Abstract

The upstream transmission of bulk data files in Ethernet passive optical networks (EPONs) arises from a number of applications, such as data backup and multimedia file upload. Existing upstream transmission approaches lead to severe delays for conventional packet traffic when best effort file and packet traffic are mixed. We propose and evaluate an exclusive interval for bulk transfer (EIBT) transmission strategy that reserves an EIBT for file traffic in an EPON polling cycle. We optimize the duration of the EIBT to minimize a weighted sum of packet and file delays. Through mathematical delay analysis and verifying simulation, we demonstrate that the EIBT approach preserves small delays for packet traffic, while efficiently serving bulk data file transfers.

© 2012 IEEE

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2012 (5)

G. Kramer, M. DeAndrade, R. Roy, P. Chowdhury, "Evolution of optical access networks: Architectures and capacity upgrades," Proc. IEEE 100, 1188-1196 (2012).

M. McGarry, M. Reisslein, "Investigation of the DBA algorithm design space for EPONs," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 2271-2280 (2012).

I. Hwang, J. Lee, K. Lai, A. Liem, "Generic QoS-aware interleaved dynamic bandwidth allocation in scalable EPONs," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 4, 99-107 (2012).

L. Kazovsky, S.-W. Wong, T. Ayhan, K. Albeyoglu, M. Ribeiro, A. Shastri, "Hybrid optical-wireless access networks," Proc. IEEE 100, 1197-1225 (2012).

A. Ahmed, A. Shami, "RPR-EPON-WiMAX hybrid network: A solution for access and metro networks," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 4, 173-188 (2012).

2011 (5)

F. Aurzada, M. Scheutzow, M. Reisslein, N. Ghazisaidi, M. Maier, "Capacity and delay analysis of next-generation passive optical networks (NG-PONs)," IEEE Trans. Commun. 59, 1378-1388 (2011).

M. Vahabzadeh, A. G. Rahbar, "Modified smallest available report first: New dynamic bandwidth allocation schemes in QoS-capable EPONs," Opt. Fiber Technol. 17, 7-16 (2011).

R. Roy, G. Kramer, M. Hajduczenia, H. Silva, "Performance of 10G-EPON," IEEE Commun. Mag. 49, 78-85 (2011).

M. Andrade, G. Kramer, L. Wosinska, J. Chen, S. Sallent, B. Mukherjee, "Evaluating strategies for evolution of passive optical networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 49, 176-184 (2011).

T. Berisa, Z. Ilic, A. Bazant, "Absolute delay variation guarantees in passive optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 1383-1393 (2011).

2010 (13)

K. Kanonakis, I. Tomkos, "Improving the efficiency of online upstream scheduling and wavelength assignment in hybrid WDM/TDMA EPON networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 28, 838-848 (2010).

P. Sarigiannidis, S. Petridou, G. Papadimitriou, M. Obaidat, "IGFS: A new MAC protocol exploiting heterogeneous propagation delays in the dynamic bandwidth allocation on WDM-EPON," IEEE Syst. J. 4, 49-56 (2010).

M. Veeraraghavan, M. Karol, G. Clapp, "Optical dynamic circuit services," IEEE Commun. Mag. 48, 109-117 (2010).

C. C. Sue, H. W. Cheng, "A fitting report position scheme for the gated IPACT dynamic bandwidth algorithm in EPONs," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 18, 624-637 (2010).

J. Zhang, N. Ansari, "An application-oriented fair resource allocation scheme for EPON," IEEE Syst. J. 4, 424-431 (2010).

H.-T. Lin, C.-L. Lai, W.-R. Chang, S.-J. Hong, "Design and analysis of a WDM EPON for supporting private networking and differentiated services," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 2, 266-282 (2010).

Y. Okumura, "Traffic control algorithm offering multi-class fairness in PON based access networks," IEICE Trans. Commun. 93, 712-715 (2010).

Y. Yin, G. Poo, "User-oriented hierarchical bandwidth scheduling for Ethernet passive optical networks," Comput. Commun. 33, 965-975 (2010).

S. Bharati, P. Saengudomlert, "Analysis of mean packet delay for dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithms in EPONs," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 3454-3462 (2010).

M. McGarry, M. Reisslein, F. Aurzada, M. Scheutzow, "Shortest propagation delay (SPD) first scheduling for EPONs with heterogeneous propagation delays," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 28, 849-862 (2010).

