Abstract

We propose a mode-division multiplexing (MDM) transmission system with differential mode delay (DMD) independent low computational complexity MIMO processing. We adjusted the delay time of the delay units in the equalizer in accordance with the DMD value of the fiber, and the functional imperfection of the mode MUX/DEMUX can be compensated for with low computational complexity by using this technique. Finally, we investigated the crosstalk characteristics of the PLC-based MUX/DEMUX and achieved an experimental WDM-MDM transmission over the C-L band with low MIMO processing complexity even when using a few-mode fiber with a high DMD.

© 2013 IEEE

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  1. H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, T. Morioka, "1.01-Pb/s (12 SDM/222 WDM/456 Gb/s) Crosstalk-managed transmission with 91.4-b/s/Hz aggregate spectral efficiency," Proc. 38th ECOC (2012).
  2. J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugisaki, T. Kobayashi, M. Watanabe, "19-core fiber transmission of 19×100×172-Gb/s SDM-WDM-PDM-QPSK signals at 305 Tb/s," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2012).
  3. S. Matsuo, K. Takenaga, Y. Arakawa, Y. Sasaki, S. Tanigawa, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, "Large-effective-area ten-core fiber with cladding diameter of about 200 \mu{\rm m}," Opt. Lett. 36, 4626-4628 (2011).
  4. T. Hayashi, T. Taru, O. Shimakawa, T. Sasaki, E. Sasaoka, "Design and fabrication of ultra-low crosstalk and low-loss multi-core fiber," Opt. Exp. 19, 16576-16592 (2011).
  5. N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, S. Tomita, M. Koshiba, "Asymmetric parallel waveguide with mode conversion for mode and wavelength division multiplexing transmission," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2012).
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  8. N. Bai, E. Ip, Y. Huang, E. Mateo, F. Yaman, M. Li, S. Bickham, S. Ten, J. Liñares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, V. Tse, K. M. Chung, A. Lau, H. Tam, C. Lu, Y. Luo, G. Peng, G. Li, T. Wang, "Mode-division multiplexed transmission with inline few-mode fiber amplifier," Opt. Exp. 20, 2668-2680 (2012).
  9. R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. C. Burrows, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, R. Lingle, "Mode-division multiplexing over 96 km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6×6 MIMO processing," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 521-531 (2012).
  10. M. Salsi, C. Koebele, G. Charlet, S. Bigo, "Mode division multiplexed transmission with a weakly-coupled few-mode fiber," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2012).
  11. L. G. -Nielsen, Y. Sun, J. W. Nicholson, D. Jakobsen, R. Lingle, B. Palsdottir, "Few mode transmission fiber with low DGD, low mode coupling and low loss," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2012).
  12. C. Xia, N. Bai, I. Ozdur, X. Zhou, G. Li, "Supermodes for optical transmission," Opt. Exp. 19, 16653-16664 (2011).
  13. T. Sakamoto, T. Mori, T. Yamamoto, S. Tomita, "Differential mode delay managed transmission line for wide-band WDM-MIMO system," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2012).
  14. R. Maruyama, N. Kuwaki, S. Matsuo, K. Sato, M. Ohashi, "DMD free transmission line composed of TMFs with large effective area for MIMO processing," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2012).
  15. S. Randel, R. Ryf, A. Gnauck, M. A. Mestre, C. Schmidt, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, R. Lingle, "Mode-multiplexed 6\,\times\, 20-GBd QPSK transmission over 1200-km DGD-compensated few-mode fiber," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2012).
  16. C. Koebele, M. Salsi, D. Sperti, P. Tran, P. Brindel, H. Mardoyan, S. Bigo, A. Boutin, P. Sillard, F. Cerou, G. Charlet, "Two-mode transmission with digital inter-modal cross-talk mitigation," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2011).
  17. S. Haykin, Adaptive Filter Theory (Prentice Hall, 2001).
  18. S. Ariyavisitakul, N. R. Sollenberger, L. J. Greenstein, "Tap-selectable decision-feedback equalization," IEEE Trans. Commun. 45, 1497-1500 (1997).
  19. J. Morikuni, P. Mena, B. K. Whitlock, R. Scarmozzino, "Link-level design, analysis, and simulation of multimode data communication systems," Proc. NFOEC (2003) pp. 858-867.
  20. A. Leven, N. Kaneda, U.-V. Koc, Y.-K. Chen, "Frequency estimation in intradyne reception," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 366-368 (2007).
  21. J. G. Proakis, Digital Communications (McGraw Hill, 2008).

