Abstract

We propose a new indoor positioning system utilizing visible light communication. Intensity modulation/direct detection and carrier allocation methods are utilized in the proposed system. Simultaneous three channel transmissions were applied to calculate the receiver's position. The characteristics of the proposed positioning system were investigated through simulation based on the experimental results, and the feasibility of the proposed system was verified by experimentation. The experimental result shows that the average error of estimated positions is reduced to 2.4 cm using adjustment process by normalizing method, which is compared with 141.1 cm without adjustment process.

© 2012 IEEE

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  1. Y. Tanaka, S. Haruyama, M. Nakagawa, "Wireless optical transmissions with white colored LED for wireless home links," Proc. 11th Int. Symp. PIMRC (2000) pp. 1325-1329.
  2. T. Komine, M. Nakagawa, "Fundamental analysis for visible-light communication system using LED lights," IEEE Trans. Consumer Electron. 50, 100-107 (2004).
  3. K. Lee, H. Park, J. R. Barry, "Indoor channel characteristics for visible light communications," IEEE Commun. Lett. 15, 217-219 (2011).
  4. T. Komine, J. Lee, S. Haruyama, M. Nakagawa, "Adaptive equalization system for visible light wireless communication utilizing multiple white LED lighting equipment," IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun. 8, 2892-2900 (2009).
  5. H. Minh, D. O'Brien, G. Faulkner, L. Zeng, K. Lee, D. Jung, Y. Oh, E. Won, "100-Mb/s NRZ visible light communications using a postequalized white LED," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett 21, 1063-1065 (2009).
  6. S. Okada, T. Yendo, T. Yamazato, T. Fujii, M. Tanimoto, Y. Kimura, "On-vehicle receiver for distant visible light road-to-vehicle communication," Proc. IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symp. (2009).
  7. H. Chinthaka, N. Premachandra, T. Yendo, M. Tehrani, T. Yamazato, H. Okada, T. Fujii, M. Tanimoto, "High-speed-camera image processing based LED traffic light detection for road-to-vehicle visible light communication," Proc. IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symp. (2010).
  8. P. Bahl, V. Padmanabhan, "RADAR: An in-building RF-based user location and tracking system," Proc. INFOCOM (2000) pp. 775-784.
  9. N. Priyantha, A. Chakraborthy, H. Balakrishnan, "The cricket location-support system," Proc. Int. Conf. Mobile Comput. Netw. (2000) pp. 32-43.
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  11. A. Harter, A. Hopper, P. Steggles, A. Ward, P. Webster, "The anatomy of a context aware," Proc. ACM/IEEE MOBICOM (1999).
  12. T. Komine, M. Nakagawa, "Integrated system of white LED visible-light communication and power-line communication," IEEE Trans. Consumer Electron. 49, 71-79 (2003).
  13. M. Yoshino, S. Haruyama, M. Nakagawa, "High-accuracy positioning system using visible LED lights and image sensor," Proc. IEEE Radio Wireless Symp. (2008).
  14. H. Sugiyama, S. Haruyama, M. Nakagawa, "Experimental investigation of modulation method for visible-light communications," IEICE Trans. Commun. E89-B, 3393-3400 (2006).
  15. D. Manolakis, "Efficient solution and performance analysis of 3-D position estimation by trilateration," IEEE Trans. Aerospace and Electron. Syst. 32, 1239-1248 (1996).
  16. H. Kim, D. Kim, S. Yang, Y. Son, S. Han, "Mitigation of inter-cell interference utilizing carrier allocation in visible light communication system," IEEE Commun. Lett. 16, 526-529 (2012).
  17. J. Kahn, J. Barry, "Wireless infrared communications," Proc. of the IEEE 85, 265-298 (997).
  18. F. Reichenbach, A. Born, D. Timmermann, R. Bill, "A distributed linear least squares method for precise localization with low complexity in wireless sensor networks," Distributed Computing in Sensor Systems Lecture Notes in Computer Science 4026, 514-528 (2006).
  19. K. J. Williams, R. D. Esman, M. Dagenais, "Effects of high space-charge fields on the response of microwave photodetectors," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 639-641 (1994).
  20. H. Kim, D. Kim, S. Yang, Y. Son, S. Han, "Analysis of inter-cell interference and crosstalk in carrier allocation based visible light communication," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2012).
  21. H. Liu, H. Darabi, P. Banerjee, J. Liu, "Survey of wireless indoor positioning techniques and systems," IEEE Trans. Syst., Man, and Cyber., Part C: Appl. Rev. 37, 1067-1080 (2007).

