Abstract

Graded-index plastic optical fiber (GI POF) whose core material consisted of copolymer of 2,2,2-trichloroethyl methacrylate and N-cyclohexyl maleimide, and diphenyl sulfide (DPS) as dopant was fabricated by the dopant diffusion coextrusion process, where poly(methyl methacrylate) and polycarbonate were employed as cladding and overcladding material, respectively. The glass transition temperature T<sub>g</sub> of the core material was set to 115 °C by modifying copolymer composition ratio and DPS content. The attenuation of the copolymer-based GI POF was 132 and 330 dB/km at the wavelengths of 660 and 780 nm, respectively. The bandwidths were 1.7 GHz and over 2 GHz for 774 and 654 nm wavelength, respectively. Due to the high numerical aperture of 0.3, the bending loss of the sample fiber consisting of 250 μm core diameter was ca. 0.03 dB under conditions of 180°, 10 mm radius, one time bending. As a result of heat resistance performance evaluation, the attenuation was preserved for more than 2000 h at 100 °C. In mechanical property evaluation, the elongation at yield point was ca. 6.7% and tensile load at yield point was 26.2 N (61.0 N/mm<sup>2</sup>), and sufficient flexibility was confirmed by the kink stress test. From these results, the GI POF can be used as high-speed data transmissible lines in automobiles and aircraft, and interconnections inside electric appliances.

© 2012 IEEE

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  25. T. Ishigure, S. Tanaka, E. Kobayashi, Y. Koike, "Accurate refractive index profiling in a graded-index plastic optical fiber exceeding gigabit transmission rates," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 1449-1456 (2002).
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2012 (1)

R. Nakao, A. Kondo, Y. Koike, "Fabrication of high glass transition temperature graded-index plastic optical fiber: Part 1—Material preparation and characterizations," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 247-251 (2012).

2011 (1)

M. Asai, Y. Inuzuka, K. Koike, S. Takahashi, Y. Koike, "High-bandwidth graded-index plastic optical fiber with low-attenuation, high-bending ability, and high-thermal stability for home-networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 1620-1626 (2011).

2009 (2)

Y. Koike, "High-bandwidth grade-index polymer optical fibre," Polymer 1, 22-28 (2009).

K. Koike, F. Mikes, Y. Okamoto, Y. Koike, "Design, synthesis, and characterization of a partially chlorinated acrylic copolymer for low-loss and thermally stable graded index plastic optical fibers," J. Polym. Sci. A, Polym. Chem. 47, 3352-3361 (2009).

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

M. Asai, R. Hirose, A. Kondo, Y. Koike, "High-bandwidth graded-index plastic optical fiber by the dopant diffusion coextrusion process," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3062-3067 (2007).

2003 (1)

J.-P. Hsu, S.-H. Lin, "Analysis of co-extrusion process for preparation of gradient index plastic optical fiber," Polymer 44, 5461-5467 (2003).

2002 (2)

I.-S. Sohn, C.-W. Park, "Preparation of graded-index plastic optical fibers by the diffusion-assisted coextrusion process," Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 41, 2418-2424 (2002).

T. Ishigure, S. Tanaka, E. Kobayashi, Y. Koike, "Accurate refractive index profiling in a graded-index plastic optical fiber exceeding gigabit transmission rates," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 1449-1456 (2002).

2001 (2)

I.-S. Sohn, C.-W. Park, "Diffusion-assisted coextrusion process for the fabrication of graded-index plastic optical fibers," Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 40, 3740-3748 (2001).

C.-W. Park, "A new processing method for the fabrication of cylindrical objects with radially varying properties," Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 40, 3740-3748 (2001).

1999 (4)

B.-T. Liu, M.-Y. Hsieh, W.-C. Chen, J.-P. Hsu, "Gradient-index polymer optical fiber preparation through a co-extrusion process," Polym. J. 31, 233-237 (1999).

B.-T. Liu, W.-C. Chen, J.-P. Hsu, "Mathematical modeling of a co-extrusion process for preparing gradient-index polymer optical fibers," Polymer 40, 1451-1457 (1999).

