Abstract

In this paper, a highly-integrated widely-tunable optical homodyne receiver is reported with 40 Gbaud/s data rate. By using photonic and electronic integration, the receiver is realized within a size of 10×10 mm<sup>2</sup>, and the system is very robust and resistive to environmental changes. An integrated photonic coherent receiver circuit is demonstrated with 35 GHz photodetector bandwidth, and the integrated local oscillator (LO) laser covers a 40 nm range. The electronic IC (EIC) has a working frequency up to 50 GHz. The feedback loop is carefully analyzed and designed, and the experimental results show > 1.1 GHz loop bandwidth, which matches the design. The hold-in range is measured to be > 15 GHz. The phase noise of the transmitting laser has been cloned to the LO laser quite well, and both the linewidth measurement and phase noise measurement show no observable cross talk between binary phase shift keying (BPSK) data and the optical phase-locked loop (OPLL). Error free (bit error rate < 10<sup>-12</sup>) is achieved up to 35 Gbit/s. The system consumes 3 Watts of power.

© 2013 IEEE

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  2. T. Omiya, K. Toyoda, M. Yoshida, M. Nakazawa, "400 Gbit/s Frequency-Division-Multiplexed and Polarization-Multiplexed 256 QAM-OFDM transmission over 400 km with a spectral efficiency of 14 bit/s/Hz," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2012).
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  9. S. Norimatsu, K. Iwashita, "PLL propagation delay-time influence on linewidth requirements of optical PSK homodyne detection," J. Lightw. Technol. 9, 1367-1375 (1991).
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2013 (1)

M. Lu, H.-C. Park, A. Sivananthan, J. Parker, E. Bloch, L. Johansson, M. Rodwell, L. Coldren, "Monolithic integration of a high-speed widely tunable optical coherent receiver," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 1077-1080 (2013).

2012 (4)

E. Bloch, H. Park, M. Lu, T. Reed, Z. Griffith, L. A. Johansson, L. A. Coldren, D. Ritter, M. J. Rodwell, "A 1–20 GHz all-digital InP HBT optical wavelength synthesis IC," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. PP, 1-11 (2012).

L. A. Coldren, L. A. Johansson, M. Lu, H. c. Park, J. Parker, A. Sivananthan, M. Rodwell, "Single-chip integrated transmitters and receivers," Opt. Exp. 20, B377-B385 (2012).

H. Park, M. Lu, E. Bloch, T. Reed, Z. Griffith, L. Johansson, L. Coldren, M. Rodwell, "40 Gbit/s coherent optical receiver using a Costas loop," Opt. Exp. 20, B197-B203 (2012).

M. Lu, H. Park, E. Bloch, A. Sivananthan, A. Bhardwaj, Z. Griffith, L. Johansson, M. Rodwell, L. Coldren, "Highly integrated optical heterodyne phase-locked loop with phase/frequency detection," Opt. Exp. 20, 9736-9741 (2012).

2011 (2)

R. Steed, "Monolithically integrated heterodyne optical phase-lock loop with RF XOR phase detector," Opt. Exp. 19, 20 048-20 053 (2011).

M. Fice, A. Chiuchiarelli, E. Ciaramella, A. Seeds, "Homodyne coherent optical receiver using an optical injection phase-lock loop," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 1152-1164 (2011).

2010 (2)

R. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. Winzer, G. Foschini, B. Goebel, "Capacity limits of optical fiber networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 662-701 (2010).

S. Ristic, A. Bhardwaj, M. Rodwell, L. Coldren, L. Johansson, "An optical phase-locked loop photonic integrated circuit," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 526-538 (2010).

2006 (2)

D. Welch, "The realization of large-scale photonic integrated circuits and the associated impact on fiber-optic communication systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4674-4683 (2006).

L. Kazovsky, G. Kalogerakis, W. Shaw, "Homodyne phase-shift-keying systems: Past challenges and future opportunities," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4876-4884 (2006).

2005 (1)

E. Ip, J. Kahn, "Carrier synchronization for 3-and 4-bit-per-symbol optical transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 4110-4124 (2005).