H. Nishiyama, Z. Fadlullah, N. Kato, "Inter-layer fairness problem in TCP bandwidth sharing in 10G-EPON," IEEE Syst. J. 4, 432-439 (2010).

M. Maier, M. Herzog, "Online gaming and P2P file sharing in next-generation EPONs," IEEE Commun. Mag. 48, 48-55 (2010).

B. Jung, J. Choi, Y.-T. Han, M.-G. Kim, M. Kang, "Centralized scheduling mechanism for enhanced end-to-end delay and QoS support in integrated architecture of EPON and WiMAX," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 2277-2288 (2010).

2009 (11)

K. Fouli, M. Maier, "The road to carrier-grade Ethernet," IEEE Commun. Mag. 47, S30-S38 (2009).

K. Yang, S. Ou, K. Guild, H.-H. Chen, "Convergence of Ethernet PON and IEEE 802.16 broadband access networks and its QoS-aware dynamic bandwidth allocation scheme," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 27, 101-116 (2009).

H. Ikeda, K. Kitayama, "Dynamic bandwidth allocation with adaptive polling cycle for maximized TCP throughput in 10G-EPON," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 5508-5516 (2009).

J. Chen, B. Chen, L. Wosinska, "Joint bandwidth scheduling to support differentiated services and multiple service providers in 1G and 10G EPONs," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1, 343-351 (2009).

M. Radivojevic, P. Matavulj, "Implementation of intra-ONU scheduling for quality of service support in Ethernet passive optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 4055-4062 (2009).

W. Lim, C. Yun, Y.-M. Yang, H. Lee, K. Kim, "Burst-polling-based dynamic bandwidth allocation using adaptive minimum guaranteed bandwidth for EPONs," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1, 594-599 (2009).

K. Kanonakis, I. Tomkos, "Offset-based scheduling with flexible intervals for evolving GPON networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3259-3268 (2009).

J. Zheng, H. Mouftah, "A survey of dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithms for Ethernet passive optical networks," Opt. Switch. Netw. 6, 151-162 (2009).

S. Y. Choi, S. Lee, T. J. Lee, M. Y. Chung, H. Choo, "Double-phase polling algorithm based on partitioned ONU subgroups for high utilization in EPONs," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1, 484-497 (2009).

G. Weichenberg, V. Chan, M. Medard, "Design and analysis of optical flow-switched networks," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1, B81-B97 (2009).

F. M. Pereira, N. L. S. Fonseca, D. S. Arantes, "A fair scheduling discipline for Ethernet passive optical networks," Comput. Netw. 53, 1859-1878 (2009).

2008 (1)

2007 (2)

B. Lannoo, L. Verslegers, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, M. Gagnaire, P. Demeester, "Analytical model for the IPACT dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm in EPONs," J. Opt. Netw. 6, 677-688 (2007).

N. Kim, H. Yun, M. Kang, "Analysis of effect of load-based excess bandwidth reservation on performances of differentiated services in E-PON," IET Commun. 1, 382-390 (2007).

2006 (4)

Y. Zhu, M. Ma, T. Cheng, "Hierarchical scheduling to support differentiated services in Ethernet passive optical networks," Comput. Netw. 50, 350-366 (2006).

H. Naser, H. Mouftah, "A fast class-of-service oriented packet scheduling scheme for EPON access networks," IEEE Commun. Lett. 10, 396-398 (2006).

C.-H. Chang, P. Kourtessis, J. Senior, "GPON service level agreement based dynamic bandwidth assignment protocol," Electron. Lett. 42, 1173-1174 (2006).

K.-C. Chang, W. Liao, "On the throughput and fairness performance of TCP over Ethernet passive optical networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 24, 3-12 (2006) Part Supplement.

2005 (6)

A. Bianco, J. M. Finochietto, G. Giarratana, F. Neri, C. Piglione, "Measurement-based reconfiguration in optical ring metro networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 3156-3166 (2005).

Y. Luo, N. Ansari, "Limited sharing with traffic prediction for dynamic bandwidth allocation and QoS provisioning over EPONs," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 4, 561-572 (2005).

A. Shami, X. Bai, N. Ghani, C. Assi, H. Mouftah, "QoS control schemes for two-stage Ethernet passive optical access networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 23, 1467-1478 (2005).

