Abstract

With the objectives of reducing power consumption, insertion loss, nonuniformity and crosstalk, optimal configurations for optical interconnection are derived, by leveraging the unequal characteristics at bar or cross state of microring switching elements. A novel and efficient heuristic is proposed for finding the optimum switching configuration. It is shown that the optimum average total insertion loss per path using 2 × 2 Basic Switching Element (2B-SE) achieves a 3.65-dB improvement for 128 × 128 switch size. The optimum average total insertion loss using 2B-SE in the worst-cast path is shown to be 7.2 dB less than the baseline values. Furthermore, for 128 × 128 switch size, the minimum improvement is 7.2 dB for the nonuniformity in the worst case, whereas the total crosstalk has a 2.43-dB improvement. The effect of non-uniform switch elements is also studied.

© 2013 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. The International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors, S. I. Association (S. I. Association, 2011).
  2. A. W. Poon, X. Luo, F. Xu, H. Chen, "Cascaded microresonator-based matrix switch for silicon on-chip optical interconnection," Proc. IEEE 97, 1216-1238 (2009).
  3. P. Dong, S. Preble, M. Lipson, "All-optical compact silicon comb switch," Opt. Exp. 15, 9600-9605 (2007).
  4. B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, P. Dong, M. Lipson, K. Bergman, "All optical comb switch for multiwavelength message routing in silicon photonic networks," IEEE Photon. chnol. Lett. 20, 767-769 (2008).
  5. A. Shacham, K. Bergman, L. P. Carloni, "Photonic networks-on-chip for future generations of chip multiprocessors," IEEE Trans. Comput. 57, 1246 (2008).
  6. A. Bianco, D. Cuda, M. Garrich, R. Gaudino, G. Gavilanes, P. Giaccone, F. Neri, "Optical interconnection architectures based on microring resonators," Proc. IEEE Int. Photonics Switching Conf. (2009) pp. 1-2.
  7. A. Bianco, D. Cuda, R. Gaudino, G. Gavilanes, F. Neri, M. Petracca, "Scalability of optical interconnects based on microring resonators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1081-1083 (2010).
  8. G. Shen, R. S. Tucker, "Energy-minimized design for IP Over WDM networks," J. Opt. Netw. 1, 176-186 (2009).
  9. J. Baliga, K. Hinton, R. S. Tucker, "Energy consumption of the internet," Proc. COIN-ACOFT (2007) pp. 1-3.
  10. J. Baliga, R. Ayre, K. Hinton, W. V. Sorin, R. S. Tucker, "Energy consumption in optical IP networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 2391-2403 (2009).
  11. L. Shang, L. S. Peh, N. K. Jha, "Dynamic voltage scaling with links for power optimization of interconnection networks," Proc. 7th Int. Symp., High-Performance Comput. Architecture (2003) pp. 91-102.
  12. P.-H. Yuen, L.-K. Chen, "Optimization of microring-based optical interconnection configurations for the reduction of power consumption and insertion loss," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2012).
  13. N. Kirman, J. F. Martínez, "A power-efficient all-optical on-chip interconnect using wavelength-based oblivious routing," Proc. 15th ASPLOS (2010) pp. 15-28.
  14. B. A. Small, B. G. Lee, K. Bergman, Q. Xu, M. Lipson, "Multiple-wavelength integrated photonic networks based on microring resonator devices," J. Opt. Netw. 6, 112-120 (2007).
  15. B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, N. Sherwood-Droz, C. B. Poitras, M. Lipson, K. Bergman, "High-speed 2 × 2 switch for multi-wavelength message routing in on-chip silicon photonic networks," Proc. ECOC (2008) pp. 1-2.
  16. G. I. Papadimitriou, C. Papazoglou, A. S. Pomportsis, "Optical switching: Switch fabrics, techniques, and architectures," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 384-405 (2003).
  17. I. T. Monroy, E. Tangdiongga, "Performance evaluation of optical cross-connects by saddlepoint approximation," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 317-323 (1998).
  18. L. Gillner, C. P. Larsen, M. Gustavsson, "Scalability of optical multiwavelength switching networks: Crosstalk analysis," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 58-67 (1999).
  19. T. Gyselings, G. Morthier, R. Baets, "Crosstalk analysis of multiwavelength optical cross connects," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 1273-1283 (1999).
  20. J. Sun, "Influence of crosstalk on the scalability of WDM cross-connect networks," Proc. Inst. Elect. Eng. Optoelectron. 149, 59-64 (2002).

2010 (1)

A. Bianco, D. Cuda, R. Gaudino, G. Gavilanes, F. Neri, M. Petracca, "Scalability of optical interconnects based on microring resonators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1081-1083 (2010).

2009 (3)

G. Shen, R. S. Tucker, "Energy-minimized design for IP Over WDM networks," J. Opt. Netw. 1, 176-186 (2009).

J. Baliga, R. Ayre, K. Hinton, W. V. Sorin, R. S. Tucker, "Energy consumption in optical IP networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 2391-2403 (2009).

