Abstract

We investigate a mode gap confined dielectric band laser via a 1-D photonic crystal (PhC) nanobeam (NB) nanocavity with lattice gradually shifted PhC mirror. Owing to different modal symmetries, different zeroth-order dielectric mode properties, including quality (<i>Q</i>) factors, mode volumes, lasing thresholds, and slope efficiencies, in nanocavities with two different cavity sizes are investigated. In experiments, single-mode lasing from dielectric bands with low effective lasing thresholds is obtained. Rising of the high-order modes is also observed when we increase the PhC mirror periods for high Q factor of the zeroth-order dielectric mode. In addition, we observe the bonding and antibonding modes in beamwidth mismatched coupled NB nanocavities and switch the dominant lasing mode via spatially nonuniform carrier injection.

© 2012 IEEE

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  15. X. Chew, G. Zhou, F. S. Chau, J. Deng, X. Tang, Y. C. Loke, "Dynamic tuning of an optical resonator through MEMS-driven coupled photonic crystal nanocavities," Opt. Lett. 35, 2517-2519 (2010).
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  19. S. Mandal, D. Erickson, "Nanoscale optofluidic sensor arrays," Opt. Exp. 16, 1623-1631 (2008).
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  22. M. W. McCutcheon, M. Lon?ar, "Design of a silicon nitride photonic crystal nanocavity with a quality factor of one million for coupling to a diamond nanocrystal," Opt. Exp. 16, 19136-19145 (2008).
  23. J. Chan, M. Eichenfield, R. Camacho, O. Painter, "Optical and mechanical design of a “zipper” photonic crystal optomechanical cavity," Opt. Exp. 17, 3802-3817 (2009).
  24. Y. Takahashi, Y. Tanaka, H. Hagino, T. Asano, S. Noda, "Higher-order resonant modes in a photonic heterostructure nanocavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 241910-1-241910-3 (2008).
  25. P. B. Deotare, M. W. McCutcheon, I. W. Frank, M. Khan, M. Lon?ar, "Coupled photonic crystal nanobeam cavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 031102-1-031102-3 (2009).
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  27. X. Chew, G. Zhou, F. S. Chau, J. Deng, "Nanomechanically tunable photonic crystal resonators utilizing triple-beam coupled nanocavities," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1310-1312 (2011).
  28. T. W. Lu, P. T. Lee, "Couple modes in mismatched photonic crystal coupled nanobeams," to be submitted.

2011 (2)

T. W. Lu, L. H. Chiu, P. T. Lin, P. T. Lee, "One-dimensional photonic crystal nanobeam lasers on a flexible substrate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 071101-1-071101-3 (2011).

X. Chew, G. Zhou, F. S. Chau, J. Deng, "Nanomechanically tunable photonic crystal resonators utilizing triple-beam coupled nanocavities," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1310-1312 (2011).

2010 (7)

R. Perahia, J. D. Cohen, S. Meenehan, T. P. M. Alegre, O. Painter, "Electrostatically tunable optomechanical “zipper” cavity laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 191112-1-191112-3 (2010).

Q. Quan, P. B. Deotare, M. Lon?ar, "Photonic crystal nanobeam cavity strongly coupled to the feeding waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 203102-1-203102-3 (2010).

X. Chew, G. Zhou, F. S. Chau, J. Deng, X. Tang, Y. C. Loke, "Dynamic tuning of an optical resonator through MEMS-driven coupled photonic crystal nanocavities," Opt. Lett. 35, 2517-2519 (2010).

Y. Gong, B. Ellis, G. Shambat, T. Sarmiento, J. S. Harris, J. Vu?kovi?, "Nanobeam photonic crystal cavity quantum dot laser," Opt. Exp. 18, 8781-8789 (2010).

Y. Zhang, M. Khan, Y. Huang, J. H. Ryou, P. B. Deotare, R. Dupuis, M. Lon?ar, "Photonic crystal nanobeam lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 051104-1-051104-3 (2010).

B. Wang, M. A. Dündar, R. Nötzel, F. Karouta, S. He, R. W. van der Heijden, "Photonic crystal slot nanobeam slow light waveguides for refractive index sensing," Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 151105-1-151105-3 (2010).

S. Matsuo, A. Shinya, T. Kakitsuka, K. Nozaki, T. Segawa, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, M. Notomi, "High-speed ultracompact buried heterostructure photonic-crystal laser with 13 fJ of energy consumed per bit transmitted," Nat. Photon. 4, 648-654 (2010).

