Abstract

In this study, we use the injection-locked Fabry–Perot laser diodes (FP-LDs) with front-facet reflectivities of 10% and 35% respectively, as colorless optical networking unit (ONU) in long-reach passive optical networks (LR-PONs). Here, the injection-locked FP-LD is directly modulated at 2.5 Gbit/s on-off keying (OOK) and 10 Gbit/s orthogonal-frequency-division-multiplexing (OFDM) modulations for upstream traffic transmission over 60 km of single-mode fiber (SMF). Different operating parameters for the injection-locked FP-LD to achieve higher data rate transmission are reported.

© 2013 IEEE

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  1. C. W. Chow, S. P. Huang, L. G. Yang, C. H. Yeh, "Extended-reach access network with downstream radio-over-fiber (ROF) signal and upstream NRZ signal using orthogonal-WDM," Opt. Exp. 20, 16757-16762 (2012).
  2. C. H. Yeh, C. W. Chow, H. Y. Chen, "Simple colorless WDM-PON with Rayleigh backscattering noise circumvention Employing m-QAM OFDM downstream and remodulated OOK upstream signals," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 2151-2155 (2012).
  3. Y. C. Chi, C.-J. Lin, S.-Y. Lin, G. R. Lin, "The reuse of downstream carrier data erased by self-feedback SOA for bidirectional DWDM-PON transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 3096-3102 (2012).
  4. J. H. Lee, K. Lee, Y.-G. Han, S. B. Lee, C. H. Kim, "Single, depolarized, CW supercontinuum-based wavelength division multiplexed passive optical network architecture with C-band OLT, L-band ONU, and U-band monitoring," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 2891-2897 (2007).
  5. Q. T. Nguyen, P. Besnard, L. Bramerie, A. Shen, G. H. Duan, C. Kazmierski, J.-C. Simon, "Bidirectional transmission in colourless WDM-PON based on injection-locked Fabry–Perot laser at 2.5 Gbit/s using low-cost seeding source," Proc. ECOC (2009).
  6. K. Y. Cho, Y. J. Lee, H. Y. Choi, A. Murakami, A. Agata, Y. Takushima, Y. C. Chung, "Effects of reflection in RSOA-based WDM PON utilizing remodulation technique," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1286-1295 (2009).
  7. C. H. Yeh, C. W. Chow, Y. F. Wu, H. Y. Chen, "Demonstrations of 10 and 40 Gbps upstream transmissions using 1.2 GHz RSOA-based ONU in long-reach access networks," Opt. Fiber Technol. 18, 63-67 (2012).
  8. G.-R. Lin, Y.-H. Lin, Y.-C. Chang, "Theory and experiments of a mode beating noise suppressed and mutually injection-locked Fabry–Perot laser diode and erbium-doped fiber amplifier link," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1014-1022 (2004).
  9. Z. Cao, J. Yu, H. Zhou, W. Wang, M. Xia, J. Wang, Q. Tang, L. Chen, "WDM-RoF-PON architecture for flexible wireless and wire-line layout," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 2, 117-121 (2010).
  10. Y.-T. Hsueh, M.-F. Huang, S.-H. Fan, G.-K. Chang, "Demonstration of converged bidirectional OFDM-m-QAM RoF and WDM-OFDM-PON access networks," Proc. of OFC (2011).
  11. Y. –C. Chi, Y. –C. Li, H. –Y. Wang, P. –C. Peng, H. –H. Lu, G. –R. Lin, "Optical 16-QAM-52-OFDM transmission at 4 Gbit/s by directly modulating a coherently injection-locked colorless laser diode," Opt. Exp. 20, 20071-20077 (2012).
  12. C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, S. Chi, "Signal remodulation of OFDM-QAM for long reach carrier distributed passive optical networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 715-717 (2009).
  13. I. T. Monroy, F. Ohman, K. Yvind, R. Kjaer, C. Peucheret, A. M. J. Koonen, P. Jeppesen, "85 km long reach PON system using a reflective SOA-EA modulator and distributed Raman fiber amplification," Proc. of LEOS Annu. Meeting (2006).
  14. G. Talli, P. D. Townsend, "Hybrid DWDM-TDM long-reach PON for next-generation optical access," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2827-2834 (2006).
  15. C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, "Mitigation of Rayleigh backscattering in 10-Gb/s downstream and 2.5-Gb/s upstream DWDM 100-km long-reach PONs," Opt. Exp. 19, 4970-4976 (2011).
  16. G. –R. Lin, Y. –S. Liao, Y. –C. Chi, H. –C. Kuo, G. –C. Lin, H. –L. Wang, Y. –J. Chen, "Long-cavity Fabry–Perot laser amplifier transmitter with enhanced injection-locking bandwidth for WDM-PON application," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 2925-2932 (2010).
  17. G.-R. Lin, H.-L. Wang, G.-C. Lin, Y.-H. Huang, Y.-H. Lin, T.-K. Cheng, "Comparison on injection-locked Fabry–Perot laser diode with front-facet reflectivity of 1% and 30% for optical data transmission in WDM-PON system," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 2779-2785 (2009).
  18. G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems .
  19. H. –K. Sung, E. K. Lau, M. C. Wu, "Optical properties and modulation characteristics of ultra-strong injection-locked distributed feedback lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 1215-1221 (2007).
  20. Z. Xu, Y. J. Wen, W. –D. Zhong, C. –J. Chae, X. –F. Cheng, Y. Wang, C. Lu, J. Shankar, "High-speed WDM-PON using CW injection-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diodes," Opt. Exp. 15, 2953-2962 (2007).
  21. E. K. Lau, H. K. Sung, M. C. Wu, "Ultra-high, 72 GHz resonance frequency and 44 GHz bandwidth of injection-locked 1.55-μm DFB lasers," Proc. OFC (2006).

