Abstract

A novel method for dew detection based on photonic crystal fiber (PCF) interferometer that operates in reflection mode is presented in this paper. The fabrication of the sensor head is simple since it only involves cleaving and fusion splicing. The sensor shows good sensitivity to dew formation with a large wavelength peak shift of the interference pattern at the onset of dew formation. The device's response to ambient humidity and temperature are also studied and reported in this paper. From our experiment it is also concluded that by attaching a thermoelectric cooler with temperature feedback, the sensor head demonstrated can be used as a miniature dew point hygrometer.

© 2011 IEEE

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  1. D. Camuffo, S. Valcher, "A dew point signaller for conservation of works of art," Environ. Monit. Assess 6, 165-170 (1986).
  2. A. Kumada, E. Takata, M. Murata, Frost and Dew Sensor U.S. Patent 5000579 (1991).
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  5. M. Hoummady, C. Bonjour, J. Collin, F. Lardet-Vieudrin, G. Martin, "Surface acoustic wave (SAW) dew point sensor: Application to dew point hygrometry," Sens. Actuators B 27, 315-317 (1995) Eurosensors VIII.
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2011 (1)

2010 (3)

D. Barrera, J. Villatoro, V. P. Finazzi, G. A. Cardenas-Sevilla, V. P. Minkovich, S. Sales, V. Pruneri, "Low-loss photonic crystal fiber interferometers for sensor networks," J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 3542-3547 (2010).

J. Mathew, Y. Semenova, G. Rajan, G. Farrell, "Humidity sensor based on photonic crystal fibre interferometer," Electron. Lett. 46, 1341-1343 (2010).

H. P. Uranus, "Theoretical study on the multimodeness of a commercial endlessly single-mode PCF," Opt. Commun. 283, 4649-4654 (2010).

2009 (4)

R. S. Jachowicz, J. Weremczuk, D. Paczesny, G. Tarapata, "A MEMS-based super fast dew point hygrometer—Construction and medical applications," Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 124008 (2009) (10pp).

J. Villatoro, V. Finazzi, G. Badenes, V. Pruneri, "Highly sensitive sensors based on photonic crystal fiber modal interferometers," Journal of Sensors 2009, 11 (2009) Article ID 747803.

J. Villatoro, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Jha, V. P. Minkovich, V. Finazzi, G. Badenes, V. Pruneri, "Photonic crystal fiber interferometer for chemical vapor detection with high sensitivity," Opt. Express 17, 1447-1453 (2009).

W. J. Bock, T. A. Eftimov, P. Mikulic, J. Chen, "An inline core-cladding intermodal interferometer using a photonic crystal fiber," J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 3933-3939 (2009).

2008 (1)

R. Jha, J. Villatoro, G. Badenes, "Ultrastable in reflection photonic crystal fiber modal interferometer for accurate refractive index sensing," Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 3 (2008) Article ID 191106.

2007 (2)

2006 (3)

O. Postolache, P. M. B. S. Girão, J. M. D. Pereira, H. G. Ramos, "Dew point and relative-humidity smart measuring system," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 55, (2006).

P. R. Stoddart, J. B. Pearce, A. P. Mazzolini, "Evanescently coupled dewpoint sensor based on a silicon waveguide," Sens. Actuators A 128, 225-229 (2006).

T. Numata, Y. Otani, N. Umeda, "Optical dew sensor using surface plasmon resonance of periodic ag nanostructure," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, L810-L813 (2006).

2005 (1)

B. A. David, H. K. Seong, "Evolution of the adsorbed water layer structure on silicon oxide at room temperature," J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 16760-16763 (2005).

2004 (1)

2000 (2)

F. Pascal-Delannoy, B. Sorli, A. Boyer, "Quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) used as humidity sensor," Sens. Actuators A 84, 285-291 (2000).

S. Hadjiloucas, J. Irvine, D. A. Keating, "Feedback dew-point sensor utilizing optimally cut plastic optical fibres," Meas. Sci. Technol. 11, 1 (2000).

1996 (1)

P. Popov, S. Sainov, M. Baeva, "Measurement of surface dew by optical sensor," Sens. Actuators A 51, 199-202 (1996).

1995 (1)

M. Hoummady, C. Bonjour, J. Collin, F. Lardet-Vieudrin, G. Martin, "Surface acoustic wave (SAW) dew point sensor: Application to dew point hygrometry," Sens. Actuators B 27, 315-317 (1995) Eurosensors VIII.

