Abstract

In this paper, we analyze waveform generation using a single-stage dual-drive Mach-Zehnder modulator and a dispersive fiber. We derive a mathematical expression for the waveform generation process in the time domain and use this to propose a waveform generation algorithm. Furthermore, versatile waveforms, such as short pulse, trapezoidal, triangular and sawtooth waveforms and doublet pulse, are theoretically generated under different combinations of the four variables. The generated waveforms are analyzed in terms of the gradient and the instantaneous frequency. Finally, the waveform generation is experimentally demonstrated at the repetition rate of 10 GHz.

© 2012 IEEE

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  1. J. A. Salehi, A. M. Weiner, J. P. Heritage, "Coherent ultrashort light pulse code-division multiple-access communication systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 8, 478-491 (1990).
  2. W. S. Warren, H. Rabitz, M. Dahleh, "Coherent control of quantum dynamics: The dream is alive," Science 259, 1581-1589 (1993).
  3. G. J. Tearney, M. E. Brezinski, B. E. Bouma, S. A. Boppart, C. Pitris, J. F. Southern, J. G. Fujimoto, "In vivo endoscopic optical biopsy with optical coherence tomography," Science 276, 2037-2039 (1997).
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  19. B. Dai, Z. Gao, X. Wang, N. Kataoka, N. Wada, "Versatile waveform generation using a single-stage dual-drive Mach-Zehnder modulator," Elect. Lett. 47, 336-338 (2011).
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2011 (1)

B. Dai, Z. Gao, X. Wang, N. Kataoka, N. Wada, "Versatile waveform generation using a single-stage dual-drive Mach-Zehnder modulator," Elect. Lett. 47, 336-338 (2011).

2010 (1)

R. Wu, V. R. Supradeepa, C. M. Long, D. E. Leaird, A. M. Weiner, "Generation of very flat optical frequency combs from continuous-wave lasers using cascaded intensity and phase modulators driven by tailored radio frequency waveforms," Opt. Lett. 35, 3234-3236 (2010).

2008 (4)

T. Sakamoto, T. Kawanishi, M. Tsuchiya, "10 GHz, 2.4 ps pulse generation using a single-stage dual-drive Mach-Zehnder modulator," Opt. Lett. 33, 890-892 (2008).

I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, H. Sotobayashi, T. Kawanishi, I. Hosako, M. Tsuchiya, "Widely repetition-tunable 200 fs pulse source using a Mach-Zehnder-modulator based flat comb generator and dispersion-flattened dispersion decreasing fiber," Opt. Lett. 33, 1192-1194 (2008).

F. Parmigiani, M. Ibsen, T. T. Ng, L. Provost, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, "An efficient wavelength converter exploiting a grating-based saw-tooth pulse shaper," Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1461-1463 (2008).

M. Govind, T. N. Ruckmongathan, "Trapezoidal and triangular waveform profiles for reducing power dissipation in liquid crystal displays," J. Display Technol. 4, 166-172 (2008).

2007 (4)

Z. Jiang, C.-B. Huang, D. E. Leaird, A. M. Weiner, "Optical arbitrary waveform processing of more than 100 spectral comb lines," Nature Photonics 1, 463-467 (2007).

T. Sakamoto, T. Kawanishi, M. Izutsu, "Asymptotic formalism for ultraflat optical frequency comb generation using a Mach-Zehnder modulator," Opt. Lett. 32, 1515-1517 (2007).

H. Chi, F. Zeng, J. Yao, "Photonic generation of microwave signals based on pulse shaping," Photon. Tech. Lett. 19, 668-670 (2007).

N. K. Fontaine, R. P. Scott, J. Cao, A. Karalar, W. Jiang, K. Okamoto, J. P. Heritage, B. H. Kolner, S. J. B. Yoo, "32 phase $\, {\times}$32 amplitude optical arbitrary waveform generation," Opt. Lett. 32, 865-867 (2007).

2005 (2)

Z. Jiang, D. S. Seo, D. E. Leaird, A. M. Weiner, "Spectral line-by-line pulse shaping," Opt. Lett. 30, 1557-1559 (2005).

R. E. Saperstein, N. Alic, D. Panasenko, R. Rokitski, Y. Fainman, "Time-domain waveform processing by chromatic dispersion for temporal shaping of optical pulses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2427-2436 (2005).

2004 (1)

2001 (1)

P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, A. D. Ellis, D. J. Richardson, "Rectangular pulse generation based on pulse reshaping using a superstructured fiber Bragg grating," J. Lightw. Tech. 19, 746-752 (2001).

2000 (1)

A. M. Weiner, "Femtosecond pulse shaping using spatial light modulators," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929-1960 (2000).

