Abstract

Conventional interferometers split and recombine an optical signal after some limited optical processing in one or more of their interference paths. We study an interferometer structure that converts the signal to a different wavelength range for processing and converts it back to the original wavelength for interference. In particular, we consider intradyne conversion of the optical signal in one interferometer arm to digital electronic baseband, followed by digital electronic signal processing and subsequent electro-optic conversion, using the same laser for local oscillator and retransmitted signal. This allows for arbitrary time/frequency manipulations of an optical signal within the system's bandwidth capabilities while letting the other frequency portions of the signal pass through the system unchanged. We quantify the performance of such an opto-electronic interferometer as a subcarrier add/drop node in a digital optical communication system and study its tolerance to important practical hardware limitations.

© 2013 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, "Optical phase-shift-keyed transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 115-130 (2005).
  2. C. K. Madsen, J. H. Zhao, "A general planar waveguide autoregressive optical filter," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 437-447 (1996).
  3. M. K. Smit, "New focusing and dispersive planar component based on an optical phased array," Electron. Lett. 24, 385-386 (1988).
  4. H. Takahashi, S. Suzuki, K. Kato, I. Nishi, "Arrayed-waveguide grating for wavelength division multi/demultiplexer with nanometer resolution," Electron. Lett. 26, 87-88 (1990).
  5. C. Dragone, "An NxN optical multiplexer using a planar arrangement of two star couplers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 812-815 (1991).
  6. Q. Lai, W. Hunziker, H. Melchior, "Low-power compact 2 × 2 thermooptic silica-on-silicon waveguide switch with fast response," Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 681-683 (1998).
  7. R. C. Alferness, "Guided-wave devices for optical communication," J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 946-959 (1981).
  8. N. J. Doran, D. Wood, "Nonlinear-optical loop mirror," Opt. Lett. 13, 56-58 (1988).
  9. W. Imajuku, A. Takada, "Gain characteristics of coherent optical ampliers using a Mach–Zehnder interferometer with Kerr media," J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1657-1665 (1999).
  10. T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, "All-optical wavelength conversion by semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 942-954 (1996).
  11. F. M. Eduardo, Z. Xiang, G. Li, "Electronic phaseconjugation for nonlinearity compensation in fiber communication systems," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2011).
  12. X. Chen, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, B. Zhu, R. W. Tkach, "Experimental demonstration of fiber nonlinearity mitigation using digital phase conjugation," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2012).
  13. R. Dischler, F. Buchali, A. Klekamp, "Demonstration of bit rate variable ROADM functionality on an optical OFDM superchannel," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2010).
  14. B. Kozicki, H. Takara, M. Jinno, "Enabling technologies for adaptive resource allocation in elastic optical path network (SLICE)," Proc. ACP (2010) pp. 23-24.
  15. M. G. Taylor, Coherent optical channel substitution U.S. Patent No. 8,050,564 (2011).
  16. R. Freund, "Single- and multi-carrier techniques to build up Tb/s per channel transmission systems," Proc. ICTON (2010).
  17. F. Derr, "Coherent optical QPSK intradyne system: Concept and digital receiver realization," J. Lightw. Technol. 10, 1290-1296 (1992).
  18. S. J. Savory, "Digital filters for coherent optical receivers," Opt. Exp. 16, 804-817 (2008).
  19. P. J. Winzer, A. H. Gnauck, C. R. Doerr, M. Magarini, L. L. Buhl, "Spectrally efficient long-haul optical networking using 112-Gb/s polarization-multiplexed 16-QAM," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 547-556 (2010).
  20. P. J. Winzer, M. Pfennigbauer, R.-J. Essiambre, "Coherent crosstalk in ultra-dense WDM systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1734-1744 (2005).
  21. S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, "Experimental investigation on the performance of closely spaced multi-carrier PDM-QPSK with digital coherent detection," Opt. Exp. 17, 21350-21361 (2009).
  22. Y. Zhang, M. O'Sullivan, R. Hui, "Digital subcarrier multiplexing for flexible spectral allocation in optical transport network," Opt. Exp. 19, 21880-21889 (2011).
  23. P. Tan, N. C. Beaulieu, "Analysis of the effects of Nyquist pulse-shaping on the performance of OFDM systems with carrier frequency offset," Eur. Trans. Telecomm. 20, 9-22 (2009).
  24. P. J. Winzer, A. H. Gnauck, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, J. Y. Dupuy, "Penalties from in-band crosstalk for advanced optical modulation formats," Proc. ECOC (2011).
  25. P. J. Winzer, H. Kim, "Degradations in balanced DPSK receivers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1282-1284 (2003).
  26. T. Pfau, S. Hoffmann, R. Noe, "Hardware-efficient coherent digital receiver concept with feedforward carrier recovery for M-QAM constellations," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 989-999 (2009).
  27. S. K. Ibrahim, S. Sygletos, R. Weerasuriya, A. D. Ellis, "Novel real-time homodyne coherent receiver using a feed-forward based carrier extraction scheme for phase modulated signals," Opt. Exp. 19, 8320-8326 (2011).
  28. S. Sygletos, P. Frascella, S. K. Ibrahim, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, J. OGorman, A. D. Ellis, "A practical phase sensitive amplification scheme for two channel phase regeneration," Opt. Exp. 19, B938-B945 (2011).
  29. R. Slavik, "All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems," Nature Photon. 4, 690-695 (2010).
  30. Z. Tong, C. Lundstrom, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, A. Bogris, "Ultralow noise, broadband phase-sensitive optical amplifiers, their applications," J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 18, 1016-1032 (2012).

