Abstract

We have theoretically and experimentally designed and demonstrated an all-fiber polarization interference filter (AFPIF), which is formed by a polarization-maintaining (PM) fiber cavity structure utilizing two 45° tilted fiber gratings (45°-TFGs) inscribed by UV laser on the PM fiber. Such a filter could generate modulated transmission of linear polarization status. It has been revealed that the modulation depth of the transmission depends on the coupling angle between the 45°-TFGs and the PM fiber cavity. When the two 45°-TFGs in PM fiber are oriented at 45° to the principal axis of the PM fiber cavity, the maximum modulation depth is achievable. Due to the thermal effect on birefringence of the PM fiber, the AFPIF can be tuned over a broad wavelength range just by simple thermal tuning of the cavity. The experiment results show that the temperature tuning sensitivity is proportional to the length ratio of the PM fiber cavity under heating. For 18 and 40 cm long cavities with 6 cm part under heating, the thermal tuning sensitivities are 0.616 and 0.31 nm/°C, respectively, which are almost two orders of magnitude higher than normal fiber Bragg gratings.

© 2012 IEEE

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  1. F. Riehle, T. Kisters, A. Witte, J. Helmcke, C. J. Bordé, "Optical Ramsey spectroscopy in a rotating frame: Sagnac effect in a matter-wave interferometer," Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 177-180 (1991).
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  3. D. Sabourdy, V. Kermene, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, L. Lefort, A. Barthelemy, P. Even, D. Pureur, "Efficient coherent combining of widely tunable fiber lasers," Opt. Exp. 11, 87-97 (2003).
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2012 (2)

2011 (1)

Z. Yan, C. Mou, K. Zhou, X. Chen, L. Zhang, "UV-inscription, polarization-dependant loss characteristics and applications of 45° tilted fiber gratings," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 2715-2724 (2011).

2010 (2)

A. Gorman, D. W. Fletcher-Holmes, A. R. Harvey, "Generalization of the Lyot filter and its application to snapshot spectral imaging," Opt. Exp. 18, 5602-5608 (2010).

K. Özgören, F. Ö. Ilday, "All-fiber all-normal dispersion laser with a fiber-based Lyot filter," Opt. Lett. 35, 1296-1298 (2010).

2009 (4)

K. E. Zoiros, C. O'Riordan, M. J. Connelly, "Semiconductor optical amplifier pattern effect suppression using lyot filter," Electron. Lett. 45, 1187-1189 (2009).

S. Pan, J. Yao, "A wavelength-switchable single-longitudinal-mode dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser for switchable microwave generation," Opt. Exp. 17, 5414-5419 (2009).

O. Aharon, I. Abdulhalim, "Liquid crystal Lyot tunable filter with extended free spectral range," Opt. Exp. 17, 11426-11433 (2009).

M. Franke, W. Paa, W. Triebel, T. Zeuner, H. Stafast, "Electrically tunable Lyot filter for fast wavelength switching of diode-pumped solid-state disk lasers," Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 97, 421-424 (2009).

2008 (1)

C. O'Riordan, M. J. Connelly, P. M. Anandarajah, R. Maher, L. P. Barry, "Lyot filter based multiwavelength fiber ring laser actively mode-locked at 10°;GHz using an electroabsorption modulator," Opt. Commun. 281, 3538-3541 (2008).

2006 (2)

L. Z. Kaiming Zhou, X. Chen, I. Bennion, "Low thermal sensitivity grating devices based on Ex-45° tilting structure capable of forward-propagating cladding modes coupling," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 5087-5094 (2006).

C. Caucheteur, F. Lhommé, K. Chah, M. Blondel, P. Mégret, "Simultaneous strain and temperature sensor based on the numerical reconstruction of polarization maintaining fiber Bragg gratings," Opt. Lasers Eng. 44, 411-422 (2006).

2005 (1)

2003 (1)

D. Sabourdy, V. Kermene, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, L. Lefort, A. Barthelemy, P. Even, D. Pureur, "Efficient coherent combining of widely tunable fiber lasers," Opt. Exp. 11, 87-97 (2003).

