Abstract

We demonstrate for the first time, continuous frequency tuning >40 MHz using symmetric phase tuning regions in an InGaAsP/InP 18 GHz passively mode-locked ring laser. Frequency tuning is achieved through current injection into passive waveguides, via the free-carrier plasma effect, which is enhanced by the concurrent increase in cavity losses from free-carrier absorption. Stable mode-locking with ~1 ps pulse-width is realized from -2.5 to -7.5 V bias on the saturable absorber and 170 to 290 mA drive current. The average RF power is 50 dB above the noise level over this regime.

© 2012 IEEE

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  1. V. Kaman, J. E. Bowers, "120 Gbit/s OTDM system using electroabsorption transmitter and demultiplexer operating at 30 GHz," Electron. Lett. 36, 1477-1479 (2000).
  2. Y. B. M'Sallem, Q. T. Le, L. Bramerie, Q. Nguyen, E. Borgne, P. Besnard, A. Shen, F. Lelarge, S. LaRochelle, L. A. Rusch, J. Simon, "Quantum-dash mode-locked laser as a source for 56-Gb/s DQPSK modulation in WDM multicast applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 453-455 (2011).
  3. T. M. Ramond, A. Bartels, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, H. Kurz, "Low instability, low phase-noise femto-second optical frequency comb microwave synthesizer," Proc. IEEE Int. Freq. Control Symp. PDA Exhib. 17th Europ. Freq. Time Forum (2003) pp. 168-171.
  4. P. J. Delfyett, D. H. Hartman, S. Z. Ahmad, "Optical clock distribution using a mode-locked semiconductor laser diode system," J. Lightw. Technol. 9, 1646-1649 (1991).
  5. W. Drexler, "Ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 47-74 (2004).
  6. J. S. Barton, E. J. Skogen, M. L. Masanovic, S. P. Denbaars, L. A. Coldren, "A widely tunable high-speed transmitter using an integrated SGDBR laser-semiconductor optical amplifier and Mach–Zehnder modulator," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 9, 1113-1117 (2003).
  7. J. Klamkin, A. Ramaswamy, L. A. Johansson, H.-F. Chou, M. N. Sysak, J. W. Raring, N. Parthasarathy, S. P. DenBaars, J. E. Bowers, L. A. Coldren, "High output saturation and high-linearity uni-traveling-carrier waveguide photodiodes," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 149-151 (2007).
  8. E. J. Norberg, R. S. Guzzon, S. C. Nicholes, J. S. Parker, L. A. Coldren, "Programmable photonic lattice filters in InGaAsP/InP," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett 22, 109-111 (2010).
  9. M. M. Dummer, M. N. Sysak, A. Tauke-Pedretti, J. W. Raring, J. Klamkin, L. A. Coldren, "Widely tunable separate absorption and modulation wavelength converter with integrated microwave termination," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 938-944 (2008).
  10. M. J. R. Heck, P. Munoz, B. W. Tilma, E. A. J. M. Bente, Y. Barbarin, O. Yok-Siang, R. Notzel, M. K. Smit, "Design, fabrication and characterization of an InP-based tunable integrated optical pulse shaper," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 370-377 (2008).
  11. S. Ristic, A. Bhardwaj, M. J. Rodwell, L. A. Coldren, L. A. Johansson, "An optical phase-locked loop photonic integrated circuit," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 526-538 (2010).
  12. M. J. R. Heck, A. Renault, E. A. J. M. Bente, O. Yok-Siang, M. K. Smit, K. S. E. Eikema, W. Ubachs, S. Anantathanasarn, R. Notzel, "Passively mode-locked 4.6 and 10.5 GHz quantum dot laser diodes around 1.55 μm with large operating regime," IEEE Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 15, 634-643 (2009).
  13. I. Ogura, H. Kurita, T. Sasaki, H. Yokoyama, "Precise operation-frequency control of monolithic mode-locked laser diodes for high-speed optical communication and all-optical signal processing," Opt. Quantum Electron. 33, 709-725 (2001).
  14. Y. Barbarin, E. A. J. M. Bente, M. J. R. Heck, Y. S. Oei, R. Nötzel, M. K. Smit, "Characterization of a 15 GHz integrated bulk InGaAsP passive modelocked ring laser at 1.53 μm," Opt. Exp. 14, 9716-9727 (2006).
  15. R. Kaiser, B. Huttl, "Monolithic 40-GHz mode-locked MQW DBR lasers for high-speed optical communication systems," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 13, 125-135 (2007).
  16. J. S. Parker, E. J. Norberg, R. S. Guzzon, S. C. Nicholes, L. A. Coldren, "High verticality InP/InGaAsP etching in Cl2/H2/Ar inductively coupled plasma for photonic integrated circuits," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 29, 011016-011020 (2011).
  17. H. F. Liu, S. A. Arahira, T. Kunii, Y. Ogawa, "Tuning characteristics of monolithic passively mode-locked distributed Bragg reflector semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1965-1975 (1996).
  18. S. Arahira, Y. Ogawa, "Repetition-frequency tuning of monolithic passively mode-locked semiconductor lasers with integrated extended cavities," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 255-264 (1997).
  19. L. A. Coldren, S. C. Nicholes, L. Johansson, S. Ristic, R. S. Guzzon, E. J. Norberg, U. Krishnamachari, "High performance InP-based photonic ICs—A tutorial," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 554-570 (2011).
  20. Y. Shi, S. He, S. Anand, "Ultracompact directional coupler realized in InP by utilizing feature size dependent etching," Opt. Lett. 33, 1927-1929 (2008).
  21. M. Sorel, P. J. R. Laybourn, G. Giuliani, S. Donati, "Unidirectional bistability in semiconductor waveguide ring lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 3051-3053 (2002).