2012 (1)

Z. Tong, C. Lundstrom, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, A. Bogris, "Ultralow noise, broadband phase-sensitive optical amplifiers, their applications," J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 18, 1016-1032 (2012).

2011 (3)

S. K. Ibrahim, S. Sygletos, R. Weerasuriya, A. D. Ellis, "Novel real-time homodyne coherent receiver using a feed-forward based carrier extraction scheme for phase modulated signals," Opt. Exp. 19, 8320-8326 (2011).

S. Sygletos, P. Frascella, S. K. Ibrahim, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, J. OGorman, A. D. Ellis, "A practical phase sensitive amplification scheme for two channel phase regeneration," Opt. Exp. 19, B938-B945 (2011).

Y. Zhang, M. O'Sullivan, R. Hui, "Digital subcarrier multiplexing for flexible spectral allocation in optical transport network," Opt. Exp. 19, 21880-21889 (2011).

2010 (2)

P. J. Winzer, A. H. Gnauck, C. R. Doerr, M. Magarini, L. L. Buhl, "Spectrally efficient long-haul optical networking using 112-Gb/s polarization-multiplexed 16-QAM," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 547-556 (2010).

R. Slavik, "All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems," Nature Photon. 4, 690-695 (2010).

2009 (3)

P. Tan, N. C. Beaulieu, "Analysis of the effects of Nyquist pulse-shaping on the performance of OFDM systems with carrier frequency offset," Eur. Trans. Telecomm. 20, 9-22 (2009).

S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, "Experimental investigation on the performance of closely spaced multi-carrier PDM-QPSK with digital coherent detection," Opt. Exp. 17, 21350-21361 (2009).

T. Pfau, S. Hoffmann, R. Noe, "Hardware-efficient coherent digital receiver concept with feedforward carrier recovery for M-QAM constellations," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 989-999 (2009).

2008 (1)

S. J. Savory, "Digital filters for coherent optical receivers," Opt. Exp. 16, 804-817 (2008).

2005 (2)

P. J. Winzer, M. Pfennigbauer, R.-J. Essiambre, "Coherent crosstalk in ultra-dense WDM systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1734-1744 (2005).

A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, "Optical phase-shift-keyed transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 115-130 (2005).

2003 (1)

P. J. Winzer, H. Kim, "Degradations in balanced DPSK receivers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1282-1284 (2003).

1999 (1)

W. Imajuku, A. Takada, "Gain characteristics of coherent optical ampliers using a Mach–Zehnder interferometer with Kerr media," J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1657-1665 (1999).

1998 (1)

Q. Lai, W. Hunziker, H. Melchior, "Low-power compact 2 × 2 thermooptic silica-on-silicon waveguide switch with fast response," Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 681-683 (1998).

1996 (2)

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, "All-optical wavelength conversion by semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 942-954 (1996).

C. K. Madsen, J. H. Zhao, "A general planar waveguide autoregressive optical filter," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 437-447 (1996).

1992 (1)

F. Derr, "Coherent optical QPSK intradyne system: Concept and digital receiver realization," J. Lightw. Technol. 10, 1290-1296 (1992).

1991 (1)

C. Dragone, "An NxN optical multiplexer using a planar arrangement of two star couplers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 812-815 (1991).

1990 (1)

H. Takahashi, S. Suzuki, K. Kato, I. Nishi, "Arrayed-waveguide grating for wavelength division multi/demultiplexer with nanometer resolution," Electron. Lett. 26, 87-88 (1990).

1988 (2)

M. K. Smit, "New focusing and dispersive planar component based on an optical phased array," Electron. Lett. 24, 385-386 (1988).

N. J. Doran, D. Wood, "Nonlinear-optical loop mirror," Opt. Lett. 13, 56-58 (1988).

1981 (1)

R. C. Alferness, "Guided-wave devices for optical communication," J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 946-959 (1981).

Electron. Lett. (1)

M. K. Smit, "New focusing and dispersive planar component based on an optical phased array," Electron. Lett. 24, 385-386 (1988).

