Abstract

A novel design of ultra-compact polarization rotator (PR) based on triangular lattice silica photonic crystal fiber is proposed and analyzed. The suggested design has a central air hole which can be shifted in x and y directions to achieve complete polarization rotation. The influence of the different structure geometrical parameters and operating wavelength on the PR performance is investigated. The simulation results are obtained using full vectorial finite difference method as well as full vectorial finite difference beam propagation method. The numerical results reveal that the reported PR can provide nearly 100% polarization conversion ratio with a device length of 206 µm. It is also expected that over the 1.5–1.6 µm wavelength range, polarization conversion would be more than 99%.

© 2012 IEEE

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  1. I. Morita, K. Tanka, N. Edagawa, M. Suzuki, "40 Gb/s single-channel soliton transmission over transoceanic distances by reducing Gordon-Haus timing jitter and soliton-soliton interaction," J. Lightw. Technol. 2, 2506-2511 (1999).
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  6. S. S. A. Obayya, N. Somasiri, B. M. A. Rahman, K. T. V. Grattan, "Full vectorial finite element modeling of novel polarization rotators," Opt. Quantum Electron. 35, 297-312 (2003).
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  12. M. F. O. Hameed, S. S. A. Obayya, "Polarization rotator based on soft glass photonic crystal fiber with liquid crystal core," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 2725-2731 (2011).
  13. M. F. O. Hameed, S. S. A. Obayya, "Design of passive polarization rotator based on silica photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 36, 3133-3135 (2011).
  14. M. F. O. Hameed, S. S. A. Obayya, H. A. El-Mikati, H. A. El-Mikati, "Passive polarization converters based on photonic crystal fiber with L-shaped core region," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 283-289 (2012).
  15. A. B. Fallahkhair, K. S. Li, T. E. Murphy, "Vector finite difference modesolver for anisotropic dielectric waveguides," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 1423-1431 (2008).
  16. W. C. Chew, J. M. Jin, E. Michielssen, "Complex coordinate stretching as a generalized absorbing boundary condition," Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 15, 363-369 (1997).
  17. W. P. Huang, C. L. Xu, "Simulation of three-dimensional optical waveguides by a full-vector beam propagation method," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2639-2649 (1993).
  18. P. St. J. Russell, "Photonic-crystal fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4729-4749 (2006).
  19. S. Haxha, H. Ademgil, "Novel design of photonic crystal fibers with low confinement losses, nearly zero ultra-flatted chromatic dispersion, negative chromatic dispersion and improved effective mode area," J. Opt. Commun. 281, 278-286 (2008).
  20. C. M. Weinert, H. Heidrich, "Vectorial simulation of passive TE/TM mode converter devices on InP," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 324-326 (1993).
  21. J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, P. St., J. Russell, "Photonic band gap guidance in optical fibers," Science 282, 1476-1478 (1998).

2012

M. F. O. Hameed, S. S. A. Obayya, H. A. El-Mikati, H. A. El-Mikati, "Passive polarization converters based on photonic crystal fiber with L-shaped core region," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 283-289 (2012).

2011

M. F. O. Hameed, S. S. A. Obayya, "Polarization rotator based on soft glass photonic crystal fiber with liquid crystal core," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 2725-2731 (2011).

M. F. O. Hameed, S. S. A. Obayya, "Design of passive polarization rotator based on silica photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 36, 3133-3135 (2011).

2010

M. F. O. Hameed, S. S. A. Obayya, "Analysis of polarization rotator based on nematic liquid crystal photonic crystal fiber," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 806-815 (2010).

2009

L. Wei, L. Eskildsen, J. Weirich, L. Scolari, T. Alkeskjold, A. Bjarklev, "Continuously tunable all-in-fiber devices based on thermal and electrical control of negative dielectric anisotropy liquid crystal photonic bandgap fibers," Appl. Opt. 48, 497-503 (2009).

K. Bayat, S. K. Chaudhuri, S. Safavi-Naeini, "Ultra-compact photonic crystal based polarization rotator," Opt. Express 17, 7145-7158 (2009).

2008

A. B. Fallahkhair, K. S. Li, T. E. Murphy, "Vector finite difference modesolver for anisotropic dielectric waveguides," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 1423-1431 (2008).

S. Haxha, H. Ademgil, "Novel design of photonic crystal fibers with low confinement losses, nearly zero ultra-flatted chromatic dispersion, negative chromatic dispersion and improved effective mode area," J. Opt. Commun. 281, 278-286 (2008).

2006

P. St. J. Russell, "Photonic-crystal fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4729-4749 (2006).

2005

L. Scolari, T. Alkeskjold, J. Riishede, A. Bjarklev, D. Hermann, A. Anawati, M. Nielsen, P. Bassi, "Continuously tunable devices based on electrical control of dual-frequency liquid crystal filled photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Express 13, 483-7496 (2005).

2003

S. S. A. Obayya, N. Somasiri, B. M. A. Rahman, K. T. V. Grattan, "Full vectorial finite element modeling of novel polarization rotators," Opt. Quantum Electron. 35, 297-312 (2003).

2001

B. M. A. Rahman, S. S. A. Obayya, N. Somasiri, M. Rajarajan, K. T. V. Grattan, H. A. El-Mikati, "Design and characterisation of compact single-section passive polarization rotator," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 512-519 (2001).

S. S. A. Obayya, B. M. A. Rahman, K. T. V. Grattan, H. A. El-Mikati, "Improved design of a polarization converter based on semicondutor optical waveguide bends," Appl. Opt. 40, 5395-5401 (2001).

