Abstract

A novel design of ultra-compact polarization rotator (PR) based on triangular lattice silica photonic crystal fiber is proposed and analyzed. The suggested design has a central air hole which can be shifted in x and y directions to achieve complete polarization rotation. The influence of the different structure geometrical parameters and operating wavelength on the PR performance is investigated. The simulation results are obtained using full vectorial finite difference method as well as full vectorial finite difference beam propagation method. The numerical results reveal that the reported PR can provide nearly 100% polarization conversion ratio with a device length of 206 µm. It is also expected that over the 1.5–1.6 µm wavelength range, polarization conversion would be more than 99%.

© 2012 IEEE

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