2012 (5)

C. W. Chow, S. P. Huang, L. G. Yang, C. H. Yeh, "Extended-reach access network with downstream radio-over-fiber (ROF) signal and upstream NRZ signal using orthogonal-WDM," Opt. Exp. 20, 16757-16762 (2012).

C. H. Yeh, C. W. Chow, H. Y. Chen, "Simple colorless WDM-PON with Rayleigh backscattering noise circumvention Employing m-QAM OFDM downstream and remodulated OOK upstream signals," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 2151-2155 (2012).

Y. C. Chi, C.-J. Lin, S.-Y. Lin, G. R. Lin, "The reuse of downstream carrier data erased by self-feedback SOA for bidirectional DWDM-PON transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 3096-3102 (2012).

C. H. Yeh, C. W. Chow, Y. F. Wu, H. Y. Chen, "Demonstrations of 10 and 40 Gbps upstream transmissions using 1.2 GHz RSOA-based ONU in long-reach access networks," Opt. Fiber Technol. 18, 63-67 (2012).

Y. –C. Chi, Y. –C. Li, H. –Y. Wang, P. –C. Peng, H. –H. Lu, G. –R. Lin, "Optical 16-QAM-52-OFDM transmission at 4 Gbit/s by directly modulating a coherently injection-locked colorless laser diode," Opt. Exp. 20, 20071-20077 (2012).

2011 (1)

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, "Mitigation of Rayleigh backscattering in 10-Gb/s downstream and 2.5-Gb/s upstream DWDM 100-km long-reach PONs," Opt. Exp. 19, 4970-4976 (2011).

2010 (2)

G. –R. Lin, Y. –S. Liao, Y. –C. Chi, H. –C. Kuo, G. –C. Lin, H. –L. Wang, Y. –J. Chen, "Long-cavity Fabry–Perot laser amplifier transmitter with enhanced injection-locking bandwidth for WDM-PON application," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 2925-2932 (2010).

Z. Cao, J. Yu, H. Zhou, W. Wang, M. Xia, J. Wang, Q. Tang, L. Chen, "WDM-RoF-PON architecture for flexible wireless and wire-line layout," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 2, 117-121 (2010).

2009 (3)

K. Y. Cho, Y. J. Lee, H. Y. Choi, A. Murakami, A. Agata, Y. Takushima, Y. C. Chung, "Effects of reflection in RSOA-based WDM PON utilizing remodulation technique," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1286-1295 (2009).

G.-R. Lin, H.-L. Wang, G.-C. Lin, Y.-H. Huang, Y.-H. Lin, T.-K. Cheng, "Comparison on injection-locked Fabry–Perot laser diode with front-facet reflectivity of 1% and 30% for optical data transmission in WDM-PON system," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 2779-2785 (2009).

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, S. Chi, "Signal remodulation of OFDM-QAM for long reach carrier distributed passive optical networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 715-717 (2009).

2007 (3)

H. –K. Sung, E. K. Lau, M. C. Wu, "Optical properties and modulation characteristics of ultra-strong injection-locked distributed feedback lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 1215-1221 (2007).

Z. Xu, Y. J. Wen, W. –D. Zhong, C. –J. Chae, X. –F. Cheng, Y. Wang, C. Lu, J. Shankar, "High-speed WDM-PON using CW injection-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diodes," Opt. Exp. 15, 2953-2962 (2007).

J. H. Lee, K. Lee, Y.-G. Han, S. B. Lee, C. H. Kim, "Single, depolarized, CW supercontinuum-based wavelength division multiplexed passive optical network architecture with C-band OLT, L-band ONU, and U-band monitoring," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 2891-2897 (2007).

2006 (1)

G. Talli, P. D. Townsend, "Hybrid DWDM-TDM long-reach PON for next-generation optical access," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2827-2834 (2006).