2012 (2)

N. Bai, E. Ip, Y. Huang, E. Mateo, F. Yaman, M. Li, S. Bickham, S. Ten, J. Liñares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, V. Tse, K. M. Chung, A. Lau, H. Tam, C. Lu, Y. Luo, G. Peng, G. Li, T. Wang, "Mode-division multiplexed transmission with inline few-mode fiber amplifier," Opt. Exp. 20, 2668-2680 (2012).

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. C. Burrows, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, R. Lingle, "Mode-division multiplexing over 96 km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6×6 MIMO processing," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 521-531 (2012).

2011 (3)

C. Xia, N. Bai, I. Ozdur, X. Zhou, G. Li, "Supermodes for optical transmission," Opt. Exp. 19, 16653-16664 (2011).

S. Matsuo, K. Takenaga, Y. Arakawa, Y. Sasaki, S. Tanigawa, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, "Large-effective-area ten-core fiber with cladding diameter of about 200 \mu{\rm m}," Opt. Lett. 36, 4626-4628 (2011).

T. Hayashi, T. Taru, O. Shimakawa, T. Sasaki, E. Sasaoka, "Design and fabrication of ultra-low crosstalk and low-loss multi-core fiber," Opt. Exp. 19, 16576-16592 (2011).

2007 (1)

A. Leven, N. Kaneda, U.-V. Koc, Y.-K. Chen, "Frequency estimation in intradyne reception," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 366-368 (2007).

2005 (1)

A. R. Shah, R. C. J. Hsu, A. Tarighat, "Coherent optical MIMO (COMIMO)," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2410-2419 (2005).

1997 (1)

S. Ariyavisitakul, N. R. Sollenberger, L. J. Greenstein, "Tap-selectable decision-feedback equalization," IEEE Trans. Commun. 45, 1497-1500 (1997).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

A. Leven, N. Kaneda, U.-V. Koc, Y.-K. Chen, "Frequency estimation in intradyne reception," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 366-368 (2007).

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

S. Ariyavisitakul, N. R. Sollenberger, L. J. Greenstein, "Tap-selectable decision-feedback equalization," IEEE Trans. Commun. 45, 1497-1500 (1997).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

A. R. Shah, R. C. J. Hsu, A. Tarighat, "Coherent optical MIMO (COMIMO)," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2410-2419 (2005).

R. Ryf, S. Randel, A. H. Gnauck, C. Bolle, A. Sierra, S. Mumtaz, M. Esmaeelpour, E. C. Burrows, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, D. W. Peckham, A. H. McCurdy, R. Lingle, "Mode-division multiplexing over 96 km of few-mode fiber using coherent 6×6 MIMO processing," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 521-531 (2012).

Opt. Exp. (1)

N. Bai, E. Ip, Y. Huang, E. Mateo, F. Yaman, M. Li, S. Bickham, S. Ten, J. Liñares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, V. Tse, K. M. Chung, A. Lau, H. Tam, C. Lu, Y. Luo, G. Peng, G. Li, T. Wang, "Mode-division multiplexed transmission with inline few-mode fiber amplifier," Opt. Exp. 20, 2668-2680 (2012).

Opt. Lett. (1)

S. Matsuo, K. Takenaga, Y. Arakawa, Y. Sasaki, S. Tanigawa, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, "Large-effective-area ten-core fiber with cladding diameter of about 200 \mu{\rm m}," Opt. Lett. 36, 4626-4628 (2011).

