Abstract

In photonic bandgap (PBG) fibers, light is confined by a photonic bandgap caused by a periodic structure of air holes in the cladding regions. The doubly degenerate fundamental mode in ideal PBG fiber structures becomes slightly nondegenerate in actually produced fibers, and this causes polarization instability and polarization mode dispersion. Here, to avoid these problems, we propose a novel absolutely single-polarization PBG fiber structure with an elliptical-hole lattice core. A PBG fiber with a single-polarization bandwidth of 420 nm is numerically demonstrated. Furthermore, based on the proposed fiber structure, we report another single-polarization PBG fiber that has two absolutely single-polarization bands being orthogonal to each other.

© 2012 IEEE

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2011 (1)

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

2007 (3)

J. C. Knight, "Photonic crystal fibers and fiber lasers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1661-1668 (2007).

M. Eguchi, Y. Tsuji, "Single-mode single-polarization holey fiber using anisotropic fundamental space-filling mode," Opt. Lett. 32, 2112-2114 (2007).

M. Szpulak, T. Martynkien, J. Olszewski, W. Urbanczyk, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, H. Thienpont, "Single-polarization single-mode photonic band gap fiber," Acta Physica Polonica A 111, 239-245 (2007).

2006 (2)

2005 (5)

Y. C. Liu, Y. Lai, "Optical birefringence and polarization dependent loss of square- and rectangular-lattice holey fibers with elliptical air holes: numerical analysis," Opt. Express 13, 225-235 (2005).

J. R. Folkenberg, M. D. Nielsen, C. Jakobsen, "Broadband single-polarization photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Lett. 30, 1446-1448 (2005).

T. Hass, S. Belau, T. Doll, "Realistic monomode air-core honeycomb photonic bandgap fiber with pockets," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 2702-2706 (2005).

T. Schreiber, F. Röser, O. Schmidt, J. Limpert, R. Iliew, F. Lederer, A. Petersson, C. Jacobsen, K. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, A. Tünnermann, "Stress-induced single-polarization single-transverse mode photonic crystal fiber with low nonlinearity," Opt. Express 13, 7621-7630 (2005).

W. Belardi, G. Bouwmans, L. Provino, M. Douay, "Form-induced birefringence in elliptical hollow photonic crystal fiber with large mode area," J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1558-1564 (2005).

2004 (1)

H. Kubota, S. Kawanishi, S. Koyanagi, M. Tanaka, S. Yamaguchi, "Absolutely single polarization photonic crystal fiber," Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 182-184 (2004).

2003 (1)

K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, "Single-polarization single-mode photonic crystal fibers," Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1384-1386 (2003).

2001 (3)

2000 (3)

J. Broeng, S. E. Barkou, T. Søndergaard, A. Bjarklev, "Analysis of air-guiding photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Lett. 25, 96-98 (2000).

Y. Tsuji, M. Koshiba, "Adaptive mesh generation for full-vectorial guided-mode and beam-propagation solutions," J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 6, 163-169 (2000).

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, A. J. Stentz, "Optical properties of high-delta air-silica microstructure optical fibers," Opt. Lett. 25, 796-798 (2000).

1999 (4)

J. Broeng, D. Mogilevstev, S. E. Barkou, A. Bjarklev, "Photonic crystal fibers: a new class of optical waveguides," Opt. Fiber Technol. 5, 305-330 (1999).

J. Broeng, T. Søndergaard, S. E. Barkou, P. M. Barbeito, A. Bjarklev, "Waveguidance by the photonic bandgap effect in optical fibres," J. Opt. A 1, 477-482 (1999).

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, D. C. Allan, "Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air," Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).

S. E. Barkou, J. Broeng, A. Bjarklev, "Silica-air photonic crystal fiber design that permits waveguiding by a true photonic bandgap effect," Opt. Lett. 24, 46-48 (1999).

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, D. M. Atkin, "All-silica single-mode optical fiber with photonic crystal cladding," Opt. Lett. 21, 1547-1549 (1996) [errata: ibid. vol. 22, p. 484, 1997.].

1986 (1)

K. Hayata, M. Eguchi, M. Koshiba, M. Suzuki, "Vectorial wave analysis of side-tunnel type polarization-maintaining optical fibers by variational finite elements," J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 1090-1096 (1986).

Acta Physica Polonica A (1)

M. Szpulak, T. Martynkien, J. Olszewski, W. Urbanczyk, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, H. Thienpont, "Single-polarization single-mode photonic band gap fiber," Acta Physica Polonica A 111, 239-245 (2007).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Ferrando, J. J. Miret, "Single-polarization single-mode intraband guidance in supersquare photonic crystals fibers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3184-3186 (2001).

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

T. Hass, S. Belau, T. Doll, "Realistic monomode air-core honeycomb photonic bandgap fiber with pockets," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 2702-2706 (2005).

P. St. J. Russell, "Photonic-crystal fibers," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4729-4749 (2006).

K. Hayata, M. Eguchi, M. Koshiba, M. Suzuki, "Vectorial wave analysis of side-tunnel type polarization-maintaining optical fibers by variational finite elements," J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 1090-1096 (1986).

J. Opt. A (1)

J. Broeng, T. Søndergaard, S. E. Barkou, P. M. Barbeito, A. Bjarklev, "Waveguidance by the photonic bandgap effect in optical fibres," J. Opt. A 1, 477-482 (1999).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Quantum Electron. (1)

W. Belardi, G. Bouwmans, L. Provino, M. Douay, "Form-induced birefringence in elliptical hollow photonic crystal fiber with large mode area," J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1558-1564 (2005).

J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

Y. Tsuji, M. Koshiba, "Adaptive mesh generation for full-vectorial guided-mode and beam-propagation solutions," J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 6, 163-169 (2000).

Opt. Express (1)

T. Schreiber, F. Röser, O. Schmidt, J. Limpert, R. Iliew, F. Lederer, A. Petersson, C. Jacobsen, K. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, A. Tünnermann, "Stress-induced single-polarization single-transverse mode photonic crystal fiber with low nonlinearity," Opt. Express 13, 7621-7630 (2005).

Opt. Lett. (3)

M. Eguchi, Y. Tsuji, "Single-mode single-polarization holey fiber using anisotropic fundamental space-filling mode," Opt. Lett. 32, 2112-2114 (2007).

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, A. J. Stentz, "Optical properties of high-delta air-silica microstructure optical fibers," Opt. Lett. 25, 796-798 (2000).

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, D. M. Atkin, "All-silica single-mode optical fiber with photonic crystal cladding," Opt. Lett. 21, 1547-1549 (1996) [errata: ibid. vol. 22, p. 484, 1997.].

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

J. Broeng, D. Mogilevstev, S. E. Barkou, A. Bjarklev, "Photonic crystal fibers: a new class of optical waveguides," Opt. Fiber Technol. 5, 305-330 (1999).

Opt. Lett. (9)

Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, "Single-polarization single-mode photonic crystal fibers," Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1384-1386 (2003).

H. Kubota, S. Kawanishi, S. Koyanagi, M. Tanaka, S. Yamaguchi, "Absolutely single polarization photonic crystal fiber," Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 182-184 (2004).

Science (1)

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, D. C. Allan, "Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air," Science 285, 1537-1539 (1999).

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