2009 (6)

P. B. Deotare, M. W. McCutcheon, I. W. Frank, M. Khan, M. Lon?ar, "High quality factor photonic crystal nanobeam cavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 121106-1-121106-3 (2009).

L. D. Haret, T. Tanabe, E. Kuramochi, M. Notomi, "Extremely low power optical bistability in silicon demonstrated using 1D photonic crystal nanocavity," Opt. Exp. 17, 21108-21117 (2009).

M. Eichenfield, J. Chan, R. Camacho, K. J. Vahala, O. Painter, "Optomechanical crystals," Nature 462, 78-82 (2009).

S. Mandal, X. Serey, D. Erickson, "Nanomanipulation using silicon photonic crystal resonators," Nano Lett. 10, 99-104 (2009).

J. Chan, M. Eichenfield, R. Camacho, O. Painter, "Optical and mechanical design of a “zipper” photonic crystal optomechanical cavity," Opt. Exp. 17, 3802-3817 (2009).

P. B. Deotare, M. W. McCutcheon, I. W. Frank, M. Khan, M. Lon?ar, "Coupled photonic crystal nanobeam cavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 031102-1-031102-3 (2009).

2008 (7)

M. Notomi, E. Kuramochi, H. Taniyama, "Ultrahigh-Q nanocavity with 1D photonic gap," Opt. Exp. 16, 11095-11102 (2008).

Y. Takahashi, Y. Tanaka, H. Hagino, T. Asano, S. Noda, "Higher-order resonant modes in a photonic heterostructure nanocavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 241910-1-241910-3 (2008).

S. Mandal, D. Erickson, "Nanoscale optofluidic sensor arrays," Opt. Exp. 16, 1623-1631 (2008).

A. R. M. Zain, N. P. Johnson, M. Sorel, R. M. De La Rue, "Ultra high quality factor one dimensional photonic crystal/photonic wire micro-cavities in silicon-on-insulator (SOI)," Opt. Exp. 16, 12084-12088 (2008).

M. W. McCutcheon, M. Lon?ar, "Design of a silicon nitride photonic crystal nanocavity with a quality factor of one million for coupling to a diamond nanocrystal," Opt. Exp. 16, 19136-19145 (2008).

Y. Zhang, M. Lon?ar, "Ultra-high quality factor optical resonators based on semiconductor nanowires," Opt. Exp. 16, 17400-17409 (2008).

S. Kita, K. Nozaki, T. Baba, "Refractive index sensing utilizing a cw photonic crystal nanolaser and its array configuration," Opt. Exp. 16, 8174-8180 (2008).

2005 (1)

B. S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, Y. Akahane, "Ultra-high-Q photonic double-heterostructure nanocavity," Nat. Mater. 4, 207-210 (2005).

2004 (1)

H. G. Park, S. H. Kim, S. H. Kwon, Y. G. Ju, J. K. Yang, J. H. Baek, S. B. Kim, Y. H. Lee, "Electrically driven single-cell photonic crystal laser," Science 305, 1444-1447 (2004).

2003 (2)

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature 425, 944-947 (2003).

K. J. Vahala, "Optical microcavities," Nature 424, 839-846 (2003).

1997 (1)

J. S. Foresi, P. R. Villeneuve, J. Ferrera, E. R. Thoen, G. Steinmeyer, S. Fan, J. D. Joannopoulos, L. C. Kimerling, H. I. Smith, E. P. Ippen, "Photonic-bandgap microcavities in optical waveguide," Nature 390, 143-145 (1997).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

Y. Zhang, M. Khan, Y. Huang, J. H. Ryou, P. B. Deotare, R. Dupuis, M. Lon?ar, "Photonic crystal nanobeam lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 051104-1-051104-3 (2010).

T. W. Lu, L. H. Chiu, P. T. Lin, P. T. Lee, "One-dimensional photonic crystal nanobeam lasers on a flexible substrate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 071101-1-071101-3 (2011).

Q. Quan, P. B. Deotare, M. Lon?ar, "Photonic crystal nanobeam cavity strongly coupled to the feeding waveguide," Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 203102-1-203102-3 (2010).

B. Wang, M. A. Dündar, R. Nötzel, F. Karouta, S. He, R. W. van der Heijden, "Photonic crystal slot nanobeam slow light waveguides for refractive index sensing," Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 151105-1-151105-3 (2010).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. Perahia, J. D. Cohen, S. Meenehan, T. P. M. Alegre, O. Painter, "Electrostatically tunable optomechanical “zipper” cavity laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 191112-1-191112-3 (2010).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

Y. Takahashi, Y. Tanaka, H. Hagino, T. Asano, S. Noda, "Higher-order resonant modes in a photonic heterostructure nanocavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 241910-1-241910-3 (2008).

