Abstract

In this paper, a numerical model of Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers (SOA) is experimentally validated in terms of the Alpha Factor (<i>α<sub>H</sub></i>) and the Four-Wave Mixing (FWM). Besides, a Coherent Optical-Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (CO-OFDM) simulation platform is used to confirm the good agreement between the measured and the simulated Error Vector Magnitude (EVM) of a received signal amplified by the studied SOA in an optical transmission link. In addition, the performance of the SOA on the amplification of a 10.94 Gb/s QPSK CO-OFDM signal is numerically analyzed with respect to the Amplified Spontaneous Emission (ASE) noise, the Alpha Factor, the output saturation power of the SOA and the bit rate.

© 2012 IEEE

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  1. P. Morel, P. Chanclou, R. Brenot, T. Motaweh, M. Guégan, A. Sharaiha, "Experimental demonstration of SOAs optical bandwidth widening based on selective filtering," Proc. IEEE ISLC (2010).
  2. R. Brenot, "Quantum dots semiconductor optical amplifier with a -3 dB bandwidth of up to 120 nm in semi-cooled operation," Proc. Opt. Fiber Comm. Conf. (2008).
  3. W. Shieh, I. Djordjevic, OFDM for Optical Communication (Academic Press, 2009).
  4. G. Charlet, "Transmission of 16.4 Tbit/s capacity over 2,550 km using PDM QPSK modulation format and coherent receiver," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 153-157 (2009).
  5. R. Bonk, "Impact of alfa-factor on SOA dynamic range for 20 GBd BPSK, QPSK and 16-QAM signals," Proc. Optical Fiber Comm. Conf. (2011).
  6. A. Bogoni, L. Poti, C. Porzi, M. Scaffardi, P. Ghelfi, F. Ponzini, "Modeling and measurement of noisy SOA dynamics for ultrafast applications," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 10, 197-205 (2004).
  7. J. W. D. Chi, L. Chao, M. K. Rao, "Time-domain large-signal investigation on nonlinear interactions between an optical pulse and semiconductor waveguides," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 1329-1336 (2001).
  8. M. J. Connelly, "Wideband dynamic numerical model of a tapered buried ridge stripe semiconductor optical amplifier gate," Proc. IEE—Circuits, Devices and Systems 149, 173-178 (2002).
  9. R. Gutiérrez-Castrejón, M. Duelk, "Uni-directional time-domain bulk SOA simulator considering carrier depletion by amplified spontaneous emission," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 581-588 (2006).
  10. P. Morel, A. Sharaiha, "Wideband time-domain transfer matrix model equivalent circuit for short pulse propagation in semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 103-116 (2009).
  11. C. Bohémond, P. Morel, A. Sharaiha, T. Rampone, B. Pucel, "Experimental and simulation analysis of the third-order input interception point in an all-optical RF mixer based on a semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 91-96 (2011).
  12. H. Khaleghi, P. Morel, A. Sharaiha, T. Rampone, M. Guégan, "Numerical analysis of SOA performance over a wide optical bandwidth in a CO-OFDM transmission system," J. Opt. Quantum Electron. 44, 205-212 (2012).
  13. L. Occhi, L. Schares, G. Guekos, "Phase modeling based on the αH-factor in bulk semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 9, 788-797 (2003).
  14. F. Devaux, Y. Sorel, J. F. Kerdiles, "Simple measurement of fiber dispersion and of chirp parameter of intensity modulated light emitter," J. Lightw. Technol. 11, 1937-1940 (1993).
  15. M. Summerfield, R. Tucker, "Frequency domain model of multiwave mixing in bulk semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 5, 839-850 (1999).
  16. C. T. Politi, D. Klonidis, M. J. O'Mahony, "Waveband converters based on four-wave mixing in SOAs," IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 1203-1217 (2006).
  17. M. J. Connelly, L. P. Barry, B. F. Kennedy, D. A. Reid, "Numerical analysis of four-wave mixing between picosecond mode-locked laser pulses in a tensile-strained bulk SOA," J. Opt. Quantum Electron. 40, 411-418 (2008).
  18. H. Ishikawa, "Wavelength conversion technologies for photonic network systems," FUJITSU Scientific Technol. J. 35, 126-138 (1999).
  19. N. Hatori, "Design of a wide-range arbitrary wavelength conversion module using four-wave mixing in a quantum dot semiconductor optical amplifier," Phys. Stat. Sol. 0, (2003) (c).
  20. F. Ohman, S. Bischoff, B. Tromborg, J. Mørk, "Noise and regeneration in semiconductor waveguides with saturable gain and absorption," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 245-255 (2004).
  21. H. Khaleghi, A. Sharaiha, T. Rampone, P. Morel, M. Guégan, "Semiconductor optical amplifiers in coherent optical-OFDM systems," IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 24, 560-562 (2012).
  22. D. M. Baney, P. Gallion, R. S. Tucker, "Theory and measurement techniques for the noise figure of optical amplifiers," Opt. Fiber Technol. 6, 122-154 (2000).
  23. L. F. Tiemeijer, "Effects of nonlinear gain on four-wave mixing and asymmetric gain saturation in a semiconductor laser amplifier," Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 499-501 (1991).
  24. M. Amaya, A. Sharaiha, F. Ginovart, "Comparison between co- and counter-propagative optical injection near the transparency wavelength on SOA static and dynamic performances," Opt. Commun. 246, 67-71 (2005).
  25. C. Joergensen, "All-optical wavelength conversion at bit rates above 10 Gb/s using semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE J. of Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 3, 1168-1180 (1997).