S. Zaghloul, V. Frost, A. Mohammad, "Modeling TCP long file transfer latency over long delay wireless multilink PPP," IEEE Commun. Lett. 9, 988-990 (2005).

M. Ma, L. Liu, T. H. Cheng, "Adaptive scheduling for differentiated services in an Ethernet passive optical network," J. Opt. Netw. 4, 661-670 (2005).

M. Ma, Y. Zhu, T. Cheng, "A systematic scheme for multiple access in Ethernet passive optical access networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 3671-3682 (2005).

2004 (2)

S. Sherif, A. Hadjiantonis, G. Ellinas, C. Assi, M. Ali, "A novel decentralized Ethernet-based PON access architecture for provisioning differentiated QoS," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2483-2497 (2004).

G. Kramer, A. Banerjee, N. Singhal, B. Mukherjee, S. Dixit, Y. Ye, "Fair queueing with service envelopes (FQSE): A cousin-fair hierarchical scheduler for subscriber access networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1497-1513 (2004).

2003 (5)

C. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, M. Ali, "Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality-of-service over Ethernet PONs," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1467-1477 (2003).

A. Gencata, B. Mukherjee, "Virtual-topology adaptation for WDM mesh networks under dynamic traffic," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 11, 236-247 (2003).

M. Maier, M. Reisslein, A. Wolisz, "A hybrid MAC protocol for a metro WDM network using multiple free spectral ranges of an arrayed-waveguide grating," Comput. Netw. 41, 407-433 (2003).

I. M. White, M. S. Rogge, K. Shrikhande, L. G. Kazovsky, "A summary of the HORNET project: A next-generation metropolitan area network," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1478-1494 (2003).

H.-S. Yang, M. Maier, M. Reisslein, M. Carlyle, "A genetic algorithm-based methodology for optimizing multiservice convergence in a metro WDM network," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1114-1133 (2003).

2002 (2)

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, S. Dixit, Y. Ye, R. Hirth, "Supporting differentiated classes of service in Ethernet passive optical networks," J. Opt. Netw. 1, 280-298 (2002).

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, G. Pesavento, "Interleaved polling with adaptive cycle time (IPACT): A dynamic bandwidth distribution scheme in an optical access network," Photon. Netw. Commun. 4, 89-107 (2002).

Comput. Commun. (1)

Y. Yin, G. Poo, "User-oriented hierarchical bandwidth scheduling for Ethernet passive optical networks," Comput. Commun. 33, 965-975 (2010).

Comput. Netw. (2)

Y. Zhu, M. Ma, T. Cheng, "Hierarchical scheduling to support differentiated services in Ethernet passive optical networks," Comput. Netw. 50, 350-366 (2006).

F. M. Pereira, N. L. S. Fonseca, D. S. Arantes, "A fair scheduling discipline for Ethernet passive optical networks," Comput. Netw. 53, 1859-1878 (2009).

Comput. Netw. (1)

M. Maier, M. Reisslein, A. Wolisz, "A hybrid MAC protocol for a metro WDM network using multiple free spectral ranges of an arrayed-waveguide grating," Comput. Netw. 41, 407-433 (2003).

Electron. Lett. (1)

C.-H. Chang, P. Kourtessis, J. Senior, "GPON service level agreement based dynamic bandwidth assignment protocol," Electron. Lett. 42, 1173-1174 (2006).

IEEE Commun. Lett. (2)

H. Naser, H. Mouftah, "A fast class-of-service oriented packet scheduling scheme for EPON access networks," IEEE Commun. Lett. 10, 396-398 (2006).

S. Zaghloul, V. Frost, A. Mohammad, "Modeling TCP long file transfer latency over long delay wireless multilink PPP," IEEE Commun. Lett. 9, 988-990 (2005).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (2)

M. Veeraraghavan, M. Karol, G. Clapp, "Optical dynamic circuit services," IEEE Commun. Mag. 48, 109-117 (2010).

R. Roy, G. Kramer, M. Hajduczenia, H. Silva, "Performance of 10G-EPON," IEEE Commun. Mag. 49, 78-85 (2011).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (3)

G. Kramer, A. Banerjee, N. Singhal, B. Mukherjee, S. Dixit, Y. Ye, "Fair queueing with service envelopes (FQSE): A cousin-fair hierarchical scheduler for subscriber access networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 22, 1497-1513 (2004).

