel design," IEEE Commun. Mag. 50, 129-133 (2012).

2011

C. Knochenhauer, B. Sedighi, F. Ellinger, "A comparative analysis of peaking methods for output stages of broadband amplifiers," IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. I, Reg. Papers 58, 2581-2589 (2011).

2009

J. Youn, H. Kang, M. Lee, K. Park, W. Choi, "High-speed CMOS integrated optical receiver with an avalanche photodetector," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1553-1556 (2009).

2008

J. S. Walling, S. Shekhar, D. J. Allstot, "Wideband CMOS amplifier design: Time-domain considerations," IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. I, Reg. Papers 55, 1781-1793 (2008).

2004

H.-G. Bach, A. Beling, G. G. Mekonnen, R. Kunkel, D. Schmidt, W. Ebert, A. Seeger, M. Stollberg, W. Schlaak, "InP-based waveguide-integrated photodetector with 100-GHz bandwidth," IEEE Trans. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 10, 668-672 (2004).

H. Ito, S. Kodama, Y. Muramoto, T. Furuta, T. Nagatsuma, T. Ishibashi, "High-speed and high-output InP-InGaAs unitraveling-carrier photodiodes," IEEE Trans. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 10, 709-727 (2004).

2001

R. Lewén, U. Westergren, E. Berglind, "Design of inductive p-i-n diode matching for optical receivers with increased bit-rate operation," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 1956-1963 (2001).

2000

H. Ito, T. Furuta, S. Kodama, T. Ishibashi, "High-efficiency unitraveling-carrier photodiode with an integrated total-reflection mirror," J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 384-387 (2000).

1999

K. Kato, "Ultrawide-band/high-frequency photodetectors," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47, 1265-1281 (1999).

1996

L. Y. Lin, M. C. Wu, T. Itoh, T. A. Vang, R. E. Muller, D. L. Sivco, A. Y. Cho, "Velocity-matched distributed photodetectors with highsaturation power and large bandwidth," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1376-1378 (1996).

1995

Y.-G. Wey, K. Giboney, J. Bowers, M. Rodwell, P. Silvestre, P. Thiagarajan, G. Robinson, "110-GHz GaInAs/InP double heterostructure p-i-n photodetectors," J. Lightw. Technol. 13, 1490-1499 (1995).

1993

K. Kato, K. Kawano, A. Kozen, "Design of ultrawide-band, highsensitivity p-i-n photodetectors," IEICE Trans. Electron. E76-C, 214-221 (1993).

IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. I, Reg. Papers

C. Knochenhauer, B. Sedighi, F. Ellinger, "A comparative analysis of peaking methods for output stages of broadband amplifiers," IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. I, Reg. Papers 58, 2581-2589 (2011).

IEEE Commun. Mag.

R. Rabinovich, "40 Gb/s and 100 Gb/s ethernet short-reach optical and copper host board channel design," IEEE Commun. Mag. 50, 129-133 (2012).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

L. Y. Lin, M. C. Wu, T. Itoh, T. A. Vang, R. E. Muller, D. L. Sivco, A. Y. Cho, "Velocity-matched distributed photodetectors with highsaturation power and large bandwidth," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1376-1378 (1996).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

J. Youn, H. Kang, M. Lee, K. Park, W. Choi, "High-speed CMOS integrated optical receiver with an avalanche photodetector," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1553-1556 (2009).

IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. I, Reg. Papers

J. S. Walling, S. Shekhar, D. J. Allstot, "Wideband CMOS amplifier design: Time-domain considerations," IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. I, Reg. Papers 55, 1781-1793 (2008).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.

K. Kato, "Ultrawide-band/high-frequency photodetectors," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47, 1265-1281 (1999).

IEEE Trans. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron.

H.-G. Bach, A. Beling, G. G. Mekonnen, R. Kunkel, D. Schmidt, W. Ebert, A. Seeger, M. Stollberg, W. Schlaak, "InP-based waveguide-integrated photodetector with 100-GHz bandwidth," IEEE Trans. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 10, 668-672 (2004).

IEEE Trans. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron.

H. Ito, S. Kodama, Y. Muramoto, T. Furuta, T. Nagatsuma, T. Ishibashi, "High-speed and high-output InP-InGaAs unitraveling-carrier photodiodes," IEEE Trans. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 10, 709-727 (2004).

IEICE Trans. Electron.

K. Kato, K. Kawano, A. Kozen, "Design of ultrawide-band, highsensitivity p-i-n photodetectors," IEICE Trans. Electron. E76-C, 214-221 (1993).

J. Lightwave Technol.

H. Ito, T. Furuta, S. Kodama, T. Ishibashi, "High-efficiency unitraveling-carrier photodiode with an integrated total-reflection mirror," J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 384-387 (2000).

J. Lightw. Technol.

Y.-G. Wey, K. Giboney, J. Bowers, M. Rodwell, P. Silvestre, P. Thiagarajan, G. Robinson, "110-GHz GaInAs/InP double heterostructure p-i-n photodetectors," J. Lightw. Technol. 13, 1490-1499 (1995).

R. Lewén, U. Westergren, E. Berglind, "Design of inductive p-i-n diode matching for optical receivers with increased bit-rate operation," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 1956-1963 (2001).

Other

J. G. Proakis, Digital Communications (McGraw-Hill, 1995).

A. Beling, Periodic Travelling Wave Photodetectors with Serial and Parallel Optical Feed Based on InP Dissertation Dept. Electrotechnique and Information Technical University of BerlinBerlinGermany (2006).

B. Razavi, Design of Integrated Circuits for Optical Communications (McGraw-Hill, 2002).

L. Huff, "State of the short-reach optics market," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2011) (2011).

A. Vahdat, H. Liu, X. Zhao, C. Johnson, "The emerging optical data center," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2011).

D. Coleman, “Optical Trends in the Data Center,” http://www.bicsi.org/uploadedfiles/BICSI_Conferences/Canada/2012/presentations.

http://www.ist-gibon.eu.

Matlab Manual on Communication System Toolbox http://www.mathworks.de/de/help/comm/ref/commscope.eyediagram.html#brkinm8.

A. Muranyi, "Statistical eye analysis implemented in VHDL-AMS," Proc. 2007 IEEE Int. Behavioral Modeling Simulation Conf. (2007) pp. 64-66.

B. Casper, Peak Distortion ISI Analysis Circuits Research Lab, Intel Corporation (2003) http://download.intel.com/education/highered/signal/ELCT865/Class2_15_16_Peak_Distortion_Analysis.ppt.

H.-G. Bach, Monolithically Integrated Optoelectronic Subassembly U.S. Patent 2009/0202197 A1 (2009).

A. Beling, "InP-based 1.55 μm waveguide-integrated photodetectors for high-speed applications," Proc. SPIE's Int. Symp. Integrated Optoelectronic Devices 2006 (2006) pp. 156-167.

J. Berger, A. Le, A. Wietfeld, S. Ferber, L. Gruener-Nielsen, B. Schmauss, H. G. Weber, "160 Gbit/s transmission over dispersion managed fibre set," Proc. ECOC (2003) pp. 56-57.

P. Pepeljugoski, F. Doany, D. Kuchta, L. Schares, C. Schow, M. Ritter, J. Kash, "Data center and high performance computing interconnects for 100 Gb/s and beyond," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2007).

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