Abstract

A novel optical node architecture based on all-optical traffic grooming for flexible optical networks is proposed as a mean to utilize the optical spectrum flexibly. In this work, we have overcome the key technical challenge towards implementation of the node architecture by designing and experimentally evaluating a fully flexible intelligent optical node. The proposed solution has the potential to deal with simultaneous multi-functional degree of switching such as format conversion, wavelength conversion, multicasting, spectrum defragmentation and time-domain grooming capability in order to maintain efficient resource utilization. The field experiment was also performed on original and converted channels over a 110-km dark fiber link with the aim of proving the signal robustness in a real network scenario. Finally, BER measurements experimentally demonstrate efficient adaptive switching and processing of variable fragmented traffic, leading to improved network scalability and efficiency.

© 2013 IEEE

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2013 (3)

H. Hu, P. Münster, E. Palushani, M. Galili, H. C. H. Mulvad, P. Jeppesen, L. K. Oxenløwe, "640 GBd phase-correlated OTDM NRZ-OOK generation and field trial transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 31, 696-701 (2013).

T. Kurosu, K. Tanizawa, S. Namiki, R. Akimoto, H. Kuwatsuka, T. Hasama, H. Ishikawa, T. Nakatogawa, K. Oyamada, Y. Tanaka, S. Ide, H. Onaka, T. Asami, "Dynamic optical path switching in 172-Gb/s OTDM transmissions of ultra-high definition video signals using fast channel-identifiable clock recovery and integratable devices," J. Lightw. Technol. 31, 594-601 (2013).

H. Choi, L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, "Demonstration of BER-adaptive WSON employing flexible transmitter/receiver with an extended OpenFlow-based control plane," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 119-121 (2013).

2012 (3)

E. Ip, P. Ji, E. Mateo, Y.-K. Huang, L. Xu, D. Qian, N. Bai, T. Wang, "100 G and beyond transmission technologies for evolving optical networks and relevant physical-layer issues," Proc. IEEE 100, 1065-1078 (2012).

W. Wei, C. Wang, J. Yu, "Cognitive optical networks: Key drivers, enabling techniques, and adaptive bandwidth services," IEEE Commun. Mag. 50, 106-113 (2012).

O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, A. Lord, S. J. B. Yoo, "Elastic optical networking: A new dawn for the optical layer?," IEEE Commun. Mag. 50, s12-s20 (2012).

2011 (8)

D. J. Geisler, Y. Yin, K. Wen, N. K. Fontaine, R. P. Scott, S. Chang, S. J. Ben Yoo, "Demonstration of spectral defragmentation in flexible bandwidth optical networking by FWM," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1893-1895 (2011).

S. J. Ben Yoo, "Flexible bandwidth terabit coherent optical communication networks by optical arbitrary waveform generation and measurement," IEEE Photon. Soc. Newsletters 5-12 (2011).

N. Amaya, M. Irfan, G. S. Zervas, K. Banias, M. Garrich, I. Henning, D. Simeonidou, Y. R. Zhou, A. Lord, K. Smith, V. Rancano, S. Liu, P. Petropoulos, D. Richardson, "Gridless optical networking field trial: Flexible spectrum switching, defragmentation and transport of 10G/40G/100G/555G over 620-km field fiber," Opt. Exp. 19, B277-B282 (2011).

G. Contestabile, A. Maruta, S. Sekiguchi, K. Morito, M. Sugawara, K.-I. Kitayama, "All-optical wavelength multicasting in a QD-SOA," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47, 541-547 (2011).

N. Amaya, G. S. Zervas, B. R. Rofoee, M. Irfan, Y. Qin, D. Simeonidou, "Field trial of a 1.5 Tb/s adaptive and gridless OXC supporting elastic 1000-fold bandwidth granularity," Opt. Exp. 19, B235-B241 (2011).

N. Amaya, G. S. Zervas, M. Irfan, Y. R. Zhou, A. Lord, D. Simeonidou, "Experimental demonstration of gridless spectrum and time optical switching," Opt. Exp. 19, 11182-11188 (2011).

M. Spyropoulou, N. Pleros, K. Vyrsokinos, D. Apostolopoulos, M. Bougioukos, D. Petrantonakis, A. Miliou, H. Avramopoulos, "40 Gb/s NRZ wavelength conversion using a differentially-biased SOA-MZI: Theory and experiment," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 1489-1499 (2011).

