Abstract

In this paper, we analyze and obtain performance of a multilevel Optical Code Division Multiple Access (OCDMA) system with Variable-Weight Optical Orthogonal Codes (VW-OOCs) under the same-bit-energy assumption. The exact error-probability of this system is derived for the Generalized VW-OOCs (codes with arbitrary cross-correlation) which is necessary for the optimum design of multilevel OCDMA systems. We show that the bit power has an important role on determining the performance of codes with different weights. Furthermore, the results reveal that the performance of low-weight codes depends on the weight of the low-weight codes and the code-weight ratio of two classes. Moreover, our exact analytical model has resulted in more accurate performance analysis than the upper bound in . We have found that the accuracy of the upper bound decreases when the number of simultaneously transmitting high-weight codes increases.

© 2013 IEEE

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  1. J. A. Salehi, "Code division multiple-access techniques in optical fiber networks—Part I: Fundamental principles," IEEE Trans. Commun. 37, 824-833 (1989).
  2. J. A. Salehi, C. A. Brackett, "Code division multiple-access techniques in optical fiber networks—Part II: System performance analysis," IEEE Trans. Commun. 37, 834-842 (1989).
  3. J. A. Salehi, "Emerging OCDMA communication systems and data networks," J. Opt. Netw. 6, 1138-1178 (2007).
  4. C. Zhang, C. Ma, Z. Wang, K. Qiu, "Performance analysis of multiple optical orthogonal codes sequences-based optical labels for optical packet switching networks," Opt. Eng. 50, 095003-1 (2011).
  5. H. Beyranvand, J. A. Salehi, "All-optical multi-service path switching in optical code switched GMPLS core network," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 2001-2012 (2009).
  6. H. Beyranvand, J. A. Salehi, "Efficient optical resource allocation and QoS differentiation in optical burst switching networks utilizing hybrid WDM/OCDM," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 2427-2441 (2012).
  7. G.-C. Yang, "Variable-weight optical orthogonal codes for CDMA network with multiple performance requirements," IEEE Trans. Commun. 44, 47-55 (1996).
  8. W. C. Kwong, G.-C. Yang, "Design of multi-length optical orthogonal codes for optical CDMA multimedia networks," IEEE Trans. Commun. 50, 1258-1265 (2006).
  9. V. Baby, W. C. Kwong, C.-Y. Chang, G.-C. Yang, P. R. Prucnal, "Performance analysis of variable-weight multilength optical codes for wavelength-time O-CDMA multimedia systems," IEEE Trans. Commun. 55, 1325-1333 (2007).
  10. N. G. Tarhuni, T. O. Korhonen, E. Mutafungwa, M. S. Elmusrati, "Multiclass optical orthogonal codes for multiservice optical CDMA networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 694-704 (2006).
  11. B. M. Ghaffari, J. A. Salehi, "Multiclass, multistage, and multilevel fiber-optic CDMA signaling techniques based on advanced binary optical logic gate elements," IEEE Trans. Commun. 57, 1424-1432 (2009).
  12. H. Beyranvnad, B. Ghaffari, J. A. Salehi, "Multirate, differentiated-QoS, and multilevel fiber-optic CDMA system via optical logic gate elements," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 4348-4359 (2009).
  13. S. Mashhadi, J. A. Salehi, "Code division multiple-access techniques in optical fiber networks—Part III: Optical AND gate receiver structure with generalized optical orthogonal codes," IEEE Trans. Commun. 45, 1457-1468 (2006).
  14. C.-H. Chen, H.-Y. Chu, G.-C. Yang, C.-Y. Chang, W. C. Kwong, "Performance analysis of double-weight optical CDMA under the same-bit-power assumption," IEEE Trans. Commun. 59, 1247-1252 (2011).
  15. G.-C. Yang, C.-H. Chen, W. C. Kwong, "Accurate analysis of double-weight optical CDMA with power control," IEEE Trans. Commun. 60, 322-327 (2012).
  16. M. M. Rad, H. A. Fathallah, L. A. Rusch, "Fiber fault monitoring for passive optical networks using hybrid 1-D/2-D coding," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 2054-2056 (2008).
  17. M. M. Rad, H. A. Fathallah, L. A. Rusch, "Fiber fault PON monitoring using optical coding: Effects of customer geographic distribution," IEEE Trans. Commun. 58, 1172-1181 (2010).
  18. J.-J. Chen, G.-C. Yang, "CDMA fiber-optic systems with optical hard limiters," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 950-958 (2001).
  19. X. Wang, K. Kitayama, "Analysis of beat noise in coherent and incoherent time-spreading OCDMA," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2226-2235 (2004).
  20. T. M. Bazan, D. Harle, I. Andonovic, "Performance analysis of 2-D time-wavelength OCDMA systems with coherent light sources: Code design considerations," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3583-3589 (2006).
  21. M. Azizoglu, J. A. Salehi, Y. Li, "Optical CDMA via temporal codes," IEEE Trans. Commun. 40, 1162-1170 (1992).

