Abstract

The transmission performances of the wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical networks based on directly modulated self-seeded reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers (RSOAs) are investigated and analyzed. The impacts of signal extinction ratio (ER), stable seeding power, pattern length dependency, bandwidth and shape factor of the wavelength multiplexer within the self-seeding cavity, and length of the self-seeding cavity on the transmission performance are investigated. The ER is optimized to bring the best receiver sensitivity when the loss of the self-seeding cavity is fixed. The optimal ER and the corresponding receiver sensitivity are improved with the stable seeding power which decreases with the loss of the self-seeding cavity. Compared to the Gaussian-shaped pass band, the wavelength multiplexer with a flat-top pass band brings better transmission performances and enables error-free transmission with a smaller pass band bandwidth. The transmission performance of the directly modulated self-seeded RSOA is robust against the phase perturbation induced by the micro change in the cavity length but is degraded remarkably when the cavity length is extended to several kilometers. Nevertheless, error-free transmission is achieved when the cavity length is extended to 4 km. The findings of this paper provide a better understanding of the mechanism of the directly modulated self-seeded RSOAs and also guidance on designing the WDM-PON systems using the self-seeded RSOAs.

© 2013 IEEE

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  1. H. Y. Rhy, G. Y. Yi, "Current status of WDM-PON system development and standardization," OptoElectronics Commun. Conf. BusanKorea (2012) Paper 3A1-5.
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  3. H. D. Kim, S.-G. Kang, C.-H. Lee, "A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1067-1069 (2000).
  4. Z. Xu, Y. J. Wen, W. D. Zhong, C. J. Chae, X. Cheng, Y. Wang, C. Lu, "High-speed WDM-PON using CW injection-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diodes," Opt. Exp. 15, 2953-2962 (2007).
  5. W. Hung, C.-K. Chan, L.-K. Chen, F. Tong, "An optical network unit for WDM access networks with downstream DPSK and upstream remodulated OOK data using injection-locked FP laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1476-1478 (2003).
  6. S.-C. Lin, S.-L. Lee, C.-K. Liu, "Simple approach for bidirectional performance enhancement on WDM-PONs with direct-modulation lasers and RSOAs," Opt. Exp. 16, 3636-3643 (2008).
  7. J.-H. Moon, K.-M. Choi, S.-G. Mun, C.-H. Lee, "Effects of back-reflection in WDM-PONs based on seed light injection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 2045-2047 (2007).
  8. S. Y. Kim, E. S. Son, S. B. Jun, Y. C. Chung, "Effects of downstream modulation formats on the performance of bidirectional WDM-PON using RSOA," Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. AnaheimCA (2007) Paper OWD3.
  9. Z. Al-Qazwini, H. Kim, "DC-balanced line coding for downlink modulation in bidirectional WDM PONs using remodulation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1331-1333 (2011).
  10. S. Hann, T. Y. Kim, C.-S. Park, "Direct-modulated upstream signal transmission using a self-injection locked F-P LD for WDM-PON," Proc. Eur. Conf. Optical Commun. (2005).
  11. E. Wong, K. L. Lee, T. B. Anderson, "Directly modulated self-seeding reflective semiconductor optical amplifier as colorless transmitters in wavelength division multiplexed passive optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 67-74 (2007).
  12. M. Presi, E. Ciaramella, "Stable self-seeding of R-SOAs for WDM-PONs," Optical Fiber Communication Conf. Los AngelesCA (2011) Paper OMP4.
  13. L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, R. Brenot, G. de Valicourt, M. Martinelli, "Network-embeded self-tuning cavity for WDM-PON transmitter," Opt. Exp. 20, 3781-3786 (2012).
  14. F. Xiong, W.-D. Zhong, H. Kim, "A broadcast-capable WDM-PON based on polarization-sensitive weak-resonant-cavity Fabry-Perot laser diodes," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 355-361 (2012).
  15. M. Presi, A. Chiuchiarelli, R. Corsini, E. Ciaramella, "Uncooled and polarization independent operation of self-seeded Fabry-Perot lasers for WDM-PONs," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1523-1526 (2012).
  16. Finisar WaveShaper http://www.finisar.com/products/optical-instrumentation/WaveShaper-4000S.
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  18. L. Yi, Z. Li, Y. Dong, S. Xiao, J. Chen, W. Hu, "Upstream capacity upgrade in TDM-PON using RSOA based tunable fiber ring laser," Opt. Exp. 20, 10416-10425 (2012).
  19. Y. Ma, D. Liu, J. Yu, X. Wang, "System evaluation of economic 16/32 chs 1.25 Gbps WDM-PON with self-seeded RSOA," Opt. Exp. 20, 22523-22530 (2012).
  20. H. Kim, "Transmission of 10-Gb/s directly modulated RSOA signals in single-fiber loopback WDM PONs," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 965-967 (2011).
  21. Q. Guo, A. V. Tran, "20-Gb/s single-feeder WDM-PON using partial-response maximum likelihood equalizer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1802-1804 (2011).
  22. K. Y. Cho, U. H. Hong, S. P. Jung, Y. Takushima, A. Agata, T. Sano, Y. Horiuchi, M. Suzuki, Y. C. Chung, "Long-reach 10-Gb/s RSOA-based WDM PON employing QPSK signal and coherent receiver," Opt. Exp. 20, 15353-15358 (2012).