M. Spyropoulou, N. Pleros, A. Miliou, "SOA-MZI-based nonlinear optical signal processing: A frequency domain transfer function for wavelength conversion, clock recovery, and packet envelope detection," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47, 40-49 (2011).

2010 (5)

T. D. Vo, H. Hu, M. Galili, E. Palushani, J. Xu, L. K. Oxenløwe, S. J. Madden, D.-Y. Choi, D. A. P. Bulla, M. D. Pelusi, J. Schröder, B. Luther-Davies, B. J. Eggleton, "Photonic chip based transmitter optimization and receiver demultiplexing of a 1.28 Tbit/s OTDM signal," Opt. Exp. 18, 17252-17261 (2010).

R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, M. Winter, J. Meyer, B. Nebendahl, C. Koos, J. Becker, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, "Real-Time software-defined multiformat transmitter generating 64QAM at 28 GBd," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1601-1603 (2010).

G. Zarris, E. Hugues-Salas, N. A. Gonzalez, R. Weerasuriya, F. Parmigiani, D. Hillerkuss, P. Vorreau, M. Spyropoulou, S. K. Ibrahim, A. D. Ellis, R. Morais, P. Monteiro, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, I. Tomkos, J. Leuthold, D. Simeonidou, "Field experiments with a grooming switch for OTDM meshed networking," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 316-327 (2010).

M. Armbrust, A. Fox, R. Griffith, A. D. Joseph, R. Katz, A. Konwinski, G. Lee, D. Patterson, A. Rabkin, I. Stoica, M. Zaharia, "A view of cloud computing," Commun. ACM 53, 50-58 (2010).

R. J. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, B. Goebel, "Capacity limits of optical fiber networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 662-701 (2010).

2009 (2)

M. Jinno, H. Takara, B. Kozicki, Y. Tsukishima, Y. Sone, S. Matsuoka, "Spectrum-efficient and scalable elastic optical path network: Architecture, benefits, and enabling technologies," IEEE Commun. Mag. 47, 66-73 (2009).

J. Wang, J. Sun, X. Zhang, D. Huang, M. M. Fejer, "All-optical format conversions using periodically poled lithium niobate waveguides," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 195-205 (2009).

2007 (1)

J. Dong, X. Zhang, J. Xu, D. Huang, S. Fu, P. Shum, "40 Gb/s all-optical NRZ to RZ format conversion using single SOA assisted by optical bandpass filter," Opt. Exp. 15, 2907-2914 (2007).

2006 (2)

Y.-H. Kuo, H. Rong, V. Sih, S. Xu, M. Paniccia, "Demonstration of wavelength conversion at 40 Gb/s data rate in silicon waveguides," Opt. Exp. 14, 11721-11726 (2006).

H.-G. Weber, R. Ludwig, S. Ferber, C. S. -Langhorst, M. Kroh, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, C. Schubert, "Ultrahigh-speed OTDM-transmission technology," J. Lightw. Technol., 24, 4616-4627 (2006).

2003 (1)

K. Zhu, H. Zhu, B. Mukherjee, "Traffic engineering in multigranularity heterogeneous optical WDM mesh networks through dynamic traffic grooming," IEEE Network 17, 8-15 (2003).

Commun. ACM (1)

M. Armbrust, A. Fox, R. Griffith, A. D. Joseph, R. Katz, A. Konwinski, G. Lee, D. Patterson, A. Rabkin, I. Stoica, M. Zaharia, "A view of cloud computing," Commun. ACM 53, 50-58 (2010).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Spyropoulou, N. Pleros, A. Miliou, "SOA-MZI-based nonlinear optical signal processing: A frequency domain transfer function for wavelength conversion, clock recovery, and packet envelope detection," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47, 40-49 (2011).

IEEE Network (1)

K. Zhu, H. Zhu, B. Mukherjee, "Traffic engineering in multigranularity heterogeneous optical WDM mesh networks through dynamic traffic grooming," IEEE Network 17, 8-15 (2003).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

W. Wei, C. Wang, J. Yu, "Cognitive optical networks: Key drivers, enabling techniques, and adaptive bandwidth services," IEEE Commun. Mag. 50, 106-113 (2012).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (2)

M. Jinno, H. Takara, B. Kozicki, Y. Tsukishima, Y. Sone, S. Matsuoka, "Spectrum-efficient and scalable elastic optical path network: Architecture, benefits, and enabling technologies," IEEE Commun. Mag. 47, 66-73 (2009).