2012 (2)

H. Beyranvand, J. A. Salehi, "Efficient optical resource allocation and QoS differentiation in optical burst switching networks utilizing hybrid WDM/OCDM," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 2427-2441 (2012).

G.-C. Yang, C.-H. Chen, W. C. Kwong, "Accurate analysis of double-weight optical CDMA with power control," IEEE Trans. Commun. 60, 322-327 (2012).

2011 (2)

C. Zhang, C. Ma, Z. Wang, K. Qiu, "Performance analysis of multiple optical orthogonal codes sequences-based optical labels for optical packet switching networks," Opt. Eng. 50, 095003-1 (2011).

C.-H. Chen, H.-Y. Chu, G.-C. Yang, C.-Y. Chang, W. C. Kwong, "Performance analysis of double-weight optical CDMA under the same-bit-power assumption," IEEE Trans. Commun. 59, 1247-1252 (2011).

2010 (1)

M. M. Rad, H. A. Fathallah, L. A. Rusch, "Fiber fault PON monitoring using optical coding: Effects of customer geographic distribution," IEEE Trans. Commun. 58, 1172-1181 (2010).

2009 (3)

B. M. Ghaffari, J. A. Salehi, "Multiclass, multistage, and multilevel fiber-optic CDMA signaling techniques based on advanced binary optical logic gate elements," IEEE Trans. Commun. 57, 1424-1432 (2009).

H. Beyranvnad, B. Ghaffari, J. A. Salehi, "Multirate, differentiated-QoS, and multilevel fiber-optic CDMA system via optical logic gate elements," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 4348-4359 (2009).

H. Beyranvand, J. A. Salehi, "All-optical multi-service path switching in optical code switched GMPLS core network," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 2001-2012 (2009).

2008 (1)

M. M. Rad, H. A. Fathallah, L. A. Rusch, "Fiber fault monitoring for passive optical networks using hybrid 1-D/2-D coding," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 2054-2056 (2008).

2007 (2)

V. Baby, W. C. Kwong, C.-Y. Chang, G.-C. Yang, P. R. Prucnal, "Performance analysis of variable-weight multilength optical codes for wavelength-time O-CDMA multimedia systems," IEEE Trans. Commun. 55, 1325-1333 (2007).

J. A. Salehi, "Emerging OCDMA communication systems and data networks," J. Opt. Netw. 6, 1138-1178 (2007).

2006 (4)

W. C. Kwong, G.-C. Yang, "Design of multi-length optical orthogonal codes for optical CDMA multimedia networks," IEEE Trans. Commun. 50, 1258-1265 (2006).

N. G. Tarhuni, T. O. Korhonen, E. Mutafungwa, M. S. Elmusrati, "Multiclass optical orthogonal codes for multiservice optical CDMA networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 694-704 (2006).

S. Mashhadi, J. A. Salehi, "Code division multiple-access techniques in optical fiber networks—Part III: Optical AND gate receiver structure with generalized optical orthogonal codes," IEEE Trans. Commun. 45, 1457-1468 (2006).

T. M. Bazan, D. Harle, I. Andonovic, "Performance analysis of 2-D time-wavelength OCDMA systems with coherent light sources: Code design considerations," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3583-3589 (2006).

2004 (1)

X. Wang, K. Kitayama, "Analysis of beat noise in coherent and incoherent time-spreading OCDMA," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2226-2235 (2004).

2001 (1)

J.-J. Chen, G.-C. Yang, "CDMA fiber-optic systems with optical hard limiters," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 950-958 (2001).

1996 (1)

G.-C. Yang, "Variable-weight optical orthogonal codes for CDMA network with multiple performance requirements," IEEE Trans. Commun. 44, 47-55 (1996).

1992 (1)

M. Azizoglu, J. A. Salehi, Y. Li, "Optical CDMA via temporal codes," IEEE Trans. Commun. 40, 1162-1170 (1992).

1989 (2)

J. A. Salehi, "Code division multiple-access techniques in optical fiber networks—Part I: Fundamental principles," IEEE Trans. Commun. 37, 824-833 (1989).