K.-C. Chang, W. Liao, "On the throughput and fairness performance of TCP over Ethernet passive optical networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 24, 3-12 (2006) Part Supplement.

I. M. White, M. S. Rogge, K. Shrikhande, L. G. Kazovsky, "A summary of the HORNET project: A next-generation metropolitan area network," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1478-1494 (2003).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

M. Maier, M. Herzog, "Online gaming and P2P file sharing in next-generation EPONs," IEEE Commun. Mag. 48, 48-55 (2010).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (2)

K. Fouli, M. Maier, "The road to carrier-grade Ethernet," IEEE Commun. Mag. 47, S30-S38 (2009).

M. Andrade, G. Kramer, L. Wosinska, J. Chen, S. Sallent, B. Mukherjee, "Evaluating strategies for evolution of passive optical networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 49, 176-184 (2011).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (5)

K. Kanonakis, I. Tomkos, "Improving the efficiency of online upstream scheduling and wavelength assignment in hybrid WDM/TDMA EPON networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 28, 838-848 (2010).

C. Assi, Y. Ye, S. Dixit, M. Ali, "Dynamic bandwidth allocation for quality-of-service over Ethernet PONs," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1467-1477 (2003).

A. Shami, X. Bai, N. Ghani, C. Assi, H. Mouftah, "QoS control schemes for two-stage Ethernet passive optical access networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 23, 1467-1478 (2005).

M. McGarry, M. Reisslein, F. Aurzada, M. Scheutzow, "Shortest propagation delay (SPD) first scheduling for EPONs with heterogeneous propagation delays," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 28, 849-862 (2010).

K. Yang, S. Ou, K. Guild, H.-H. Chen, "Convergence of Ethernet PON and IEEE 802.16 broadband access networks and its QoS-aware dynamic bandwidth allocation scheme," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 27, 101-116 (2009).

IEEE Syst. J. (1)

J. Zhang, N. Ansari, "An application-oriented fair resource allocation scheme for EPON," IEEE Syst. J. 4, 424-431 (2010).

IEEE Syst. J. (2)

P. Sarigiannidis, S. Petridou, G. Papadimitriou, M. Obaidat, "IGFS: A new MAC protocol exploiting heterogeneous propagation delays in the dynamic bandwidth allocation on WDM-EPON," IEEE Syst. J. 4, 49-56 (2010).

H. Nishiyama, Z. Fadlullah, N. Kato, "Inter-layer fairness problem in TCP bandwidth sharing in 10G-EPON," IEEE Syst. J. 4, 432-439 (2010).

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

F. Aurzada, M. Scheutzow, M. Reisslein, N. Ghazisaidi, M. Maier, "Capacity and delay analysis of next-generation passive optical networks (NG-PONs)," IEEE Trans. Commun. 59, 1378-1388 (2011).

IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. (1)

A. Gencata, B. Mukherjee, "Virtual-topology adaptation for WDM mesh networks under dynamic traffic," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 11, 236-247 (2003).

IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. (1)

C. C. Sue, H. W. Cheng, "A fitting report position scheme for the gated IPACT dynamic bandwidth algorithm in EPONs," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 18, 624-637 (2010).

IEICE Trans. Commun. (1)

Y. Okumura, "Traffic control algorithm offering multi-class fairness in PON based access networks," IEICE Trans. Commun. 93, 712-715 (2010).

IET Commun. (1)

N. Kim, H. Yun, M. Kang, "Analysis of effect of load-based excess bandwidth reservation on performances of differentiated services in E-PON," IET Commun. 1, 382-390 (2007).

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S. Bharati, P. Saengudomlert, "Analysis of mean packet delay for dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithms in EPONs," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 3454-3462 (2010).

K. Kanonakis, I. Tomkos, "Offset-based scheduling with flexible intervals for evolving GPON networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3259-3268 (2009).

J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (2)

W. Lim, C. Yun, Y.-M. Yang, H. Lee, K. Kim, "Burst-polling-based dynamic bandwidth allocation using adaptive minimum guaranteed bandwidth for EPONs," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1, 594-599 (2009).

S. Y. Choi, S. Lee, T. J. Lee, M. Y. Chung, H. Choo, "Double-phase polling algorithm based on partitioned ONU subgroups for high utilization in EPONs," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1, 484-497 (2009).

