Abstract

Air-core photonic bandgap fibers (PBFs) have great potential for the resonant fiber-optic gyroscope (RFOG), because they reduce both the Kerr-induced drift and the thermal polarization instability. We experimentally studied an open-loop RFOG in which a 20-m resonant loop of 7-cell air-core fiber is closed by connecting the air-core fiber to a conventional single-mode fiber directional coupler. We measured a random walk of 0.055°/s<sup>½</sup> and a long-term drift with a standard deviation of 0.5°/s and a peak-to-peak variation of 2.5$°/s over 1 hour. We discuss the sources of error in this RFOG and identify areas for future improvement. We project that with straightforward improvements, tactical-grade performance should be possible.

© 2011 IEEE

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  21. K. Zamani-Aghaie, M. J. F. Digonnet, S. Fan, "Optimization of the splice loss between photonic-bandgap fibers and conventional single-mode fibers," Opt. Lett. 35, 1938-1940 (2010).
  22. F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. Light, "Reduction of Fresnel back-reflection at splice interface between hollow core PCF and single-mode fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1020-1022 (2007).
  23. V. Dangui, M. J. F. Digonnet, G. S. Kino, "Determination of the mode reflection coefficient in air-core photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Exp. 15, 5342-5359.
  24. B. Moslehi, "Analysis of optical phase noise in fiber-optic systems employing a laser source with arbitrary coherence time," J. Lightw. Technol. LT-4, 1334-1351 (1986).
  25. H. Lefevre, The Fiber-Optic Gyroscope (Artech House, 1993) pp. 24.
  26. T. Dang, G. A. Sanders, T. Spicer, Micro-Optics Photonic Bandgap Fiber Coupler U.S. patent no. 7680372 (2010).
  27. V. Dangui, Laser-Driven Air-Core Photonic-Bandgap Fiber-Optic Gyroscope Ph.D. Dissertation Stanford University (2007) pp. 116–118.
  28. K. Hotate, K. Takiguchi, A. Hirose, "Adjustment-free method to eliminate the noise induced by the backscattering in an optical passive ring-resonator gyro," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 75-77 (1990).
  29. D. Ying, H. Ma, Z. Jin, "Resonator fiber optic gyro using the triangle wave phase modulation technique," Optics Communications 281, 580-586 (2008).
  30. K. Hotate, G. Hayashi, "Resonator fiber optic gyro using digital serrodyne modulation -method to reduce the noise induced by the backscattering and closed-loop operation using digital signal processing," Proc. 13th Int. Conf. Opt. Fiber Sens. (OFS-13) (1999) pp. 104-107.
  31. X. Wang, Z. He, K. Hotate, "Resonator fiber optic gyro with bipolar digital serrodyne scheme using a field-programmable gate array-based digital processor," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50, 042501-1-042501-6 (2011).
  32. X. Zhao, J. Louveau, M. J. F. Digonnet, to be published.
  33. X. Wang, Z. He, K. Hotate, "Reduction of polarization-fluctuation induced drift in resonator fiber optic gyro by a resonator with twin 90$^{\circ}$ polarization-axis rotated splices," Opt. Exp. 18, 1677-1683 (2010).

2011

X. Wang, Z. He, K. Hotate, "Resonator fiber optic gyro with bipolar digital serrodyne scheme using a field-programmable gate array-based digital processor," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50, 042501-1-042501-6 (2011).

2010

X. Wang, Z. He, K. Hotate, "Reduction of polarization-fluctuation induced drift in resonator fiber optic gyro by a resonator with twin 90$^{\circ}$ polarization-axis rotated splices," Opt. Exp. 18, 1677-1683 (2010).

K. Zamani-Aghaie, M. J. F. Digonnet, S. Fan, "Optimization of the splice loss between photonic-bandgap fibers and conventional single-mode fibers," Opt. Lett. 35, 1938-1940 (2010).

2009

H. Wen, M. A. Terrel, H. K. Kim, M. J. F. Digonnet, S. Fan, "Measurements of the birefringence and verdet constant in an air-core fiber," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3194-3201 (2009).