O. Gerstel, M. Jinno, A. Lord, S. J. B. Yoo, "Elastic optical networking: A new dawn for the optical layer?," IEEE Commun. Mag. 50, s12-s20 (2012).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

J. Wang, J. Sun, X. Zhang, D. Huang, M. M. Fejer, "All-optical format conversions using periodically poled lithium niobate waveguides," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 195-205 (2009).

G. Contestabile, A. Maruta, S. Sekiguchi, K. Morito, M. Sugawara, K.-I. Kitayama, "All-optical wavelength multicasting in a QD-SOA," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47, 541-547 (2011).

IEEE Photon. Soc. Newsletters (1)

S. J. Ben Yoo, "Flexible bandwidth terabit coherent optical communication networks by optical arbitrary waveform generation and measurement," IEEE Photon. Soc. Newsletters 5-12 (2011).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

D. J. Geisler, Y. Yin, K. Wen, N. K. Fontaine, R. P. Scott, S. Chang, S. J. Ben Yoo, "Demonstration of spectral defragmentation in flexible bandwidth optical networking by FWM," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 1893-1895 (2011).

H. Choi, L. Liu, T. Tsuritani, I. Morita, "Demonstration of BER-adaptive WSON employing flexible transmitter/receiver with an extended OpenFlow-based control plane," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 119-121 (2013).

R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, M. Dreschmann, M. Huebner, M. Winter, J. Meyer, B. Nebendahl, C. Koos, J. Becker, W. Freude, J. Leuthold, "Real-Time software-defined multiformat transmitter generating 64QAM at 28 GBd," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1601-1603 (2010).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

H. Hu, P. Münster, E. Palushani, M. Galili, H. C. H. Mulvad, P. Jeppesen, L. K. Oxenløwe, "640 GBd phase-correlated OTDM NRZ-OOK generation and field trial transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 31, 696-701 (2013).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

T. Kurosu, K. Tanizawa, S. Namiki, R. Akimoto, H. Kuwatsuka, T. Hasama, H. Ishikawa, T. Nakatogawa, K. Oyamada, Y. Tanaka, S. Ide, H. Onaka, T. Asami, "Dynamic optical path switching in 172-Gb/s OTDM transmissions of ultra-high definition video signals using fast channel-identifiable clock recovery and integratable devices," J. Lightw. Technol. 31, 594-601 (2013).

G. Zarris, E. Hugues-Salas, N. A. Gonzalez, R. Weerasuriya, F. Parmigiani, D. Hillerkuss, P. Vorreau, M. Spyropoulou, S. K. Ibrahim, A. D. Ellis, R. Morais, P. Monteiro, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, I. Tomkos, J. Leuthold, D. Simeonidou, "Field experiments with a grooming switch for OTDM meshed networking," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 316-327 (2010).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

R. J. Essiambre, G. Kramer, P. J. Winzer, G. J. Foschini, B. Goebel, "Capacity limits of optical fiber networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 662-701 (2010).

M. Spyropoulou, N. Pleros, K. Vyrsokinos, D. Apostolopoulos, M. Bougioukos, D. Petrantonakis, A. Miliou, H. Avramopoulos, "40 Gb/s NRZ wavelength conversion using a differentially-biased SOA-MZI: Theory and experiment," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 1489-1499 (2011).

J. Lightw. Technol., (1)

H.-G. Weber, R. Ludwig, S. Ferber, C. S. -Langhorst, M. Kroh, V. Marembert, C. Boerner, C. Schubert, "Ultrahigh-speed OTDM-transmission technology," J. Lightw. Technol., 24, 4616-4627 (2006).

Opt. Exp. (2)

N. Amaya, M. Irfan, G. S. Zervas, K. Banias, M. Garrich, I. Henning, D. Simeonidou, Y. R. Zhou, A. Lord, K. Smith, V. Rancano, S. Liu, P. Petropoulos, D. Richardson, "Gridless optical networking field trial: Flexible spectrum switching, defragmentation and transport of 10G/40G/100G/555G over 620-km field fiber," Opt. Exp. 19, B277-B282 (2011).