2012 (2)

H. Khaleghi, P. Morel, A. Sharaiha, T. Rampone, M. Guégan, "Numerical analysis of SOA performance over a wide optical bandwidth in a CO-OFDM transmission system," J. Opt. Quantum Electron. 44, 205-212 (2012).

H. Khaleghi, A. Sharaiha, T. Rampone, P. Morel, M. Guégan, "Semiconductor optical amplifiers in coherent optical-OFDM systems," IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 24, 560-562 (2012).

2011 (1)

C. Bohémond, P. Morel, A. Sharaiha, T. Rampone, B. Pucel, "Experimental and simulation analysis of the third-order input interception point in an all-optical RF mixer based on a semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 91-96 (2011).

2009 (2)

P. Morel, A. Sharaiha, "Wideband time-domain transfer matrix model equivalent circuit for short pulse propagation in semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 103-116 (2009).

G. Charlet, "Transmission of 16.4 Tbit/s capacity over 2,550 km using PDM QPSK modulation format and coherent receiver," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 153-157 (2009).

2008 (1)

M. J. Connelly, L. P. Barry, B. F. Kennedy, D. A. Reid, "Numerical analysis of four-wave mixing between picosecond mode-locked laser pulses in a tensile-strained bulk SOA," J. Opt. Quantum Electron. 40, 411-418 (2008).

2006 (2)

C. T. Politi, D. Klonidis, M. J. O'Mahony, "Waveband converters based on four-wave mixing in SOAs," IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 1203-1217 (2006).

R. Gutiérrez-Castrejón, M. Duelk, "Uni-directional time-domain bulk SOA simulator considering carrier depletion by amplified spontaneous emission," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 581-588 (2006).

2005 (1)

M. Amaya, A. Sharaiha, F. Ginovart, "Comparison between co- and counter-propagative optical injection near the transparency wavelength on SOA static and dynamic performances," Opt. Commun. 246, 67-71 (2005).

2004 (2)

A. Bogoni, L. Poti, C. Porzi, M. Scaffardi, P. Ghelfi, F. Ponzini, "Modeling and measurement of noisy SOA dynamics for ultrafast applications," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 10, 197-205 (2004).

F. Ohman, S. Bischoff, B. Tromborg, J. Mørk, "Noise and regeneration in semiconductor waveguides with saturable gain and absorption," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 245-255 (2004).

2003 (2)

N. Hatori, "Design of a wide-range arbitrary wavelength conversion module using four-wave mixing in a quantum dot semiconductor optical amplifier," Phys. Stat. Sol. 0, (2003) (c).

L. Occhi, L. Schares, G. Guekos, "Phase modeling based on the αH-factor in bulk semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 9, 788-797 (2003).

2002 (1)

M. J. Connelly, "Wideband dynamic numerical model of a tapered buried ridge stripe semiconductor optical amplifier gate," Proc. IEE—Circuits, Devices and Systems 149, 173-178 (2002).

2001 (1)

J. W. D. Chi, L. Chao, M. K. Rao, "Time-domain large-signal investigation on nonlinear interactions between an optical pulse and semiconductor waveguides," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 1329-1336 (2001).

2000 (1)

D. M. Baney, P. Gallion, R. S. Tucker, "Theory and measurement techniques for the noise figure of optical amplifiers," Opt. Fiber Technol. 6, 122-154 (2000).

1999 (2)

M. Summerfield, R. Tucker, "Frequency domain model of multiwave mixing in bulk semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 5, 839-850 (1999).

H. Ishikawa, "Wavelength conversion technologies for photonic network systems," FUJITSU Scientific Technol. J. 35, 126-138 (1999).

1997 (1)

C. Joergensen, "All-optical wavelength conversion at bit rates above 10 Gb/s using semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE J. of Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 3, 1168-1180 (1997).

1993 (1)

F. Devaux, Y. Sorel, J. F. Kerdiles, "Simple measurement of fiber dispersion and of chirp parameter of intensity modulated light emitter," J. Lightw. Technol. 11, 1937-1940 (1993).

1991 (1)

L. F. Tiemeijer, "Effects of nonlinear gain on four-wave mixing and asymmetric gain saturation in a semiconductor laser amplifier," Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 499-501 (1991).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

L. F. Tiemeijer, "Effects of nonlinear gain on four-wave mixing and asymmetric gain saturation in a semiconductor laser amplifier," Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 499-501 (1991).