W.-C. Chen, Y. Chang, J.-P. Hsu, "Theoretical analysis on a multilayer coextrusion process for preparing gradient-index polymer optical fibers," J. Phys. Chem. B 103, 7584-7590 (1999).

F. G. H. van Duijnhoven, C. W. M. Bastiaansen, "Monomers and polymers in a centrifugal field: A new method to produce refractive-index gradients in polymers," Appl. Opt. 38, 1008-1014 (1999).

1997 (2)

Y. Kita, K. Kishino, K. Nakagawa, "Synthesis of $N$-cyclohexylmaleimide for heat-resistant transparent methacrylic resin," J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 63, 363-368 (1997).

C.-C. Tsai, T.-J. Liu, "Numerical simulation of an optical fiber-forming process," Chem. Eng. Sci. 52, 221-235 (1997).

1996 (1)

W.-C. Chen, J.-H. Chen, S.-Y. Yang, J.-Y. Cherng, Y.-H. Chang, B.-C. Ho, "Preparation of gradient-index (GRIN) polymer fibers for imaging applications," J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 60, 1379-1383 (1996).

1995 (2)

B.-C. Ho, J.-H. Chen, W.-C. Chen, Y.-H. Chang, S.-Y. Yang, J.-J. Chen, T.-W. Tseng, "Gradient-index polymer fibers prepared by extrusion," Polym. J. 27, 310-313 (1995).

Y. Koike, T. Ishigure, E. Nihei, "High-bandwidth graded-index polymer optical fiber," J. Lightw. Technol. 13, 1475-1489 (1995).

1994 (1)

R. Bharel, V. Choudhary, I. K. Varma, "Preparation, characterization, and thermal behavior of MMA-N-aryl maleimide copolymers," J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 54, 2165-2170 (1994).

1992 (1)

B. Boutevin, A. Rousseau, D. Bosc, "Accessible new acrylic monomers and polymers as highly transparent organic materials," J. Polym. Sci. Part A, Polym. Chem. 30, 1279-1286 (1992).

1991 (1)

I. Popović, J. Song, C.-H. Fischer, L. Katsikas, G. Höhne, J. Veličković, W. Schnabel, "On the thermolysis of poly(chloroalkyl methacrylates) and poly(chloroalkyl acrylates): Part 1, poly(2,2,2-trichloroethyl methacrylate)," Poly. Deg. Stab. 32, 265-283 (1991).

1989 (1)

T. Kaino, Y. Katayama, "Polymers for optoelectronics," Polym. Eng. Sci. 29, 1209-1214 (1989).

1988 (2)

W. Groh, "Overtone absorption in macromolecules for polymer optical fibers," Makromol. Chem. 189, 2861-2874 (1988).

Y. Koike, Y. Takezawa, Y. Ohtsuka, "New interfacial-gel copolymerization technique for steric GRIN polymer optical waveguides and lens arrays," Appl. Opt. 27, 486-491 (1988).

Appl. Opt. (3)

Chem. Eng. Sci. (1)

C.-C. Tsai, T.-J. Liu, "Numerical simulation of an optical fiber-forming process," Chem. Eng. Sci. 52, 221-235 (1997).

Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. (3)

I.-S. Sohn, C.-W. Park, "Preparation of graded-index plastic optical fibers by the diffusion-assisted coextrusion process," Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 41, 2418-2424 (2002).

I.-S. Sohn, C.-W. Park, "Diffusion-assisted coextrusion process for the fabrication of graded-index plastic optical fibers," Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 40, 3740-3748 (2001).

C.-W. Park, "A new processing method for the fabrication of cylindrical objects with radially varying properties," Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 40, 3740-3748 (2001).

J. Appl. Polym. Sci. (3)

R. Bharel, V. Choudhary, I. K. Varma, "Preparation, characterization, and thermal behavior of MMA-N-aryl maleimide copolymers," J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 54, 2165-2170 (1994).

Y. Kita, K. Kishino, K. Nakagawa, "Synthesis of $N$-cyclohexylmaleimide for heat-resistant transparent methacrylic resin," J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 63, 363-368 (1997).