Electron. Lett. (1)

H. Takahashi, S. Suzuki, K. Kato, I. Nishi, "Arrayed-waveguide grating for wavelength division multi/demultiplexer with nanometer resolution," Electron. Lett. 26, 87-88 (1990).

Eur. Trans. Telecomm. (1)

P. Tan, N. C. Beaulieu, "Analysis of the effects of Nyquist pulse-shaping on the performance of OFDM systems with carrier frequency offset," Eur. Trans. Telecomm. 20, 9-22 (2009).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

C. Dragone, "An NxN optical multiplexer using a planar arrangement of two star couplers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 812-815 (1991).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

P. J. Winzer, H. Kim, "Degradations in balanced DPSK receivers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1282-1284 (2003).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

F. Derr, "Coherent optical QPSK intradyne system: Concept and digital receiver realization," J. Lightw. Technol. 10, 1290-1296 (1992).

J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

Z. Tong, C. Lundstrom, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, A. Bogris, "Ultralow noise, broadband phase-sensitive optical amplifiers, their applications," J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 18, 1016-1032 (2012).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, "All-optical wavelength conversion by semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 942-954 (1996).

J. Lightw. Technol. (5)

P. J. Winzer, A. H. Gnauck, C. R. Doerr, M. Magarini, L. L. Buhl, "Spectrally efficient long-haul optical networking using 112-Gb/s polarization-multiplexed 16-QAM," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 547-556 (2010).

P. J. Winzer, M. Pfennigbauer, R.-J. Essiambre, "Coherent crosstalk in ultra-dense WDM systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1734-1744 (2005).

A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, "Optical phase-shift-keyed transmission," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 115-130 (2005).

C. K. Madsen, J. H. Zhao, "A general planar waveguide autoregressive optical filter," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 437-447 (1996).

T. Pfau, S. Hoffmann, R. Noe, "Hardware-efficient coherent digital receiver concept with feedforward carrier recovery for M-QAM constellations," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 989-999 (2009).

J. Quantum Electron. (2)

W. Imajuku, A. Takada, "Gain characteristics of coherent optical ampliers using a Mach–Zehnder interferometer with Kerr media," J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1657-1665 (1999).

R. C. Alferness, "Guided-wave devices for optical communication," J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 946-959 (1981).

Nature Photon. (1)

R. Slavik, "All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems," Nature Photon. 4, 690-695 (2010).

Opt. Exp. (1)

Y. Zhang, M. O'Sullivan, R. Hui, "Digital subcarrier multiplexing for flexible spectral allocation in optical transport network," Opt. Exp. 19, 21880-21889 (2011).

Opt. Exp. (4)

S. K. Ibrahim, S. Sygletos, R. Weerasuriya, A. D. Ellis, "Novel real-time homodyne coherent receiver using a feed-forward based carrier extraction scheme for phase modulated signals," Opt. Exp. 19, 8320-8326 (2011).

S. Sygletos, P. Frascella, S. K. Ibrahim, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, J. OGorman, A. D. Ellis, "A practical phase sensitive amplification scheme for two channel phase regeneration," Opt. Exp. 19, B938-B945 (2011).

S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, "Experimental investigation on the performance of closely spaced multi-carrier PDM-QPSK with digital coherent detection," Opt. Exp. 17, 21350-21361 (2009).

S. J. Savory, "Digital filters for coherent optical receivers," Opt. Exp. 16, 804-817 (2008).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

Q. Lai, W. Hunziker, H. Melchior, "Low-power compact 2 × 2 thermooptic silica-on-silicon waveguide switch with fast response," Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 681-683 (1998).

Other (7)

F. M. Eduardo, Z. Xiang, G. Li, "Electronic phaseconjugation for nonlinearity compensation in fiber communication systems," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2011).

X. Chen, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, B. Zhu, R. W. Tkach, "Experimental demonstration of fiber nonlinearity mitigation using digital phase conjugation," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2012).

R. Dischler, F. Buchali, A. Klekamp, "Demonstration of bit rate variable ROADM functionality on an optical OFDM superchannel," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2010).

B. Kozicki, H. Takara, M. Jinno, "Enabling technologies for adaptive resource allocation in elastic optical path network (SLICE)," Proc. ACP (2010) pp. 23-24.

M. G. Taylor, Coherent optical channel substitution U.S. Patent No. 8,050,564 (2011).

R. Freund, "Single- and multi-carrier techniques to build up Tb/s per channel transmission systems," Proc. ICTON (2010).

P. J. Winzer, A. H. Gnauck, A. Konczykowska, F. Jorge, J. Y. Dupuy, "Penalties from in-band crosstalk for advanced optical modulation formats," Proc. ECOC (2011).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.