J. A. Salehi, C. A. Brackett, "Code division multiple-access techniques in optical fiber networks—Part II: System performance analysis," IEEE Trans. Commun. 37, 834-842 (1989).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

M. M. Rad, H. A. Fathallah, L. A. Rusch, "Fiber fault monitoring for passive optical networks using hybrid 1-D/2-D coding," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 2054-2056 (2008).

IEEE Trans. Commun. (3)

S. Mashhadi, J. A. Salehi, "Code division multiple-access techniques in optical fiber networks—Part III: Optical AND gate receiver structure with generalized optical orthogonal codes," IEEE Trans. Commun. 45, 1457-1468 (2006).

C.-H. Chen, H.-Y. Chu, G.-C. Yang, C.-Y. Chang, W. C. Kwong, "Performance analysis of double-weight optical CDMA under the same-bit-power assumption," IEEE Trans. Commun. 59, 1247-1252 (2011).

W. C. Kwong, G.-C. Yang, "Design of multi-length optical orthogonal codes for optical CDMA multimedia networks," IEEE Trans. Commun. 50, 1258-1265 (2006).

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

G.-C. Yang, C.-H. Chen, W. C. Kwong, "Accurate analysis of double-weight optical CDMA with power control," IEEE Trans. Commun. 60, 322-327 (2012).

IEEE Trans. Commun. (7)

B. M. Ghaffari, J. A. Salehi, "Multiclass, multistage, and multilevel fiber-optic CDMA signaling techniques based on advanced binary optical logic gate elements," IEEE Trans. Commun. 57, 1424-1432 (2009).

M. M. Rad, H. A. Fathallah, L. A. Rusch, "Fiber fault PON monitoring using optical coding: Effects of customer geographic distribution," IEEE Trans. Commun. 58, 1172-1181 (2010).

V. Baby, W. C. Kwong, C.-Y. Chang, G.-C. Yang, P. R. Prucnal, "Performance analysis of variable-weight multilength optical codes for wavelength-time O-CDMA multimedia systems," IEEE Trans. Commun. 55, 1325-1333 (2007).

J. A. Salehi, "Code division multiple-access techniques in optical fiber networks—Part I: Fundamental principles," IEEE Trans. Commun. 37, 824-833 (1989).

J. A. Salehi, C. A. Brackett, "Code division multiple-access techniques in optical fiber networks—Part II: System performance analysis," IEEE Trans. Commun. 37, 834-842 (1989).

G.-C. Yang, "Variable-weight optical orthogonal codes for CDMA network with multiple performance requirements," IEEE Trans. Commun. 44, 47-55 (1996).

M. Azizoglu, J. A. Salehi, Y. Li, "Optical CDMA via temporal codes," IEEE Trans. Commun. 40, 1162-1170 (1992).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

N. G. Tarhuni, T. O. Korhonen, E. Mutafungwa, M. S. Elmusrati, "Multiclass optical orthogonal codes for multiservice optical CDMA networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 694-704 (2006).

H. Beyranvand, J. A. Salehi, "All-optical multi-service path switching in optical code switched GMPLS core network," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 2001-2012 (2009).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

X. Wang, K. Kitayama, "Analysis of beat noise in coherent and incoherent time-spreading OCDMA," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2226-2235 (2004).

J. Lightw. Technol. (4)

T. M. Bazan, D. Harle, I. Andonovic, "Performance analysis of 2-D time-wavelength OCDMA systems with coherent light sources: Code design considerations," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3583-3589 (2006).

J.-J. Chen, G.-C. Yang, "CDMA fiber-optic systems with optical hard limiters," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 950-958 (2001).

H. Beyranvnad, B. Ghaffari, J. A. Salehi, "Multirate, differentiated-QoS, and multilevel fiber-optic CDMA system via optical logic gate elements," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 4348-4359 (2009).

H. Beyranvand, J. A. Salehi, "Efficient optical resource allocation and QoS differentiation in optical burst switching networks utilizing hybrid WDM/OCDM," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 2427-2441 (2012).

J. Opt. Netw. (1)

Opt. Eng. (1)

C. Zhang, C. Ma, Z. Wang, K. Qiu, "Performance analysis of multiple optical orthogonal codes sequences-based optical labels for optical packet switching networks," Opt. Eng. 50, 095003-1 (2011).

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