V. Dangui, M. J. F. Digonnet, G. S. Kino, "Modeling of the propagation loss and backscattering in air-core photonic-bandgap fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3783-3789 (2009).

V. Dangui, M. J. F. Digonnet, G. S. Kino, "Laser-driven photonic-bandgap fiber optic gyroscope with negligible Kerr-induced drift," Opt. Lett. 34, 875-877 (2009).

2008

J. Laegsgaard, P. J. Roberts, "Dispersive pulse compression in hollow-core photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Exp. 16, 9628-9644 (2008).

D. Ying, H. Ma, Z. Jin, "Resonator fiber optic gyro using the triangle wave phase modulation technique," Optics Communications 281, 580-586 (2008).

2007

L. Xiao, M. Demokan, W. Jin, Y. Wang, C. L. Zhao, "Fusion splicing photonic crystal fibers and conventional single-mode fibers: Microhole collapse effect," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3563-3574 (2007).

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. Light, "Reduction of Fresnel back-reflection at splice interface between hollow core PCF and single-mode fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1020-1022 (2007).

2006

R. Thapa, K. Knabe, K. Corwin, B. Washburn, "Arc fusion splicing of hollow-core photonic bandgap fibers for gas-filled fiber cells," Opt. Exp. 14, 9576-9583 (2006).

2005

P. Roberts, F. Couny, H. Sabert, B. Mangan, D. Williams, L. Farr, M. Mason, A. Tomlinson, T. Birks, J. Knight, "Ultimate low loss of hollow-core photonic crystal fibres," Opt. Exp. 13, 236-244 (2005).

V. Dangui, H. Kim, M. Digonnet, G. Kino, "Phase sensitivity to temperature of the fundamental mode in air-guiding photonic-bandgap fibers," Opt. Exp. 13, 6669-6684 (2005).

1992

K. Takiguchi, K. Hotate, "Method to reduce the optical Kerr-effect-induced bias in an optical passive ring-resonator gyro," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 203-206 (1992).

1990

M. Takahashi, S. Tai, K. Kyuma, "Effect of reflections on the drift characteristics of a fiber-optic passive ring-resonator gyroscope," J. Lightw. Technol. 8, 811-816 (1990).

K. Hotate, K. Takiguchi, A. Hirose, "Adjustment-free method to eliminate the noise induced by the backscattering in an optical passive ring-resonator gyro," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 75-77 (1990).

1986

K. Iwatsuki, K. Hotate, M. Higashiguchi, "Eigenstate of polarization in a fiber ring resonator and its effect in an optical passive ring-resonator gyro," Appl. Opt. 25, 2606-2612 (1986).

B. Moslehi, "Analysis of optical phase noise in fiber-optic systems employing a laser source with arbitrary coherence time," J. Lightw. Technol. LT-4, 1334-1351 (1986).

1984

1983

1981

1980

Appl. Opt.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

K. Takiguchi, K. Hotate, "Method to reduce the optical Kerr-effect-induced bias in an optical passive ring-resonator gyro," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 203-206 (1992).

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. Light, "Reduction of Fresnel back-reflection at splice interface between hollow core PCF and single-mode fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1020-1022 (2007).

K. Hotate, K. Takiguchi, A. Hirose, "Adjustment-free method to eliminate the noise induced by the backscattering in an optical passive ring-resonator gyro," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 75-77 (1990).

J. Lightw. Technol.

L. Xiao, M. Demokan, W. Jin, Y. Wang, C. L. Zhao, "Fusion splicing photonic crystal fibers and conventional single-mode fibers: Microhole collapse effect," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3563-3574 (2007).

B. Moslehi, "Analysis of optical phase noise in fiber-optic systems employing a laser source with arbitrary coherence time," J. Lightw. Technol. LT-4, 1334-1351 (1986).

M. Takahashi, S. Tai, K. Kyuma, "Effect of reflections on the drift characteristics of a fiber-optic passive ring-resonator gyroscope," J. Lightw. Technol. 8, 811-816 (1990).