2012 (1)

H. Kim, D. Kim, S. Yang, Y. Son, S. Han, "Mitigation of inter-cell interference utilizing carrier allocation in visible light communication system," IEEE Commun. Lett. 16, 526-529 (2012).

2011 (1)

K. Lee, H. Park, J. R. Barry, "Indoor channel characteristics for visible light communications," IEEE Commun. Lett. 15, 217-219 (2011).

2009 (2)

T. Komine, J. Lee, S. Haruyama, M. Nakagawa, "Adaptive equalization system for visible light wireless communication utilizing multiple white LED lighting equipment," IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun. 8, 2892-2900 (2009).

H. Minh, D. O'Brien, G. Faulkner, L. Zeng, K. Lee, D. Jung, Y. Oh, E. Won, "100-Mb/s NRZ visible light communications using a postequalized white LED," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett 21, 1063-1065 (2009).

2007 (1)

H. Liu, H. Darabi, P. Banerjee, J. Liu, "Survey of wireless indoor positioning techniques and systems," IEEE Trans. Syst., Man, and Cyber., Part C: Appl. Rev. 37, 1067-1080 (2007).

2006 (2)

F. Reichenbach, A. Born, D. Timmermann, R. Bill, "A distributed linear least squares method for precise localization with low complexity in wireless sensor networks," Distributed Computing in Sensor Systems Lecture Notes in Computer Science 4026, 514-528 (2006).

H. Sugiyama, S. Haruyama, M. Nakagawa, "Experimental investigation of modulation method for visible-light communications," IEICE Trans. Commun. E89-B, 3393-3400 (2006).

2004 (1)

T. Komine, M. Nakagawa, "Fundamental analysis for visible-light communication system using LED lights," IEEE Trans. Consumer Electron. 50, 100-107 (2004).

2003 (1)

T. Komine, M. Nakagawa, "Integrated system of white LED visible-light communication and power-line communication," IEEE Trans. Consumer Electron. 49, 71-79 (2003).

1996 (1)

D. Manolakis, "Efficient solution and performance analysis of 3-D position estimation by trilateration," IEEE Trans. Aerospace and Electron. Syst. 32, 1239-1248 (1996).

1994 (1)

K. J. Williams, R. D. Esman, M. Dagenais, "Effects of high space-charge fields on the response of microwave photodetectors," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 639-641 (1994).

1992 (1)

R. Want, A. Hopper, V. Falcao, J. Gibbons, "The active badge location system," ACM Trans. Info. Syst. 10, 91-102 (1992).

ACM Trans. Info. Syst. (1)

R. Want, A. Hopper, V. Falcao, J. Gibbons, "The active badge location system," ACM Trans. Info. Syst. 10, 91-102 (1992).

Distributed Computing in Sensor Systems Lecture Notes in Computer Science (1)

F. Reichenbach, A. Born, D. Timmermann, R. Bill, "A distributed linear least squares method for precise localization with low complexity in wireless sensor networks," Distributed Computing in Sensor Systems Lecture Notes in Computer Science 4026, 514-528 (2006).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett (1)

H. Minh, D. O'Brien, G. Faulkner, L. Zeng, K. Lee, D. Jung, Y. Oh, E. Won, "100-Mb/s NRZ visible light communications using a postequalized white LED," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett 21, 1063-1065 (2009).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

K. J. Williams, R. D. Esman, M. Dagenais, "Effects of high space-charge fields on the response of microwave photodetectors," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 639-641 (1994).