1986 (1)

D. Camuffo, S. Valcher, "A dew point signaller for conservation of works of art," Environ. Monit. Assess 6, 165-170 (1986).

1985 (1)

K. Tiefenthaler, W. Lukosz, "Grating couplers as integrated optical humidity and gas sensors," Thin Solid Films 126, 205-211 (1985).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. Jha, J. Villatoro, G. Badenes, "Ultrastable in reflection photonic crystal fiber modal interferometer for accurate refractive index sensing," Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 3 (2008) Article ID 191106.

Electron. Lett. (1)

J. Mathew, Y. Semenova, G. Rajan, G. Farrell, "Humidity sensor based on photonic crystal fibre interferometer," Electron. Lett. 46, 1341-1343 (2010).

Environ. Monit. Assess (1)

D. Camuffo, S. Valcher, "A dew point signaller for conservation of works of art," Environ. Monit. Assess 6, 165-170 (1986).

IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. (1)

O. Postolache, P. M. B. S. Girão, J. M. D. Pereira, H. G. Ramos, "Dew point and relative-humidity smart measuring system," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 55, (2006).

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

J. Phys. Chem. B (1)

B. A. David, H. K. Seong, "Evolution of the adsorbed water layer structure on silicon oxide at room temperature," J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 16760-16763 (2005).

Journal of Sensors (2)

F. Baldini, R. Falciai, A. A. Mencaglia, F. Senesi, D. Camuffo, A. D. Valle, C. J. Bergsten, "Miniaturised optical fibre sensor for dew detection inside organ pipes," Journal of Sensors 2008, Article ID 321065.

J. Villatoro, V. Finazzi, G. Badenes, V. Pruneri, "Highly sensitive sensors based on photonic crystal fiber modal interferometers," Journal of Sensors 2009, 11 (2009) Article ID 747803.

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

T. Numata, Y. Otani, N. Umeda, "Optical dew sensor using surface plasmon resonance of periodic ag nanostructure," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, L810-L813 (2006).

Meas. Sci. Technol. (2)

S. Hadjiloucas, J. Irvine, D. A. Keating, "Feedback dew-point sensor utilizing optimally cut plastic optical fibres," Meas. Sci. Technol. 11, 1 (2000).

R. S. Jachowicz, J. Weremczuk, D. Paczesny, G. Tarapata, "A MEMS-based super fast dew point hygrometer—Construction and medical applications," Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 124008 (2009) (10pp).

Opt. Commun. (1)

H. P. Uranus, "Theoretical study on the multimodeness of a commercial endlessly single-mode PCF," Opt. Commun. 283, 4649-4654 (2010).

Opt. Express (5)

Sens. Actuators A (3)

F. Pascal-Delannoy, B. Sorli, A. Boyer, "Quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) used as humidity sensor," Sens. Actuators A 84, 285-291 (2000).

P. R. Stoddart, J. B. Pearce, A. P. Mazzolini, "Evanescently coupled dewpoint sensor based on a silicon waveguide," Sens. Actuators A 128, 225-229 (2006).

P. Popov, S. Sainov, M. Baeva, "Measurement of surface dew by optical sensor," Sens. Actuators A 51, 199-202 (1996).

Sens. Actuators B (1)

M. Hoummady, C. Bonjour, J. Collin, F. Lardet-Vieudrin, G. Martin, "Surface acoustic wave (SAW) dew point sensor: Application to dew point hygrometry," Sens. Actuators B 27, 315-317 (1995) Eurosensors VIII.

Thin Solid Films (1)

K. Tiefenthaler, W. Lukosz, "Grating couplers as integrated optical humidity and gas sensors," Thin Solid Films 126, 205-211 (1985).

Other (3)

S. M. Kostritskii, A. A. Dikevich, Yu. N. Korkishko, V. A. Fedorov, "Dew point measurement technique utilizing fiber cut reflection," Proc. SPIE (2009) pp. 7356.

J. Mathew, Y. Semenova, G. Rajan, G. Farrell, "Photonic crystal fiber interferometer for dew detection," Proc. SPIE (2011) pp. 7753.

A. Kumada, E. Takata, M. Murata, Frost and Dew Sensor U.S. Patent 5000579 (1991).

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