2011 (3)

Y. B. M'Sallem, Q. T. Le, L. Bramerie, Q. Nguyen, E. Borgne, P. Besnard, A. Shen, F. Lelarge, S. LaRochelle, L. A. Rusch, J. Simon, "Quantum-dash mode-locked laser as a source for 56-Gb/s DQPSK modulation in WDM multicast applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 453-455 (2011).

J. S. Parker, E. J. Norberg, R. S. Guzzon, S. C. Nicholes, L. A. Coldren, "High verticality InP/InGaAsP etching in Cl2/H2/Ar inductively coupled plasma for photonic integrated circuits," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 29, 011016-011020 (2011).

L. A. Coldren, S. C. Nicholes, L. Johansson, S. Ristic, R. S. Guzzon, E. J. Norberg, U. Krishnamachari, "High performance InP-based photonic ICs—A tutorial," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 554-570 (2011).

2010 (2)

S. Ristic, A. Bhardwaj, M. J. Rodwell, L. A. Coldren, L. A. Johansson, "An optical phase-locked loop photonic integrated circuit," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 526-538 (2010).

E. J. Norberg, R. S. Guzzon, S. C. Nicholes, J. S. Parker, L. A. Coldren, "Programmable photonic lattice filters in InGaAsP/InP," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett 22, 109-111 (2010).

2009 (1)

M. J. R. Heck, A. Renault, E. A. J. M. Bente, O. Yok-Siang, M. K. Smit, K. S. E. Eikema, W. Ubachs, S. Anantathanasarn, R. Notzel, "Passively mode-locked 4.6 and 10.5 GHz quantum dot laser diodes around 1.55 μm with large operating regime," IEEE Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 15, 634-643 (2009).

2008 (3)

Y. Shi, S. He, S. Anand, "Ultracompact directional coupler realized in InP by utilizing feature size dependent etching," Opt. Lett. 33, 1927-1929 (2008).

M. M. Dummer, M. N. Sysak, A. Tauke-Pedretti, J. W. Raring, J. Klamkin, L. A. Coldren, "Widely tunable separate absorption and modulation wavelength converter with integrated microwave termination," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 938-944 (2008).