IEEE Trans. Aerospace and Electron. Syst. (1)

D. Manolakis, "Efficient solution and performance analysis of 3-D position estimation by trilateration," IEEE Trans. Aerospace and Electron. Syst. 32, 1239-1248 (1996).

IEEE Trans. Consumer Electron. (1)

T. Komine, M. Nakagawa, "Fundamental analysis for visible-light communication system using LED lights," IEEE Trans. Consumer Electron. 50, 100-107 (2004).

IEEE Commun. Lett. (2)

K. Lee, H. Park, J. R. Barry, "Indoor channel characteristics for visible light communications," IEEE Commun. Lett. 15, 217-219 (2011).

H. Kim, D. Kim, S. Yang, Y. Son, S. Han, "Mitigation of inter-cell interference utilizing carrier allocation in visible light communication system," IEEE Commun. Lett. 16, 526-529 (2012).

IEEE Trans. Consumer Electron. (1)

T. Komine, M. Nakagawa, "Integrated system of white LED visible-light communication and power-line communication," IEEE Trans. Consumer Electron. 49, 71-79 (2003).

IEEE Trans. Syst., Man, and Cyber., Part C: Appl. Rev. (1)

H. Liu, H. Darabi, P. Banerjee, J. Liu, "Survey of wireless indoor positioning techniques and systems," IEEE Trans. Syst., Man, and Cyber., Part C: Appl. Rev. 37, 1067-1080 (2007).

IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun. (1)

T. Komine, J. Lee, S. Haruyama, M. Nakagawa, "Adaptive equalization system for visible light wireless communication utilizing multiple white LED lighting equipment," IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun. 8, 2892-2900 (2009).

IEICE Trans. Commun. (1)

H. Sugiyama, S. Haruyama, M. Nakagawa, "Experimental investigation of modulation method for visible-light communications," IEICE Trans. Commun. E89-B, 3393-3400 (2006).

Proc. of the IEEE (1)

J. Kahn, J. Barry, "Wireless infrared communications," Proc. of the IEEE 85, 265-298 (997).

Other (8)

H. Kim, D. Kim, S. Yang, Y. Son, S. Han, "Analysis of inter-cell interference and crosstalk in carrier allocation based visible light communication," Proc. OFC/NFOEC (2012).

Y. Tanaka, S. Haruyama, M. Nakagawa, "Wireless optical transmissions with white colored LED for wireless home links," Proc. 11th Int. Symp. PIMRC (2000) pp. 1325-1329.

M. Yoshino, S. Haruyama, M. Nakagawa, "High-accuracy positioning system using visible LED lights and image sensor," Proc. IEEE Radio Wireless Symp. (2008).

A. Harter, A. Hopper, P. Steggles, A. Ward, P. Webster, "The anatomy of a context aware," Proc. ACM/IEEE MOBICOM (1999).

S. Okada, T. Yendo, T. Yamazato, T. Fujii, M. Tanimoto, Y. Kimura, "On-vehicle receiver for distant visible light road-to-vehicle communication," Proc. IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symp. (2009).

H. Chinthaka, N. Premachandra, T. Yendo, M. Tehrani, T. Yamazato, H. Okada, T. Fujii, M. Tanimoto, "High-speed-camera image processing based LED traffic light detection for road-to-vehicle visible light communication," Proc. IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symp. (2010).

P. Bahl, V. Padmanabhan, "RADAR: An in-building RF-based user location and tracking system," Proc. INFOCOM (2000) pp. 775-784.

N. Priyantha, A. Chakraborthy, H. Balakrishnan, "The cricket location-support system," Proc. Int. Conf. Mobile Comput. Netw. (2000) pp. 32-43.

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