1994 (1)

P. Corrc, O. Girad, J. I. F. De Faria, "On the thermal contribution to the FM response of DFB lasers: Theory and experiment," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2485-2490 (1994).

1992 (1)

U. Gliese, T. Nielsen, M. Bruun, E. L. Christensen, K. Stubkjaer, S. Lindgren, B. Broberg, "A wideband heterodyne optical phase-locked loop for generation of 3–18 GHz microwave carriers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 936-938 (1992).

1991 (1)

S. Norimatsu, K. Iwashita, "PLL propagation delay-time influence on linewidth requirements of optical PSK homodyne detection," J. Lightw. Technol. 9, 1367-1375 (1991).

1990 (1)

S. Norimatsu, K. Iwashita, K. Sato, "PSK optical homodyne detection using external cavity laser diodes in Costas loop," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 374-376 (1990).

1989 (1)

T. Koch, U. Koren, R. Gnall, F. Choa, F. Hernandez-Gil, C. Burrus, M. Young, M. Oron, B. Miller, "GaInAs/GaInAsP multiple-quantum-well integrated heterodyne receiver," Electron. Lett. 25, 1621-1623 (1989).

1987 (1)

M. Grant, W. Michie, M. Fletcher, "The performance of optical phase-locked loops in the presence of nonnegligible loop propagation delay," J. Lightw. Technol. 5, 592-597 (1987).

1986 (2)

T. Hodgkinson, "Costas loop analysis for coherent optical receivers," Electron. Lett. 22, 394-396 (1986).

L. Kazovsky, "Balanced phase-locked loops for optical homodyne receivers: Performance analysis, design considerations, and laser linewidth requirements," J. Lightw. Technol. 4, 182-195 (1986).

1985 (1)

L. Kazovsky, "Decision-driven phase-locked loop for optical homodyne receivers: Performance analysis and laser linewidth requirements," J. Lightw. Technol. 3, 1238-1247 (1985).

1979 (1)

D. Messerschmitt, "Frequency detectors for PLL acquisition in timing and carrier recovery," IEEE Trans. Commun. 27, 1288-1295 (1979).

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

D. Messerschmitt, "Frequency detectors for PLL acquisition in timing and carrier recovery," IEEE Trans. Commun. 27, 1288-1295 (1979).

Electron. Lett. (2)

T. Hodgkinson, "Costas loop analysis for coherent optical receivers," Electron. Lett. 22, 394-396 (1986).

T. Koch, U. Koren, R. Gnall, F. Choa, F. Hernandez-Gil, C. Burrus, M. Young, M. Oron, B. Miller, "GaInAs/GaInAsP multiple-quantum-well integrated heterodyne receiver," Electron. Lett. 25, 1621-1623 (1989).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

P. Corrc, O. Girad, J. I. F. De Faria, "On the thermal contribution to the FM response of DFB lasers: Theory and experiment," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2485-2490 (1994).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

M. Lu, H.-C. Park, A. Sivananthan, J. Parker, E. Bloch, L. Johansson, M. Rodwell, L. Coldren, "Monolithic integration of a high-speed widely tunable optical coherent receiver," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 1077-1080 (2013).

S. Norimatsu, K. Iwashita, K. Sato, "PSK optical homodyne detection using external cavity laser diodes in Costas loop," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 374-376 (1990).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

U. Gliese, T. Nielsen, M. Bruun, E. L. Christensen, K. Stubkjaer, S. Lindgren, B. Broberg, "A wideband heterodyne optical phase-locked loop for generation of 3–18 GHz microwave carriers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 936-938 (1992).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (1)

E. Bloch, H. Park, M. Lu, T. Reed, Z. Griffith, L. A. Johansson, L. A. Coldren, D. Ritter, M. J. Rodwell, "A 1–20 GHz all-digital InP HBT optical wavelength synthesis IC," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. PP, 1-11 (2012).

J. Lightw. Technol. (3)

L. Kazovsky, "Balanced phase-locked loops for optical homodyne receivers: Performance analysis, design considerations, and laser linewidth requirements," J. Lightw. Technol. 4, 182-195 (1986).