2012 (6)

L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, R. Brenot, G. de Valicourt, M. Martinelli, "Network-embeded self-tuning cavity for WDM-PON transmitter," Opt. Exp. 20, 3781-3786 (2012).

F. Xiong, W.-D. Zhong, H. Kim, "A broadcast-capable WDM-PON based on polarization-sensitive weak-resonant-cavity Fabry-Perot laser diodes," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 355-361 (2012).

M. Presi, A. Chiuchiarelli, R. Corsini, E. Ciaramella, "Uncooled and polarization independent operation of self-seeded Fabry-Perot lasers for WDM-PONs," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1523-1526 (2012).

L. Yi, Z. Li, Y. Dong, S. Xiao, J. Chen, W. Hu, "Upstream capacity upgrade in TDM-PON using RSOA based tunable fiber ring laser," Opt. Exp. 20, 10416-10425 (2012).

Y. Ma, D. Liu, J. Yu, X. Wang, "System evaluation of economic 16/32 chs 1.25 Gbps WDM-PON with self-seeded RSOA," Opt. Exp. 20, 22523-22530 (2012).

K. Y. Cho, U. H. Hong, S. P. Jung, Y. Takushima, A. Agata, T. Sano, Y. Horiuchi, M. Suzuki, Y. C. Chung, "Long-reach 10-Gb/s RSOA-based WDM PON employing QPSK signal and coherent receiver," Opt. Exp. 20, 15353-15358 (2012).

2011 (3)

H. Kim, "Transmission of 10-Gb/s directly modulated RSOA signals in single-fiber loopback WDM PONs," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 965-967 (2011).

Q. Guo, A. V. Tran, "20-Gb/s single-feeder WDM-PON using partial-response maximum likelihood equalizer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1802-1804 (2011).

Z. Al-Qazwini, H. Kim, "DC-balanced line coding for downlink modulation in bidirectional WDM PONs using remodulation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1331-1333 (2011).

2008 (1)

S.-C. Lin, S.-L. Lee, C.-K. Liu, "Simple approach for bidirectional performance enhancement on WDM-PONs with direct-modulation lasers and RSOAs," Opt. Exp. 16, 3636-3643 (2008).

2007 (3)

J.-H. Moon, K.-M. Choi, S.-G. Mun, C.-H. Lee, "Effects of back-reflection in WDM-PONs based on seed light injection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 2045-2047 (2007).

E. Wong, K. L. Lee, T. B. Anderson, "Directly modulated self-seeding reflective semiconductor optical amplifier as colorless transmitters in wavelength division multiplexed passive optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 67-74 (2007).

Z. Xu, Y. J. Wen, W. D. Zhong, C. J. Chae, X. Cheng, Y. Wang, C. Lu, "High-speed WDM-PON using CW injection-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diodes," Opt. Exp. 15, 2953-2962 (2007).

2003 (1)

W. Hung, C.-K. Chan, L.-K. Chen, F. Tong, "An optical network unit for WDM access networks with downstream DPSK and upstream remodulated OOK data using injection-locked FP laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1476-1478 (2003).

2001 (1)

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, R. Moore, "Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs," Electron. Lett. 37, 1181-1182 (2001).

2000 (1)

H. D. Kim, S.-G. Kang, C.-H. Lee, "A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1067-1069 (2000).

1989 (1)

G. P. Agrawal, N. A. Olsson, "Self-phase modulation and spectral broadening of optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2297-2306 (1989).