M. J. R. Heck, P. Munoz, B. W. Tilma, E. A. J. M. Bente, Y. Barbarin, O. Yok-Siang, R. Notzel, M. K. Smit, "Design, fabrication and characterization of an InP-based tunable integrated optical pulse shaper," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 370-377 (2008).

2007 (2)

J. Klamkin, A. Ramaswamy, L. A. Johansson, H.-F. Chou, M. N. Sysak, J. W. Raring, N. Parthasarathy, S. P. DenBaars, J. E. Bowers, L. A. Coldren, "High output saturation and high-linearity uni-traveling-carrier waveguide photodiodes," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 149-151 (2007).

R. Kaiser, B. Huttl, "Monolithic 40-GHz mode-locked MQW DBR lasers for high-speed optical communication systems," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 13, 125-135 (2007).

2006 (1)

Y. Barbarin, E. A. J. M. Bente, M. J. R. Heck, Y. S. Oei, R. Nötzel, M. K. Smit, "Characterization of a 15 GHz integrated bulk InGaAsP passive modelocked ring laser at 1.53 μm," Opt. Exp. 14, 9716-9727 (2006).

2004 (1)

W. Drexler, "Ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 47-74 (2004).

2003 (1)

J. S. Barton, E. J. Skogen, M. L. Masanovic, S. P. Denbaars, L. A. Coldren, "A widely tunable high-speed transmitter using an integrated SGDBR laser-semiconductor optical amplifier and Mach–Zehnder modulator," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 9, 1113-1117 (2003).

2002 (1)

M. Sorel, P. J. R. Laybourn, G. Giuliani, S. Donati, "Unidirectional bistability in semiconductor waveguide ring lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 3051-3053 (2002).

2001 (1)

I. Ogura, H. Kurita, T. Sasaki, H. Yokoyama, "Precise operation-frequency control of monolithic mode-locked laser diodes for high-speed optical communication and all-optical signal processing," Opt. Quantum Electron. 33, 709-725 (2001).

2000 (1)

V. Kaman, J. E. Bowers, "120 Gbit/s OTDM system using electroabsorption transmitter and demultiplexer operating at 30 GHz," Electron. Lett. 36, 1477-1479 (2000).

1997 (1)

S. Arahira, Y. Ogawa, "Repetition-frequency tuning of monolithic passively mode-locked semiconductor lasers with integrated extended cavities," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 255-264 (1997).

1996 (1)

H. F. Liu, S. A. Arahira, T. Kunii, Y. Ogawa, "Tuning characteristics of monolithic passively mode-locked distributed Bragg reflector semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1965-1975 (1996).

1991 (1)

P. J. Delfyett, D. H. Hartman, S. Z. Ahmad, "Optical clock distribution using a mode-locked semiconductor laser diode system," J. Lightw. Technol. 9, 1646-1649 (1991).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. Sorel, P. J. R. Laybourn, G. Giuliani, S. Donati, "Unidirectional bistability in semiconductor waveguide ring lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 3051-3053 (2002).

Electron. Lett. (1)

V. Kaman, J. E. Bowers, "120 Gbit/s OTDM system using electroabsorption transmitter and demultiplexer operating at 30 GHz," Electron. Lett. 36, 1477-1479 (2000).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. F. Liu, S. A. Arahira, T. Kunii, Y. Ogawa, "Tuning characteristics of monolithic passively mode-locked distributed Bragg reflector semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1965-1975 (1996).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

R. Kaiser, B. Huttl, "Monolithic 40-GHz mode-locked MQW DBR lasers for high-speed optical communication systems," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 13, 125-135 (2007).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

Y. B. M'Sallem, Q. T. Le, L. Bramerie, Q. Nguyen, E. Borgne, P. Besnard, A. Shen, F. Lelarge, S. LaRochelle, L. A. Rusch, J. Simon, "Quantum-dash mode-locked laser as a source for 56-Gb/s DQPSK modulation in WDM multicast applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 453-455 (2011).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

S. Arahira, Y. Ogawa, "Repetition-frequency tuning of monolithic passively mode-locked semiconductor lasers with integrated extended cavities," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 255-264 (1997).