N. Amaya, G. S. Zervas, B. R. Rofoee, M. Irfan, Y. Qin, D. Simeonidou, "Field trial of a 1.5 Tb/s adaptive and gridless OXC supporting elastic 1000-fold bandwidth granularity," Opt. Exp. 19, B235-B241 (2011).

Opt. Exp. (4)

N. Amaya, G. S. Zervas, M. Irfan, Y. R. Zhou, A. Lord, D. Simeonidou, "Experimental demonstration of gridless spectrum and time optical switching," Opt. Exp. 19, 11182-11188 (2011).

Y.-H. Kuo, H. Rong, V. Sih, S. Xu, M. Paniccia, "Demonstration of wavelength conversion at 40 Gb/s data rate in silicon waveguides," Opt. Exp. 14, 11721-11726 (2006).

J. Dong, X. Zhang, J. Xu, D. Huang, S. Fu, P. Shum, "40 Gb/s all-optical NRZ to RZ format conversion using single SOA assisted by optical bandpass filter," Opt. Exp. 15, 2907-2914 (2007).

T. D. Vo, H. Hu, M. Galili, E. Palushani, J. Xu, L. K. Oxenløwe, S. J. Madden, D.-Y. Choi, D. A. P. Bulla, M. D. Pelusi, J. Schröder, B. Luther-Davies, B. J. Eggleton, "Photonic chip based transmitter optimization and receiver demultiplexing of a 1.28 Tbit/s OTDM signal," Opt. Exp. 18, 17252-17261 (2010).

Proc. IEEE (1)

E. Ip, P. Ji, E. Mateo, Y.-K. Huang, L. Xu, D. Qian, N. Bai, T. Wang, "100 G and beyond transmission technologies for evolving optical networks and relevant physical-layer issues," Proc. IEEE 100, 1065-1078 (2012).

Other (17)

K. Barker, D. Kerbyson, "Performance analysis of an optical circuit switched network for peta-scale systems," Proc. Euro-Par 2007 Parallel Processing (2007) pp. 858-867.

K. Wen, Y. Yin, D. J. Geisler, S. Chang, S. J. B. Yoo, "Dynamic on-demand lightpath provisioning using spectral defragmentation in flexible bandwidth networks," Proc. ECOC'11 (2011) pp. 1-3.

X. Wang, Q. Zhang, I. Kim, P. Palacharla, M. Sekiya, "Blocking performance in dynamic flexible grid optical networks-what is the ideal spectrum granularity?," Proc. ECOC'11 (2011).

M. Angelou, K. Christodoulopoulos, D. Klonidis, A. Klekamp, F. Buchali, E. Varvarigos, I. Tomkos, "Spectrum, cost and energy efficiency in fixed-grid and flex-grid networks," Proc. OFC'12 (2012).

L. Potì, G. Meloni, G. Berrettini, F. Fresi, M. Secondini, T. Foggi, G. Colavolpe, E. Forestieri, A. D'Errico, F. Cavaliere, R. Sabella, G. Prati, "Casting 1 Tb/s DP-QPSK communication into 200 GHz bandwidth," Proc. ECOC'12 (2012).

F. Fresi, M. Scaffardi, N. Amaya, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, A. Bogoni, "Single SOA-MZI-based 40 Gb/s NRZ-to-RZ and OOK-to-BPSK format and wavelength converters for gridless networking," Proc. IEEE Photon. Conf. 2011 (2011).

M. I. Anis, N. Amaya, G. S. Zervas, R. Nejabati, D. Simeonidou, M. Scaffardi, A. Bogoni, S. Pinna, F. Fresi, "Defragmentation and grooming on 85.4 Gb/s by simultaneous format and wavelength conversion in an integrated quad SOA-MZI," Proc. ONDM, '12 (2012) pp. 1-6.

H. Takara, T. Goh, K. Shibahara, K. Yonenaga, S. Kawai, M. Jinno, "Experimental demonstration of 400 Gb/s multi-flow, multi-rate, multi-reach optical transmitter for efficient elastic spectral routing," Proc. ECOC 2011 .

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