FUJITSU Scientific Technol. J. (1)

H. Ishikawa, "Wavelength conversion technologies for photonic network systems," FUJITSU Scientific Technol. J. 35, 126-138 (1999).

IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

C. T. Politi, D. Klonidis, M. J. O'Mahony, "Waveband converters based on four-wave mixing in SOAs," IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 1203-1217 (2006).

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

C. Bohémond, P. Morel, A. Sharaiha, T. Rampone, B. Pucel, "Experimental and simulation analysis of the third-order input interception point in an all-optical RF mixer based on a semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 91-96 (2011).

IEEE J. of Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

C. Joergensen, "All-optical wavelength conversion at bit rates above 10 Gb/s using semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE J. of Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 3, 1168-1180 (1997).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (4)

F. Ohman, S. Bischoff, B. Tromborg, J. Mørk, "Noise and regeneration in semiconductor waveguides with saturable gain and absorption," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 245-255 (2004).

J. W. D. Chi, L. Chao, M. K. Rao, "Time-domain large-signal investigation on nonlinear interactions between an optical pulse and semiconductor waveguides," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 1329-1336 (2001).

R. Gutiérrez-Castrejón, M. Duelk, "Uni-directional time-domain bulk SOA simulator considering carrier depletion by amplified spontaneous emission," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 581-588 (2006).

P. Morel, A. Sharaiha, "Wideband time-domain transfer matrix model equivalent circuit for short pulse propagation in semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 103-116 (2009).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (2)

A. Bogoni, L. Poti, C. Porzi, M. Scaffardi, P. Ghelfi, F. Ponzini, "Modeling and measurement of noisy SOA dynamics for ultrafast applications," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 10, 197-205 (2004).

M. Summerfield, R. Tucker, "Frequency domain model of multiwave mixing in bulk semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 5, 839-850 (1999).

IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. (1)

H. Khaleghi, A. Sharaiha, T. Rampone, P. Morel, M. Guégan, "Semiconductor optical amplifiers in coherent optical-OFDM systems," IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 24, 560-562 (2012).

IEEE Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

L. Occhi, L. Schares, G. Guekos, "Phase modeling based on the αH-factor in bulk semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 9, 788-797 (2003).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

F. Devaux, Y. Sorel, J. F. Kerdiles, "Simple measurement of fiber dispersion and of chirp parameter of intensity modulated light emitter," J. Lightw. Technol. 11, 1937-1940 (1993).

G. Charlet, "Transmission of 16.4 Tbit/s capacity over 2,550 km using PDM QPSK modulation format and coherent receiver," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 153-157 (2009).

J. Opt. Quantum Electron. (2)

H. Khaleghi, P. Morel, A. Sharaiha, T. Rampone, M. Guégan, "Numerical analysis of SOA performance over a wide optical bandwidth in a CO-OFDM transmission system," J. Opt. Quantum Electron. 44, 205-212 (2012).

M. J. Connelly, L. P. Barry, B. F. Kennedy, D. A. Reid, "Numerical analysis of four-wave mixing between picosecond mode-locked laser pulses in a tensile-strained bulk SOA," J. Opt. Quantum Electron. 40, 411-418 (2008).

Opt. Commun. (1)

M. Amaya, A. Sharaiha, F. Ginovart, "Comparison between co- and counter-propagative optical injection near the transparency wavelength on SOA static and dynamic performances," Opt. Commun. 246, 67-71 (2005).

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

D. M. Baney, P. Gallion, R. S. Tucker, "Theory and measurement techniques for the noise figure of optical amplifiers," Opt. Fiber Technol. 6, 122-154 (2000).

Phys. Stat. Sol. (1)

N. Hatori, "Design of a wide-range arbitrary wavelength conversion module using four-wave mixing in a quantum dot semiconductor optical amplifier," Phys. Stat. Sol. 0, (2003) (c).

Proc. IEE—Circuits, Devices and Systems (1)

M. J. Connelly, "Wideband dynamic numerical model of a tapered buried ridge stripe semiconductor optical amplifier gate," Proc. IEE—Circuits, Devices and Systems 149, 173-178 (2002).

Other (4)

R. Bonk, "Impact of alfa-factor on SOA dynamic range for 20 GBd BPSK, QPSK and 16-QAM signals," Proc. Optical Fiber Comm. Conf. (2011).

P. Morel, P. Chanclou, R. Brenot, T. Motaweh, M. Guégan, A. Sharaiha, "Experimental demonstration of SOAs optical bandwidth widening based on selective filtering," Proc. IEEE ISLC (2010).

R. Brenot, "Quantum dots semiconductor optical amplifier with a -3 dB bandwidth of up to 120 nm in semi-cooled operation," Proc. Opt. Fiber Comm. Conf. (2008).

W. Shieh, I. Djordjevic, OFDM for Optical Communication (Academic Press, 2009).

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