1997 (1)

G. J. Tearney, M. E. Brezinski, B. E. Bouma, S. A. Boppart, C. Pitris, J. F. Southern, J. G. Fujimoto, "In vivo endoscopic optical biopsy with optical coherence tomography," Science 276, 2037-2039 (1997).

1995 (1)

J. C. Cartledge, "Performance of 10 Gb/s lightwave systems based on lithium niobate Mach-Zehnder modulators with asymmetric Y-branch waveguides," Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1090-1092 (1995).

1993 (1)

W. S. Warren, H. Rabitz, M. Dahleh, "Coherent control of quantum dynamics: The dream is alive," Science 259, 1581-1589 (1993).

1990 (1)

J. A. Salehi, A. M. Weiner, J. P. Heritage, "Coherent ultrashort light pulse code-division multiple-access communication systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 8, 478-491 (1990).

1988 (1)

1984 (1)

G. J. Meslener, "Chromatic dispersion induced distortion of modulated monochromatic light employing direct detection," J. Quantum Elect. QE-20, 1208-1216 (1984).

Elect. Lett. (1)

B. Dai, Z. Gao, X. Wang, N. Kataoka, N. Wada, "Versatile waveform generation using a single-stage dual-drive Mach-Zehnder modulator," Elect. Lett. 47, 336-338 (2011).

J. Lightw. Tech. (1)

P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, A. D. Ellis, D. J. Richardson, "Rectangular pulse generation based on pulse reshaping using a superstructured fiber Bragg grating," J. Lightw. Tech. 19, 746-752 (2001).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

J. A. Salehi, A. M. Weiner, J. P. Heritage, "Coherent ultrashort light pulse code-division multiple-access communication systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 8, 478-491 (1990).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

R. E. Saperstein, N. Alic, D. Panasenko, R. Rokitski, Y. Fainman, "Time-domain waveform processing by chromatic dispersion for temporal shaping of optical pulses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2427-2436 (2005).

J. Display Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Quantum Elect. (1)

G. J. Meslener, "Chromatic dispersion induced distortion of modulated monochromatic light employing direct detection," J. Quantum Elect. QE-20, 1208-1216 (1984).

Nature Photonics (1)

Z. Jiang, C.-B. Huang, D. E. Leaird, A. M. Weiner, "Optical arbitrary waveform processing of more than 100 spectral comb lines," Nature Photonics 1, 463-467 (2007).

Opt. Lett. (2)

I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, H. Sotobayashi, T. Kawanishi, I. Hosako, M. Tsuchiya, "Widely repetition-tunable 200 fs pulse source using a Mach-Zehnder-modulator based flat comb generator and dispersion-flattened dispersion decreasing fiber," Opt. Lett. 33, 1192-1194 (2008).

R. Wu, V. R. Supradeepa, C. M. Long, D. E. Leaird, A. M. Weiner, "Generation of very flat optical frequency combs from continuous-wave lasers using cascaded intensity and phase modulators driven by tailored radio frequency waveforms," Opt. Lett. 35, 3234-3236 (2010).

Opt. Lett. (5)

Photon. Tech. Lett. (1)

H. Chi, F. Zeng, J. Yao, "Photonic generation of microwave signals based on pulse shaping," Photon. Tech. Lett. 19, 668-670 (2007).

Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

F. Parmigiani, M. Ibsen, T. T. Ng, L. Provost, P. Petropoulos, D. J. Richardson, "An efficient wavelength converter exploiting a grating-based saw-tooth pulse shaper," Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1461-1463 (2008).

J. C. Cartledge, "Performance of 10 Gb/s lightwave systems based on lithium niobate Mach-Zehnder modulators with asymmetric Y-branch waveguides," Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1090-1092 (1995).

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

A. M. Weiner, "Femtosecond pulse shaping using spatial light modulators," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929-1960 (2000).

Science (2)

W. S. Warren, H. Rabitz, M. Dahleh, "Coherent control of quantum dynamics: The dream is alive," Science 259, 1581-1589 (1993).

G. J. Tearney, M. E. Brezinski, B. E. Bouma, S. A. Boppart, C. Pitris, J. F. Southern, J. G. Fujimoto, "In vivo endoscopic optical biopsy with optical coherence tomography," Science 276, 2037-2039 (1997).

Other (2)

X. Zhou, X. Zheng, H. Wen, H. Zhang, Y. Guo, B. Zhou, "Optical frequency comb based on cascading intensity modulation for optical arbitrary waveform generation," Asia Communications and Photonics Conference and Exhibition (ACP'10) (2010).

"Federal communications commission," Revision of Part 15 of the Commissions Rules Regarding Ultra-Wideband Transmission Systems (2002).

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