W.-C. Chen, J.-H. Chen, S.-Y. Yang, J.-Y. Cherng, Y.-H. Chang, B.-C. Ho, "Preparation of gradient-index (GRIN) polymer fibers for imaging applications," J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 60, 1379-1383 (1996).

J. Lightw. Technol. (5)

R. Nakao, A. Kondo, Y. Koike, "Fabrication of high glass transition temperature graded-index plastic optical fiber: Part 1—Material preparation and characterizations," J. Lightw. Technol. 30, 247-251 (2012).

M. Asai, R. Hirose, A. Kondo, Y. Koike, "High-bandwidth graded-index plastic optical fiber by the dopant diffusion coextrusion process," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3062-3067 (2007).

T. Ishigure, S. Tanaka, E. Kobayashi, Y. Koike, "Accurate refractive index profiling in a graded-index plastic optical fiber exceeding gigabit transmission rates," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 1449-1456 (2002).

M. Asai, Y. Inuzuka, K. Koike, S. Takahashi, Y. Koike, "High-bandwidth graded-index plastic optical fiber with low-attenuation, high-bending ability, and high-thermal stability for home-networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 29, 1620-1626 (2011).

Y. Koike, T. Ishigure, E. Nihei, "High-bandwidth graded-index polymer optical fiber," J. Lightw. Technol. 13, 1475-1489 (1995).

J. Phys. Chem. B (1)

W.-C. Chen, Y. Chang, J.-P. Hsu, "Theoretical analysis on a multilayer coextrusion process for preparing gradient-index polymer optical fibers," J. Phys. Chem. B 103, 7584-7590 (1999).

J. Polym. Sci. A, Polym. Chem. (1)

K. Koike, F. Mikes, Y. Okamoto, Y. Koike, "Design, synthesis, and characterization of a partially chlorinated acrylic copolymer for low-loss and thermally stable graded index plastic optical fibers," J. Polym. Sci. A, Polym. Chem. 47, 3352-3361 (2009).

J. Polym. Sci. Part A, Polym. Chem. (1)

B. Boutevin, A. Rousseau, D. Bosc, "Accessible new acrylic monomers and polymers as highly transparent organic materials," J. Polym. Sci. Part A, Polym. Chem. 30, 1279-1286 (1992).

Makromol. Chem. (1)

W. Groh, "Overtone absorption in macromolecules for polymer optical fibers," Makromol. Chem. 189, 2861-2874 (1988).

Poly. Deg. Stab. (1)

I. Popović, J. Song, C.-H. Fischer, L. Katsikas, G. Höhne, J. Veličković, W. Schnabel, "On the thermolysis of poly(chloroalkyl methacrylates) and poly(chloroalkyl acrylates): Part 1, poly(2,2,2-trichloroethyl methacrylate)," Poly. Deg. Stab. 32, 265-283 (1991).

Polym. Eng. Sci. (1)

T. Kaino, Y. Katayama, "Polymers for optoelectronics," Polym. Eng. Sci. 29, 1209-1214 (1989).

Polym. J. (2)

B.-C. Ho, J.-H. Chen, W.-C. Chen, Y.-H. Chang, S.-Y. Yang, J.-J. Chen, T.-W. Tseng, "Gradient-index polymer fibers prepared by extrusion," Polym. J. 27, 310-313 (1995).

B.-T. Liu, M.-Y. Hsieh, W.-C. Chen, J.-P. Hsu, "Gradient-index polymer optical fiber preparation through a co-extrusion process," Polym. J. 31, 233-237 (1999).

Polymer (3)

B.-T. Liu, W.-C. Chen, J.-P. Hsu, "Mathematical modeling of a co-extrusion process for preparing gradient-index polymer optical fibers," Polymer 40, 1451-1457 (1999).

Y. Koike, "High-bandwidth grade-index polymer optical fibre," Polymer 1, 22-28 (2009).

J.-P. Hsu, S.-H. Lin, "Analysis of co-extrusion process for preparation of gradient index plastic optical fiber," Polymer 44, 5461-5467 (2003).

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