V. Dangui, M. J. F. Digonnet, G. S. Kino, "Modeling of the propagation loss and backscattering in air-core photonic-bandgap fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3783-3789 (2009).

H. Wen, M. A. Terrel, H. K. Kim, M. J. F. Digonnet, S. Fan, "Measurements of the birefringence and verdet constant in an air-core fiber," J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 3194-3201 (2009).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.

X. Wang, Z. He, K. Hotate, "Resonator fiber optic gyro with bipolar digital serrodyne scheme using a field-programmable gate array-based digital processor," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50, 042501-1-042501-6 (2011).

Opt. Exp.

J. Laegsgaard, P. J. Roberts, "Dispersive pulse compression in hollow-core photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Exp. 16, 9628-9644 (2008).

X. Wang, Z. He, K. Hotate, "Reduction of polarization-fluctuation induced drift in resonator fiber optic gyro by a resonator with twin 90$^{\circ}$ polarization-axis rotated splices," Opt. Exp. 18, 1677-1683 (2010).

V. Dangui, M. J. F. Digonnet, G. S. Kino, "Determination of the mode reflection coefficient in air-core photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Exp. 15, 5342-5359.

P. Roberts, F. Couny, H. Sabert, B. Mangan, D. Williams, L. Farr, M. Mason, A. Tomlinson, T. Birks, J. Knight, "Ultimate low loss of hollow-core photonic crystal fibres," Opt. Exp. 13, 236-244 (2005).

R. Thapa, K. Knabe, K. Corwin, B. Washburn, "Arc fusion splicing of hollow-core photonic bandgap fibers for gas-filled fiber cells," Opt. Exp. 14, 9576-9583 (2006).

V. Dangui, H. Kim, M. Digonnet, G. Kino, "Phase sensitivity to temperature of the fundamental mode in air-guiding photonic-bandgap fibers," Opt. Exp. 13, 6669-6684 (2005).

Opt. Lett.

Optics Communications

D. Ying, H. Ma, Z. Jin, "Resonator fiber optic gyro using the triangle wave phase modulation technique," Optics Communications 281, 580-586 (2008).

Other

K. Hotate, G. Hayashi, "Resonator fiber optic gyro using digital serrodyne modulation -method to reduce the noise induced by the backscattering and closed-loop operation using digital signal processing," Proc. 13th Int. Conf. Opt. Fiber Sens. (OFS-13) (1999) pp. 104-107.

X. Zhao, J. Louveau, M. J. F. Digonnet, to be published.

H. Lefevre, The Fiber-Optic Gyroscope (Artech House, 1993) pp. 24.

T. Dang, G. A. Sanders, T. Spicer, Micro-Optics Photonic Bandgap Fiber Coupler U.S. patent no. 7680372 (2010).

V. Dangui, Laser-Driven Air-Core Photonic-Bandgap Fiber-Optic Gyroscope Ph.D. Dissertation Stanford University (2007) pp. 116–118.

L. K. Strandjord, G. A. Sanders, "Resonator fiber optic gyro employing a polarization-rotating resonator," Proc. SPIE No. 1585 Fiber Optic Gyros: 15th Anniversary Conf. (1991) pp. 163.

M. Wegmuller, M. Legre, N. Gisin, K. Hansen, T. Hansen, C. Jakobsen, "Detailed polarization properties comparison for three completely different species of highly birefringent fibers," Proc. Symp. Optical Fiber Meas. (2004) pp. 119-122.

G. A. Sanders, L. K. Strandjord, T. Qiu, "Hollow core fiber optic ring resonator for rotation sensing," Opt. Fiber Sens. (2006) pp. ME6.

www.ixsea.com/pdf/astrix-200.pdf.

K. Hotate, Y. Kikuchi, "Analysis of thermooptically induced bias drift in resonator fiber optic gyro," Proc. SPIE 4204 Fiber Optic Sensor Technol. II (2001) pp. 81-88.

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