2000 (1)

N. Gat, "Imaging spectroscopy using tunable filters: A review," Proc. SPIE 4056, 50-64 (2000).

1993 (1)

1991 (1)

F. Riehle, T. Kisters, A. Witte, J. Helmcke, C. J. Bordé, "Optical Ramsey spectroscopy in a rotating frame: Sagnac effect in a matter-wave interferometer," Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 177-180 (1991).

1986 (1)

J. Stone, D. Marcuse, "Ultrahigh finesse fiber Fabry-Perot interferometers," J. Lightw. Technol. LT-4, 382-385 (1986).

1933 (1)

B. Lyot, "Optical apparatus with wide field using interference of polarized light," C.R. Acad. Sci. (Paris) 197, 1593 (1933).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. (1)

M. Franke, W. Paa, W. Triebel, T. Zeuner, H. Stafast, "Electrically tunable Lyot filter for fast wavelength switching of diode-pumped solid-state disk lasers," Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 97, 421-424 (2009).

C.R. Acad. Sci. (Paris) (1)

B. Lyot, "Optical apparatus with wide field using interference of polarized light," C.R. Acad. Sci. (Paris) 197, 1593 (1933).

Electron. Lett. (1)

K. E. Zoiros, C. O'Riordan, M. J. Connelly, "Semiconductor optical amplifier pattern effect suppression using lyot filter," Electron. Lett. 45, 1187-1189 (2009).

J. Lightw. Technol. (3)

J. Stone, D. Marcuse, "Ultrahigh finesse fiber Fabry-Perot interferometers," J. Lightw. Technol. LT-4, 382-385 (1986).

L. Z. Kaiming Zhou, X. Chen, I. Bennion, "Low thermal sensitivity grating devices based on Ex-45° tilting structure capable of forward-propagating cladding modes coupling," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 5087-5094 (2006).

Z. Yan, C. Mou, K. Zhou, X. Chen, L. Zhang, "UV-inscription, polarization-dependant loss characteristics and applications of 45° tilted fiber gratings," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 2715-2724 (2011).

Opt. Commun. (1)

C. O'Riordan, M. J. Connelly, P. M. Anandarajah, R. Maher, L. P. Barry, "Lyot filter based multiwavelength fiber ring laser actively mode-locked at 10°;GHz using an electroabsorption modulator," Opt. Commun. 281, 3538-3541 (2008).

Opt. Exp. (4)

S. Pan, J. Yao, "A wavelength-switchable single-longitudinal-mode dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser for switchable microwave generation," Opt. Exp. 17, 5414-5419 (2009).

O. Aharon, I. Abdulhalim, "Liquid crystal Lyot tunable filter with extended free spectral range," Opt. Exp. 17, 11426-11433 (2009).

D. Sabourdy, V. Kermene, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, L. Lefort, A. Barthelemy, P. Even, D. Pureur, "Efficient coherent combining of widely tunable fiber lasers," Opt. Exp. 11, 87-97 (2003).

A. Gorman, D. W. Fletcher-Holmes, A. R. Harvey, "Generalization of the Lyot filter and its application to snapshot spectral imaging," Opt. Exp. 18, 5602-5608 (2010).

Opt. Lasers Eng. (1)

C. Caucheteur, F. Lhommé, K. Chah, M. Blondel, P. Mégret, "Simultaneous strain and temperature sensor based on the numerical reconstruction of polarization maintaining fiber Bragg gratings," Opt. Lasers Eng. 44, 411-422 (2006).

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

F. Riehle, T. Kisters, A. Witte, J. Helmcke, C. J. Bordé, "Optical Ramsey spectroscopy in a rotating frame: Sagnac effect in a matter-wave interferometer," Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 177-180 (1991).

Proc. SPIE (1)

N. Gat, "Imaging spectroscopy using tunable filters: A review," Proc. SPIE 4056, 50-64 (2000).

Other (1)

E. Collett, Field Guide to Polarization (SPIE Press, 2005).

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