Abstract

This paper presents the design and fabrication of a fiber-optic refractive index (RI) sensor. The novel concept employs a long-period fiber grating (LPG) to achieve surface plasmon resonance (SPR) of a single cladding mode at the gold-coated tip of a single-mode fiber. The sensor combines a high level of sensitivity, a miniaturized sensing area and simple intensity-based interrogation, and is intended for biosensing using portable point-of-care devices or highly integrated lab-on-chip systems

© 2011 IEEE

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  1. J. Homola, "Present and future of surface plasmon resonance biosensors," Anal. Bioanal. Chemistry 377, 528-539 (2003).
  2. H. Räther, Springer Tracts in Modern Physics, Bd. 111 (Springer-Verlag, 1988).
  3. E. Kretschmann, "Die Bestimmung optischer Konstanten von Metallen durch anregung von oberflächenplasmaschwingungen," Zeitschrift für Physik A: Hadrons and Nuclei 241, 313-324 (1971).
  4. J. Dostalek, "Surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on integrated optical waveguide," Sens. Actuators B, Chemical 76, 8-12 (2001).
  5. B. D. Gupta, R. K. Verma, "Surface plasmon resonance-based fiber optic sensors: principle, probe designs, and some applications," J. Sensors 2009, (2009) Ar. ID 979761.
  6. L. Obando, D. Gentleman, J. Holloway, K. Booksh, "Manufacture of robust surface plasmon resonance fiber optic based dip-probes," Sens. Actuators B, Chemical 100, 439-449 (2004).
  7. Ó. Esteban, N. Díaz-Herrera, M. Navarrete, A. González-Cano, "Surface plasmon resonance sensors based on uniform-waist tapered fibers in a reflective configuration," Appl. Opt. 45, 7294-7298 (2006).
  8. M. Chiu, C. Shih, M. Chi, "Optimum sensitivity of single-mode D-type optical fiber sensor in the intensity measurement," Sens. Actuators B, Chemical 123, 1120-1260 (2007).
  9. M. Piliarik, J. Homola, Z. Manikova, J. Ctyroky, "Surface plasmon resonance sensor based on a single-mode polarization-maintaining optical fiber," Sens. Actuators B, Chemical 90, 236-242 (2003).
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  21. F. Guan, M. Chen, W. Yang, J. Wang, S. Yong, Q. Xue, "Fabrication of patterned gold microstructures by selective electroless plating," Appl. Surface Sci. 240, 24-27 (2005).
  22. R. Herschel, T. Schuster, C. G. Schäffer, "The evaluation of thin electrolessly plated metal layers by means of surface plasmon resonance," Proc. IEEE Young Scientists Workshop, “Photonics and Microsystems” (2008) pp. 23-27.
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2011 (1)

C. Caucheteur, Y. Shevchenko, L.-Y. Shao, M. Wuilpart, J. Albert, "High resolution interrogation of tilted fiber grating SPR sensors from polarization properties measurement," Opt. Exp. 19, 1656-1664 (2011).

2009 (5)

B. Špačáková, J. Homola, "Theoretical analysis of a fiber optic surface plasmon resonance sensor utilizing a Bragg grating," Opt. Exp. 17, 23254-23264 (2009).

Y. C. Lu, W. P. Huang, S. S. Jian, "Influence of mode loss on the feasibility of grating-assisted optical fiber surface plasmon resonance refractive index sensors," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 4804-4808 (2009).

S. M. Tripathi, E. Marin, A. Kumar, J. P. Meunier, "Refractive index sensing characteristics of dual resonance long period gratings in bare and metal-coated D-shaped fibers," Appl. Opt. 48, G53-G58 (2009).

B. D. Gupta, R. K. Verma, "Surface plasmon resonance-based fiber optic sensors: principle, probe designs, and some applications," J. Sensors 2009, (2009) Ar. ID 979761.

S. Ramachandran, P. Kristensen, M. F. Yan, "Generation and propagation of radially polarized beams in optical fibers," Opt. Lett. 34, 2525-2527 (2009).

2007 (3)

R. P. Murphy, S. W. James, R. P. Tatam, "Multiplexing of fiber-optic long-period grating-based interferometric sensors," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 825-829 (2007).

M. Chiu, C. Shih, M. Chi, "Optimum sensitivity of single-mode D-type optical fiber sensor in the intensity measurement," Sens. Actuators B, Chemical 123, 1120-1260 (2007).

G. Nemova, R. Kashyap, "Theoretical model of a planar waveguide refractive index sensor assisted by a corrugated long period metal grating," Opt. Commun. 281, 1522-1528 (2007).

2006 (2)

Y. J. He, Y. L. Lo, J. F. Huang, "Optical-fiber surface plasmon-resonance sensor employing long period fiber gratings in multiplexing," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 23, 801-811 (2006).

Ó. Esteban, N. Díaz-Herrera, M. Navarrete, A. González-Cano, "Surface plasmon resonance sensors based on uniform-waist tapered fibers in a reflective configuration," Appl. Opt. 45, 7294-7298 (2006).

2005 (1)

F. Guan, M. Chen, W. Yang, J. Wang, S. Yong, Q. Xue, "Fabrication of patterned gold microstructures by selective electroless plating," Appl. Surface Sci. 240, 24-27 (2005).

