Abstract

A distributed on-line temperature and strain fiber sensing system based on the combined Brillouin optical time domain reflectometry (BOTDR) and fiber Bragg grating (FBG) technology is presented and investigated experimentally for monitoring the overhead transmission lines. The BOTDR sensing system can be used to measure the temperature of transmission lines (Optical Phase Conductor, OPPC or Optical Power Ground Wire, OPGW) which is helpful for monitoring the dynamic ampacity and icing forecasting. In order to effectively monitor the distortion of transmission line induced by the climatic fluctuation and natural disaster, e.g., ice coating and hurricane wind, a quasi-distributed FBG strain sensing system is connected in series with the insulator, integrated into the BOTDR system. The results showed the proposed system was effective and reliable for the monitoring of overhead transmission lines.

© 2013 IEEE

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  1. ISCM—Overhead Line Monitoring.
  2. Y. Lin, "A mechanical calculation model for on-line icing-monitoring system of overhead transmission lines," Proc. CSEE (2010) pp. 100-105.
  3. M. Chenping, C. Yangchun, "A new ice covering model," Proc. ICHVE (2008) pp. 140-143.
  4. K. Savadjiev, M. Farzaneh, "Modeling of icing and ice shedding on overhead power lines based on statistical analysis of meteorological data," IEEE Trans. Power Del. 19, 715-721 (2004).
  5. H. Xinbo, S. Qindong, D. Jianguo, "An on-line monitoring system of transmission line conductor de-icing," Proc. ICIEA (2008) pp. 891-896.
  6. M. A. Farahani, T. Gogolla, "Spontaneous Raman scattering in optical fibers with modulated probe light for distributed temperature Raman remote sensing," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 1379-1391 (1999).
  7. A. Ukil, H. Braendle, P. Krippner, "Distributed temperature sensing: Review of technology and applications," IEEE Sens. J. 12, 885-892 (2012).
  8. J. Geng, S. Staines, M. Blake, S. Jiang, "Distributed fiber temperature and strain sensor using coherent radio-frequency detection of spontaneous Brillouin scattering," Appl. Opt. 46, 5928-5932 (2007).
  9. S. M. Maughan, H. H. Kee, T. P. Newson, "Simultaneous distributed fiber temperature and strain sensor using micro wave coherent detection of spontaneous Brillouin backscatter," Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 834-842 (2001).
  10. A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, E. J. Friebele, "Fiber grating sensors," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 1442-1463 (1997).
  11. H. Y. Fu, H. L. Liu, W. H. Chung, H. Y. Tam, "A novel fiber bragg grating sensor configuration for long-distance quasi-distributed measurement," IEEE Sens. J. 8, 1598-1602 (2008).
  12. T. K. Gangopadhyay, M. C. Paul, L. Bjerkan, "Fiber-optic sensor for real-time monitoring of temperature on high voltage (400 KV) power transmission lines," 20th Int. Conf. Optical Fiber Sensors KolkataIndia (2009).
  13. L. Bjerkan, "Application of fiber-optic Bragg grating sensors in monitoring environmental loads of overhead power transmission lines," Appl. Opt. 39, 554-560 (2000).
  14. G. Ma, C. Li, J. Quan, J. Jiang, Y. Cheng, "A fiber bragg grating tension and tilt sensor applied to icing monitoring on overhead transmission lines," IEEE Trans. Power Del. 26, 2163-2170 (2011).
  15. Y. Lin, H. Yanpeng, L. Weiguo, "Relationships among transmission line icing, conductor temperature and local meteorology using grey relational analysis," High Volt Age Eng. 36, 775-781 (2010) in Chinese.
  16. C. Xihao, H. Junhua, Z. Jianming, J. Zhong, Z. Feng, "Analysis and suggestions on ice overloading of OPGW cables," Telecommun. Electric Power Syst. 29, 8-13 (2008).
  17. S. L. Chen, W. Z. Black, H. W. Loard, Jr."High-temperature ampacity model for overhead conductors," IEEE Trans. Power Del. 17, 1136-1141 (2002).
  18. IEEE Standard for Calculating the Current-Temperature Relationship of Bare Overhead Conductors IEEE Std. 738-1993 (1993).
  19. N. P. Schmidt, "Comparison between IEEE and CIGRE ampacity standards," IEEE Trans. Power Del. 14, 1555-1559 (1999).
  20. I. Albizu, E. Fernández, A. J. Mazón, J. Bengoechea, "Influence of the conductor temperature error on the overhead line ampacity monitoring systems," Generation, Transm. Distribution, IET 5, 440-447 (2011).

2012 (1)

A. Ukil, H. Braendle, P. Krippner, "Distributed temperature sensing: Review of technology and applications," IEEE Sens. J. 12, 885-892 (2012).

2011 (2)

G. Ma, C. Li, J. Quan, J. Jiang, Y. Cheng, "A fiber bragg grating tension and tilt sensor applied to icing monitoring on overhead transmission lines," IEEE Trans. Power Del. 26, 2163-2170 (2011).

I. Albizu, E. Fernández, A. J. Mazón, J. Bengoechea, "Influence of the conductor temperature error on the overhead line ampacity monitoring systems," Generation, Transm. Distribution, IET 5, 440-447 (2011).