J. Opt. Netw. (1)

M. Ma, L. Liu, T. H. Cheng, "Adaptive scheduling for differentiated services in an Ethernet passive optical network," J. Opt. Netw. 4, 661-670 (2005).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

S. Sherif, A. Hadjiantonis, G. Ellinas, C. Assi, M. Ali, "A novel decentralized Ethernet-based PON access architecture for provisioning differentiated QoS," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2483-2497 (2004).

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M. Ma, Y. Zhu, T. Cheng, "A systematic scheme for multiple access in Ethernet passive optical access networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 3671-3682 (2005).

H. Ikeda, K. Kitayama, "Dynamic bandwidth allocation with adaptive polling cycle for maximized TCP throughput in 10G-EPON," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 5508-5516 (2009).

B. Jung, J. Choi, Y.-T. Han, M.-G. Kim, M. Kang, "Centralized scheduling mechanism for enhanced end-to-end delay and QoS support in integrated architecture of EPON and WiMAX," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 2277-2288 (2010).

H.-S. Yang, M. Maier, M. Reisslein, M. Carlyle, "A genetic algorithm-based methodology for optimizing multiservice convergence in a metro WDM network," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1114-1133 (2003).

M. McGarry, M. Reisslein, "Investigation of the DBA algorithm design space for EPONs," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 2271-2280 (2012).

M. Radivojevic, P. Matavulj, "Implementation of intra-ONU scheduling for quality of service support in Ethernet passive optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 4055-4062 (2009).

T. Berisa, Z. Ilic, A. Bazant, "Absolute delay variation guarantees in passive optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 1383-1393 (2011).

A. Bianco, J. M. Finochietto, G. Giarratana, F. Neri, C. Piglione, "Measurement-based reconfiguration in optical ring metro networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 3156-3166 (2005).

J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (1)

A. Ahmed, A. Shami, "RPR-EPON-WiMAX hybrid network: A solution for access and metro networks," J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 4, 173-188 (2012).

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M. Vahabzadeh, A. G. Rahbar, "Modified smallest available report first: New dynamic bandwidth allocation schemes in QoS-capable EPONs," Opt. Fiber Technol. 17, 7-16 (2011).

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J. Zheng, H. Mouftah, "A survey of dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithms for Ethernet passive optical networks," Opt. Switch. Netw. 6, 151-162 (2009).

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J. Orozco, D. Ros, "TCP performance over gigabit-capable passive optical networks," Proc. AccessNets (2008) pp. 264-279.

M. Sailan, R. Hassan, "Network file transfer performance: Effect of IP address, TCP window size and file size," Proc. Int. Conf. Netw. Appl., Protocols Serv. (2010) pp. 114-118.

P. Wiedemeier, H. Tyrer, "Large file transmissions over high delay data communication channels using TCP," Proc. IEEE Aerosp. Conf. (2003) pp. 1237-1243.

O. C. Turna, M. A. Aydin, T. Atmaca, A. Zaim, "A novel dynamic bandwidth allocation algorithm based on half cycling for EPONs," Proc. Conf. Emerg. Netw. Intell. (2010) pp. 38-43.

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P. Bolletta, A. Del Grosso, L. Rea, A. Luisi, S. Pompei, A. Valenti, D. Del Buono, "Monitoring of the user quality of service: Network architecture for measurements, role of the user operating system with consequences for optical accesses," Proc. Int. Conf. Opt. Netw. Design Model. (2011) pp. 1-5.

T. Koponen, M. Chawla, B. Chun, A. Ermolinskiy, K. Kim, S. Shenker, I. Stoica, "A data-oriented (and beyond) network architecture," Proc. ACM SIGCOMM (2007) pp. 181-192.

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A. Dixit, G. Das, B. Lannoo, D. Colle, M. Pickavet, P. Demeester, "Jitter performance for QoS in Ethernet passive optical networks," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (2011) pp. 1-3.

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N. Merayo, R. Duran, P. Fernandez, I. de Miguel, J. Aguado, R. Lorenzo, E. Abril, "Interleaved polling algorithm with service level agreement (SLA) to improve QoS in Ethernet PONs," Proc. Int. Conf. Transp. Opt. Netw. (2007) pp. 28-31.

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