Electron. Lett. (1)

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, R. Moore, "Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs," Electron. Lett. 37, 1181-1182 (2001).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

H. D. Kim, S.-G. Kang, C.-H. Lee, "A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1067-1069 (2000).

J.-H. Moon, K.-M. Choi, S.-G. Mun, C.-H. Lee, "Effects of back-reflection in WDM-PONs based on seed light injection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 2045-2047 (2007).

Z. Al-Qazwini, H. Kim, "DC-balanced line coding for downlink modulation in bidirectional WDM PONs using remodulation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1331-1333 (2011).

Q. Guo, A. V. Tran, "20-Gb/s single-feeder WDM-PON using partial-response maximum likelihood equalizer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1802-1804 (2011).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

G. P. Agrawal, N. A. Olsson, "Self-phase modulation and spectral broadening of optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2297-2306 (1989).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

M. Presi, A. Chiuchiarelli, R. Corsini, E. Ciaramella, "Uncooled and polarization independent operation of self-seeded Fabry-Perot lasers for WDM-PONs," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1523-1526 (2012).

W. Hung, C.-K. Chan, L.-K. Chen, F. Tong, "An optical network unit for WDM access networks with downstream DPSK and upstream remodulated OOK data using injection-locked FP laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1476-1478 (2003).

H. Kim, "Transmission of 10-Gb/s directly modulated RSOA signals in single-fiber loopback WDM PONs," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 965-967 (2011).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

F. Xiong, W.-D. Zhong, H. Kim, "A broadcast-capable WDM-PON based on polarization-sensitive weak-resonant-cavity Fabry-Perot laser diodes," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 355-361 (2012).

E. Wong, K. L. Lee, T. B. Anderson, "Directly modulated self-seeding reflective semiconductor optical amplifier as colorless transmitters in wavelength division multiplexed passive optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 67-74 (2007).

Opt. Exp. (1)

L. Yi, Z. Li, Y. Dong, S. Xiao, J. Chen, W. Hu, "Upstream capacity upgrade in TDM-PON using RSOA based tunable fiber ring laser," Opt. Exp. 20, 10416-10425 (2012).

Opt. Exp. (5)

Y. Ma, D. Liu, J. Yu, X. Wang, "System evaluation of economic 16/32 chs 1.25 Gbps WDM-PON with self-seeded RSOA," Opt. Exp. 20, 22523-22530 (2012).

L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, R. Brenot, G. de Valicourt, M. Martinelli, "Network-embeded self-tuning cavity for WDM-PON transmitter," Opt. Exp. 20, 3781-3786 (2012).

S.-C. Lin, S.-L. Lee, C.-K. Liu, "Simple approach for bidirectional performance enhancement on WDM-PONs with direct-modulation lasers and RSOAs," Opt. Exp. 16, 3636-3643 (2008).

Z. Xu, Y. J. Wen, W. D. Zhong, C. J. Chae, X. Cheng, Y. Wang, C. Lu, "High-speed WDM-PON using CW injection-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diodes," Opt. Exp. 15, 2953-2962 (2007).

K. Y. Cho, U. H. Hong, S. P. Jung, Y. Takushima, A. Agata, T. Sano, Y. Horiuchi, M. Suzuki, Y. C. Chung, "Long-reach 10-Gb/s RSOA-based WDM PON employing QPSK signal and coherent receiver," Opt. Exp. 20, 15353-15358 (2012).

Other (5)

S. Hann, T. Y. Kim, C.-S. Park, "Direct-modulated upstream signal transmission using a self-injection locked F-P LD for WDM-PON," Proc. Eur. Conf. Optical Commun. (2005).

S. Y. Kim, E. S. Son, S. B. Jun, Y. C. Chung, "Effects of downstream modulation formats on the performance of bidirectional WDM-PON using RSOA," Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. AnaheimCA (2007) Paper OWD3.

H. Y. Rhy, G. Y. Yi, "Current status of WDM-PON system development and standardization," OptoElectronics Commun. Conf. BusanKorea (2012) Paper 3A1-5.

M. Presi, E. Ciaramella, "Stable self-seeding of R-SOAs for WDM-PONs," Optical Fiber Communication Conf. Los AngelesCA (2011) Paper OMP4.

Finisar WaveShaper http://www.finisar.com/products/optical-instrumentation/WaveShaper-4000S.

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