G. Calò, A. Farinola, V. Petruzzelli, "Equalization in
photonic bandgap multiwavelength filters by the Newton binomial distribution," J.
Opt. Soc. Amer. B 28, 1668-1679 (2011).

D. J. Thomson, F. Y. Gardes, Y. Hu, G. Mashanovich, M.
Fournier, P. Grosse, J.-M. Fedeli, G. T. Reed, "High contrast 40 Gbit/s optical
modulation in silicon," Opt. Exp. 19, 11507-11516 (2011).

M. Yang, W. M. J. Green, S. Assefa, J. Van Campenhout,
B. G. Lee, C. R. V. Jahnes, F. E. Doany, C. L. Schow, J. A. Kash, Y. A. Vlasov,
"Non-blocking 4$\,\times\,$4 electro-optic silicon switch for on-chip photonic
networks," Opt. Exp. 19, 47-54 (2011).

S. K. Selvaraja, W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, D. Van
Thourhout, R. Baets, "Subnanometer linewidth uniformity in silicon nanophotonic
waveguide devices using CMOS fabrication technology," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum
Electron. 16, 316-324 (2010).

X. Lin, D. Liu, J.-J. He, "Design and analysis of
2$\,\times\,$2 half-wave waveguide couplers," Appl. Opt. 48, F18-F23
(2009).

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, R. Ho, X. Z. Zheng, H.
Schwetman, J. Lexau, P. Koka, G. L. Li, I. Shubin, J. E. Cunningham, "Computer
systems based on silicon photonic interconnects," Proc. IEEE 97, 1337-1361
(2009).

J. Van Campenhout, W. M. J. Green, S. Assefa, Y. A.
Vlasov, "Low-power, 2$\,\times\,$2 silicon electro-optic switch with 110-nm
bandwidth for broadband reconfigurable optical networks," Opt. Exp. 17,
24020-24029 (2009).

J. Van Campenhout, W. M. J. Green, Y. A. Vlasov,
"Design of a digital, ultra-broadband electro-optic switch for reconfigurable
networks-on-chip," Opt. Exp. 12, 23793-23801 (2009).

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, P. Dong, M. Lipson, K.
Bergman, "All-optical comb switch for multiwavelength message routing in silicon
photonic networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 767-769
(2008).

V. M. N. Passaro, F. Dell'Olio, "Scaling and
optimization of MOS optical modulators in nanometer SOI waveguides," IEEE Trans.
Nanotechnol. 7, 401-408 (2008).

A. Liu, L. Liao, D. Rubin, H. Nguyen, B. Ciftcioglu,
Y. Chetrit, N. Izhaky, M. Paniccia, "High-speed optical modulation based on
carrier depletion in a silicon waveguide," Opt. Exp. 15, 660-668
(2007).

W. M. J. Green, M. J. Rooks, L. Sekaric, Y. A. Vlasov,
"Ultra-compact, low RF power, 10 Gb/s silicon Mach-Zehnder modulator," Opt. Exp.
15, 17106-17113 (2007).

Q. Xu, S. Manipatruni, B. Schmidt, J. Shakya, M.
Lipson, "12.5 Gbit/s carrier-injection-based silicon microring silicon
modulators," Opt. Exp. 15, 430-36 (2007).

W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, D. Van Thourhout, D. Taillaert,
P. Jaenen, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, V. Wiaux, R. G. Baets, "Compact
wavelength-selective functions in silicon-on-insulator photonic wires," IEEE J.
Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 12, 1394-1401 (2006).

L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, M. Morse, A. Liu, D. Hodge,
"High speed silicon Mach-Zehnder modulator," Opt. Exp. 13, 3130-3135
(2005).

K. Kishioka, "A design method to achieve wide
wavelength-flattened responses in the directional coupler-type optical power
splitters," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 1705-1715 (2001).

Y.-M. Kim, S.-P. Han, C.-M. Kim, "Crosstalks of
two-waveguide and three-waveguide directional couplers," Opt. Quantum Electron.
32, 1257-1268 (2000).

P. Ganguly, J. C. Biswas, S. Das, S. K. Lahiri, "A
three-waveguide polarization independent power splitter on lithium niobate
substrate," Opt. Commun. 168, 349-354 (1999).

A. D'Orazio, M. De Sario, G. Ficarella, V.
Petruzzelli, F. Prudenzano, "Design of active switches using an In$_{\rm
x}$Ga$_{1-{\rm x}}$As$_{\rm y}$P$_{1-{\rm y}}$/InP heterostructure," Int. J.
Optoelectron. 11, 19-27 (1997).

W. Huang, "Coupled-mode theory for optical waveguides:
An overview," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 11, 963-982 (1994).

W. Huang, C. Xu, S. Chu, S. K. Chaudhuri, "The
finite-difference vector beam propagation method: Analysis and assessment," J.
Lightw. Technol. 10, 295-305 (1992).

M. De Sario, A. D'Orazio, V. Lanave, "Realistic design
of a WDM duplexer made from LiNbO$_{3}$ optical filters," J. Phys. D 21, s147-s149
(1988).

R. Soref, B. R. Bennett, "Electrooptical effects in
silicon," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 123-129 (1987).

E. Marom, O. Ramer, S. Ruschin, "Relation between
normal-mode and coupled-mode analyses of parallel waveguides," IEEE J. Quantum
Electron. QE-20, 1311-1319 (1984).

J. Buus, "The effective index method and its
application to semiconductor laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1083-1089
(1982).

A. Yariv, "Coupled-mode theory for guided-wave
optics," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-9, 919-933 (1973).