P. B. Deotare, M. W. McCutcheon, I. W. Frank, M. Khan, M. Lon?ar, "Coupled photonic crystal nanobeam cavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 031102-1-031102-3 (2009).

P. B. Deotare, M. W. McCutcheon, I. W. Frank, M. Khan, M. Lon?ar, "High quality factor photonic crystal nanobeam cavities," Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 121106-1-121106-3 (2009).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

X. Chew, G. Zhou, F. S. Chau, J. Deng, "Nanomechanically tunable photonic crystal resonators utilizing triple-beam coupled nanocavities," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1310-1312 (2011).

Nano Lett. (1)

S. Mandal, X. Serey, D. Erickson, "Nanomanipulation using silicon photonic crystal resonators," Nano Lett. 10, 99-104 (2009).

Nat. Mater. (1)

B. S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, Y. Akahane, "Ultra-high-Q photonic double-heterostructure nanocavity," Nat. Mater. 4, 207-210 (2005).

Nat. Photon. (1)

S. Matsuo, A. Shinya, T. Kakitsuka, K. Nozaki, T. Segawa, T. Sato, Y. Kawaguchi, M. Notomi, "High-speed ultracompact buried heterostructure photonic-crystal laser with 13 fJ of energy consumed per bit transmitted," Nat. Photon. 4, 648-654 (2010).

Nature (4)

K. J. Vahala, "Optical microcavities," Nature 424, 839-846 (2003).

J. S. Foresi, P. R. Villeneuve, J. Ferrera, E. R. Thoen, G. Steinmeyer, S. Fan, J. D. Joannopoulos, L. C. Kimerling, H. I. Smith, E. P. Ippen, "Photonic-bandgap microcavities in optical waveguide," Nature 390, 143-145 (1997).

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature 425, 944-947 (2003).

M. Eichenfield, J. Chan, R. Camacho, K. J. Vahala, O. Painter, "Optomechanical crystals," Nature 462, 78-82 (2009).

Opt. Exp. (1)

Y. Zhang, M. Lon?ar, "Ultra-high quality factor optical resonators based on semiconductor nanowires," Opt. Exp. 16, 17400-17409 (2008).

Opt. Exp. (8)

Y. Gong, B. Ellis, G. Shambat, T. Sarmiento, J. S. Harris, J. Vu?kovi?, "Nanobeam photonic crystal cavity quantum dot laser," Opt. Exp. 18, 8781-8789 (2010).

M. Notomi, E. Kuramochi, H. Taniyama, "Ultrahigh-Q nanocavity with 1D photonic gap," Opt. Exp. 16, 11095-11102 (2008).

S. Mandal, D. Erickson, "Nanoscale optofluidic sensor arrays," Opt. Exp. 16, 1623-1631 (2008).

S. Kita, K. Nozaki, T. Baba, "Refractive index sensing utilizing a cw photonic crystal nanolaser and its array configuration," Opt. Exp. 16, 8174-8180 (2008).

L. D. Haret, T. Tanabe, E. Kuramochi, M. Notomi, "Extremely low power optical bistability in silicon demonstrated using 1D photonic crystal nanocavity," Opt. Exp. 17, 21108-21117 (2009).

A. R. M. Zain, N. P. Johnson, M. Sorel, R. M. De La Rue, "Ultra high quality factor one dimensional photonic crystal/photonic wire micro-cavities in silicon-on-insulator (SOI)," Opt. Exp. 16, 12084-12088 (2008).

M. W. McCutcheon, M. Lon?ar, "Design of a silicon nitride photonic crystal nanocavity with a quality factor of one million for coupling to a diamond nanocrystal," Opt. Exp. 16, 19136-19145 (2008).

J. Chan, M. Eichenfield, R. Camacho, O. Painter, "Optical and mechanical design of a “zipper” photonic crystal optomechanical cavity," Opt. Exp. 17, 3802-3817 (2009).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Science (1)

H. G. Park, S. H. Kim, S. H. Kwon, Y. G. Ju, J. K. Yang, J. H. Baek, S. B. Kim, Y. H. Lee, "Electrically driven single-cell photonic crystal laser," Science 305, 1444-1447 (2004).

Other (1)

T. W. Lu, P. T. Lee, "Couple modes in mismatched photonic crystal coupled nanobeams," to be submitted.

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