2004 (1)

G.-R. Lin, Y.-H. Lin, Y.-C. Chang, "Theory and experiments of a mode beating noise suppressed and mutually injection-locked Fabry–Perot laser diode and erbium-doped fiber amplifier link," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1014-1022 (2004).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

G.-R. Lin, Y.-H. Lin, Y.-C. Chang, "Theory and experiments of a mode beating noise suppressed and mutually injection-locked Fabry–Perot laser diode and erbium-doped fiber amplifier link," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1014-1022 (2004).

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. –K. Sung, E. K. Lau, M. C. Wu, "Optical properties and modulation characteristics of ultra-strong injection-locked distributed feedback lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 1215-1221 (2007).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, S. Chi, "Signal remodulation of OFDM-QAM for long reach carrier distributed passive optical networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 715-717 (2009).

J. Lightw. Technol. (7)

G. Talli, P. D. Townsend, "Hybrid DWDM-TDM long-reach PON for next-generation optical access," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2827-2834 (2006).

G. –R. Lin, Y. –S. Liao, Y. –C. Chi, H. –C. Kuo, G. –C. Lin, H. –L. Wang, Y. –J. Chen, "Long-cavity Fabry–Perot laser amplifier transmitter with enhanced injection-locking bandwidth for WDM-PON application," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 2925-2932 (2010).

G.-R. Lin, H.-L. Wang, G.-C. Lin, Y.-H. Huang, Y.-H. Lin, T.-K. Cheng, "Comparison on injection-locked Fabry–Perot laser diode with front-facet reflectivity of 1% and 30% for optical data transmission in WDM-PON system," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 2779-2785 (2009).

K. Y. Cho, Y. J. Lee, H. Y. Choi, A. Murakami, A. Agata, Y. Takushima, Y. C. Chung, "Effects of reflection in RSOA-based WDM PON utilizing remodulation technique," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 1286-1295 (2009).

C. H. Yeh, C. W. Chow, H. Y. Chen, "Simple colorless WDM-PON with Rayleigh backscattering noise circumvention Employing m-QAM OFDM downstream and remodulated OOK upstream signals," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 2151-2155 (2012).

Y. C. Chi, C.-J. Lin, S.-Y. Lin, G. R. Lin, "The reuse of downstream carrier data erased by self-feedback SOA for bidirectional DWDM-PON transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 3096-3102 (2012).

J. H. Lee, K. Lee, Y.-G. Han, S. B. Lee, C. H. Kim, "Single, depolarized, CW supercontinuum-based wavelength division multiplexed passive optical network architecture with C-band OLT, L-band ONU, and U-band monitoring," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 2891-2897 (2007).

J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (1)

Opt. Exp. (4)

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, "Mitigation of Rayleigh backscattering in 10-Gb/s downstream and 2.5-Gb/s upstream DWDM 100-km long-reach PONs," Opt. Exp. 19, 4970-4976 (2011).

C. W. Chow, S. P. Huang, L. G. Yang, C. H. Yeh, "Extended-reach access network with downstream radio-over-fiber (ROF) signal and upstream NRZ signal using orthogonal-WDM," Opt. Exp. 20, 16757-16762 (2012).

Y. –C. Chi, Y. –C. Li, H. –Y. Wang, P. –C. Peng, H. –H. Lu, G. –R. Lin, "Optical 16-QAM-52-OFDM transmission at 4 Gbit/s by directly modulating a coherently injection-locked colorless laser diode," Opt. Exp. 20, 20071-20077 (2012).

Z. Xu, Y. J. Wen, W. –D. Zhong, C. –J. Chae, X. –F. Cheng, Y. Wang, C. Lu, J. Shankar, "High-speed WDM-PON using CW injection-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diodes," Opt. Exp. 15, 2953-2962 (2007).

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

C. H. Yeh, C. W. Chow, Y. F. Wu, H. Y. Chen, "Demonstrations of 10 and 40 Gbps upstream transmissions using 1.2 GHz RSOA-based ONU in long-reach access networks," Opt. Fiber Technol. 18, 63-67 (2012).

Other (5)

Y.-T. Hsueh, M.-F. Huang, S.-H. Fan, G.-K. Chang, "Demonstration of converged bidirectional OFDM-m-QAM RoF and WDM-OFDM-PON access networks," Proc. of OFC (2011).

Q. T. Nguyen, P. Besnard, L. Bramerie, A. Shen, G. H. Duan, C. Kazmierski, J.-C. Simon, "Bidirectional transmission in colourless WDM-PON based on injection-locked Fabry–Perot laser at 2.5 Gbit/s using low-cost seeding source," Proc. ECOC (2009).

I. T. Monroy, F. Ohman, K. Yvind, R. Kjaer, C. Peucheret, A. M. J. Koonen, P. Jeppesen, "85 km long reach PON system using a reflective SOA-EA modulator and distributed Raman fiber amplification," Proc. of LEOS Annu. Meeting (2006).

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems .

E. K. Lau, H. K. Sung, M. C. Wu, "Ultra-high, 72 GHz resonance frequency and 44 GHz bandwidth of injection-locked 1.55-μm DFB lasers," Proc. OFC (2006).

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