2004 (1)

L. Obando, D. Gentleman, J. Holloway, K. Booksh, "Manufacture of robust surface plasmon resonance fiber optic based dip-probes," Sens. Actuators B, Chemical 100, 439-449 (2004).

2003 (2)

J. Homola, "Present and future of surface plasmon resonance biosensors," Anal. Bioanal. Chemistry 377, 528-539 (2003).

M. Piliarik, J. Homola, Z. Manikova, J. Ctyroky, "Surface plasmon resonance sensor based on a single-mode polarization-maintaining optical fiber," Sens. Actuators B, Chemical 90, 236-242 (2003).

2001 (1)

J. Dostalek, "Surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on integrated optical waveguide," Sens. Actuators B, Chemical 76, 8-12 (2001).

1997 (1)

T. Erdogan, "Fiber grating spectra," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 1277-1294 (1997).

1995 (1)

1971 (1)

E. Kretschmann, "Die Bestimmung optischer Konstanten von Metallen durch anregung von oberflächenplasmaschwingungen," Zeitschrift für Physik A: Hadrons and Nuclei 241, 313-324 (1971).

Anal. Bioanal. Chemistry (1)

J. Homola, "Present and future of surface plasmon resonance biosensors," Anal. Bioanal. Chemistry 377, 528-539 (2003).

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Surface Sci. (1)

F. Guan, M. Chen, W. Yang, J. Wang, S. Yong, Q. Xue, "Fabrication of patterned gold microstructures by selective electroless plating," Appl. Surface Sci. 240, 24-27 (2005).

J. Lightw. Technol. (3)

Y. C. Lu, W. P. Huang, S. S. Jian, "Influence of mode loss on the feasibility of grating-assisted optical fiber surface plasmon resonance refractive index sensors," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 4804-4808 (2009).

R. P. Murphy, S. W. James, R. P. Tatam, "Multiplexing of fiber-optic long-period grating-based interferometric sensors," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 825-829 (2007).

T. Erdogan, "Fiber grating spectra," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 1277-1294 (1997).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B (1)

Y. J. He, Y. L. Lo, J. F. Huang, "Optical-fiber surface plasmon-resonance sensor employing long period fiber gratings in multiplexing," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B 23, 801-811 (2006).

J. Sensors (1)

B. D. Gupta, R. K. Verma, "Surface plasmon resonance-based fiber optic sensors: principle, probe designs, and some applications," J. Sensors 2009, (2009) Ar. ID 979761.

Opt. Commun. (1)

G. Nemova, R. Kashyap, "Theoretical model of a planar waveguide refractive index sensor assisted by a corrugated long period metal grating," Opt. Commun. 281, 1522-1528 (2007).

Opt. Exp. (2)

C. Caucheteur, Y. Shevchenko, L.-Y. Shao, M. Wuilpart, J. Albert, "High resolution interrogation of tilted fiber grating SPR sensors from polarization properties measurement," Opt. Exp. 19, 1656-1664 (2011).

B. Špačáková, J. Homola, "Theoretical analysis of a fiber optic surface plasmon resonance sensor utilizing a Bragg grating," Opt. Exp. 17, 23254-23264 (2009).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Sens. Actuators B, Chemical (4)

L. Obando, D. Gentleman, J. Holloway, K. Booksh, "Manufacture of robust surface plasmon resonance fiber optic based dip-probes," Sens. Actuators B, Chemical 100, 439-449 (2004).

M. Chiu, C. Shih, M. Chi, "Optimum sensitivity of single-mode D-type optical fiber sensor in the intensity measurement," Sens. Actuators B, Chemical 123, 1120-1260 (2007).

M. Piliarik, J. Homola, Z. Manikova, J. Ctyroky, "Surface plasmon resonance sensor based on a single-mode polarization-maintaining optical fiber," Sens. Actuators B, Chemical 90, 236-242 (2003).

J. Dostalek, "Surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on integrated optical waveguide," Sens. Actuators B, Chemical 76, 8-12 (2001).

Zeitschrift für Physik A: Hadrons and Nuclei (1)

E. Kretschmann, "Die Bestimmung optischer Konstanten von Metallen durch anregung von oberflächenplasmaschwingungen," Zeitschrift für Physik A: Hadrons and Nuclei 241, 313-324 (1971).

Other (5)

H. Räther, Springer Tracts in Modern Physics, Bd. 111 (Springer-Verlag, 1988).

D. Pozar, Microwave Engineering (Wiley, 1998).

O. S. Heavens, Optical Properties of Thin Solid Films (Dover, 1954).

M. Otto, F. Michael, T. Duthel, C. G. Schäffer, "Flexible manufacturing method for long-period fibre gratings with arbitrary index modulation profiles," Proc. IEEE Workshop Fibre Opt. Passive Compon. (2002) pp. 6-11.

R. Herschel, T. Schuster, C. G. Schäffer, "The evaluation of thin electrolessly plated metal layers by means of surface plasmon resonance," Proc. IEEE Young Scientists Workshop, “Photonics and Microsystems” (2008) pp. 23-27.

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