M. J. R. Heck, P. Munoz, B. W. Tilma, E. A. J. M. Bente, Y. Barbarin, O. Yok-Siang, R. Notzel, M. K. Smit, "Design, fabrication and characterization of an InP-based tunable integrated optical pulse shaper," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 44, 370-377 (2008).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

J. S. Barton, E. J. Skogen, M. L. Masanovic, S. P. Denbaars, L. A. Coldren, "A widely tunable high-speed transmitter using an integrated SGDBR laser-semiconductor optical amplifier and Mach–Zehnder modulator," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 9, 1113-1117 (2003).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett (1)

E. J. Norberg, R. S. Guzzon, S. C. Nicholes, J. S. Parker, L. A. Coldren, "Programmable photonic lattice filters in InGaAsP/InP," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett 22, 109-111 (2010).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J. Klamkin, A. Ramaswamy, L. A. Johansson, H.-F. Chou, M. N. Sysak, J. W. Raring, N. Parthasarathy, S. P. DenBaars, J. E. Bowers, L. A. Coldren, "High output saturation and high-linearity uni-traveling-carrier waveguide photodiodes," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 149-151 (2007).

IEEE Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

M. J. R. Heck, A. Renault, E. A. J. M. Bente, O. Yok-Siang, M. K. Smit, K. S. E. Eikema, W. Ubachs, S. Anantathanasarn, R. Notzel, "Passively mode-locked 4.6 and 10.5 GHz quantum dot laser diodes around 1.55 μm with large operating regime," IEEE Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 15, 634-643 (2009).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

P. J. Delfyett, D. H. Hartman, S. Z. Ahmad, "Optical clock distribution using a mode-locked semiconductor laser diode system," J. Lightw. Technol. 9, 1646-1649 (1991).

J. Biomed. Opt. (1)

W. Drexler, "Ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 47-74 (2004).

J. Lightw. Technol. (3)

M. M. Dummer, M. N. Sysak, A. Tauke-Pedretti, J. W. Raring, J. Klamkin, L. A. Coldren, "Widely tunable separate absorption and modulation wavelength converter with integrated microwave termination," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 938-944 (2008).

S. Ristic, A. Bhardwaj, M. J. Rodwell, L. A. Coldren, L. A. Johansson, "An optical phase-locked loop photonic integrated circuit," J. Lightw. Technol. 28, 526-538 (2010).

L. A. Coldren, S. C. Nicholes, L. Johansson, S. Ristic, R. S. Guzzon, E. J. Norberg, U. Krishnamachari, "High performance InP-based photonic ICs—A tutorial," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 554-570 (2011).

J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B (1)

J. S. Parker, E. J. Norberg, R. S. Guzzon, S. C. Nicholes, L. A. Coldren, "High verticality InP/InGaAsP etching in Cl2/H2/Ar inductively coupled plasma for photonic integrated circuits," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 29, 011016-011020 (2011).

Opt. Exp. (1)

Y. Barbarin, E. A. J. M. Bente, M. J. R. Heck, Y. S. Oei, R. Nötzel, M. K. Smit, "Characterization of a 15 GHz integrated bulk InGaAsP passive modelocked ring laser at 1.53 μm," Opt. Exp. 14, 9716-9727 (2006).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

I. Ogura, H. Kurita, T. Sasaki, H. Yokoyama, "Precise operation-frequency control of monolithic mode-locked laser diodes for high-speed optical communication and all-optical signal processing," Opt. Quantum Electron. 33, 709-725 (2001).

Other (1)

T. M. Ramond, A. Bartels, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, H. Kurz, "Low instability, low phase-noise femto-second optical frequency comb microwave synthesizer," Proc. IEEE Int. Freq. Control Symp. PDA Exhib. 17th Europ. Freq. Time Forum (2003) pp. 168-171.

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