Abstract

We present a theoretical and experimental analysis of the sensing capabilities of Raman-based distributed temperature optical fiber sensor (RDTS) systems using only the anti-Stokes (AS) component in loop configuration. In particular, the effects of time- and wavelength-dependent losses on the sensor performance are thoroughly investigated under different experimental conditions. As expected from the developed theory, experimental results demonstrate that using the loop AS-light only approach in RDTS systems can correct the impact of local and wavelength-dependent losses on the final temperature measurements, with the simple use of an internal calibration fiber spool at a known temperature value. Signal-to-noise ratio and temperature resolution analyses of the AS-only RDTS point out an improved temperature resolution in comparison to standard RDTS systems in loop configuration.

© 2011 IEEE

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2011

M. A. Soto, A. Signorini, T. Nannipieri, S. Faralli, G. Bolognini, "High-performance Raman-based distributed fiber-optic sensing under a loop scheme using antistokes light only," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 534-546 (2011).

2010

D. Hwang, D.-J. Yoon, I.-B. Kwon, D.-C. Seo, Y. Chung, "Novel auto-correction method in a fiber-optic distributed-temperature sensor using reflected antistokes Raman scattering," Opt. Exp. 18, 9747-9754 (2010).

2009

S. W. Tyler, J. S. Selker, M. B. Hausner, C. E. Hatch, T. Torgersen, C. E. Thodal, S. G. Schladow, "Environmental temperature sensing using Raman spectra DTS fiber-optic methods," Water Resour. Res. 45, (2009) W00D23.

2008

2007

G. Bolognini, J. Park, M. A. Soto, N. Park, F. Di Pasquale, "Analysis of distributed temperature sensing based on Raman scattering using OTDR coding and discrete Raman amplification," Meas. Sci. Technol. 18, 3211-3218 (2007).

2005

A. F. Fernandez, P. Rodeghiero, B. Brichard, F. Berghmans, A. H. Hartog, P. Hughes, K. Williams, A. P. Leach, "Radiation-tolerant Raman distributed temperature monitoring system for large nuclear infrastructures," IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 52, 2689-2691 (2005).

P. R. Stoddart, P. J. Cadusch, J. B. Pearce, D. Vukovic, C. R. Nagarajah, D. J. Booth, "Fibre optic distributed temperature sensor with an integrated background correction function," Meas. Sci. Technol. 16, 1299-1304 (2005).

2001

A. Kimura, E. Takada, K. Fujita, M. Nakazawa, H. Takahashi, S. Ichige, "Application of a Raman distributed temperature sensor to the experimental fast reactor JOYO with correction techniques," Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 966-973 (2001).

1988

K. Kikuchi, T. Naito, T. Okoshi, "Measurement of Raman scattering in single-mode optical fiber by time-domain reflectometry," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1973-1975 (1988).

1985

A. H. Hartog, A. P. Leach, "Distributed temperature sensing in solid-core fibres," Electron. Lett. 21, 1061-1062 (1985).

J. P. Dakin, D. J. Pratt, "Distributed optical fibre Raman temperature sensor using a semiconductor light source and detector," Electron. Lett. 21, 569-570 (1985).

Electron. Lett.

A. H. Hartog, A. P. Leach, "Distributed temperature sensing in solid-core fibres," Electron. Lett. 21, 1061-1062 (1985).

J. P. Dakin, D. J. Pratt, "Distributed optical fibre Raman temperature sensor using a semiconductor light source and detector," Electron. Lett. 21, 569-570 (1985).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

K. Kikuchi, T. Naito, T. Okoshi, "Measurement of Raman scattering in single-mode optical fiber by time-domain reflectometry," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1973-1975 (1988).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

M. A. Soto, A. Signorini, T. Nannipieri, S. Faralli, G. Bolognini, "High-performance Raman-based distributed fiber-optic sensing under a loop scheme using antistokes light only," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 534-546 (2011).

IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.

A. F. Fernandez, P. Rodeghiero, B. Brichard, F. Berghmans, A. H. Hartog, P. Hughes, K. Williams, A. P. Leach, "Radiation-tolerant Raman distributed temperature monitoring system for large nuclear infrastructures," IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 52, 2689-2691 (2005).

J. Lightwave Technol.

Meas. Sci. Technol.

A. Kimura, E. Takada, K. Fujita, M. Nakazawa, H. Takahashi, S. Ichige, "Application of a Raman distributed temperature sensor to the experimental fast reactor JOYO with correction techniques," Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 966-973 (2001).

G. Bolognini, J. Park, M. A. Soto, N. Park, F. Di Pasquale, "Analysis of distributed temperature sensing based on Raman scattering using OTDR coding and discrete Raman amplification," Meas. Sci. Technol. 18, 3211-3218 (2007).

P. R. Stoddart, P. J. Cadusch, J. B. Pearce, D. Vukovic, C. R. Nagarajah, D. J. Booth, "Fibre optic distributed temperature sensor with an integrated background correction function," Meas. Sci. Technol. 16, 1299-1304 (2005).

Opt. Exp.

D. Hwang, D.-J. Yoon, I.-B. Kwon, D.-C. Seo, Y. Chung, "Novel auto-correction method in a fiber-optic distributed-temperature sensor using reflected antistokes Raman scattering," Opt. Exp. 18, 9747-9754 (2010).

Opt. Lett.

Water Resour. Res.

S. W. Tyler, J. S. Selker, M. B. Hausner, C. E. Hatch, T. Torgersen, C. E. Thodal, S. G. Schladow, "Environmental temperature sensing using Raman spectra DTS fiber-optic methods," Water Resour. Res. 45, (2009) W00D23.

Other

M. A. Soto, A. Signorini, T. Nannipieri, S. Faralli, G. Bolognini, F. Di Pasquale, "Distributed optical fiber temperature sensor using only antistokes Raman scattering light in a loop configuration," Proc. OFS21 (2011).

M. N. Islam, Physical Principles (Springer-Verlag, 2004).

M. Jaaskelainen, "Temperature monitoring of geothermal energy wells," Proc. of SPIE (2010).

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