2010 (1)

Y. Lin, H. Yanpeng, L. Weiguo, "Relationships among transmission line icing, conductor temperature and local meteorology using grey relational analysis," High Volt Age Eng. 36, 775-781 (2010) in Chinese.

2008 (2)

C. Xihao, H. Junhua, Z. Jianming, J. Zhong, Z. Feng, "Analysis and suggestions on ice overloading of OPGW cables," Telecommun. Electric Power Syst. 29, 8-13 (2008).

H. Y. Fu, H. L. Liu, W. H. Chung, H. Y. Tam, "A novel fiber bragg grating sensor configuration for long-distance quasi-distributed measurement," IEEE Sens. J. 8, 1598-1602 (2008).

2007 (1)

2004 (1)

K. Savadjiev, M. Farzaneh, "Modeling of icing and ice shedding on overhead power lines based on statistical analysis of meteorological data," IEEE Trans. Power Del. 19, 715-721 (2004).

2002 (1)

S. L. Chen, W. Z. Black, H. W. Loard, Jr."High-temperature ampacity model for overhead conductors," IEEE Trans. Power Del. 17, 1136-1141 (2002).

2001 (1)

S. M. Maughan, H. H. Kee, T. P. Newson, "Simultaneous distributed fiber temperature and strain sensor using micro wave coherent detection of spontaneous Brillouin backscatter," Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 834-842 (2001).

2000 (1)

1999 (2)

M. A. Farahani, T. Gogolla, "Spontaneous Raman scattering in optical fibers with modulated probe light for distributed temperature Raman remote sensing," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 1379-1391 (1999).

N. P. Schmidt, "Comparison between IEEE and CIGRE ampacity standards," IEEE Trans. Power Del. 14, 1555-1559 (1999).

1997 (1)

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, E. J. Friebele, "Fiber grating sensors," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 1442-1463 (1997).

Appl. Opt. (2)

Generation, Transm. Distribution, IET (1)

I. Albizu, E. Fernández, A. J. Mazón, J. Bengoechea, "Influence of the conductor temperature error on the overhead line ampacity monitoring systems," Generation, Transm. Distribution, IET 5, 440-447 (2011).

High Volt Age Eng. (1)

Y. Lin, H. Yanpeng, L. Weiguo, "Relationships among transmission line icing, conductor temperature and local meteorology using grey relational analysis," High Volt Age Eng. 36, 775-781 (2010) in Chinese.

IEEE Sens. J. (1)

A. Ukil, H. Braendle, P. Krippner, "Distributed temperature sensing: Review of technology and applications," IEEE Sens. J. 12, 885-892 (2012).

IEEE Trans. Power Del. (1)

S. L. Chen, W. Z. Black, H. W. Loard, Jr."High-temperature ampacity model for overhead conductors," IEEE Trans. Power Del. 17, 1136-1141 (2002).

IEEE Sens. J. (1)

H. Y. Fu, H. L. Liu, W. H. Chung, H. Y. Tam, "A novel fiber bragg grating sensor configuration for long-distance quasi-distributed measurement," IEEE Sens. J. 8, 1598-1602 (2008).

IEEE Trans. Power Del. (2)

G. Ma, C. Li, J. Quan, J. Jiang, Y. Cheng, "A fiber bragg grating tension and tilt sensor applied to icing monitoring on overhead transmission lines," IEEE Trans. Power Del. 26, 2163-2170 (2011).

N. P. Schmidt, "Comparison between IEEE and CIGRE ampacity standards," IEEE Trans. Power Del. 14, 1555-1559 (1999).

IEEE Trans. Power Del. (1)

K. Savadjiev, M. Farzaneh, "Modeling of icing and ice shedding on overhead power lines based on statistical analysis of meteorological data," IEEE Trans. Power Del. 19, 715-721 (2004).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

M. A. Farahani, T. Gogolla, "Spontaneous Raman scattering in optical fibers with modulated probe light for distributed temperature Raman remote sensing," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 1379-1391 (1999).

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, E. J. Friebele, "Fiber grating sensors," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 1442-1463 (1997).

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

S. M. Maughan, H. H. Kee, T. P. Newson, "Simultaneous distributed fiber temperature and strain sensor using micro wave coherent detection of spontaneous Brillouin backscatter," Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 834-842 (2001).

Telecommun. Electric Power Syst. (1)

C. Xihao, H. Junhua, Z. Jianming, J. Zhong, Z. Feng, "Analysis and suggestions on ice overloading of OPGW cables," Telecommun. Electric Power Syst. 29, 8-13 (2008).

Other (6)

IEEE Standard for Calculating the Current-Temperature Relationship of Bare Overhead Conductors IEEE Std. 738-1993 (1993).

T. K. Gangopadhyay, M. C. Paul, L. Bjerkan, "Fiber-optic sensor for real-time monitoring of temperature on high voltage (400 KV) power transmission lines," 20th Int. Conf. Optical Fiber Sensors KolkataIndia (2009).

H. Xinbo, S. Qindong, D. Jianguo, "An on-line monitoring system of transmission line conductor de-icing," Proc. ICIEA (2008) pp. 891-896.

ISCM—Overhead Line Monitoring.

Y. Lin, "A mechanical calculation model for on-line icing-monitoring system of overhead transmission lines," Proc. CSEE (2010) pp. 100-105.

M. Chenping, C. Yangchun, "A new ice covering model," Proc. ICHVE (2008) pp. 140-143.

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