L. Kazovsky, G. Kalogerakis, W. Shaw, "Homodyne phase-shift-keying systems: Past challenges and future opportunities," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4876-4884 (2006).

M. Fice, A. Chiuchiarelli, E. Ciaramella, A. Seeds, "Homodyne coherent optical receiver using an optical injection phase-lock loop," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 1152-1164 (2011).

J. Lightw. Technol. (7)

L. Kazovsky, "Decision-driven phase-locked loop for optical homodyne receivers: Performance analysis and laser linewidth requirements," J. Lightw. Technol. 3, 1238-1247 (1985).

S. Norimatsu, K. Iwashita, "PLL propagation delay-time influence on linewidth requirements of optical PSK homodyne detection," J. Lightw. Technol. 9, 1367-1375 (1991).

R. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. Winzer, G. Foschini, B. Goebel, "Capacity limits of optical fiber networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 662-701 (2010).

D. Welch, "The realization of large-scale photonic integrated circuits and the associated impact on fiber-optic communication systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4674-4683 (2006).

E. Ip, J. Kahn, "Carrier synchronization for 3-and 4-bit-per-symbol optical transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 4110-4124 (2005).

M. Grant, W. Michie, M. Fletcher, "The performance of optical phase-locked loops in the presence of nonnegligible loop propagation delay," J. Lightw. Technol. 5, 592-597 (1987).

S. Ristic, A. Bhardwaj, M. Rodwell, L. Coldren, L. Johansson, "An optical phase-locked loop photonic integrated circuit," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 526-538 (2010).

Opt. Exp. (1)

H. Park, M. Lu, E. Bloch, T. Reed, Z. Griffith, L. Johansson, L. Coldren, M. Rodwell, "40 Gbit/s coherent optical receiver using a Costas loop," Opt. Exp. 20, B197-B203 (2012).

Opt. Exp. (3)

M. Lu, H. Park, E. Bloch, A. Sivananthan, A. Bhardwaj, Z. Griffith, L. Johansson, M. Rodwell, L. Coldren, "Highly integrated optical heterodyne phase-locked loop with phase/frequency detection," Opt. Exp. 20, 9736-9741 (2012).

R. Steed, "Monolithically integrated heterodyne optical phase-lock loop with RF XOR phase detector," Opt. Exp. 19, 20 048-20 053 (2011).

L. A. Coldren, L. A. Johansson, M. Lu, H. c. Park, J. Parker, A. Sivananthan, M. Rodwell, "Single-chip integrated transmitters and receivers," Opt. Exp. 20, B377-B385 (2012).

Other (7)

M. Lu, H. Park, E. Bloch, A. Sivananthan, J. Parker, Z. Griffith, L. Johansson, M. Rodwell, L. Coldren, "A photonic integrated circuit for a 40 Gbaud/s homodyne receiver using an optical Costas loop," Proc. IEEE Photon. Conf. (2012).

E. Bloch, H. Park, M. Lu, T. Reed, Z. Griffith, L. Johansson, L. Coldren, D. Ritter, M. Rodwell, "A 1–20 GHz InP HBT phase-lock-loop IC for optical wavelength synthesis," Proc. MTT (2012) pp. 1-3.

F. M. Gardner, Phaselock Techniques (Wiley-Interscience, 2005).

H. Park, M. Lu, E. Bloch, T. Reed, Z. Griffith, L. Johansson, L. Coldren, M. Rodwell, "40 Gbit/s coherent optical receiver using a costas loop," Proc. ECOC (2012).

K. Kikuchi, High Spectral Density Optical Communication Technologies (Springer, 2010) pp. 11-49.

T. Omiya, K. Toyoda, M. Yoshida, M. Nakazawa, "400 Gbit/s Frequency-Division-Multiplexed and Polarization-Multiplexed 256 QAM-OFDM transmission over 400 km with a spectral efficiency of 14 bit/s/Hz," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2012).

T. Sakamoto, A. Chiba, A. Kanno, I. Morohashi, T. Kawanishi, "Real-time homodyne reception of 40-Gb/s BPSK signal by digital optical phase-locked loop," Proc. ECOC (2010) pp. 1-3.

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