A. W. Poon, X. Luo, F. Xu, H. Chen, "Cascaded microresonator-based matrix switch for silicon on-chip optical interconnection," Proc. IEEE 97, 1216-1238 (2009).

2008 (2)

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, P. Dong, M. Lipson, K. Bergman, "All optical comb switch for multiwavelength message routing in silicon photonic networks," IEEE Photon. chnol. Lett. 20, 767-769 (2008).

A. Shacham, K. Bergman, L. P. Carloni, "Photonic networks-on-chip for future generations of chip multiprocessors," IEEE Trans. Comput. 57, 1246 (2008).

2007 (2)

2003 (1)

G. I. Papadimitriou, C. Papazoglou, A. S. Pomportsis, "Optical switching: Switch fabrics, techniques, and architectures," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 384-405 (2003).

2002 (1)

J. Sun, "Influence of crosstalk on the scalability of WDM cross-connect networks," Proc. Inst. Elect. Eng. Optoelectron. 149, 59-64 (2002).

1999 (2)

L. Gillner, C. P. Larsen, M. Gustavsson, "Scalability of optical multiwavelength switching networks: Crosstalk analysis," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 58-67 (1999).

T. Gyselings, G. Morthier, R. Baets, "Crosstalk analysis of multiwavelength optical cross connects," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 1273-1283 (1999).

1998 (1)

I. T. Monroy, E. Tangdiongga, "Performance evaluation of optical cross-connects by saddlepoint approximation," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 317-323 (1998).

IEEE Photon. chnol. Lett. (1)

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, P. Dong, M. Lipson, K. Bergman, "All optical comb switch for multiwavelength message routing in silicon photonic networks," IEEE Photon. chnol. Lett. 20, 767-769 (2008).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

A. Bianco, D. Cuda, R. Gaudino, G. Gavilanes, F. Neri, M. Petracca, "Scalability of optical interconnects based on microring resonators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1081-1083 (2010).

IEEE Trans. Comput. (1)

A. Shacham, K. Bergman, L. P. Carloni, "Photonic networks-on-chip for future generations of chip multiprocessors," IEEE Trans. Comput. 57, 1246 (2008).

J. Lightw. Technol. (5)

J. Baliga, R. Ayre, K. Hinton, W. V. Sorin, R. S. Tucker, "Energy consumption in optical IP networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 2391-2403 (2009).

G. I. Papadimitriou, C. Papazoglou, A. S. Pomportsis, "Optical switching: Switch fabrics, techniques, and architectures," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 384-405 (2003).

I. T. Monroy, E. Tangdiongga, "Performance evaluation of optical cross-connects by saddlepoint approximation," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 317-323 (1998).

L. Gillner, C. P. Larsen, M. Gustavsson, "Scalability of optical multiwavelength switching networks: Crosstalk analysis," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 58-67 (1999).

T. Gyselings, G. Morthier, R. Baets, "Crosstalk analysis of multiwavelength optical cross connects," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 1273-1283 (1999).

J. Opt. Netw. (2)

Opt. Exp. (1)

P. Dong, S. Preble, M. Lipson, "All-optical compact silicon comb switch," Opt. Exp. 15, 9600-9605 (2007).

Proc. IEEE (1)

A. W. Poon, X. Luo, F. Xu, H. Chen, "Cascaded microresonator-based matrix switch for silicon on-chip optical interconnection," Proc. IEEE 97, 1216-1238 (2009).

Proc. Inst. Elect. Eng. Optoelectron. (1)

J. Sun, "Influence of crosstalk on the scalability of WDM cross-connect networks," Proc. Inst. Elect. Eng. Optoelectron. 149, 59-64 (2002).

Other (7)

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, N. Sherwood-Droz, C. B. Poitras, M. Lipson, K. Bergman, "High-speed 2 × 2 switch for multi-wavelength message routing in on-chip silicon photonic networks," Proc. ECOC (2008) pp. 1-2.

J. Baliga, K. Hinton, R. S. Tucker, "Energy consumption of the internet," Proc. COIN-ACOFT (2007) pp. 1-3.

The International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors, S. I. Association (S. I. Association, 2011).

A. Bianco, D. Cuda, M. Garrich, R. Gaudino, G. Gavilanes, P. Giaccone, F. Neri, "Optical interconnection architectures based on microring resonators," Proc. IEEE Int. Photonics Switching Conf. (2009) pp. 1-2.

L. Shang, L. S. Peh, N. K. Jha, "Dynamic voltage scaling with links for power optimization of interconnection networks," Proc. 7th Int. Symp., High-Performance Comput. Architecture (2003) pp. 91-102.

P.-H. Yuen, L.-K. Chen, "Optimization of microring-based optical interconnection configurations for the reduction of power consumption and insertion loss," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2012).

N. Kirman, J. F. Martínez, "A power-efficient all-optical on-chip interconnect using wavelength-based oblivious routing," Proc. 15th ASPLOS (2010) pp. 15-28.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.