Opt. Exp. (2)

T. Hayashi, T. Taru, O. Shimakawa, T. Sasaki, E. Sasaoka, "Design and fabrication of ultra-low crosstalk and low-loss multi-core fiber," Opt. Exp. 19, 16576-16592 (2011).

C. Xia, N. Bai, I. Ozdur, X. Zhou, G. Li, "Supermodes for optical transmission," Opt. Exp. 19, 16653-16664 (2011).

Other (13)

T. Sakamoto, T. Mori, T. Yamamoto, S. Tomita, "Differential mode delay managed transmission line for wide-band WDM-MIMO system," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2012).

R. Maruyama, N. Kuwaki, S. Matsuo, K. Sato, M. Ohashi, "DMD free transmission line composed of TMFs with large effective area for MIMO processing," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2012).

S. Randel, R. Ryf, A. Gnauck, M. A. Mestre, C. Schmidt, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, X. Jiang, R. Lingle, "Mode-multiplexed 6\,\times\, 20-GBd QPSK transmission over 1200-km DGD-compensated few-mode fiber," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2012).

C. Koebele, M. Salsi, D. Sperti, P. Tran, P. Brindel, H. Mardoyan, S. Bigo, A. Boutin, P. Sillard, F. Cerou, G. Charlet, "Two-mode transmission with digital inter-modal cross-talk mitigation," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2011).

S. Haykin, Adaptive Filter Theory (Prentice Hall, 2001).

J. Morikuni, P. Mena, B. K. Whitlock, R. Scarmozzino, "Link-level design, analysis, and simulation of multimode data communication systems," Proc. NFOEC (2003) pp. 858-867.

J. G. Proakis, Digital Communications (McGraw Hill, 2008).

N. Hanzawa, K. Saitoh, T. Sakamoto, T. Matsui, S. Tomita, M. Koshiba, "Asymmetric parallel waveguide with mode conversion for mode and wavelength division multiplexing transmission," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2012).

H. Takara, A. Sano, T. Kobayashi, H. Kubota, H. Kawakami, A. Matsuura, Y. Miyamoto, Y. Abe, H. Ono, K. Shikama, Y. Goto, K. Tsujikawa, Y. Sasaki, I. Ishida, K. Takenaga, S. Matsuo, K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, T. Morioka, "1.01-Pb/s (12 SDM/222 WDM/456 Gb/s) Crosstalk-managed transmission with 91.4-b/s/Hz aggregate spectral efficiency," Proc. 38th ECOC (2012).

J. Sakaguchi, B. J. Puttnam, W. Klaus, Y. Awaji, N. Wada, A. Kanno, T. Kawanishi, K. Imamura, H. Inaba, K. Mukasa, R. Sugisaki, T. Kobayashi, M. Watanabe, "19-core fiber transmission of 19×100×172-Gb/s SDM-WDM-PDM-QPSK signals at 305 Tb/s," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2012).

M. Salsi, C. Koebele, G. Charlet, S. Bigo, "Mode division multiplexed transmission with a weakly-coupled few-mode fiber," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2012).

L. G. -Nielsen, Y. Sun, J. W. Nicholson, D. Jakobsen, R. Lingle, B. Palsdottir, "Few mode transmission fiber with low DGD, low mode coupling and low loss," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2012).

V. Sleiffer, Y. Jung, V. Veljanovski, R. V. Uden, M. Kuschnerov, Q. Kang, L. G.-Nielsen, Y. Sun, D. Richardson, S.-U. Alam, F. Poletti, J. Sahu, A. Dhar, H. Chen, B. Inan, T. Koonen, B. Corbett, R. Winfield, A. Ellis, H. D. Waardt, "73.7 Tb/s (96×3×256-Gb/s) mode-division-multiplexed DP-16QAM transmission with inline MM-EDFA," Proc. ECOC2012 (2012).

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