S. S. A. Obayya, B. M. A. Rahman, K. T. V. Grattan, H. A. El-Mikati, "Beam propagation modelling of polarization rotation in deeply etched semiconductor bent waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 681-683 (2001).

1999

I. Morita, K. Tanka, N. Edagawa, M. Suzuki, "40 Gb/s single-channel soliton transmission over transoceanic distances by reducing Gordon-Haus timing jitter and soliton-soliton interaction," J. Lightw. Technol. 2, 2506-2511 (1999).

1998

J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, P. St., J. Russell, "Photonic band gap guidance in optical fibers," Science 282, 1476-1478 (1998).

1997

W. C. Chew, J. M. Jin, E. Michielssen, "Complex coordinate stretching as a generalized absorbing boundary condition," Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 15, 363-369 (1997).

1993

W. P. Huang, C. L. Xu, "Simulation of three-dimensional optical waveguides by a full-vector beam propagation method," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2639-2649 (1993).

C. M. Weinert, H. Heidrich, "Vectorial simulation of passive TE/TM mode converter devices on InP," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 324-326 (1993).

1991

Y. Shani, R. Alferness, T. Koch, U. Koren, M. Oron, B. I. Miller, M. G. Young, "Polarization rotation in asymmetric periodic loaded rib waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1278-1280 (1991).

Appl. Opt.

L. Wei, L. Eskildsen, J. Weirich, L. Scolari, T. Alkeskjold, A. Bjarklev, "Continuously tunable all-in-fiber devices based on thermal and electrical control of negative dielectric anisotropy liquid crystal photonic bandgap fibers," Appl. Opt. 48, 497-503 (2009).

Appl. Phys. Lett.

Y. Shani, R. Alferness, T. Koch, U. Koren, M. Oron, B. I. Miller, M. G. Young, "Polarization rotation in asymmetric periodic loaded rib waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 1278-1280 (1991).

Appl. Opt.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

W. P. Huang, C. L. Xu, "Simulation of three-dimensional optical waveguides by a full-vector beam propagation method," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2639-2649 (1993).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

C. M. Weinert, H. Heidrich, "Vectorial simulation of passive TE/TM mode converter devices on InP," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 324-326 (1993).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

S. S. A. Obayya, B. M. A. Rahman, K. T. V. Grattan, H. A. El-Mikati, "Beam propagation modelling of polarization rotation in deeply etched semiconductor bent waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 681-683 (2001).

J. Lightw. Technol.

A. B. Fallahkhair, K. S. Li, T. E. Murphy, "Vector finite difference modesolver for anisotropic dielectric waveguides," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 1423-1431 (2008).

J. Lightw. Technol.

B. M. A. Rahman, S. S. A. Obayya, N. Somasiri, M. Rajarajan, K. T. V. Grattan, H. A. El-Mikati, "Design and characterisation of compact single-section passive polarization rotator," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 512-519 (2001).

P. St. J. Russell, "Photonic-crystal fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4729-4749 (2006).

I. Morita, K. Tanka, N. Edagawa, M. Suzuki, "40 Gb/s single-channel soliton transmission over transoceanic distances by reducing Gordon-Haus timing jitter and soliton-soliton interaction," J. Lightw. Technol. 2, 2506-2511 (1999).

M. F. O. Hameed, S. S. A. Obayya, "Analysis of polarization rotator based on nematic liquid crystal photonic crystal fiber," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 806-815 (2010).

M. F. O. Hameed, S. S. A. Obayya, "Polarization rotator based on soft glass photonic crystal fiber with liquid crystal core," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 2725-2731 (2011).

M. F. O. Hameed, S. S. A. Obayya, H. A. El-Mikati, H. A. El-Mikati, "Passive polarization converters based on photonic crystal fiber with L-shaped core region," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 283-289 (2012).

J. Opt. Commun.

S. Haxha, H. Ademgil, "Novel design of photonic crystal fibers with low confinement losses, nearly zero ultra-flatted chromatic dispersion, negative chromatic dispersion and improved effective mode area," J. Opt. Commun. 281, 278-286 (2008).

Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett.

W. C. Chew, J. M. Jin, E. Michielssen, "Complex coordinate stretching as a generalized absorbing boundary condition," Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 15, 363-369 (1997).

Opt. Lett.

M. F. O. Hameed, S. S. A. Obayya, "Design of passive polarization rotator based on silica photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 36, 3133-3135 (2011).

Opt. Quantum Electron.

S. S. A. Obayya, N. Somasiri, B. M. A. Rahman, K. T. V. Grattan, "Full vectorial finite element modeling of novel polarization rotators," Opt. Quantum Electron. 35, 297-312 (2003).

Opt. Express

L. Scolari, T. Alkeskjold, J. Riishede, A. Bjarklev, D. Hermann, A. Anawati, M. Nielsen, P. Bassi, "Continuously tunable devices based on electrical control of dual-frequency liquid crystal filled photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Express 13, 483-7496 (2005).

K. Bayat, S. K. Chaudhuri, S. Safavi-Naeini, "Ultra-compact photonic crystal based polarization rotator," Opt. Express 17, 7145-7158 (2009).

Science

J. C. Knight, J. Broeng, T. A. Birks, P. St., J. Russell, "Photonic band gap guidance in optical fibers," Science 282, 1476-1478 (1998).

Other

S. Obayya, Computational Photonics (Wiley, 2011) pp. 50-63.

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