A. Yariv, "Coupled-mode theory for guided-wave
optics," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-9, 919-933 (1973).

E. Marom, O. Ramer, S. Ruschin, "Relation between
normal-mode and coupled-mode analyses of parallel waveguides," IEEE J. Quantum
Electron. QE-20, 1311-1319 (1984).

J. Buus, "The effective index method and its
application to semiconductor laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1083-1089
(1982).

R. Soref, B. R. Bennett, "Electrooptical effects in
silicon," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 123-129 (1987).

S. K. Selvaraja, W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, D. Van
Thourhout, R. Baets, "Subnanometer linewidth uniformity in silicon nanophotonic
waveguide devices using CMOS fabrication technology," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum
Electron. 16, 316-324 (2010).

W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, D. Van Thourhout, D. Taillaert,
P. Jaenen, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, V. Wiaux, R. G. Baets, "Compact
wavelength-selective functions in silicon-on-insulator photonic wires," IEEE J.
Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 12, 1394-1401 (2006).

B. G. Lee, A. Biberman, P. Dong, M. Lipson, K.
Bergman, "All-optical comb switch for multiwavelength message routing in silicon
photonic networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 767-769
(2008).

V. M. N. Passaro, F. Dell'Olio, "Scaling and
optimization of MOS optical modulators in nanometer SOI waveguides," IEEE Trans.
Nanotechnol. 7, 401-408 (2008).

A. D'Orazio, M. De Sario, G. Ficarella, V.
Petruzzelli, F. Prudenzano, "Design of active switches using an In$_{\rm
x}$Ga$_{1-{\rm x}}$As$_{\rm y}$P$_{1-{\rm y}}$/InP heterostructure," Int. J.
Optoelectron. 11, 19-27 (1997).

W. Huang, C. Xu, S. Chu, S. K. Chaudhuri, "The
finite-difference vector beam propagation method: Analysis and assessment," J.
Lightw. Technol. 10, 295-305 (1992).

K. Kishioka, "A design method to achieve wide
wavelength-flattened responses in the directional coupler-type optical power
splitters," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 1705-1715 (2001).

W. Huang, "Coupled-mode theory for optical waveguides:
An overview," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A 11, 963-982 (1994).

G. Calò, A. Farinola, V. Petruzzelli, "Equalization in
photonic bandgap multiwavelength filters by the Newton binomial distribution," J.
Opt. Soc. Amer. B 28, 1668-1679 (2011).

M. De Sario, A. D'Orazio, V. Lanave, "Realistic design
of a WDM duplexer made from LiNbO$_{3}$ optical filters," J. Phys. D 21, s147-s149
(1988).

P. Ganguly, J. C. Biswas, S. Das, S. K. Lahiri, "A
three-waveguide polarization independent power splitter on lithium niobate
substrate," Opt. Commun. 168, 349-354 (1999).

W. M. J. Green, M. J. Rooks, L. Sekaric, Y. A. Vlasov,
"Ultra-compact, low RF power, 10 Gb/s silicon Mach-Zehnder modulator," Opt. Exp.
15, 17106-17113 (2007).

Q. Xu, S. Manipatruni, B. Schmidt, J. Shakya, M.
Lipson, "12.5 Gbit/s carrier-injection-based silicon microring silicon
modulators," Opt. Exp. 15, 430-36 (2007).

L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, M. Morse, A. Liu, D. Hodge,
"High speed silicon Mach-Zehnder modulator," Opt. Exp. 13, 3130-3135
(2005).

A. Liu, L. Liao, D. Rubin, H. Nguyen, B. Ciftcioglu,
Y. Chetrit, N. Izhaky, M. Paniccia, "High-speed optical modulation based on
carrier depletion in a silicon waveguide," Opt. Exp. 15, 660-668
(2007).

D. J. Thomson, F. Y. Gardes, Y. Hu, G. Mashanovich, M.
Fournier, P. Grosse, J.-M. Fedeli, G. T. Reed, "High contrast 40 Gbit/s optical
modulation in silicon," Opt. Exp. 19, 11507-11516 (2011).

J. Van Campenhout, W. M. J. Green, S. Assefa, Y. A.
Vlasov, "Low-power, 2$\,\times\,$2 silicon electro-optic switch with 110-nm
bandwidth for broadband reconfigurable optical networks," Opt. Exp. 17,
24020-24029 (2009).

J. Van Campenhout, W. M. J. Green, Y. A. Vlasov,
"Design of a digital, ultra-broadband electro-optic switch for reconfigurable
networks-on-chip," Opt. Exp. 12, 23793-23801 (2009).

M. Yang, W. M. J. Green, S. Assefa, J. Van Campenhout,
B. G. Lee, C. R. V. Jahnes, F. E. Doany, C. L. Schow, J. A. Kash, Y. A. Vlasov,
"Non-blocking 4$\,\times\,$4 electro-optic silicon switch for on-chip photonic
networks," Opt. Exp. 19, 47-54 (2011).

Y.-M. Kim, S.-P. Han, C.-M. Kim, "Crosstalks of
two-waveguide and three-waveguide directional couplers," Opt. Quantum Electron.
32, 1257-1268 (2000).

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, R. Ho, X. Z. Zheng, H.
Schwetman, J. Lexau, P. Koka, G. L. Li, I. Shubin, J. E. Cunningham, "Computer
systems based on silicon photonic interconnects," Proc. IEEE 97, 1337-1361
(2009).

Handbook of Optics (McGraw-Hill,
2009).